Government > Executive branch > Head of government: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
Afghanistan President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Hamid KARZAI (since 7 December 2004); First Vice President Mohammad FAHIM Khan (since 19 November 2009); Second Vice President Abdul Karim KHALILI (since 7 December 2004)
Akrotiri Administrator Air Vice Marshall Graham STACEY (since 4 November 2010)
Albania Prime Minister Edi Rama (since 10 September 2013)
Algeria Prime Minister Abdelmalek SELLAL (since 3 September 2012)
American Samoa Governor Lolo Matalasi MOLIGA (since 3 January 2013)
Andorra Head of Government (or Cap de Govern) Antoni MARTI PETIT (since 12 May 2011)
Angola President Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS (since 21 September 1979); Vice President Manuel Domingos VICENTE (since 26 September 2012)
Anguilla Chief Minister Hubert HUGHES (since 16 February 2010)
Antigua and Barbuda Prime Minister Winston Baldwin SPENCER (since 24 March 2004)
Argentina President Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (since 10 December 2007); Vice President Amado BOUDOU (since 10 December 2011)
Armenia Prime Minister Tigran SARGSIAN (since 9 April 2008)
Aruba Prime Minister Michiel "Mike" Godfried EMAN (since 30 October 2009)
Australia Prime Minister Anthony John "Tony" ABBOTT (since 18 September 2013); Deputy Prime Minister Warren TRUSS (since 18 September 2013)
Austria Chancellor Werner FAYMANN (SPOe) (since 2 December 2008); Vice Chancellor Michael SPINDELEGGER (OeVP) (since 21 April 2011)
Azerbaijan Prime Minister Artur RASIZADE (since 4 November 2003); First Deputy Prime Minister Yaqub EYYUBOV (since June 2006)
Bahrain Prime Minister KHALIFA bin Salman Al-Khalifa (since 1971); First Deputy Prime Minister SALMAN bin Hamad Al Khalifa (since 11 March 2013); Deputy Prime Ministers ALI bin Khalifa bin Salman Al-Khalifa, Jawad bin Salim al-ARAIDH, KHALID bin Abdallah Al Khalifa, MUHAMMAD bin Mubarak Al-Khalifa
Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh HASINA (since 6 January 2009)
Barbados Prime Minister Freundel STUART (since 23 October 2010)
Belarus prime minister Mikhail MYASNIKOVICH (since 28 December 2010); first deputy prime minister Vladimir SEMASHKO (since December 2003)
Belgium Prime Minister Elio DI RUPO (since 6 December 2011); Deputy Prime Minister Alexander DE CROO (since 22 October 2012); Joelle MILQUET (since 20 March 2008); Laurette ONKELINX (since 30 December 2008); Didier REYNDERS (since 30 December 2008); Pieter DE CREM (since 5 March 2013)
Belize Prime Minister Dean Oliver BARROW (since 8 February 2008); Deputy Prime Minister Gaspar VEGA (since 12 February 2008)
Benin President Thomas BONI YAYI (since 6 April 2006); Prime Minister Pascal KOUPAKI (since 28 May 2011)
Bermuda Premier Craig CANNONIER (since 18 December 2012)
Bhutan Prime Minister Tshering TOBGAY (since July 2013)
Bolivia President Juan Evo MORALES Ayma (since 22 January 2006); Vice President Alvaro GARCIA Linera (since 22 January 2006)
Bosnia and Herzegovina Chairman of the Council of Ministers Vjekoslav BEVANDA (since 12 January 2012)
Botswana President Seretse Khama Ian KHAMA (since 1 April 2008); Vice President Ponatshego KEDIKILWE (since 2 August 2012)
Brazil President Dilma ROUSSEFF (since 1 January 2011); Vice President Michel TEMER (since 1 January 2011)
British Indian Ocean Territory Commissioner Colin ROBERTS (since July 2008); Administrator John MCMANUS (since April 2011)
British Virgin Islands Premier Orlando SMITH (since 9 November 2011)
Brunei Sultan and Prime Minister Sir HASSANAL Bolkiah (since 5 October 1967)
Bulgaria Prime Minister Plamen ORESHARSKI (since 29 May 2013) Deputy Prime Ministers Zinaida ZLATANOVA (since 29 May 2013) and Tsvetlin YOVCHEV (since June 2013)
Burkina Faso Prime Minister Luc-Adolphe TIAO (since 18 April 2011)
Burma President THEIN SEIN (since 4 February 2011)
Burundi President Pierre NKURUNZIZA - Hutu (since 26 August 2005); First Vice President Bernard BUSOKOZA - Tutsi (since 13 October 2013); Second Vice President Gervais RUFYIKIRI - Hutu (since 29 August 2010)
Cambodia Prime Minister HUN SEN (since 14 January 1985) [co-prime minister from 1993 to 1997]; Permanent Deputy Prime Minister MEN SAM AN (since 25 September 2008); Deputy Prime Ministers SAR KHENG (since 3 February 1992); SOK AN, TEA BANH, HOR NAMHONG, NHEK BUNCHHAY (since 16 July 2004); BIN CHHIN (since 5 September 2007); KEAT CHHON, YIM CHHAI LY (since 24 September 2008); KE KIMYAN (since 12 March 2009)
Cameroon Prime Minister Philemon YANG (since 30 June 2009)
Canada Prime Minister Stephen Joseph HARPER (since 6 February 2006)
Cape Verde Prime Minister Jose Maria Pereira NEVES (since 1 February 2001)
Cayman Islands Premier Alden MCLAUGHLIN (since 29 May 2013)
Central African Republic Prime Minister Nicolas TIANGAYE (since 17 January 2013)
Chad Prime Minister Kalzeube Pahimi DEUBET (since 21 November 2013)
Chile President Sebastian PINERA Echenique (since 11 March 2010)
China Premier LI Keqiang (since 16 March 2013); Executive Vice Premier ZHANG Gaoli (since 16 March 2013), Vice Premier LIU Yandong (since 16 March 2013), Vice Premier MA Kai (since 16 March 2013), and Vice Premier WANG Yang (since 16 March 2013)
Christmas Island Administrator Jon STANHOPE (since 5 October 2012)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Administrator (nonresident) Jon STANHOPE (since 5 October 2012)
Colombia President Juan Manuel SANTOS Calderon (since 7 August 2010); Vice President Angelino GARZON (since 7 August 2010)
Comoros President Ikililou DHOININE (since 26 May 2011)
Congo, Republic of the President Denis SASSOU-Nguesso (since 25 October 1997)
Cook Islands Prime Minister Henry PUNA (since 30 November 2010)
Costa Rica President Laura CHINCHILLA Miranda (since 8 May 2010); First Vice President Alfio PIVA Mesen (since 8 May 2010); Second Vice President Luis LIBERMAN Ginsburg (since 8 May 2010)
Cote d'Ivoire Prime Minister Daniel Kablan DUNCAN (since 21 November 2012)
Croatia Prime Minister Zoran MILANOVIC (since 23 December 2011); First Deputy Prime Minister Vesna PUSIC (since 16 November 2012)
Cuba President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers Gen. Raul CASTRO Ruz (president since 24 February 2008); First Vice President of the Council of State and First Vice President of the Council of Ministers Miguel DIAZ-CANEL Bermudez (since 24 February 2013)
Cyprus President Nicos ANASTASIADES (since 28 February 2013)
Czech Republic Prime Minister Jiri RUSNOK (since 10 July 2013); Deputy Prime Ministers Jan FISCHER and Martin PECINA (both since 10 July 2013)
Democratic Republic of the Congo Prime Minister Augustin MATATA PONYO Mapon (since 18 April 2012)
Denmark Prime Minister Helle THORNING-SCHMIDT (since 3 October 2011)
Dhekelia Administrator Air Vice Marshall Graham STACEY (since 4 November 2010)
Djibouti Prime Minister Abdoulkader Kamil MOHAMED (since 1 April 2013)
Dominica Prime Minister Roosevelt SKERRIT (since 8 January 2004)
Dominican Republic President Danilo MEDINA Sanchez (since 16 August 2012); Vice President Margarita CEDENO DE FERNANDEZ (since 16 August 2012)
East Timor Prime Minister Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO (since 8 August 2007)(since 8 August 2012)
Ecuador President Rafael CORREA Delgado (since 15 January 2007); Vice President Lenin MORENO Garces (since 15 January 2007)
Egypt Interim Prime Minister Hazem el-BEBLAWI (since July 2013); Deputy Prime Ministers Hossam EISSA, Abdelfattah Said ELSISI, Lt. Gen., Ziad Bahaa EL-DIN
El Salvador President Carlos Mauricio FUNES Cartagena (since 1 June 2009); Vice President Salvador SANCHEZ CEREN (since 1 June 2009)
Equatorial Guinea Prime Minister Vicente Ehate TOMI (since 22 May 2012)
Eritrea President ISAIAS Afworki (since 8 June 1993)
Estonia Prime Minister Andrus ANSIP (since 12 April 2005)
Ethiopia Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn (since 21 September 2012)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Governor Nigel HAYWOOD (since 16 October 2010) is the Queen's representative; Chief Executive Keith PADGETT (since 1 February 2012)
Faroe Islands Prime Minister Kaj Leo JOHANNESSEN (since 26 September 2008)
Federated States of Micronesia President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007)
Fiji Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE (since 10 September 2000)
Finland Prime Minister Jyrki KATAINEN (since 22 June 2011)
France Prime Minister Jean-Marc AYRAULT (since 16 May 2012)
French Guiana President of the General Council Pierre DESERT (since 26 March 2004); President of the Regional Council Antoine KARAM (since 22 March 1992)
French Polynesia President of French Polynesia Gaston FLOSS (since 17 May 2013); President of the Assembly of French Polynesia Jacqui DROLLET (since 14 April 2011)
Gabon Prime Minister Raymond NDONG SIMA (since 27 February 2012)
Georgia Prime Minister Irakli GARIBASHVILI (since 20 November 2013); the prime minister is head of government for all the ministries of government except the power ministries of internal affairs, justice, and defense
Germany Chancellor Angela MERKEL (since 22 November 2005)
Ghana President John Dramani MAHAMA (since 24 July 2012); Vice President Kwesi Bekoe AMISSAH-ARTHUR (since 6 August 2012)
Gibraltar Chief Minister Fabian PICARDO (since 9 December 2011)
Greece Prime Minister Antonis SAMARAS (since 20 June 2012)
Greenland Prime Minister Aleqa HAMMOND (since 13 March 2013)
Grenada Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 20 February 2013)
Guadeloupe President of the General Council Jacques GILLOT (since 26 March 2001); President of the Regional Council Victorin LUREL (since 2 April 2004)
Guam Governor Eddie CALVO (since 3 January 2011); Lieutenant Governor Ray TENORIO (since 3 January 2011)
Guatemala President Otto Fernando PEREZ MOLINA (since 14 January 2012); Vice President Ingrid Roxana BALDETTI Elias (since 14 January 2012)
Guernsey Chief Minister Peter HARWOOD (since 1 May 2012); Bailiff Richard COLLAS (since 23 March 2012)
Guinea Prime Minister Mohamed Said FOFANA (since 24 December 2010)
Guinea-Bissau [Transitional] Prime Minister Rui Duarte BARROS (since 16 May 2012)
Guyana Prime Minister Samuel HINDS (since October 1992, except for a period as chief of state after the death of President Cheddi JAGAN on 6 March 1997)
Haiti Prime Minister Laurent LAMOTHE (since 16 May 2012)
Holy See (Vatican City) Secretary of State Archbishop Pietro PAROLIN (since 15 October 2013)
Honduras President Porfirio LOBO Sosa (since 27 January 2010); Vice President Maria Antonieta GUILLEN de Bogran (since 27 January 2010)
Hong Kong Chief Executive LEUNG Chun-ying [C.Y.LEUNG] (since 1 July 2012)
Hungary Prime Minister Viktor ORBAN (since 29 May 2010)
Iceland Prime Minister Sigmundur David GUNNLAUGSSON (since 23 May 2013)
India Prime Minister Manmohan SINGH (since 22 May 2004)
Indonesia President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004); Vice President BOEDIONO (since 20 October 2009)
Iran President Hasan Fereidun RUHANI (since 3 August 2013); First Vice President Mohammad Reza RAHIMI (since 13 September 2009)
Iraq Prime Minister Nuri al-MALIKI (since 20 May 2006)
Ireland Taoiseach (Prime Minister) Enda KENNY (since 9 March 2011)
Isle of Man Chief Minister Allan BELL (since 11 October 2011)
Israel Prime Minister Binyamin NETANYAHU (since 31 March 2009)
Italy Prime Minister Enrico LETTA (since 17 April 2013)
Jamaica Prime Minister Portia SIMPSON-MILLER (since 5 January 2012)
Japan Prime Minister Shinzo ABE (since 26 December 2012); Deputy Prime Minister Taro ASO (since 26 December 2012)
Jersey Chief Minister Ian GORST (18 December 2011); Bailiff Michael BIRT (since 9 July 2009)
Jordan Prime Minister Abdullah NSOUR (since 11 October 2012)
Kazakhstan Prime Minister Serik AKHMETOV (since 24 September 2012); First Deputy Prime Minister Bakytzhan SAGINTAYEV (since 16 January 2013); Deputy Prime Ministers Yerbol ORYNBAYEV (since 29 October 2007), Aset ISEKESHEV (since 25 September 2012); Bakyt SULTANOV (since 6 November 2013)
Kenya President Uhuru KENYATTA (since 9 April 2013); Deputy President William RUTO (since 9 April 2013)
Kiribati President Anote TONG (since 10 July 2003); Vice President Teima ONORIO
Kosovo Prime Minister Hashim THACI (since 9 January 2008)
Kuwait Prime Minister JABIR AL-MUBARAK al-Hamad al-Sabah (since 30 November 2011); First Deputy Prime Minister KHALID al-Jarrah al-Sabah; Deputy Prime Ministers MUHAMMAD AL-KHALID al-Hamad al-Sabah, SALIM al-Abd al-Aziz al-Saud al-Sabah, Mustafa al-Jassim al-SHAMALI
Kyrgyzstan Prime Minister Jantoro SATYBALDIEV (since 5 September 2012); First Deputy Prime Minister - Joomart OTORBAEV (since 5 September 2012); Deputy Prime Ministers - Tayyrbek SARPASHEV and Kamila TALIEVA (since 5 September 2012), Tokon MAMYTOV (since 19 June 2013)
Laos Prime Minister THONGSING Thammavong (since 24 December 2010); First Deputy Prime Minister Maj. Gen. ASANG Laoli (since May 2002), Deputy Prime Ministers Maj. Gen. DOUANGCHAI Phichit (since 8 June 2006), SOMSAVAT Lengsavat (since 26 February 1998), and THONGLOUN Sisoulit (since 27 March 2001)
Latvia Prime Minister Valdis DOMBROVSKIS (since 12 March 2009)
Lebanon Prime Minister Najib MIQATI (since 7 July 2011), Deputy Prime Minister Samir MOQBIL (since 7 July 2011)
Lesotho Prime Minister Motsoahae Thomas THABANE (since 8 June 2012)
Liberia President Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF (since 16 January 2006); Vice President Joseph BOAKAI (since 16 January 2006)
Libya Prime Minister Ali ZAYDAN (since 14 October 2012); Deputy Prime Ministers Awad Ibrik Ibrahim al-BARASI, Al-Sadiq Abd al-Karim Abd al-Rahman KARIM, Abd-al-Salam Muhammad al-Mahdi al-QADI
Liechtenstein Head of Government (Prime Minister) Adrian HASLER (since 27 March 2013)
Lithuania Prime Minister Algirdas BUTKEVICIUS (since 22 November 2012)
Luxembourg Prime Minister Xavier BETTEL (since 25 October 2013); Deputy Prime Minister Etienne SCHNEIDER (since 25 July 2013)
Macau Chief Executive Fernando CHUI Sai-on (since 20 December 2009)
Madagascar Prime Minister Jean Omer BERIZIKY (since 2 November 2011)
Malawi President Joyce BANDA (since 7 April 2012); Vice President Khumbo Hastings KACHALI (since 11 April 2012)
Malaysia Prime Minister Mohamed NAJIB bin Abdul Najib Razak (since 3 April 2009); Deputy Prime Minister MUHYIDDIN bin Mohamed Yassin (since 9 April 2009)
Maldives President Abdulla YAMEEN Abdul Gayoom (since 17 November 2013); Vice President Mohamed JAMEEL Ahmed (since 17 November 2013)
Mali Prime Minister Oumar Tatum LY (since 5 September 2013)
Malta Prime Minister Joseph MUSCAT (since 11 March 2013)
Marshall Islands President Christopher J. LOEAK (since 17 January 2012)
Martinique President of the General Council Claude LISE (since 22 March 1992); President of the Regional Council Alfred MARIE-JEANNE (since NA March 1998)
Mauritania Prime Minister Moulaye Ould Mohamed LAGHDAF (since 14 August 2008)
Mauritius Prime Minister Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM (since 5 July 2005)
Mayotte President of the General Council Ahmed Attoumani DOUCHINA (since March 2008)
Mexico President Enrique PENA NIETO (since 1 December 2012)
Moldova Prime Minister Iurie LEANCA (since 25 April 2013; acting until 30 May 2013, sworn in on 31 May 2013)
Monaco Minister of State Michel ROGER (since 29 March 2010)
Mongolia Prime Minister Norov ALTANKHUYAG (since 9 August 2012); Deputy Prime Minister Dendev TERBISHDAGVA (since 20 August 2012)
Montenegro Prime Minister Milo DJUKANOVIC (since 4 December 2012)
Montserrat Premier Rueben T. MEADE (since 27 September 2011)
Morocco Prime Minister Abdelillah BENKIRANE (since 29 November 2011)
Mozambique Prime Minister Alberto Clementino Antonio VAQUINA (since 8 October 2012)
Namibia President Hifikepunye POHAMBA (since 21 March 2005); Prime Minister Hage GEINGOB (since 4 December 2012)
Nauru President Baron WAQA (since 11 June 2013)
Nepal note: on 14 March 2013, the chief justice of Nepal's Supreme Court, Khil Raj REGMI, was sworn in as Chairman of the Interim Council of Ministers for Elections to lead an interim government and charged with holding Constituent Assembly elections by December 2013
Netherlands Prime Minister Mark RUTTE (since 14 October 2010); Deputy Prime Minister Lodewijk ASSCHER (since 5 November 2012)
Netherlands Antilles Prime Minister Emily de JONGH-ELHAGE (since 26 March 2006)
New Caledonia President of the Government Harold MARTIN (since 3 March 2011)
New Zealand Prime Minister John KEY (since 19 November 2008); Deputy Prime Minister Simon William ENGLISH (since 19 November 2008)
Nicaragua President Jose Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra (since 10 January 2007); Vice President Moises Omar HALLESLEVENS Acevedo (since 10 January 2012)
Niger Prime Minister Brigi RAFINI (since 7 April 2011); appointed by the president and shares some executive responsibilities with the president
Nigeria President Goodluck JONATHAN (since 5 May 2010, acting since 9 February 2010); Vice President Mohammed Namadi SAMBO (since 19 May 2010)
Niue Premier Toke TALAGI (since 18 June 2008)
Norfolk Island Administrator Neil POPE (since 1 April 2012)
North Korea Premier PAK Pong-ju (since 2 April 2013); Vice Premiers: HAN Kwang Bok (since 7 June 2010), JO Pyong Ju (since 7 June 2010), JON Ha Chol (since 7 June 2010), KANG Nung Su (since 7 June 2010), KANG Sok Ju (since 23 September 2010), KIM In Sik (since 13 April 2012), KIM Rak Hui (since 7 June 2010), KIM Yong Jin (since 6 January 2012), PAK Su Gil (since 18 September 2009), RI Chol Man (since 13 April 2012), RI Mu Yong (since 31 May 2011), RI Sung Ho (since 13 April 2012), RO Tu Chol (since 3 September 2003)
Northern Mariana Islands Governor Eloy S. INOS (since 20 February 2013); Lieutenant Governor Jude U. HOFSCHNEIDER (since 20 February 2013)
Norway Prime Minister Erna SOLBERG (since 9 September 2013)
Oman Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said Al-Said (sultan since 23 July 1970 and prime minister since 23 July 1972)
Pakistan Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz SHARIF (since 5 June 2013)
Palau President Tommy REMENGESAU (since 17 January 2013); Vice President Antonio BELLS (since 17 January 2013)
Panama President Ricardo MARTINELLI Berrocal (since 1 July 2009); Vice President Juan Carlos VARELA Rodriguez (since 1 July 2009)
Papua New Guinea Prime Minister Peter Paire O'NEILL (since 2 August 2011); Deputy Prime Minister Leo DION (since 9 August 2012)
Paraguay President Horacio CARTES (since 15 August 2013); Vice President Juan AFARA Maciel (since 15 August 2013)
Peru President Ollanta HUMALA Tasso (since 28 July 2011); First Vice President Marisol ESPINOZA Cruz (since 28 July 2011); Second Vice President (vacant)
Philippines President Benigno AQUINO (since 30 June 2010)
Pitcairn Islands Mayor and Chairman of the Island Council Shawn CHRISTIAN (since 13 November 2013)
Poland Prime Minister Donald TUSK (since 16 November 2007); Deputy Prime Ministers Janusz PIECHOCINSKI (since 6 December 2012) and Elzbieta BIENKOWSKA (since 27 November 2013)
Portugal Prime Minister Pedro Manuel Mamede PASSOS COELHO (since 21 June 2011)
Puerto Rico Governor Alejandro GARCIA Padilla (since 2 January 2013)
Qatar Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Nasir bin Khalifa Al Thani (since 26 June 2013); Deputy Prime Minister Ahmad bin Abdallah al-MAHMUD (since 20 September 2011)
Republic of Macedonia Prime Minister Nikola GRUEVSKI (since 26 August 2006)
Reunion President of the General Council Nassimah DINDAR (since NA March 2004) and President of the Regional Council Paul VERGES (since NA March 1993)
Romania Prime Minister Victor-Viorel PONTA (since 7 May 2012)
Russia Premier Dmitriy Anatolyevich MEDVEDEV (since 8 May 2012); First Deputy Premier Igor Ivanovich SHUVALOV (since 12 May 2008); Deputy Premiers Arkadiy Vladimirovich DVORKOVICH (since 21 May 2012), Olga Yuryevna GOLODETS (since 21 May 2012), Aleksandr Gennadiyevich KHLOPONIN (since 19 January 2010), Dmitriy Nikolayevich KOZAK (since 14 October 2008), Dmitriy Olegovich ROGOZIN (since 23 December 2011), Sergey Eduardovich PRIKHODKO (since 22 May 2013), Yuriy Petrovich TRUTNEV (since 31 August 2013)
Rwanda Prime Minister Pierre Damien HABUMUREMYI (since 7 October 2011)
Saint Barthelemy President of the Territorial Council Bruno MAGRAS (since 16 July 2007)
Saint Helena Governor Mark CAPES (since 29 October 2011)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha Governor Mark CAPES (since 29 October 2011)
Saint Kitts and Nevis Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July 1995); Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 July 1995)
Saint Lucia Prime Minister Kenny Davis ANTHONY (since 30 November 2011)
Saint Martin President of the Territorial Council Aline HANSON (since 17 April 2013)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon President of the Territorial Council Stephane ARTANO (since 21 February 2007)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister Ralph E. GONSALVES (since 29 March 2001)
Samoa Prime Minister TUILA'EPA Lupesoliai Sailele Malielegaoi (since 1998); Deputy Prime Minister FONOTOE Pierre Lauofo (since 2011)
San Marino Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Pasquale VALENTINI (since 5 December 2012)
Sao Tome and Principe Prime Minister Gabriel Arcanjo Ferreira DA COSTA (since 12 December 2012)
Saudi Arabia King and Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 1 August 2005); Deputy Prime Minister SALMAN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 19 June 2012); Second Deputy Prime Minister MUQRIN bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since February 2013)
Senegal Prime Minister Aminata TOURE (since 3 September 2013)
Serbia Prime Minister Ivica DACIC (since 23 July 2012)
Serbia and Montenegro Prime Minister Mirko CVETKOVIC (since 7 July 2008)
Seychelles President James Alix MICHEL (since 14 April 2004); Vice President Danny FAURE (since 1 July 2010)
Sierra Leone President Ernest Bai KOROMA (since 17 September 2007)
Singapore Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004); Deputy Prime Minister TEO Chee Hean (since 1 April 2009) and Deputy Prime Minister Tharman SHANMUGARATNAM (since 21 May 2011)
Slovakia Prime Minister Robert FICO (since 4 April 2012); Deputy Prime Ministers Robert KALINAK, Peter KAZIMIR, Miroslav LAJCAK (since 4 April 2012), Lubomir VAZNY (since 26 November 2012)
Slovenia Prime Minister Alenka BRATUSEK (since 20 March 2013)
Solomon Islands Prime Minister Gordon Darcy LILO (since 16 November 2011)
Somalia Prime Minister Abdi Farrah SHIRDON Said (since 6 October 2012)
South Africa President Jacob ZUMA (since 9 May 2009); Deputy President Kgalema MOTLANTHE (since 11 May 2009)
South Korea Prime Minister CHUNG Hong-won (since 26 February 2013); Deputy Prime Minister HYUN Oh-seok (since 26 June 2013)
South Sudan President Salva KIIR Mayardit (since 9 July 2011); Vice President James Wani IGGA (since 23 August 2013)
Spain President of the Government (Prime Minister equivalent) Mariano RAJOY (since 20 December 2011); Vice President (and Minister of the President's Office) Soraya Saenz de SANTAMARIA (since 22 December 2011)
Sri Lanka President Mahinda Percy RAJAPAKSA (since 19 November 2005)
Sudan President Umar Hassan Ahmad al-BASHIR (since 16 October 1993)
Suriname President Desire Delano BOUTERSE (since 12 August 2010); Vice President Robert AMEERALI (since 12 August 2010)
Svalbard Governor Odd Olsen INGERO (since September 2009); Assistant Governor Lars Erik ALHEIM
Swaziland Prime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso DLAMINI (since 23 October 2008); Deputy Prime Minister Themba Nhlanganiso MASUKU (since 2008)
Sweden Prime Minister Fredrik REINFELDT (since 5 October 2006); Deputy Prime Minister Jan BJORKLUND (since 5 October 2010)
Switzerland President of the Swiss Confederation Ueli MAURER (since 1 January 2013); Vice President Didier BURKHALTER (since 1 January 2013)
Syria Prime Minister Wael al-HALQI (since 9 August 2012); Deputy Prime Ministers Fahd Jasim al-FURAYJ, Lt. Gen., Walid al-MUALEM
Taiwan Premier JIANG Yi-huah (President of the Executive Yuan) (since 18 February 2013); Vice Premier MAO Chi-kuo (Vice President of the Executive Yuan) (since 18 February 2013)
Tajikistan Prime Minister Qohir RASULZODA (since 23 November 2013); First Deputy Prime Minister Davlatali SAIDOV (since 19 November 2013)
Tanzania President Jakaya KIKWETE (since 21 December 2005); Vice President Mohammed Gharib BILAL (since 6 November 2010)
Thailand Prime Minister YINGLAK Chinnawat also spelled YINGLUCK Shinawatra (since 8 August 2011); Deputy Prime Minister KITTIRAT Na Ranong (since 28 October 2012); Deputy Prime Minister PHONGTHEP Therkanchana also spelled PHONGTHEP Thepkanchana (since 28 October 2012); Deputy Prime Minister PLODPRASOP Suraswadi (since 28 October 2012); Deputy Prime Minister PRACHA Promnok (since 24 March 2013); Deputy Prime Minister SURAPHONG Towijakchaikun also spelled SURAPONG Tovichakchaikul (since 28 October 2012); Deputy Prime Minister YUKHON Limiaemthong (since 25 March 2013)
The Bahamas Prime Minister Perry CHRISTIE (since 8 May 2012)
The Gambia President Yahya JAMMEH (since 18 October 1996); Vice President Isatou NJIE-SAIDY (since 20 March 1997)
Togo Prime Minister Kwesi Seleagodji AHOOMEY-ZUNU (since 23 July 2012)
Tokelau Foua TOLOA (since 21 February 2009)(village leaders)
Tonga Prime Minister Lord Siale'ataonga TU'IVAKANO (since 22 December 2010)
Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister Kamla PERSAD-BISSESSAR (since 26 May 2010)
Tunisia Prime Minister Ali LAAREYDH (since 27 February 2013)
Turkey Prime Minister Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN (since 14 March 2003)
Turkmenistan President Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMEDOW (since 14 February 2007)
Turks and Caicos Islands Premier Rufus EWING (since 13 November 2012)
Tuvalu Prime Minister Enele SOPOAGA (since 5 August 2013)
Uganda President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since seizing power on 26 January 1986); Prime Minister Amama MBABAZI (since 24 May 2011)
Ukraine Prime Minister Mykola AZAROV (since 11 March 2010); First Deputy Prime Minister Serhiy ARBUZOV (since 24 December 2012); Deputy Prime Ministers Yuriy BOYKO, Kostyantyn HRYSHCHENKO, Oleksandr VILKUL (all since 24 December 2012)
United Arab Emirates Prime Minister and Vice President MUHAMMAD BIN RASHID Al-Maktum (since 5 January 2006); Deputy Prime Ministers SAIF bin Zayid Al-Nuhayyan (since 11 May 2009) and MANSUR bin Zayid Al-Nuhayyan (since 11 May 2009)
United Kingdom Prime Minister David CAMERON (since 11 May 2010)
United States President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)
Uruguay President Jose "Pepe" MUJICA Cordano (since 1 March 2010); Vice President Danilo ASTORI Saragoza (since 1 March 2010)
Uzbekistan Prime Minister Shavkat MIRZIYOYEV (since 11 December 2003); First Deputy Prime Minister Rustam AZIMOV (since 2 January 2008)
Vanuatu Prime Minister Moana CARCASSES Kalosil (since 23 March 2013)
Venezuela President Nicolas MADURO Moros (since 8 March 2013); Executive Vice President Jorge Alberto ARREAZA Montserrat (since 8 March 2013)
Vietnam Prime Minister Nguyen Tan DUNG (since 27 June 2006); Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc DAM (since 13 November 2013), Deputy Prime Minister Hoang Trung HAI (since 2 August 2007), Deputy Prime Minister Pham Binh MINH (since 13 November 2013), Deputy Prime Minister Vu Van NINH (since 3 August 2011), and Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan PHUC (since 3 August 2011)
Virgin Islands Governor John DeJONGH (since 1 January 2007)
Wallis and Futuna President of the Territorial Assembly Vetelino NAU (since 4 April 2012)
Yemen Prime Minister Muhammad Salim BA SINDWAH (since 27 November 2011)
Zambia President Michael Chilufya SATA (since 23 September 2011); Vice President Guy SCOTT (since 30 September 2011)
Zimbabwe Executive President Robert Gabriel MUGABE (since 31 December 1987) note - according to the new constitution, following the 31 July 2013 presidential elections the position of Prime Minister was abolished


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