When ObamaCare was approved in United States in 2010, making health insurance mandatory for all citizens, the eyes of the world turned to Switzerland. Switzerland, unlike many of her European neighbors, doesn’t have a government-regulated insurance, but instead obligates all Swiss citizens to get a private insurance. The basic cover costs approximately 350 Swiss francs (approximately $400), which equates to an average of 8% of monthly salary (for people with lower incomes a governmental subsidy is available), and covers a standard set of benefits; still in case of medical treatment or hospitalization necessary, the insured has to pay extra. This makes the Swiss health care systems one of the most expensive in the world with 10.86% of GDP dedicated towards health care. The intent of such a system is to promote personal responsibility, and while the Swiss agree it is expensive, it also seems to be effective: healthy life expectancy in Switzerland is third longest in the world (71.1 years for men and 75.3 years for women). Still, the Swiss have a couple of other advantages over less healthy nations of the world: first is it’s geographic location in the Alps- historically, sick children of wealthy families went to Switzerland to get better, especially if affected by respiratory disease. Second, Switzerland has one among the most educated and skilled workforces in the world, earning the 7th highest GDP per capita ($78,925 in 2012) and socioeconomic status is known to have significant effects on health. Lastly, the Swiss eat the most chocolate per person in the world (11.9 kg per person per year in 2012). You be the judge.
- Access to sanitation: The percentage of the total population with access to sanitation facilities
- Daily smokers: Data on tobacco consumption - this is a percentage of the total population who smoke at least one cigarette a day.(Data for Portugal and Austria is from 2002. All other data is from 2003).
- Dependency ratio per 100: Dependency ratio (per 100), 2003
- Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
- Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
- Maternal mortality: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
- Motor vehicle deaths: Fatalities per 100000 population due to motor vehicle accidents (1999).
- Obesity: Percentage of total population who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for Australia, Austria and Portugal is from 2002. All other data is from 2003). Obesity rates are defined as the percentage of the population with a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 30. The BMI is a single number that evaluates an individual's weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in metres). For Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, figures are based on health examinations, rather than self-reported information. Obesity estimates derived from health examinations are generally higher and more reliable than those coming from self-reports, because they preclude any misreporting of people's height and weight. However, health examinations are only conducted regularly in a few countries (OECD).
- Obesity in men: Percentage of men who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for 2002).
- Obesity in women: Percentage of women who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for 2002).
- Red Cross donations: Amounts of the contributions to the International Committee of the Red Cross by the Council of Europe member states and states with an observer status in the PACE in the period from 1996 to 2000 (in Swiss Francs)
- Spending > Per person: Spending per capita (PPP) in $US 1998.
- Teen birth rate: Average number of births for every 1,000 girls aged 15 to 19
- Teenage pregnancy: Number of births to women aged below twenty. Data for 1998.
- Tobacco > Total adult smokers: Total adults smoking
SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, December 2003; OECD Health Data 2005; World Health Organization; WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNICEF (United Nations Children?s Fund). 2002. Official Summary: The State of the World's Children 2002. New York: Oxford University Press.; GECD Health Data 2002; OECD Health Data 2004; International Committee of the Red Cross; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 1994 Revision, 1994; UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre; World Health Organization2005
"Switzerland Health Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Switzerland/Health
"Switzerland Health Stats, NationMaster." 1960-2011. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Switzerland/Health>.
'Switzerland Health Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Switzerland/Health> [assessed 1960-2011]
"Switzerland Health Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1960-2011. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Switzerland/Health>.
"Switzerland Health Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1960-2011.
"Switzerland Health Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Switzerland/Health (assessed 1960-2011)
"Switzerland Health Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Switzerland/Health (last visited 1960-2011)
"Switzerland Health Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Switzerland/Health (as of 1960-2011)
Did you know
- 22% of American women aged 20 gave birth while in their teens. In Switzerland and Japan, only 2% did so.
- Sick people is Switzerland stay in hospital for longer than the people of any other nation - almost 10 days, on average. Switzerland also has the world\'s highest number of hospital beds per capita.