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Fiji

Facts and stats about Fiji

jaacosta47

Author: jaacosta47

The Republic of the Fiji Islands is made up of 800 volcanic and coral islands. The country became autonomous in 1970 after being a colony of Great Britain for almost 100 years. Since then, it has embraced a constitutional and democratic form of government based on the so-called Westminster model. However, the democratic reign was cut short by two military coups in 1987. Lieutenant Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka revoked the 1970 Constitution and declared the country a republic. There was a brief rule by the military government. Two succeeding interim administrations followed and a new constitution was promulgated on July of 1990. Elections were held in May 1992. Another Constitution was adopted in 1997 following numerous consultations.

Fiji reeled from another internal setback in May of 2000 when a group of armed men led by George Speight took control of Parliament and held hostage former Prime Minister Mahendra Chaudhry and members of his government for 56 days. The 1997 Constitution was repealed and the President resigned. There were three consecutive unelected interim administrations that controlled power. In 2001, the Fiji Courts declared that the 1997 Constitution was still legitimate. General elections were held in the same year and the nation returned to a parliamentary democracy under Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase. He was also unseated in a coup in 2006 led by Commodore Voreqe Bainimarama. According to the provisional government, elections will be held this September.

Economic grew by 2.5 percent in 2013 due to strong consumption. However, Fiji's economy has been stagnant with an annual growth rate of only 0.7 per cent as against a 2.5% growth in the years before the coup. Sugar is Fiji's largest export industry. However, it experienced considerable damage to infrastructure and production wavered because of recent natural disasters. The Republic of Fiji has strong commercial relationship with Australia. More than 50,000 Fijians live and work in Australia while 300,000 Australians visit Fiji annually. Australia is Fiji's principal trading and commercial partner in the region. It is also the largest foreign investor in Fiji with a two-way trade amounting to AUD1.8 billion every year. In 2011, Australia was Fiji's biggest export destination and second largest origin of imports.

896,758

Population. Ranked 161st in 2013.

$4,437.76

GDP per capita. Ranked 95th in 2012.

Largest city Suva - 200,000
Capital city Suva - 200,000
Major language English, Fijian, Hindi
Major religion Christianity, Hinduism, Islam
Monetary unit Fijian dollar
Alternative names Fiji, Republic of the Fiji Islands, Fiji Islands
Groups Christian countries, East Asia and Pacific, Former British colonies, Hot countries, Island countries, Religious countries, World

Interesting observations about Fiji

Fiji ranked first for drug access amongst Hot countries in 2000.
Fiji ranked #9 for sex ratio > total population amongst Christian countries in 2013.
Fiji ranked first for primary education, duration > years amongst Religious countries in 2012.
Fiji ranked 14 places from the bottom for population amongst Former British colonies in 2013.
Fiji ranked first for maritime claims > exclusive economic zone amongst East Asia and Pacific in 2013.
Fiji has had the highest elementary (primary) school) > private school share since 1992.

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The Republic of the Fiji Islands is made up of 800 volcanic and coral islands. The country became autonomous in 1970 after being a colony of Great Britain for almost 100 years. Since then, it has embraced a constitutional and democratic form of government based on the so-called Westminster model. However, the democratic reign was cut short by two military coups in 1987. Lieutenant Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka revoked the 1970 Constitution and declared the country a republic. There was a brief rule by the military government. Two succeeding interim administrations followed and a new constitution was promulgated on July of 1990. Elections were held in May 1992. Another Constitution was adopted in 1997 following numerous consultations.

Fiji reeled from another internal setback in May of 2000 when a group of armed men led by George Speight took control of Parliament and held hostage former Prime Minister Mahendra Chaudhry and members of his government for 56 days. The 1997 Constitution was repealed and the President resigned. There were three consecutive unelected interim administrations that controlled power. In 2001, the Fiji Courts declared that the 1997 Constitution was still legitimate. General elections were held in the same year and the nation returned to a parliamentary democracy under Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase. He was also unseated in a coup in 2006 led by Commodore Voreqe Bainimarama. According to the provisional government, elections will be held this September.

Economic grew by 2.5 percent in 2013 due to strong consumption. However, Fiji's economy has been stagnant with an annual growth rate of only 0.7 per cent as against a 2.5% growth in the years before the coup. Sugar is Fiji's largest export industry. However, it experienced considerable damage to infrastructure and production wavered because of recent natural disasters. The Republic of Fiji has strong commercial relationship with Australia. More than 50,000 Fijians live and work in Australia while 300,000 Australians visit Fiji annually. Australia is Fiji's principal trading and commercial partner in the region. It is also the largest foreign investor in Fiji with a two-way trade amounting to AUD1.8 billion every year. In 2011, Australia was Fiji's biggest export destination and second largest origin of imports.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

jaacosta47

jaacosta47

426 Stat enthusiast

1

Burkina Faso used to be known as Upper Volta. The small West African country owns substantial mineral deposits but still remains as one of the poorest countries in the world. Burkina Faso is well known for its parched land and vulnerability to famine. The country’s major source of revenue is agriculture but lack of jobs result in migration to nearby countries such as the Ivory Coast where some 3 million citizens from Burkina are currently employed.

The climate is tropical with wet and dry seasons although the rainfall is often insufficient. Temperatures regularly go beyond 40 degrees centigrade. In 2005 a combination of deficiency and locust invasion caused the destruction of almost 90 percent of the country's yield. In fact, huge quantities of livestock were sold to purchase grain at puffed up prices.

Since Burkina Faso gained its independence from France in 1960, this sub-Saharan nation has been plagued by numerous coup attempts and political turbulence. However, the country has been generally stable politically since 1987. International observers reported that the presidential elections held in November of 2005 were free and fair as well as relatively peaceful.

The World Bank and International Monetary Fund along with other foreign donors have been helping the government of Burkina Faso to implement socio-economic reforms. Nevertheless, the national economy calls for diversity. Besides, it is always adversely affected by climate changes and developments in commerce. Burkina Faso has inadequate natural resources and while there are deposits of gold, copper, iron and manganese, the country's largest gold mine was shut down more than a decade ago.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

jaacosta47

jaacosta47

426 Stat enthusiast

0

What were some of the reasons for the Fijians to move to New Zealand from 2000?

Posted on 01 May 2014

avilishavacado

avilishavacado

0

  • Fiji has seen some political instability in recent years. One potential reason: the military coup in 2006

    Luke.Metcalfe 02 May 2014

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