Ethiopia Background Stats


195,000 BP


  • First human settlement > Notes: Description of the first known or suspected human settlement within each geographic location listed. For the date or period of the described settlement, please refer to the according date stat.
  • First human settlement > Place: Location of the first known or suspected human settlement in each country.
  • Full name: Full names (translated to english) of the United Nations member states, as of 2014. For a list of full names in the respective original languages of each country, check this link.
  • Land border length: The length of each country's land border. Islands are listed as having a 0.0 km.
  • National anthems: National anthem.
  • Neighboring countries and territories: The countries and territories neighboring each country. "L" means they share only a land border and "M" means they have only maritime boundaries. A blank means they share both.
  • Number of maritime boundary neighbours: Number of states and territories with which each country shares a maritime border. Two countries separated from each other by a body of water have a maritime border with each other.
  • Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
First human settlement > Notes The Omo remains found in 1967 near the Ethiopian Kibish Mountains, have been dated as ca. 195,000 years old, making them the earliest human remains ever found. They are older than the remains found at Herto Bouri , Ethiopia (155-160,000 BP). 2014
First human settlement > Place Omo Kibish Formation 2014
Full name Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia 2013
Land border length 5,328 km 2014 28th out of 200
National anthems Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya ( March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia ) 2011
Neighboring countries and territories Djibouti (L) Eritrea (L) Kenya (L) Somalia (L) South Sudan (L) Sudan (L) Somaliland (L) 2014
Number of maritime boundary neighbours 0.0 2014 171st out of 171

Ethiopia is Africa's oldest independent country and its second largest in terms of population. Apart from a five-year occupation by Mussolini's Italy, it has never been colonised.

It has a unique cultural heritage, being the home of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church - one of the oldest Christian churches - and a monarchy that ended only in the coup of 1974.

It served as a symbol of African independence throughout the colonial period, and was a founder member of the United Nations and the African base for many international organisations.

Full Article

SOURCES: Wikipedia: List of countries and islands by first human settlement (The list); http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sovereign_states; Wikipedia: List of countries and territories by land borders (Land borders) (Note: land border lengths will vary depending on the scale by which they are measured, and therefore these figures without a source accompanied by an explanation of how they were measured and at what scale makes comparisons impossible; for more information see coastline paradox .); Wikipedia: List of national anthems (Anthems of United Nations member states) ("List of Member States" . United Nations . Retrieved 2011-07-21 .); Wikipedia: List of countries and territories by land and maritime borders; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014


"Ethiopia Background Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Ethiopia/Background

Ethiopia Background Profiles (Subcategories)

First human settlement 3