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New Caledonia

New Caledonia Background Stats

Dependency status:

Sui generis collectivity (special collectivity) of France

Definitions

  • Overview: A geopolitical overview of every sovereign country in the world, briefly examining their recent history and place on the global stage. The texts are taken from the BBC News website.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK
Overview

A French overseas territory in the Pacific, New Caledonia has seen deep divisions between its indigenous and European populations, notably over the thorny question of independence.

Named by the British explorer Captain James Cook, who spotted similarities with the Scottish highlands, the territory was annexed by France in 1853 and became a destination for thousands of French convicts.

But as the European population burgeoned, tensions - often over the loss of land - rose between the incomers and the indigenous Melanesians, known as Kanaks. A Kanak revolt in 1878 claimed more than 1,000 lives and heralded further repression by the French rulers.


Full Article
2014

Citation

"New Caledonia Background Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/New-Caledonia/Background