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European Union

European Union Transport Stats

Definitions

  • Air transport > Passengers carried: Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
  • Airports: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
  • Airports > Per capita: Total number of airports. Runways must be useable, but may be unpaved. May not have facilities for refuelling, maintenance, or air traffic control. Per capita figures expressed per 1 million population.
  • Airports > With paved runways > Total: Total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces)
  • Highways > Total > Per capita: total length of the highway system Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people: Motor vehicles include cars, buses, and freight vehicles but do not include two-wheelers. Population refers to midyear population in the year for which data are available."
  • Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver)."
  • Ports and terminals: This entry lists major ports and terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis. In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered.
  • Quality of port infrastructure, WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards: Quality of port infrastructure, WEF (1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards). The Quality of Port Infrastructure measures business executives' perception of their country's port facilities. Data are from the World Economic Forum's Executive Opinion Survey, conducted for 30 years in collaboration with 150 partner institutes. The 2009 round included more than 13,000 respondents from 133 countries. Sampling follows a dual stratification based on company size and the sector of activity. Data are collected online or through in-person interviews. Responses are aggregated using sector-weighted averaging. The data for the latest year are combined with the data for the previous year to create a two-year moving average. Scores range from 1 (port infrastructure considered extremely underdeveloped) to 7 (port infrastructure considered efficient by international standards). Respondents in landlocked countries were asked how accessible are port facilities (1 = extremely inaccessible; 7 = extremely accessible).
  • Rail lines > Total route-km: Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks."
  • Railways > Total > Per capita: This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge: broad, dual, narrow, standard, and other. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area: Road density is the ratio of the length of the country's total road network to the country's land area. The road network includes all roads in the country: motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other urban and rural roads."
  • Roads > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people: Passenger cars (per 1,000 people). Passenger cars refer to road motor vehicles, other than two-wheelers, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine people (including the driver).
  • Roadways > Unpaved: This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
  • Waterways: The total length and individual names of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Air transport > Passengers carried 450.83 million 2008 2nd out of 101
Airports 3,383 2010 3rd out of 225
Airports > Per capita 6.97 per 1 million people 2006 133th out of 227
Airports > With paved runways > Total 1,992 2010 2nd out of 222
Highways > Total > Per capita 10.14 km per 1,000 people 2005 5th out of 17
Motor vehicles > Per 1,000 people 551.9 2007 22nd out of 141
Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 486.97 2007 14th out of 134
Ports and terminals Antwerp (Belgium), Barcelona (Spain), Braila (Romania), Bremen (Germany), Burgas (Bulgaria), Constanta (Romania), Copenhagen (Denmark), Galati (Romania), Gdansk (Poland), Hamburg (Germany), Helsinki (Finland), Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain), Le Havre (France), Lisbon (Portugal), London (UK), Marseille (France), Naples (Italy), Peiraiefs or Piraeus (Greece), Riga (Latvia), Rotterdam (Netherlands), Stockholm (Sweden), Talinn (Estonia), Tulcea (Romania), Varna (Bulgaria) 2011
Quality of port infrastructure, WEF > 1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards 5.03 2012 39th out of 144
Rail lines > Total route-km 211,289 2008 2nd out of 94
Railways > Total > Per capita 0.467 km per 1,000 people 2008 28th out of 104
Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area 121.79 2005 19th out of 61
Roads > Passenger cars > Per 1,000 people 473.88 2010 21st out of 93
Roadways > Unpaved 803,670 km 2006 1st out of 37
Waterways 52,332 km 2006 3rd out of 49

SOURCES: International Civil Aviation Organisation, Civil Aviation Statistics of the World and ICAO staff estimates.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and data files.; World Economic Forum, Global Competiveness Report.; World Bank, Transportation, Water, and Urban Development Department, Transport Division.; International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic files, except where noted.

Citation

"European Union Transport Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/European-Union/Transport

European Union Transport Profiles (Subcategories)

Airports 10 Railways 13
Air transport 5 Roads 12
Highways 9 Roadways 4
Maritime 109 Transport services 3