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Estonia

Estonian Background Stats

National tree:

Pedunculate Oak

Definitions

  • Daylight Savings Time end date: Rules that determine the date on which daylight savings time ends. Clocks are moved backwards on this date.
  • Daylight Savings Time start date: Rules that determine the date on which daylight savings time begins. Clocks are moved forward on this date.
  • First human settlement > Date: Date or period of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For further descriptions, please refer to notes.
  • First human settlement > Notes: Description of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For the date or period of the described settlement, please refer to the according date stat.
  • First human settlement > Place: Location of the first known or suspected human settlement in each country.
  • Full name: Full names (translated to english) of the United Nations member states, as of 2014. For a list of full names in the respective original languages of each country, check this link.
  • Independence day date: Date.
  • Land border length: The length of each country's land border. Islands are listed as having a 0.0 km.
  • Length of border with Russia: Length in kilometers of each country's border with Russia. China, which has a border with Russia of 3,645 km, is not included. Russia has international borders with 16 countries, and a total land border of 20,241 kilometres (12,577 mi), making it the second-longest one of any country in the world.
  • National anthems: National anthem.
  • National identity card: Description.
  • Neighboring countries and territories: The countries and territories neighboring each country. "L" means they share only a land border and "M" means they have only maritime boundaries. A blank means they share both.
  • Number of maritime boundary neighbours: Number of states and territories with which each country shares a maritime border. Two countries separated from each other by a body of water have a maritime border with each other.
  • Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Daylight Savings Time end date 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October 2013
Daylight Savings Time start date 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 2013
First human settlement > Date 7,600 BC 2014
First human settlement > Notes The Pulli settlement on the bank of the Pärnu River briefly pre-dates that at Kunda , which gave its name to the Kunda culture . 2014
First human settlement > Place Pulli 2014
Full name Republic of Estonia 2013
Independence day date August 20 1991
Land border length 633 km 2014 133th out of 200
Length of border with Russia 290 km 2014 9th out of 15
National anthems Mu isamaa, mu \u00f5nn ja r\u00f5\u00f5m ( My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy ) 2011
National identity card Compulsory by law, but there is no penalty for not having one. Many electronic services are available (legally binding digital signatures, internet banking, internet voting, strong authentication to government and private websites). Citizens carrying ID cards are not required to carry drivers licence and registration. 2004
Neighboring countries and territories Finland (M) Latvia Russia Sweden (M) 2014
Number of maritime boundary neighbours 4 2014 52nd out of 171
Overview

A small and heavily forested country, Estonia is the most northerly of the three former Soviet Baltic republics.

Not much more than a decade after it regained its independence following the collapse of the USSR, the republic was welcomed as an EU member in May 2004. The move came just weeks after it joined Nato.

These historic developments would have been extremely hard to imagine in not-so-distant Soviet times.


Full Article
2013

Citation

"Estonia Background Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Estonia/Background

Estonia Background Profiles (Subcategories)

First human settlement 3