Country vs country: Government Stats: compare key data on Canada & India and Government Stats: compare key data on Canada & India compared Government

STAT Canada India HISTORY
Administrative divisions 10 provinces and 3 territories*; Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories*, Nova Scotia, Nunavut*, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon* 28 states and 7 union territories*; Andaman and Nicobar Islands*, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh*, Chhattisgarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli*, Daman and Diu*, Delhi*, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep*, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Puducherry*, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 45 25 N, 75 42 W 28 36 N, 77 12 E
Capital city > Name Ottawa New Delhi
Constitution made up of unwritten and written acts, customs, judicial decisions, and traditions; the written part of the constitution consists of the Constitution Act of 29 March 1867, which created a federation of four provinces, and the Constitution Act of 17 April 1982, which transferred formal control over the constitution from Britain to Canada, and added a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as well as procedures for constitutional amendments previous 1935 (preindependence); latest draft completed 4 November 1949, adopted 26 November 1949, effective 26 January 1950; amended many times, last in 2013
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address P. O. Box 5000, Ogdensburg, NY 13669-0430; P.O. Box 866, Station B, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5T1 use embassy street address
Executive branch > Cabinet Federal Ministry chosen by the prime minister usually from among the members of his own party sitting in Parliament Union Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Executive branch > Chief of state Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Michaelle JEAN (since 27 September 2005) President Pranab MUKHERJEE (since 22 July 2012); Vice President Mohammad Hamid ANSARI (since 11 August 2007)
Executive branch > Head of government Prime Minister Stephen Joseph HARPER (since 6 February 2006) Prime Minister Manmohan SINGH (since 22 May 2004)
Government type a parliamentary democracy, a federation, and a constitutional monarchy federal republic
Judicial branch Supreme Court of Canada (judges are appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister); Federal Court of Canada; Federal Court of Appeal; Tax Court of Canada; Provincial/Territorial Courts (these are named variously Court of Appeal, Court of Queen's Bench, Superior Court, Supreme Court, and Court of Justice) Supreme Court (one chief justice and 25 associate justices are appointed by the president and remain in office until they reach the age of 65 or are removed for "proved misbehavior")
Legal system common law system except in Quebec where civil law based on the French civil code prevails common law system based on the English model; separate personal law codes apply to Muslims, Christians, and Hindus; judicial review of legislative acts
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat bicameral Parliament or Sansad consists of the Council of States or Rajya Sabha (a body consisting of not more than 250 members up to 12 of whom are appointed by the president, the remainder are chosen by the elected members of the state and territorial assemblies; members serve six-year terms) and the People's Assembly or Lok Sabha
Political parties and leaders Bloc Quebecois [Daniel PAILLE]<br />Conservative Party of Canada [Stephen HARPER]<br />Green Party [Elizabeth MAY]<br />Liberal Party [Justin TRUDEAU]<br />New Democratic Party or NDP [Thomas MULCAIR] Aam Aadmi Party or AAP [Arvind KEJRIWAL]<br />All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam or AIADMK [J. JAYALALITHAA]<br />All India Trinamool Congress or TMC [Mamata BANERJEE]<br />Bahujan Samaj Party or BSP [MAYAWATI]<br />Bharatiya Janata Party or BJP [Rajnath SINGH]<br />Biju Janata Dal or BJD [Naveen PATNAIK]<br />Communist Party of India or CPI [A.B. BARDHAN]<br />Communist Party of India-Marxist or CPI(M) [Prakash KARAT]<br />Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam or DMK [M.KARUNANIDHI]<br />Indian National Congress or INC [Sonia GANDHI]<br />Janata Dal (United) or JD(U) [Sharad YADAV]<br />Nationalist Congress Party or NCP [Sharad PAWAR]<br />Rashtriya Janata Dal or RJD [Lalu Prasad YADAV]<br />Rashtriya Lok Dal or RLD [Ajit SINGH]<br />Samajwadi Party or SP [Mulayam Singh YADAV]<br />Shiromani Akali Dal or SAD [Parkash Singh BADAL]<br />Shiv Sena or SS [Uddhav THACKERAY]<br />Telugu Desam Party or TDP [Chandrababu NAIDU]<br />
Political pressure groups and leaders <strong>other: </strong>agricultural sector; automobile industry; business groups; chemical industry; commercial banks; communications sector; energy industry; environmentalists; public administration groups; steel industry; trade unions All Parties Hurriyat Conference in the Kashmir Valley (separatist group)<br />Bajrang Dal (religious organization)<br />India Against Corruption [Anna HAZAREI]<br />Jamiat Ulema-e Hind (religious organization)<br />Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh [Mohan BHAGWAT] (religious organization)<br />Vishwa Hindu Parishad [Ashok SINGHAL] (religious organization)<br /><br /><strong>other:</strong><br />numerous religious or militant/chauvinistic organizations<br />hundreds of social reform, anti-corruption, and environmental groups at state and local level<br />various separatist groups seeking greater communal and/or regional autonomy
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal 18 years of age; universal
International organization participation ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), APEC, Arctic Council, ARF, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, C, CD, CDB, CE (observer), EAPC, EBRD, EITI (implementing country), FAO, FATF, G-20, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUSCO, NAFTA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS, OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PIF (partner), UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNMISS, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC ABEDA, ADB, AfDB (nonregional member), ARF, ASEAN (dialogue partner), BIMSTEC, BIS, BRICS, C, CD, CERN (observer), CICA, CP, EAS, FAO, FATF, G-15, G-20, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAS (observer), MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, PCA, PIF (partner), SAARC, SACEP, SCO (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNISFA, UNITAR, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNSC (temporary), UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Country name > Conventional long form none Republic of India
Executive branch > Elections the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister for a five-year term; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition in the House of Commons generally designated prime minister by the governor general president elected by an electoral college consisting of elected members of both houses of Parliament and the legislatures of the states for a five-year term (no term limits); election last held in July 2012 (next to be held in July 2017); vice president elected by both houses of Parliament for a five-year term; election last held in August 2012 (next to be held in August 2017); prime minister chosen by parliamentary members of the majority party following legislative elections; election last held April - May 2009 (next to be held no later than May 2014)
National symbol(s) maple leaf the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which depicts four Asiatic lions standing back to back mounted on a circular abacus, is the official emblem; the Bengal tiger is the national animal
Flag description two vertical bands of red (hoist and fly side, half width) with white square between them; an 11-pointed red maple leaf is centered in the white square; the maple leaf has long been a Canadian symbol; the official colors of Canada are red and white three equal horizontal bands of saffron (subdued orange) (top), white, and green, with a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) centered in the white band; saffron represents courage, sacrifice, and the spirit of renunciation; white signifies purity and truth; green stands for faith and fertility; the blue chakra symbolizes the wheel of life in movement and death in stagnation
Red tape > Time required to start a business > Days 5
Ranked 174th.
27
Ranked 55th. 5 times more than Canada

Country name > Conventional short form Canada India
Constitutional form Constitutional monarchy Republic
Transnational Issues > Disputes > International managed maritime boundary disputes with the US at Dixon Entrance, Beaufort Sea, Strait of Juan de Fuca, and the Gulf of Maine including the disputed Machias Seal Island and North Rock; Canada and the United States dispute how to divide the Beaufort Sea and the status of the Northwest Passage but continue to work cooperatively to survey the Arctic continental shelf; US works closely with Canada to intensify security measures for monitoring and controlling legal and illegal movement of people, transport, and commodities across the international border; sovereignty dispute with Denmark over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Ellesmere Island and Greenland; commencing the collection of technical evidence for submission to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf in support of claims for continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles from its declared baselines in the Arctic, as stipulated in Article 76, paragraph 8, of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea since China and India launched a security and foreign policy dialogue in 2005, consolidated discussions related to the dispute over most of their rugged, militarized boundary, regional nuclear proliferation, Indian claims that China transferred missiles to Pakistan, and other matters continue; Kashmir remains the site of the world's largest and most militarized territorial dispute with portions under the de facto administration of China (Aksai Chin), India (Jammu and Kashmir), and Pakistan (Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas); India and Pakistan resumed bilateral dialogue in February 2011 after a two-year hiatus, have maintained the 2003 cease-fire in Kashmir, and continue to have disputes over water sharing of the Indus River and its tributaries; UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan has maintained a small group of peacekeepers since 1949; India does not recognize Pakistan's ceding historic Kashmir lands to China in 1964; to defuse tensions and prepare for discussions on a maritime boundary, India and Pakistan seek technical resolution of the disputed boundary in Sir Creek estuary at the mouth of the Rann of Kutch in the Arabian Sea; Pakistani maps continue to show its Junagadh claim in Indian Gujarat State; Prime Minister Singh's September 2011 visit to Bangladesh resulted in the signing of a Protocol to the 1974 Land Boundary Agreement between India and Bangladesh, which had called for the settlement of longstanding boundary disputes over undemarcated areas and the exchange of territorial enclaves, but which had never been implemented; Bangladesh referred its maritime boundary claims with Burma and India to the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea; Joint Border Committee with Nepal continues to examine contested boundary sections, including the 400 square kilometer dispute over the source of the Kalapani River; India maintains a strict border regime to keep out Maoist insurgents and control illegal cross-border activities from Nepal
National anthem <strong>name: </strong>"O Canada"<br /><strong>lyrics/music:</strong> Adolphe-Basile ROUTHIER [French], Robert Stanley WEIR [English]/Calixa LAVALLEE <strong>name: </strong>"Jana-Gana-Mana" (Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People)<br /><strong>lyrics/music:</strong> Rabindranath TAGORE
FAX 1 91
Legislative branch > Election results House of Commons - percent of vote by party - Conservative Party 39.6%, NDP 30.6%, Liberal Party 18.9%, Bloc Quebecois 6%, Greens 3.9%; seats by party - Conservative Party 166, NDP 103, Liberal Party 34, Bloc Quebecois 4, Greens 1 People's Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - INC 206, BJP 116, SP 23, BSP 21, JD(U) 20, TMC 19, DMK 18, CPI(M) 16, BJD 14, SS 11, AIADMK 9, NCP 9, TDP 6, RLD 5, CPI 4, RJD 4, SAD 4, independent 9, other 29, vacant 2(as of February 2013) - INC 204, BJP 115, SP 22, BSP 21, JD(U) 20, AITC 19, DMK 18, CPI(M) 16, BJD 14, SS 11, AIADMK 9, NCP 9, TDP 6, RLD 5, CPI 4, RJD 4, SAD 4, independents 9, other 31, nominated (INC) 2, vacant 2
Legislative branch > Elections House of Commons - last held on 2 May 2011 (next to be held no later than 19 October 2015) People's Assembly - last held in five phases on 16, 22-23, 30 April and 7, 13 May 2009 (next must be held by May 2014)
Democracy and rights > Press freedom index 12.69
Ranked 20th.
41.22
Ranked 39th. 3 times more than Canada
Parliament > Seats held by women > Percentage 24.68%
Ranked 49th. 2 times more than India
11.01%
Ranked 138th.

Independence 1 July 1867 (union of British North American colonies); 11 December 1931 (recognized by UK per Statute of Westminster) 15 August 1947 (from the UK)
Judicial branch > Subordinate courts federal level: Federal Court of Appeal; Federal Court; Tax Court; federal administrative tribunals; courts martial; provincial/territorial: provincial superior, appeals, first instance, and specialized courts; in 1999, the Nunavut Court - a circuit court with the power of a superior court and the territorial courts - was established to serve isolated settlements District Courts; Labour Court
Basis of executive legitimacy Ministry is subject to parliamentary confidence Ministry is subject to parliamentary confidence
Transnational Issues > Illicit drugs illicit producer of cannabis for the domestic drug market and export to US; use of hydroponics technology permits growers to plant large quantities of high-quality marijuana indoors; increasing ecstasy production, some of which is destined for the US; vulnerable to narcotics money laundering because of its mature financial services sector world's largest producer of licit opium for the pharmaceutical trade, but an undetermined quantity of opium is diverted to illicit international drug markets; transit point for illicit narcotics produced in neighboring countries and throughout Southwest Asia; illicit producer of methaqualone; vulnerable to narcotics money laundering through the hawala system; licit ketamine and precursor production
Democracy and rights > Freedom of the press 19
Ranked 170th.
37
Ranked 116th. 95% more than Canada
Corruption > Bribe Payers Index 8.8
Ranked 1st. 29% more than India
6.8
Ranked 18th.
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament 20.8%
Ranked 50th. 3 times more than India
8.3%
Ranked 135th.

Diplomatic representation from the US > Embassy 490 Shantipath, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110021
Red tape > Start-up procedures to register a business > Number 1
Ranked 188th.
12
Ranked 18th. 12 times more than Canada

Democracy > Civil and political liberties 6
Ranked 15th. 33% more than India
4.5
Ranked 51st.
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ 190.45 billion$
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than India
91.37 billion$
Ranked 12th.

National holiday Canada Day, 1 July Republic Day, 26 January
Capital > Geographic coordinates 45 25 N, 75 42 W 28 36 N, 77 12 E
Democracy > First female parliamentarian 1921 (elected) 1952 (elected)
Time required to start a business > Days 3 days
Ranked 169th.
35 days
Ranked 87th. 12 times more than Canada

Democracy > Gender Parity Index in primary level enrolment 0.996
Ranked 41st. 7% more than India
0.934
Ranked 114th.

Judicial branch > Judge selection and term of office chief justice and judges appointed by the prime minister in council; all judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 75 justices appointed by the president to serve until age 65
Red tape > Burden of customs procedure, WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient 4.8
Ranked 35th. 26% more than India
3.8
Ranked 83th.

Red tape > Time required to register property > Days 16.5
Ranked 142nd.
44
Ranked 75th. 3 times more than Canada

Politics Canada gradually emerged as a federation of former British colonies, and the provinces retain extensive powers. It follows the British pattern of parliamentary democracy, and the UK monarch is head of state, represented by a largely ceremonial governor-general. French-speaking Quebec has wide-ranging cultural and linguistic autonomy. 344m people voted in 2009 election - Congress-led alliance of PM Manmohan Singh won second mandate
International law organization participation accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; non-party state to the ICCt
Parliament > Seats held by men 232
Ranked 41st.
485
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Canada

Red tape > Time to resolve insolvency > Years 0.8
Ranked 168th.
4.3
Ranked 19th. 5 times more than Canada

Red tape > Start-up procedures to register a business > Number per million 0.0287
Ranked 184th. 3 times more than India
0.0097
Ranked 187th.

Diplomatic representation in the US > Chief of mission Ambassador Gary DOER (since 23 October 2009) Ambassador Nirupama RAO (since 7 September 2011)
Diplomatic representation from the US > Telephone [1] (613) 688-5335 [91] (11) 2419-8000
Diplomatic representation in the US > Chancery None None
Diplomatic representation from the US > Chief of mission Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Richard M. Sanders (since 25 July 2013) Ambassador Nancy J. POWELL (since 19 April 2012)
Parliament > Seats held by women 76
Ranked 29th. 27% more than India
60
Ranked 42nd.

Foreign relations > Date of recognition of Israel None
None
Democracy > Democratic institutions rating 10
Ranked 30th. 11% more than India
9
Ranked 36th.
UN membership date 9 Nov. 1945 30 Oct. 1945
Red tape > Procedures to build a warehouse > Number 13
Ranked 114th.
35
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than Canada

Capital city Ottawa New Delhi
Capital > Name Ottawa New Delhi
Legal origin <a href=/encyclopedia/England>English</a> <a href=/encyclopedia/England>English</a>
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per capita 5,953.57$ per capita
Ranked 17th. 71 times more than India
83.47$ per capita
Ranked 111th.

Spending > Expense > Current LCU 283.79 billion
Ranked 42nd.
8.6 trillion
Ranked 7th. 30 times more than Canada

Red tape > Time required to get electricity > Days 142
Ranked 39th. 2 times more than India
67
Ranked 125th.

Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Registered voter turnout 61.2%
Ranked 110th. 3% more than India
59.7%
Ranked 117th.
Legislature (parliament) > People per member 81,845
Ranked 41st.
1.46 million
Ranked 1st. 18 times more than Canada
Democracy and rights > Year women first voted at national level 1916 1947
Capital > Time difference UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time) UTC+5.5 (10.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
International relations Canada often cooperates closely with the US, but does go its own way sometimes. Strong historical ties to the UK remain, while Quebec looks towards France. Canada often plays a major role in UN peacekeeping missions. Ongoing dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir region; nuclear weapons state; world&#039;s most prolific film industry - Bollywood
Red tape > Time required to get electricity > Days per million 4.07
Ranked 137th. 75 times more than India
0.0542
Ranked 188th.

Legislature (parliament) > Lower house members 308
Ranked 35th.
552
Ranked 11th. 79% more than Canada
Legislature (parliament) > Upper house members 105
Ranked 20th.
250
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Canada
Democracy > Female ministers 6.1%
Ranked 98th. 3% more than India
5.9%
Ranked 99th.
Red tape > Time required to enforce a contract > Days 570
Ranked 89th.
1,420
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than Canada

Democracy > Female parliamentarians 23.6%
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than India
8.9%
Ranked 104th.
Red tape > Procedures to register property > Number 6
Ranked 101st. 20% more than India
5
Ranked 115th.

Role of head of state Ceremonial Ceremonial
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ per capita 5,952.46$
Ranked 17th. 73 times more than India
81.06$
Ranked 109th.

Start-up procedures to register a business > Number 2
Ranked 170th.
11
Ranked 50th. 6 times more than Canada

Red tape > Burden of customs procedure, WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient per million 0.138
Ranked 105th. 45 times more than India
0.00307
Ranked 144th.

Strength of legal rights index > 0=weak to 10=strong 6
Ranked 85th.
8
Ranked 29th. 33% more than Canada

Spending > Subsidies and other transfers > Current LCU 190.41 billion
Ranked 34th.
4.65 trillion
Ranked 5th. 24 times more than Canada

Spending > Compensation of employees > Current LCU 34.19 billion
Ranked 45th.
565.67 billion
Ranked 11th. 17 times more than Canada

Foreign relations > Comprehensive National Power 57.09
Ranked 8th. 13% more than India
50.43
Ranked 10th.
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current US$ > Per $ GDP 0.195$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 47th. 73% more than India
0.113$ per $1 of GDP
Ranked 102nd.

Parliament > Seats held by women per million people 2.2
Ranked 120th. 45 times more than India
0.0491
Ranked 180th.

Foreign relations > Nepal > Date of Establishment January 18, 1965 June 13, 1947
Democracy > Female suffrage "1917, 1950" 1950
Political pressure groups and leaders > Other agricultural sector; automobile industry; business groups; chemical industry; commercial banks; communications sector; energy industry; environmentalists; public administration groups; steel industry; trade unions numerous religious or militant/chauvinistic organizations; various separatist groups seeking greater communal and/or regional autonomy
Red tape > Time required to build a warehouse > Days 249
Ranked 26th. 48% more than India
168
Ranked 73th.

Red tape > Time required to start a business > Days per million 0.143
Ranked 173th. 7 times more than India
0.0218
Ranked 187th.

Red tape > Procedures to enforce a contract > Number per million 1.03
Ranked 152nd. 28 times more than India
0.0372
Ranked 187th.

Red tape > Time required to register property > Days per million 0.473
Ranked 154th. 13 times more than India
0.0356
Ranked 182nd.

Red tape > Time required to build a warehouse > Days per million 7.14
Ranked 139th. 53 times more than India
0.136
Ranked 185th.

Red tape > Procedures to build a warehouse > Number per million 0.373
Ranked 153th. 13 times more than India
0.0283
Ranked 183th.

Spending > Interest payments > Current LCU 28.96 billion
Ranked 30th.
1.87 trillion
Ranked 2nd. 64 times more than Canada

Democracy and rights > Major left wing party New Democratic Party of Canada Indian National Congress
Foreign relations > Diplomatic representation in the US > Ambassador Doer, Gary Gary Doer Jaishankar, S S Jaishankar
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ > Per capita 4,726.59 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 14th. 71 times more than India
66.7 constant 2000 US$ per c
Ranked 86th.

Time required to build a warehouse > Days 77 days
Ranked 158th.
270 days
Ranked 38th. 4 times more than Canada

Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voting age population 23.79 million
Ranked 27th.
565.78 million
Ranked 1st. 24 times more than Canada
Democracy > Female candidacy 1,920
Ranked 137th.
1,950
Ranked 76th. 2% more than Canada
Trademarks > Nonresidents per 1000 0.693
Ranked 10th. 132 times more than India
0.00526
Ranked 82nd.

Trademarks > Nonresidents > Per capita 0.693 per 1,000 people
Ranked 10th. 139 times more than India
0.005 per 1,000 people
Ranked 81st.

Foreign relations > Croatia > Date of Establishment April 14, 1993 July 9, 1992
National anthem > Name "O Canada" -
Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Total vote 13 million
Ranked 25th.
370.58 million
Ranked 1st. 29 times more than Canada
Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Turnout 54.6
Ranked 79th.
65.5
Ranked 53th. 20% more than Canada
Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voter registration 21.24 million
Ranked 25th.
620.39 million
Ranked 1st. 29 times more than Canada
Time required to enforce a contract > Days 346 days
Ranked 124th.
1,420 days
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than Canada

Start-up procedures to register a business > Number > Per capita 0.061 per 1 million people
Ranked 164th. 6 times more than India
0.01 per 1 million people
Ranked 170th.

Democracy and rights > Electoral system FPTP FPTP
Procedures to register property > Number 6
Ranked 98th. The same as India
6
Ranked 80th.

Procedures to build a warehouse > Number 15
Ranked 113th.
20
Ranked 46th. 33% more than Canada

Democracy and rights > Party system Multi Multi
Democracy and rights > Structure Parliamentary Parliamentary
Commonwealth of Nations > Date joined <span style="display:none">1931-12-11</span>11 December 1931 <span style="display:none">1947-08-15</span>15 August 1947
Legislature (parliament) > Strongly bicameral? No Yes
Legislature (parliament) > Term of office for lower house members 5
Ranked 104th. The same as India
5
Ranked 52nd.
Time to prepare and pay taxes > Hours 119 hours
Ranked 140th.
264 hours
Ranked 79th. 2 times more than Canada

General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ 151.2 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 8th. 2 times more than India
73 billion constant 2000 US$
Ranked 10th.

Procedures to register property > Number > Per capita 0.184 per 1 million people
Ranked 130th. 37 times more than India
0.005 per 1 million people
Ranked 165th.

Procedures to enforce a contract > Number > Per capita 0.522 per 1 million people
Ranked 149th. 10 times more than India
0.05 per 1 million people
Ranked 168th.

National anthem > Note adopted 1980; originally written in 1880, "O Canada" served as an unofficial anthem many years before its official adoption; the anthem has French and English versions whose lyrics differ; as a Commonwealth realm, in addition to the national anthem, "God Save the Queen" serves as the royal anthem (see United Kingdom) adopted 1950; Rabindranath TAGORE, a Nobel laureate, also wrote Bangladesh's national anthem
Red tape > Procedures to enforce a contract > Number 36
Ranked 126th.
46
Ranked 24th. 28% more than Canada

Red tape > Procedures to register property > Number per million 0.172
Ranked 145th. 43 times more than India
0.00404
Ranked 183th.

Diplomatic representation from the US > Consulate(s) general Calgary, Halifax, Montreal, Quebec, Toronto, Vancouver, Winnipeg Chennai (Madras), Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay)
Diplomatic representation in the US > FAX [1] (202) 682-7726 [1] (202) 265-4351
Trademarks > Residents > Per capita 0.554 per 1,000 people
Ranked 23th. 9 times more than India
0.061 per 1,000 people
Ranked 61st.

Spending > Other expense > Current LCU 9.17 billion
Ranked 44th.
587.1 billion
Ranked 7th. 64 times more than Canada

Time to resolve insolvency > Years 0.8 years
Ranked 148th.
10 years
Ranked 2nd. 13 times more than Canada

Trademarks > Residents per million 553.81
Ranked 22nd. 9 times more than India
59.5
Ranked 63th.

General government final > Consumption expenditure > Annual % growth 2.7%
Ranked 67th.
9.8%
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than Canada

Ruling party Conservative Congress
Procedures to build a warehouse > Number per million 0.46
Ranked 138th. 26 times more than India
0.0175
Ranked 166th.

Time required to register property > Days 10 days
Ranked 148th.
62 days
Ranked 64th. 6 times more than Canada

Trademarks > Nonresidents 22,169
Ranked 3rd. 4 times more than India
5,393
Ranked 18th.

Procedures to enforce a contract > Number per million 0.522
Ranked 147th. 11 times more than India
0.049
Ranked 167th.

Parliament > Seats held by men per million people 6.71
Ranked 138th. 17 times more than India
0.397
Ranked 186th.

Foreign relations > Date of establishment of relations with China October 13, 1970 January 1, 1950
FAX > Consulate(s) general Halifax, Montreal, Quebec, Toronto, Vancouver, Winnipeg Chennai (Madras), Hyderabad; Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay)
Democracy and rights > Strongly federal? Yes Yes
Spending > Subsidies and other transfers > % of expense 67.1%
Ranked 16th. 24% more than India
54.07%
Ranked 32nd.

Democracy > Parliamentary elections > Voting age population per 1000 750.92
Ranked 34th. 45% more than India
517.27
Ranked 97th.
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments > % 24.7%
Ranked 55th. 2 times more than India
11%
Ranked 142nd.

Legislature (parliament) > Total members of parliament 413
Ranked 33th.
802
Ranked 5th. 94% more than Canada
Red tape > Time required to enforce a contract > Days per million 16.34
Ranked 152nd. 14 times more than India
1.15
Ranked 186th.

Trademarks > Residents 17,719
Ranked 11th.
60,985
Ranked 8th. 3 times more than Canada

Procedures to enforce a contract > Number 17
Ranked 165th.
56
Ranked 10th. 3 times more than Canada

Procedures to build a warehouse > Number > Per capita 0.461 per 1 million people
Ranked 137th. 26 times more than India
0.018 per 1 million people
Ranked 167th.

Start-up procedures to register a business > Number per million 0.0614
Ranked 163th. 6 times more than India
0.00962
Ranked 169th.

Spending > Goods and services expense > Current LCU 25.26 billion
Ranked 42nd.
931.79 billion
Ranked 7th. 37 times more than Canada

Democracy and rights > Strong judicial review? Yes Yes
Diplomatic representation from the US > FAX [1] (613) 688-3082 [91] (11) 2419-0017
Spending > Expense > % of GDP 17.74%
Ranked 70th. 15% more than India
15.43%
Ranked 75th.

Diplomatic representation in the US > Telephone [1] (202) 682-1740 [1] (202) 939-7000
Diplomatic representation in the US > Consulate(s) general Atlanta, Boston, Buffalo, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Detroit, Los Angeles, Miami, Minneapolis, New York, Phoenix, San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle, Tucson Chicago, Houston, New York, San Francisco
Capital city > Time difference UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time) UTC+5.5 (10.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Democracy and rights > Last election May 2011 May 2009
General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant LCU 224545500000 3060870000000
Spending > Goods and services expense > % of expense 8.9%
Ranked 70th.
10.83%
Ranked 59th. 22% more than Canada

General government final > Consumption expenditure > Constant 2000 US$ per capita 4,725.7 constant 2000 US$
Ranked 14th. 73 times more than India
64.77 constant 2000 US$
Ranked 84th.

Spending > Interest payments > % of revenue 9.96%
Ranked 19th.
23.35%
Ranked 6th. 2 times more than Canada

Democracy and rights > Next election October 2015 May 2014
Spending > Compensation of employees > % of expense 12.05%
Ranked 76th. 83% more than India
6.57%
Ranked 86th.

Spending > Interest payments > % of expense 10.21%
Ranked 20th.
21.7%
Ranked 7th. 2 times more than Canada

Spending > Other expense > % of expense 3.23%
Ranked 68th.
6.82%
Ranked 37th. 2 times more than Canada

Procedures to register property > Number per million 0.184
Ranked 129th. 35 times more than India
0.00525
Ranked 164th.

General government final > Consumption expenditure > Current LCU 247774000000 4045110000000
Democracy and rights > Major right wing party Conservative Party of Canada Bharatiya Janata Party

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