The Greek population is in general healthy, as the life expectancy for women is 83 years, compared with 78 for men. It is estimated that 81.6% of Greeks will exceed live longer than age 65, and the incident of chronic disease is low. Serious diseases such as diabetes (5.22% of population ages 20 to 79), HIV (4 patients per 5,000 people) and tuberculosis (9 patients per 200000 people) have been prevented to a large extent. Almost 88% of 1-year old children in Greece were immunized against many diseases, such as DPT3, HepB3, Measles, Polio3 and TB in 2002.
Almost a decade ago, Greece was spending lots of money on health (9.5% of the GDP), receiving the 18th position in health expenses. Greek Health Institution (ESY) has many doctors (5.35 per 1,000 people), but very few nurses and midwives (3.48 per 1,000 people). Additionally, ESY was not properly equipped, as there were 4.7 hospital beds per 1,000 people at 2000. Austerity has shrunk the Greek health system
Greek population constantly shrinks, since birth rate in Greece is one the lowest worldwide (170th out of 181 nations). The average woman gives birth to 1.28 children (166th out of 179 nations). Greek society is against abortions, as Greece receives the second-to-last place among 19 nations. Abortion rate explains why teenage pregnancy is average in Greece (386.07 births per million).
Smoking is one of the most beloved daily habits for Greek people. While smoking has decreased worldwide over the last 25 years, Greek people seem to enjoy smoking (daily smokers were 38.5% of total population at 1990, whereas daily smokers decreased by only 3.5 % at 2003). And about 95% of Greek people can find illegal drugs with ease, and it seems that drugs will be a major concern in the future. Obesity is the number one problem for Greek society. Greece is the 5th most obese country in comparison with other first world’s countries, such as the United States and the United Kingdom. The sedentary lifestyle, the love for tasty food, and the extended use of alcohol are the primary reasons for a rise in obesity.
- Abortions: Legal abortions
- Daily smokers: Data on tobacco consumption - this is a percentage of the total population who smoke at least one cigarette a day.(Data for Portugal and Austria is from 2002. All other data is from 2003).
- Dependency ratio per 100: Dependency ratio (per 100), 2003
- Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
- Heart disease deaths: Heart disease deaths per 100000 population (1995-1998)
- Infant mortality rate: The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country
- Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
- Maternal mortality: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
- Obesity: Percentage of total population who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for Australia, Austria and Portugal is from 2002. All other data is from 2003). Obesity rates are defined as the percentage of the population with a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 30. The BMI is a single number that evaluates an individual's weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in metres). For Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, figures are based on health examinations, rather than self-reported information. Obesity estimates derived from health examinations are generally higher and more reliable than those coming from self-reports, because they preclude any misreporting of people's height and weight. However, health examinations are only conducted regularly in a few countries (OECD).
- Red Cross donations: Amounts of the contributions to the International Committee of the Red Cross by the Council of Europe member states and states with an observer status in the PACE in the period from 1996 to 2000 (in Swiss Francs)
- Spending > Per person: Spending per capita (PPP) in $US 1998.
- Teen birth rate: Average number of births for every 1,000 girls aged 15 to 19
- Teenage pregnancy: Number of births to women aged below twenty. Data for 1998.
- Tobacco > Total adult smokers: Total adults smoking
- Transplants > Kidney: The number of kidney transplants in the nation in 2002. (If the surveyed year is different, it is given in brackets).
SOURCES: UNHDR; OECD Health Data 2005; World Health Organization; WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva; World Health Organization; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNICEF (United Nations Children?s Fund). 2002. Official Summary: The State of the World's Children 2002. New York: Oxford University Press.; International Committee of the Red Cross; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 1994 Revision, 1994; UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre; World Health Organization2005; Abstracted from center-specific counts (Worldwide Transplant Center Directory, 2002)
"Greece Health Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Greece/Health
"Greece Health Stats, NationMaster." 1960-2011. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Greece/Health>.
'Greece Health Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Greece/Health> [assessed 1960-2011]
"Greece Health Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1960-2011. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Greece/Health>.
"Greece Health Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1960-2011.
"Greece Health Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Greece/Health (assessed 1960-2011)
"Greece Health Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Greece/Health (last visited 1960-2011)
"Greece Health Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Greece/Health (as of 1960-2011)