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Education > Homeschooling legal status: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Legal status of homeschooling.
COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
Albania Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Andorra Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Armenia Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Australia Legal as alternative to the mandatory public school system.
Austria Legal under restrictive conditions, homeschooling is allowed as long as the instruction is at least equal to that of the state school.
Azerbaijan Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Belarus Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Belgium Legal under restrictive conditions, Homeschooling is a constitutional right in Belgium.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Brazil Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions
Bulgaria Illegal, public education is mandatory. Only children with special needs may be homeschooled under strict government control.
Canada Legal under regulating conditions (Alberta – regulation, British Columbia – registration, Manitoba – permit, Newfoundland – permit, New Brunswick – permit, Northwest Territories – regulation, Nova Scotia – regulation, Ontario – regulation, Prince Edward Island – regulation, Quebec – permit, Saskatchewan – permit, Yukon – regulation)
Colombia Legal. Regulated by the Ministry of Education and the ICFES (Colombian Institute for the Promotion of Higher Education). The student would have to present a Public Validation Test and a State Test (Similar to SAT) if he/she wants to go to College.
Croatia Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Cuba Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Cyprus Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Czech Republic Legal under restrictive conditions by temporary experimental law for children aged 5–12. Law currently under negotiation with homeschoolers.
Denmark Legal as alternative to the mandatory public school system.
El Salvador Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Estonia Legal under restrictive conditions, only allowed for exceptional cases.
Finland Legal as alternative to the mandatory public school system. Written and oral examinations to check on progress are mandatory.
France Legal as alternative to the mandatory public school system. Inspections are mandatory every year.
Georgia Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Germany Illegal, public or approved private education is mandatory with the only exception being where continued school attendance would create undue hardship for an individual child.
Greece Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Greenland Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Guatemala Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Holy See (Vatican City) No indication for educational laws to exist were found.
Hungary Legal under restrictive conditions. Every homeschooled child must be supervised by an authorized school and pass annual exams. Homeschooled children received diplomas from supervising school.
Iceland Legal only for holders of teaching certificates, in other cases public education is mandatory.
India Legal as alternative to the mandatory public school system.
Indonesia Legal as alternative to the mandatory public school system.
Ireland Legal, homeschooling is allowed by the constitution.
Italy Legal, homeschooling is allowed by the constitution.
Kazakhstan Illegal, public education is mandatory. Door to door checks. Legal for non-residents.
Latvia Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Liechtenstein Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Lithuania Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Luxembourg Legal, for primary school age.
Malta Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Mexico Legal, compulsory attendance laws unclear.
Moldova Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Montenegro Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Netherlands public education is mandatory, with some exceptions.
New Zealand Legal as alternative to the mandatory public school system.
Norway Legal
Peru Prior registration with the Ministerio de Educación is required.
Poland Legal under restrictive conditions. Every homeschooled child must be supervised by an authorized school (can be a private school) and pass annual exams. Homeschooled children received diplomas from supervising school.
Portugal Legal.
Republic of Macedonia Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Romania Legal under restrictive conditions. Children with disabilities, special needs or whose condition does not allow them to be physically present in a school may be home-schooled, under the supervision of an accredited teacher.
Russia Legal since 1992, law sometimes ignored and not made legal.
San Marino Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Serbia Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Slovakia Legal, under restrictive conditions.
Slovenia Legal.
South Korea Prohibited by law but law is unclear and the cause is supported by business leaders, therefore homeschoolers do not generally experience issues with authorities.
Spain Neither legal nor illegal, as Constitution recognises freedom of education, but national education law stipulates that compulsive education must be met through school attendance.
Sweden Illegal, as of June 2010; supposedly allowed under special circumstances such as student health reasons or family travel, but virtually never approved. Officials often ignore legally permitted appeals.
Switzerland Legal in about three quarters of the cantons , with many being restrictive to very restrictive.
Trinidad and Tobago Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions
Turkey Illegal, public education is mandatory without known exceptions.
Ukraine Legal and expressly allowed for in Articles 59 and 60 of Ukraine’s Education Law.
United Kingdom Legal as alternative to the mandatory public school system.
United States Legal under regulating conditions, varies by state.

Citation

"All countries compared for Education > Homeschooling legal status", http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homeschooling_international_status_and_statistics. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Education/Homeschooling-legal-status

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