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Malta

Malta Economy Stats

Overview:

Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited fresh water supplies, and has few domestic energy sources. Malta's geographic position between the EU and Africa makes it a target for illegal immigration, which has strained Malta's political and economic resources. Malta adopted the euro on 1 January 2008. Malta's financial services industry has grown in recent years and in 2008-09 it escaped significant damage from the international financial crisis, largely because the sector is centered on the indigenous real estate market and is not highly leveraged. Locally, the restricted damage from the financial crisis has been attributed to the stability of the Maltese banking system and to its prudent risk-management practices. The global economic downturn and high electricity and water prices hurt Malta's real economy, which is dependent on foreign trade, manufacturing - especially electronics and pharmaceuticals - and tourism, but growth bounced back as the global economy recovered in 2010. Following a 1.2% contraction in 2009, GDP grew 2% in 2010.

Definitions

  • Budget > Revenues: Revenues calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms
  • Budget surplus > + or deficit > -: This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. A positive (+) number indicates that revenues exceeded expenditures (a budget surplus), while a negative (-) number indicates the reverse (a budget deficit). Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits (relative to their GDPs) generally have more difficulty raising funds to finance expenditures, than those with lower deficits.
  • Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP: Public debt as % of GDP (CIA).

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Exports: This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms.
  • GDP: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.
  • GDP > Composition by sector > Industry: The gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods produced by the industrial sector within a nation in a given year. GDP dollar estimates in the Factbook are derived from purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations. See the CIA World Factbook for more information.
  • GDP > Per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • GDP > Per capita > PPP: This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year.
  • GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The difference between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the weathly industrialized countries are generally much smaller. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • GDP per capita: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Gross National Income: GNI, Atlas method (current US$). GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and prop).
  • Inflation rate > Consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices.
  • Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations.
  • Public debt: This entry records the cumulatiive total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.
  • Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Budget > Revenues $3.53 billion 2013 118th out of 223
Budget surplus > + or deficit > - -3.4% of GDP 2012 106th out of 182
Debt > Government debt > Public debt, share of GDP 77 CIA 2014 29th out of 153
Exports $4.23 billion 2012 113th out of 189
GDP $8.72 billion 2012 129th out of 177
GDP > Composition by sector > Industry 17.2% 2012 170th out of 217
GDP > Per capita $23,390.07 per capita 2007 39th out of 183
GDP > Per capita > PPP $26,900.00 2012 37th out of 188
GDP > Purchasing power parity per capita $24,543.56 2010 36th out of 181
GDP per capita $20,847.59 2012 34th out of 177
Gross National Income $3.64 billion 2001 104th out of 158
Inflation rate > Consumer prices 2.4% 2012 146th out of 199
Population below poverty line 15.4% 2011 24th out of 31
Public debt 71.3% of GDP 2012 34th out of 149
Unemployment rate 6.4% 2012 68th out of 112

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; Wikipedia: List of countries by public debt (List) (Public debt , The World Factbook , United States Central Intelligence Agency , accessed on March 21, 2013.); World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011

Citation

"Malta Economy Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Malta/Economy

NationMaster

Malta Economy Profiles (Subcategories)

Adjusted savings 3 Inflation 10
Aid 5 Innovation 36
Balance of payments 28 Interest payments 3
Budget 10 International tourism 14
Changes in net 4 Labor force 3
Commercial service 4 Market capitalization of listed companies 4
Commercial service imports 4 Merchandise 4
Companies 28 Merchandise imports 4
Consumption 22 Micro 4
Currency 10 National accounts 92
Current account balance 5 Natural gas 8
Current transfers 4 Net capital account 4
Debt 43 Net current transfers 4
Economic aid 3 Net errors and omissions 4
Electricity 8 Net income 4
Exports 3 Net income from abroad 6
External balance on goods and services 7 Net incurrence of liabilities 3
Final 14 Net trade in goods 4
Financial sector 33 Net trade in goods and services 4
Foreign aid 41 Official development assistance and official aid 4
Foreign direct investment 5 Oil 10
GDP 42 Portfolio investment 4
GDP growth 3 Purchasing power parity 11
GDP per capita 4 Reserves 6
GNI 12 Royalty and license fees 8
Goods 4 Savings 33
Goods imports 4 Service 4
Government 13 Service imports 4
Government debt 8 Services 5
Government spending 5 Spending 73
Gross capital formation 7 Stock of direct foreign investment 4
Gross domestic savings 6 Stocks traded 5
Gross fixed capital formation 7 Tax 61
Gross national expenditure 6 Total 9
Gross savings 6 Tourism 21
Gross value added at factor cost 5 Tourism expenditures 5
High-technology 4 Tourism receipts 5
Household final 15 Tourist arrivals by region of origin 8
Income 24 Trade 1180
Income payments 4 Trademark applications 3
Income receipts 4 Welfare 5
  • Malta ranked last for GDP amongst European Union in 2012.
  • Malta ranked first for foreign direct investment > net > boP > current US$ per capita amongst Christian countries in 2005.
  • Malta ranked first for tourism > international tourism, number of arrivals per capita amongst Heavily indebted countries in 2011.
  • Malta ranked 6th last for GDP > composition by sector > industry amongst Europe in 2012.
  • Malta ranked 6th last for GDP per capita amongst Eurozone in 2012.