Italy is a country of old people: not only is life expectancy among the longest in the world (79 years for men and 85 years for women) with the additional benefit of a long healthy life expectancy (70.7 years for men and 74.7 years for women); it is quite literally the country of old people with 20.8% of population aged 65 years or older (making Italians the forth oldest population in the world). However, Italy is a rather big country with accordingly big differences between the affluent North and warm South in terms of socioeconomic situation and lifestyle choices. While Northern regions, such as Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia are reported to have excellent health service, Southern regions and islands of Sicily and Sardinia enjoy the more traditional Mediterranean diet and speed of life, perhaps canceling out the inequality in access the quality health care. Overall, Italy has the highest number of practicing physicians per 1.000 people - 4.4 - which is perhaps the health care reform in 1978, establishing the national health service with then relatively big investments in health care, which other members of European Union have only recently caught up to. Either way, Italians enjoy La Dolce Vita without fear of it making them fat - the obesity prevalence was 17.2% in 2008 (European average was 21.9%), or maybe mom’s good cooking is to thank for, since 25.3% of 30- to 44-year-olds still live with their parents.
- Abortions: Legal abortions
- Births by caesarean section: Number of births by caesarean section per 1000 live births (year 2000).
- Daily smokers: Data on tobacco consumption - this is a percentage of the total population who smoke at least one cigarette a day.(Data for Portugal and Austria is from 2002. All other data is from 2003).
- Death from cancer: Cancer death incidence (per 100 000 population) for year 2000.
- Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
- HIV AIDS > Deaths: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
- Heart disease deaths: Heart disease deaths per 100000 population (1995-1998)
- Infant mortality rate: The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country
- Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
- Maternal mortality: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
- Motor vehicle deaths: Fatalities per 100000 population due to motor vehicle accidents (1999).
- Obesity: Percentage of total population who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for Australia, Austria and Portugal is from 2002. All other data is from 2003). Obesity rates are defined as the percentage of the population with a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 30. The BMI is a single number that evaluates an individual's weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in metres). For Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, figures are based on health examinations, rather than self-reported information. Obesity estimates derived from health examinations are generally higher and more reliable than those coming from self-reports, because they preclude any misreporting of people's height and weight. However, health examinations are only conducted regularly in a few countries (OECD).
- Spending > Per person: Spending per capita (PPP) in $US 1998.
- Teenage pregnancy: Number of births to women aged below twenty. Data for 1998.
- Tobacco > Total adult smokers: Total adults smoking
SOURCES: UNHDR; OECD Health Data 2003 and OECD Health Data 2002; OECD Health Data 2005; OECD Health Data 2004; WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Health Organization; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; UNICEF (United Nations Children?s Fund). 2002. Official Summary: The State of the World's Children 2002. New York: Oxford University Press.; GECD Health Data 2002; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre; World Health Organization2005
"Italy Health Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Italy/Health
"Italy Health Stats, NationMaster." 1960-2011. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Italy/Health>.
'Italy Health Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Italy/Health> [assessed 1960-2011]
"Italy Health Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1960-2011. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Italy/Health>.
"Italy Health Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1960-2011.
"Italy Health Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Italy/Health (assessed 1960-2011)
"Italy Health Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Italy/Health (last visited 1960-2011)
"Italy Health Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Italy/Health (as of 1960-2011)