Government > Constitution: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution.
Afghanistan several previous; latest drafted 14 December 2003 - 4 January 2004, signed 16 January 2004, ratified 26 January 2004
Akrotiri presented 3 August 1960, effective 16 August 1960; amended 1966 (The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order in Council 1960, serves as a basic legal document)
Albania several previous; latest approved by parliament 21 October 1998, adopted by popular referendum 22 November 1998, promulgated 28 November 1998; amended 2008, 2012
Algeria adopted 8 September 1963; amended several times, last in 2008
American Samoa ratified 2 June 1966, effective 1 July 1967
Andorra drafted 1991, approved by referendum 14 March 1993, effective 28 April 1993
Angola previous 1975, 1992; latest adopted 5 February 2010
Anguilla several previous; latest 1 April 1982; amended 1990
Antigua and Barbuda 1 November 1981
Argentina several previous; latest effective 11 May 1853; amended many times, last in 1994
Armenia previous 1915, 1978; latest adopted 5 July 1995; amended 2005
Aruba previous 1947, 1955; latest drafted and approved August 1985, enacted 1 January 1986 (regulates governance of Aruba, but is subordinate to the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Australia 9 July 1900; effective 1 January 1901; amended several times, last in 1977
Austria several previous; latest adopted 1 October 1920, revised 1929, replaced May 1934 (authoritarian-corporate constitution), replaced by German Weimar constitution in 1938 following German annexation; latest reinstated 1 May 1945 (1920 constitution with 1929
Azerbaijan adopted 12 November 1995; modified by referendum 24 August 2002
Bahrain adopted 14 February 2002; amended 2012
Bangladesh enacted 4 November 1972; effective 16 December 1972; suspended following coup of 24 March 1982; restored 10 November 1986; amended many times
Barbados 30 November 1966
Belarus several previous; latest drafted between late 1991 and early 1994, signed 15 March 1994; amended 1996, 2004
Belgium drafted 25 November 1830, approved 7 February 1831, entered into force 26 July 1831, revised 14 July 1993 (creating a federal state); amended many times, last in 2012
Belize previous 1954, 1963 (preindependence); latest signed and entered into force 21 September 1981; amended several times, last in 2012
Benin previous 1946, 1958 (preindependence); latest adopted by referendum 2 December 1990, promulgated 11 December 1990
Bermuda several previous (dating to 1684); latest entered into force 8 June 1968; amended several times, last in 2003
Bhutan ratified 18 July 2008
Bolivia many previous; latest drafted 6 August 2006-9 December 2008, approved by referendum 25 January 2009, effective 7 February 2009; amended 2013
Bosnia and Herzegovina the Dayton Peace Accords, signed 14 December 1995 in Paris, included a constitution
Botswana March 1965; effective 30 September 1966
Brazil several previous; latest ratified 5 October 1988; amended many times, last in 2012
British Virgin Islands 13 June 2007
Brunei 29 September 1959 (some provisions suspended under a State of Emergency since December 1962, others since independence on 1 January 1984)
Bulgaria adopted 12 July 1991
Burkina Faso several previous; latest approved by referendum 2 June 1991, adopted 11 June 1991; amended several times, last in 2012
Burma approved by referendum 29 May 2008; reformed by a series of acts in 2011
Burundi several previous; latest ratified by popular referendum 28 February 2005
Cambodia promulgated 21 September 1993
Cameroon approved by referendum 20 May 1972; adopted 2 June 1972; revised January 1996; amended April 2008
Canada made up of unwritten and written acts, customs, judicial decisions, and traditions; the written part of the constitution consists of the Constitution Act of 29 March 1867, which created a federation of four provinces, and the Constitution Act of 17 April 1982, which transferred formal control over the constitution from Britain to Canada, and added a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as well as procedures for constitutional amendments
Cape Verde 25 September 1992; a major revision on 23 November 1995 substantially increased the powers of the president; a 1999 revision created the position of national ombudsman (Provedor de Justica)
Cayman Islands several previous; latest approved 10 June 2009, entered into force 6 November 2009 (The Cayman Islands Constitution Order 2009)
Central African Republic ratified by popular referendum 5 December 2004; effective 27 December 2004
Chad passed by referendum 31 March 1996; a June 2005 referendum removed constitutional term limits
Chile 11 September 1980, effective 11 March 1981; amended several times
China most recent promulgation 4 December 1982; amended several times
Christmas Island Christmas Island Act of 1958-59 (1 October 1958) as amended by the Territories Law Reform Act of 1992
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Cocos (Keeling) Islands Act of 1955 (23 November 1955) as amended by the Territories Law Reform Act of 1992
Colombia several previous; latest promulgated 5 July 1991; amended many times, last in 2011
Comoros 23 December 2001
Congo, Republic of the approved by referendum 20 January 2002
Cook Islands 4 August 1965
Costa Rica 7 November 1949
Cote d'Ivoire previous 1960; latest approved by referendum 23 July 2000; amended 2012
Croatia several previous; latest adopted 22 December 1990; amended several times, last in 2010
Cuba 24 February 1976; amended July 1992 and June 2002
Cyprus ratified 16 August 1960(TRNC); in 1985, the TRNC approved its own constitution
Czech Republic previous 1960; latest ratified 16 December 1992, effective 1 January 1993; amended several times, last in 2013
Democratic Republic of the Congo 18 February 2006
Denmark 5 June 1953
Dhekelia presented 3 August 1960, effective 16 August 1960; amended 1966 (The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order in Council 1960, serves as a basic legal document)
Djibouti approved by referendum 4 September 1992
Dominica 3 November 1978
Dominican Republic many previous (38 total); latest proclaimed 26 January 2010
East Timor drafted 2001, approved 22 March 2002, entered into force 20 May 2002
Ecuador 20 October 2008; this is Ecuador's 20th constitution
Egypt several previous; latest approved 30 November 2012, passed by referendum 15-22 December 2012, effective 26 December 2012
El Salvador many previous; latest drafted 16 December 1983, enacted 23 December 1983; amended many times, last in 2009
Equatorial Guinea approved by referendum 17 November 1991; amended several times, last in 2012
Eritrea adopted 23 May 1997, but has not yet been fully implemented
Estonia several previous; latest adopted 28 June 1992; amended several times, last in 2012
Ethiopia several previous; latest drafted June 1994, adopted 8 December 1994, entered into force 21 August 1995
European Union none
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 1 January 2009
Faroe Islands 5 June 1953 (Danish Constitution ), 23 March 1948 (Home Rule Act), and 24 June 2005 (Takeover Act) serve as the Faroe Islands’ constitutional position in the Unity of the Realm
Federated States of Micronesia drafted June 1975, ratified 1 October 1978, entered into force 10 May 1979; amended 1990
Fiji several previous; latest approved July 1997 (suspended in 2009)
Finland 1 March 2000
France 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
French Polynesia 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Gabon adopted 14 March 1991
Georgia previous 1921, 1978 (based on 1977 Soviet Union constitution); latest approved 24 August 1995, effective 17 October 1995; amended several times, last in 2013
Germany previous 1919 (Weimar Constitution); latest drafted 10 to 23 August 1948, approved 12 May 1949, promulgated 23 May 1949, entered into force 24 May 1949; amended many times, last in 2012
Ghana several previous; latest drafted 31 March 1992, approved and promulgated 28 April 1992, entered into force 7 January 1993; amended 1996
Gibraltar 5 June 2006; came into force 2 January 2007
Greece many previous; latest entered into force 11 June 1975; amended 1986, 2001, 2008
Greenland (June 2009) Act on Greenland Self Government
Grenada 19 December 1973
Guam effective 1 July 1950; amended many times, last in 2012
Guatemala several previous; latest adopted 31 May 1985, effective 14 January 1986; suspended, reinstated, and amended in 1993
Guernsey unwritten; includes royal charters, statutes, and common law and practice
Guinea 7 May 2010 (Loi Fundamentale)
Guinea-Bissau promulgated 16 May 1984; amended several times, last in 1996
Guyana several previous; latest promulgated 6 October 1980; amended many times, last in 2007
Haiti many previous (23 total); latest adopted 10 March 1987; amended 2012
Holy See (Vatican City) previous 1929, 1963; latest adopted 26 November 2000, effective 22 February 2001 (Fundamental Law by Pope JOHN PAUL II)
Honduras several previous; latest approved 11 January 1982, effective 20 January 1982; amended many times, last in 2012
Hong Kong several previous (governance documents while under British authority); latest drafted April 1988 to February 1989, approved March 1990, promulgated 4 April 1990 (Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China se
Hungary previous 1949 (heavily amended in 1989 following collapse of communism); latest approved 18 April 2011, signed 25 April 2011, effective 1 January 2012; amended several times, last in 2013
Iceland several previous; latest ratified 16 June 1944, effective 17 June 1944 (at independence); amended many times, last in 2013
India previous 1935 (preindependence); latest draft completed 4 November 1949, adopted 26 November 1949, effective 26 January 1950; amended many times, last in 2013
Indonesia drafted July to August 1945, effective 17 August 1945, abrogated by 1949 and 1950 constitutions, 1945 constitution restored 5 July 1959; amended several times, last in 2002
Iran previous 1906; latest adopted 24 October 1979, effective 3 December 1979; amended 1989
Iraq several previous; latest adopted by referendum 15 October 2005
Ireland previous 1922; latest drafted 14 June 1937, adopted by plebiscite 1 July 1937, effective 29 December 1937; amended many times, last in 2012
Isle of Man unwritten
Israel no formal constitution; some functions of a constitution are filled by the Declaration of Establishment (1948), the Basic Laws of the Parliament (Knesset), and the Israeli citizenship law(2013)
Italy previous 1848 (originally for Kingdom of Sardinia and adopted by Kingdom of Italy in 1861); latest enacted 22 December 1947, adopted 27 December 1947, entered into force 1 January 1948; amended many times, last in 2012
Jamaica 6 August 1962
Japan previous 1890; latest approved 6 October 1946, adopted 3 November 1946, effective 3 May 1947
Jersey unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
Jordan previous 1928 (preindependence); latest initially adopted 28 November 1947, revised and ratified 1 January 1952; amended several times, last in 2011
Kazakhstan previous 1937, 1978 (preindependence); latest adopted 28 January 1993, approved by referendum 30 August 1995, effective 5 September 1995; amended 1998, 2007, 2011
Kenya previous 1963, 1969; latest drafted 6 May 2010, passed by referendum 4 August 2010, promulgated 27 August 2010
Kiribati preindependence - The Gilbert and Ellice Islands Order in Council 1915, The Gilbert Islands Order in Council 1975; latest promulgated 12 July 1979 (at independence); amended 1995
Kosovo previous 1974, 1990; latest (postindependence) draft finalized 2 April 2008, signed 7 April 2008, ratified 8 April 2008, entered into force 15 June 2008; amended 2013
Kuwait approved and promulgated 11 November 1962
Kyrgyzstan 27 June 2010
Laos promulgated 14 August 1991; amended in 2003
Latvia 15 February 1922; restored to force by the Constitutional Law of the Republic of Latvia adopted by the Supreme Council 21 August 1991; multiple amendments since
Lebanon drafted 15 May 1926, adopted 23 May 1926; amended several times, last in 2004
Lesotho previous 1959, 1967; latest adopted 2 April 1993 (effectively restoring the 1967 version); amended 2001
Liberia 6 January 1986
Libya previous 1951, 1977; latest 2011 (interim)
Liechtenstein previous 1862; latest adopted 5 October 1921; amended many times, last in 2010
Lithuania several previous; latest adopted by referendum 25 October 1992, entered into force 2 November 1992; amended 2003
Luxembourg 17 October 1868; occasional revisions
Macau previous 1976 (Organic Statute of Macau, by Portugal); latest adopted 31 March 1993, effective 20 December 1999 (Basic Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region, by the People's Republic of China, serves as Macau's constitution)
Madagascar previous 1992; latest passed by referendum 17 November 2010, promulgated 11 December 2010
Malawi 18 May 1994
Malaysia 31 August 1957; amended many times
Maldives new constitution ratified 7 August 2008
Mali adopted 12 January 1992
Malta 1964; amended many times
Marshall Islands 1 May 1979
Mauritania previous 1964; latest adopted 12 July 1991; amended 2006, 2012
Mauritius several previous; latest adopted 12 March 1968; amended many times, last in 2012
Mayotte 4
Mexico several previous; latest approved 5 February 1917; amended many times, last in 2012
Moldova adopted 29 July 1994; effective 27 August 1994
Monaco previous 1911 (suspended 1959); latest adopted 17 December 1962; amended 2002
Mongolia 13 January 1992
Montenegro several previous; latest adopted 22 October 2007
Montserrat previous 1960; latest effective 1 September 2010; amended 2011
Morocco 10 March 1972; revised 4 September 1992, amended September 1996; constitutional reforms expanding the government's powers approved in 1 July 2011 referendum
Mozambique previous 1975, 1990; latest adopted 16 November 2004, effective 21 December 2004
Namibia ratified 9 February 1990, effective 12 March 1990
Nauru 29 January 1968; amended 1968, 2009
Nepal several previous; latest entered into force 15 January 2007 (interim)
Netherlands previous 1597, 1798; latest adopted 24 August 1815 (substantially revised in 1848); amended many times, last in 2010
Netherlands Antilles 29 December 1954, Statute of the Realm of the Netherlands, as amended
New Caledonia 4 October 1958 (French Constitution with changes as reflected in Noumea Accord of 5 May 1998)
New Zealand Constitution Act 1986 (the principal formal charter) adopted and effective 1 January 1987; amended 1999, 2005
Nicaragua 9 January 1987; revised in 1995, 2000, and 2005
Niger adopted 31 October 2010
Nigeria adopted 5 May 1999; effective 29 May 1999
Niue 19 October 1974 (Niue Constitution Act)
Norfolk Island Norfolk Island Act of 1979 as amended in 2005
North Korea previous 1948, 1972 (revised several times); latest adopted 1998 (during KIM Jong Il era); revised 2009, 2012
Northern Mariana Islands partially effective 1 January 1978 (Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands); fully effective 4 November 1986 (Covenant Agreement); amended several times, last in 2012
Norway drafted spring 1814, adopted 16 May 1814, signed by Constituent Assembly 17 May 1814; amended many times, last in 2012
Oman none
Pakistan several previous; latest endorsed 12 April 1973, passed 19 April 1973, entered into force 14 August 1973 (suspended and restored several times); amended many times, last in 2012
Palau 1 January 1981
Panama 11 October 1972; revised several times
Papua New Guinea adopted 15 August 1975, effective at independence 16 September 1975; amended many times, last in 2003
Paraguay promulgated 20 June 1992
Peru 29 December 1993
Philippines several previous; latest ratified 2 February 1987, effective 11 February 1987
Pitcairn Islands The Pitcairn Constitution Order 2010, effective 4 March 2010
Poland several previous; latest adopted 2 April 1997, approved by referendum 25 May 1997, effective 17 October 1997; amended 2006, 2009
Portugal several previous; latest adopted 2 April 1976, effective 25 April 1976; amended several times, last in 2005
Puerto Rico previous 1900 (Organic Act, or Foraker Act); latest ratified 3 March 1952, approved 3 July 1952, effective 25 July 1952
Qatar previous 1972 (provisional); latest drafted 2 July 2002, approved by referendum 29 April 2003, endorsed 8 June 2004, effective 9 June 2005
Republic of Macedonia adopted 17 November 1991, effective 20 November 1991; amended November 2001, 2005, and in 2009
Romania several previous; latest adopted 21 November 1991, approved by referendum and effective 8 December 1991
Russia several previous (during Russian Empire and Soviet eras); latest drafted 12 July 1993, adopted by referendum 12 December 1993, effective 25 December 1993; amended 2008
Rwanda several previous; latest adopted by referendum 26 May 2003, effective 4 June 2003; amended several times, last in 2010
Saint Barthelemy 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Saint Helena The Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Constitution Order 2009, effective 1 September 2009
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha several previous; latest effective 1 September 2009 (The St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Constitution Order 2009)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 September 1983
Saint Lucia previous 1958, 1960 (preindependence); latest presented 20 December 1978, effective 22 February 1979
Saint Martin 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 October 1979
Samoa several previous (preindependence); latest 1 January 1962; amended several times, last in 2013
San Marino consists of several legislative instruments, chief among them the Statutes (Leges Statuti) of 1600 and the Declaration of Citizen Rights of 1974; latter document amended 2000, 2002
Sao Tome and Principe approved 5 November 1975; revised several times, last in 2003
Saudi Arabia 1 March 1992 - Basic Law of Government, issued by royal decree, serves as the constitutional framework and is based on the Qur'an and the life and tradition of the Prophet Muhammad
Senegal adopted 7 January 2001; amended many times
Serbia adopted 8 November 2006; effective 10 November 2006
Serbia and Montenegro adopted 8 November 2006; effective 10 November 2006
Seychelles 18 June 1993
Sierra Leone several previous; latest in effect 1 October 1991; amended several times, last in 2010
Singapore several previous; latest adopted 22 December 1965; amended several times, last in 2010
Slovakia ratified 1 September 1992, effective 1 January 1993; changed September 1998; amended February 2001
Slovenia previous 1974 (preindependence); latest passed by legislature 23 December 1991; amended several times, last in 2013
Solomon Islands adopted 31 May 1978, effective 7 July 1978; amended several times, last in 2010
Somalia previous 1961, 1979; latest drafted 12 June 2012, approved 1 August 2012 (provisional)
South Africa several previous; latest drafted 8 May 1996, approved 4 December 1997, effective 4 February 1997; amended many times, last in 2013
South Korea effective 17 July 1948; amended several times, last in 1987
South Sudan previous 2005 (preindependence); latest signed 7 July 2011 (Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011)
Spain previous 1812; latest approved by legislature 31 October 1978, passed by referendum 6 December 1978, signed by the king 27 December 1978, effective 29 December 1978; amended 1992, 2011
Sri Lanka adopted 16 August 1978, certified 31 August 1978; amended 20 December 2001
Sudan previous 1998; latest (interim) adopted 6 July 2005, effective 9 July 2005
Suriname previous 1975; latest ratified 30 September 1987, effective 30 October 1987; amended 1992
Swaziland previous 1968, 1978; latest signed by the king 26 July 2005, effective 8 February 2006
Sweden 1 January 1975
Switzerland previous 1848, 1874 (extensive revision of 1848 version); latest adopted by referendum 18 April 1999, effective 1 January 2000; amended several times, last in 2012
Syria several previous; latest issued 15 February 2012, passed by referendum 26 February 2012
Taiwan previous 1912, 1931; latest adopted 25 December 1946, promulgated 1 January 1947, effective 25 December 1947; revised several times, last in 2005
Tajikistan 6 November 1994
Tanzania several previous; latest adopted 25 April 1977; amended many times, last in 2012
Thailand many previous; latest approved by referendum 19 August 2007, effective 24 August 2007
The Bahamas previous 1964 (preindependence); latest adopted 20 June 1973, effective 10 July 1973; amended many times, last in 2002
The Gambia approved by national referendum 8 August 1996; effective 16 January 1997
Togo adopted by public referendum 27 September 1992
Tokelau many previous; latest effective 1 January 1949 (Tokelau Islands Act 1948); amended many times, last in 2007
Tonga adopted 4 November 1875; amended many times, last in 2013
Trinidad and Tobago previous 1962; latest 1976; amended many times, last in 2007
Tunisia several previous
Turkey 7 November 1982; amended several times
Turkmenistan adopted 18 May 1992; amended several times, last in 2008
Turks and Caicos Islands several previous; latest signed 7 August 2012, effective 15 October 2012 (Turks and Caicos Constitution Order 2011)
Tuvalu 1 October 1978
Uganda 8 October 1995; amended 2005
Ukraine adopted 28 June 1996
United Arab Emirates previous 1971 (provisional); latest drafted in 1979, became permanent May 1996; amended 2009
United Kingdom unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
United States previous 1781 (Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union); latest drafted July - September 1787, submitted to the Congress of the Confederation 20 September 1787, submitted for states' ratification 28 September 1787, ratification completed by nine sta
Uruguay several previous; latest approved by plebiscite 27 November 1966, effective 15 February 1967; amended several times, last in 2004
Uzbekistan several previous; latest adopted 8 December 1992; amended several times, last in 2012
Vanuatu 30 July 1980
Venezuela many previous; latest adopted 15 December 1999, effective 30 December 1999; amended 2009
Vietnam several previous; latest adopted 15 April 1992, effective 1 January 1995; amended 2001
Virgin Islands 22 July 1954 - the Revised Organic Act of the Virgin Islands functions as a constitution for this territory of the US
Wallis and Futuna 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Yemen adopted by referendum 16 May 1991 (following unification); amended several times, last in 2009
Zambia several previous; latest adopted 24 August 1991, promulgated 30 August 1991; amended 1996
Zimbabwe previous 1979; latest approved by referendum 16 March 2013, approved by Parliament 9 May 2013


Statistics for Government > Constitution


Statistics and graphs related to agriculture are found here. How many agricultural workers are there per hectare? Tractors? Which country produces the maximum cotton? Who is the biggest exporter of bananas? Click in if these interest you.

TOP STATS: Arable land > Hectares, Rural population, Agricultural land > Sq. km and 322 more


What is the background of the country? National bird? Get a quick summary of countries in this section.

TOP STATS: Overview, National tree, Full name and 21 more


TOP STATS: Terrorism > Global Terrorism Index, Civil war and unrest > Arab Spring death toll, War > World War I > Total deaths and 29 more

Cost of living

TOP STATS: Average monthly disposable salary > After tax, Local purchasing power, Prices at markets > Cigarettes > Pack of Marlboro and 52 more


No explanation needed for this section. Murders. Guns. Jails. Crimes. Judges. We have all of that and more out here. Actually we go deeper than your routine crime beat sections. How many adults were prosecuted? What percentage were convicted? How many were women? What is the death penalty rate in different countries? How safe do the citizens perceive they are? Do they trust the police? Will they report a crime? You'll find surprising answers here.

TOP STATS: Violent crime > Murder rate, Violent crime > Murder rate per million people, Violent crime > Intentional homicide rate and 183 more


TOP STATS: Happy Planet Index, Sexuality > Homosexuality > Legality of homosexual acts, Food and drink > Beer consumption and 67 more


The tsunami rocked the civilized world with its widespread devastation. Learn the details of the losses incurred by the countries affected. How are the developed countries helping out? Who has pledged the most money? How do they compare? Check out...

TOP STATS: Chernobyl > Contaminated area (percent of country), Storm deaths > 2009, Tsunami > Death toll and 47 more


This category is all about money. GDP. Aid. Gross national income. Debt. Inflation. Trade balance. Foreign investment. Government spending. You get the idea.

TOP STATS: GDP, GDP per capita, Gross National Income and 3717 more


Any and every statistic which can be collected about schooling and the whole education sector can be found here. What is the duration of education in different countries? Is the percentage of enrollment different for sexes? How long do students spend learning their mother tongues? What is the mathematical aptitude of the average 8 year old? How many university degrees are awarded to females? What is the percentage of students who find school boring? We've tabulated them all for you.

TOP STATS: Children out of school, primary, Pupil-teacher ratio, primary, Compulsary education duration and 908 more


How does your country fare in Traditional Fuel Consumption? In Geothermal Energy Consumption? How many barrels of oil were imported into your country last year? Does your production of hydroelectricity match your consumption? Which countries in the world successfully produce nuclear energy for consumption? What is the average energy usage per person? All your questions regarding different forms of energy, their generation and consumption have been answered here.

TOP STATS: Commercial energy use, Electricity > Consumption > Per capita, Electricity > Consumption and 2387 more


How much area is declared as protected in the different countries of the world? How many endangered species of reptiles, mammals, birds etc are found in different countries? What are the national levels of pollution? Emissions? Nuclear waste generation? Salination of water resources and expenditure for waste treatment. International treaties, ratification and complaince. You'll find almost all statistics related to environmental pollution and conservational efforts here.

TOP STATS: Marine fish catch, Ecological footprint, Pollution perceptions > Air pollution and 331 more


All the stats pertaining to the physical features of the country in question can be found here. This implies that if you are looking for the co-ordinates or map references of countries, the land area, climate, boundaries, terrain, natural resources or coastlines, your search ends here.

TOP STATS: Land area > Square miles, Area > Comparative, Climate and 102 more


This category is all about the functioning of the government machinery. So, you'll find stats on the goverment administrative divisions, the executive, legistative and judiciary branches, constitution, parliamentary seats, secession attemps, suffrage, corruption - everything connected with our esteemed politicians.

TOP STATS: Government type, Legal system, Legislative branch and 392 more


Statistics about the health of a country's citizens are present in this category. You can find stats related to birth weights, rates on smoking, HIV incidence, incidence of cancer, circulatory and other diseases, stats on infant and maternal mortality, life expectancy, suicide rates, teenage pergnancy and other health related topics. We also have some details on health expenditure and health care funding out here.

TOP STATS: Physicians > Per 1,000 people, Births and maternity > Total fertility rate, Human height > Average female height and 529 more


Lists all industry related stats like production of cars, buses trucks, LCVs, different industries like biotech firms and so on.

TOP STATS: Manufacturing output, Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ per capita, Manufacturing, value added > Current US$ and 94 more


You can find detailed stats on the economic activity of the labor force broken over different age-groups and sexes. We also have stats on employment in different sectors, trade union memberships, the average work time, the average number of days the workers take off or even just don't show up! How many female decision makers does a country have? Doctors? What is the normal gender division of the housework? What are the unemployment details and benefits available? How long does an average person need to work to buy a loaf of bread? A car? A television set? Compare these values for different countries.

TOP STATS: Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage, Average monthly wage > Local currency > Net, Labor force > By occupation and 374 more


What are the main languages spoken in the countries? How many English language speakers are there per country? How about French and Spanish? Check out the results here..

TOP STATS: Languages, Major language(s), French status and 21 more


Here we rank countries based on amphetamine and cannabis use. But more interestingly, we go into their mindset. What do the citizens of different countries think of their armed forces? Will they report a crime? Do they trust their neighbours? What about their governments? Are they happy with life in general? How charitable are they? What is their political orientation? Are they proud of their countries? Will they fight for their countries? This is an utterly captivating category.

TOP STATS: Quality of life index, Happiness level > Very happy, Happiness net and 110 more


Countries are ranked here depending on the penetration level of computers, phones, fax machines, radios, television sets, mobile phones etc. We also have other stats related to media like vastness of different networks, revenue and employment in different telecom sectors here.

TOP STATS: Telephones > Mobile cellular > Per capita, Internet > Internet users per thousand people, Internet users and 429 more


Want to know the size of the army in Iran? The number of tanks in Germany? Want to compare the weapon holdings in North and South Korea? Worried about the WMDs world over? Need to know the exact number of countries who have signed terrorism conventions? Or just curious about the coalition forces in the Gulf War? We've tried to collect all details available in the public domain for you here.

TOP STATS: Air force > Combat aircraft, Army > Main battle tanks, Budget and 285 more


Facts relating to the actual life of people are found here. So we have birth and death rates, marriage and divorce rates, single parents, one-person households and teenage pregnancies, size of households and elderly institutions, ethnicity and chinese population - just about every stat you always wanted to know! What is the average age of women when they first get married? How happy are they when compared to their mothers? What is the gender development index in different countries? What will the population be in 2020? Don't miss this category even if you didn't come searching for it specifically.

TOP STATS: Population, Age distribution > Population aged 0-14, Population > Population growth, past and future and 1058 more


Where else could you find the number of Catholics, Catholic priests, Catholic parishes, Jehovahs Witnesses and the number of permanent deacons, and compare them all between major nations in a per-capita format? Check them all here.

TOP STATS: Religions, Religions > All, Major religion(s) and 111 more


Who scored the maximum medals in the olympics? What about the summer and winter olympics? What are the latest FIFA rankings? Which country has the maximum number of Mt. Everest ascents? Get all the answers in this sports section.

TOP STATS: Chess > GrandMasters, Chess > GrandMasters per million, Winter olympic medals > All time and 508 more


This is a category which needs particular highlighting as the growing concern and need for awareness continues to press upon our front pages, in the minds of our leadership and politicians, and indeed, in our everyday conversations. We hope to expand this category into timely and essential data you can rely on to make sense of global and national security, political and societal violence, and our perceptions which are shaped by these notions.

TOP STATS: Global Terrorism Indicator, Number of Known Terrorist Organizations Present, Background and 30 more


Here you can find the numbers on the different modes of transportation. How many cars does a country have? Airports? What is the lenght of its highways? What proportion is paved? What about runways, heliports and ports? Lets not leave out waterways or the merchant navy. We have them all here.

TOP STATS: Road > Motor vehicles per 1000 people, Road network length > Km, Road density > Km of road per 100 sq. km of land area and 446 more


TOP STATS: Inbound tourism > Arrivals, Outbound tourism > Departures, Inbound tourism > Tourist expenditure per capita and 19 more


TOP STATS: Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded, Precipitation, Precipitation per capita and 4 more

Note 12

Interesting observations about Government > Constitution

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