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Country vs country: South Africa and United States compared: Crime

Definitions

  • Assaults: Number of assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Burglaries: Number of burglaries recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Car thefts: Total recorded automobile thefts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Drug offences: Drug offence cases per 100,000 population (2000).
  • Illicit drugs: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Murders with firearms: Total recorded intentional homicides committed with a firearm. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Police officers: Number of police officers per 100,000 population.
  • Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Rapes: Number of sexual assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Robberies: Number of robberies recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Sentence Length: Total average sentence length served
  • Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Total crimes: Note: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Prisoners > Female: Female prisoners, expressed as a percentage share of the total prison population. Data for 2003.
  • Auto theft: Number of motor vehicle thefts (car thefts) recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Frauds: Total recorded frauds. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Jails: Total number of adult prisons, penal or correctional institutions (excluding temporary jail lock-ups). Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Murders > WHO: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Judges and Magistrates: Number of Judges and Magistrates
  • Serious assaults: Number of major assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Judges: Number of professional judges per 100,000 population.
  • Prosecutors: Number of prosecutors per 100,000 population.
  • Prison staff: Number of correction staff in adult prisons per 100,000 population.
  • Murders > Per 100,000 people: Intentional homicide rate is the estimate of intentional homicides in a country as a result of domestic disputes that end in a killing, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, inter-gang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. The term, intentional homicide, is broad, but it does not include all intentional killing. In particular, deaths arising from armed conflict are usually considered separately. The difference is usually described by the organisation of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas the killing in armed conflict is usually committed by more or less cohesive groups of up to several hundred members. Two main sources of data are presented: criminal justice (law enforcement) measures (this series), supplemented by data from national statistical agencies, and measures from public health sources (see other intentional homicide series). These various sources measure slightly different phenomena and are therefore unlikely to provide identical numbers."
  • Car thefts per 1000: Total recorded automobile thefts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Judges and Magistrates per million: Number of Judges and Magistrates. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery: Problem violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) violent crimes such as assault and armed robbery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about being insulted: Worries being insulted. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being insulted or pestered by anybody, while in the street or any other public place?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Prisoners > Foreign prisoners: Prisoners who are foreign nationals, expressed as a percentage share of total prison population. Data for 2003.
  • Fear of crime > Violent hate crime: Worries being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being subject to a physical attack because of your skin colour, ethnic origin or religion?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked: Worries attacked. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being physically attacked by strangers?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about things from car being stolen: Worries things from car stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......having things stolen from your car?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about car being stolen: Worries car stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......having your car stolen?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed: Worries being mugged or robbed. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How worried are you about)......being mugged and robbed?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years: Crime increasing in the past 3 years. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "In the past three years would you say the level of crime in your community has increased, stayed about the same, or decreased?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Crime levels: Level of crime. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How serious you feel the level of crime is?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft: Problem property crimes such as vandalism and theft. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) property crimes such as vandalism and theft?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night: Safety walking alone during night. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the night?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery: Problem corruption and bribery. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) corruption and bribery?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day: Safety walking alone during daylight. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How safe do you feel walking alone in this city during the daylight?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Perceived problems > Illegal drugs: Problem people using or dealing drugs. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "(How much of a problem are...) people using or dealing drugs?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter: Worries home broken and things stolen. Based on 0-50 contributions for Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria and 82 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Argentina, Belgium, Bulgaria and 24 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Brazil, Canada and 17 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from July, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How worried are you about....having your home broken into and something stolen?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees: The percentage of the prison population that is being held pre-trial / on remand. Data for 2003.
  • Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled: The percentage of the offical prison capacity filled. This is obtained by comparing the number of prisoners in a nation to the offical capacity of the nation's prison system. Data for 2003.
  • Gun ownership > Guns per 100 residents > 2007: Number of guns owned per 100 residents in various countries. Following data relates to the year 2007.
  • Total crimes per 1000: Note: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Murders with firearms per million: Total recorded intentional homicides committed with a firearm. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Prisoners per 1000: Total persons incarcerated. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Jails per million: Total number of adult prisons, penal or correctional institutions (excluding temporary jail lock-ups). Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Frauds per 1000: Total recorded frauds. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Violent crime > Intentional homicides > Per 100,000 people: Intentional homicides (per 100,000 people). Intentional homicides are estimates of unlawful homicides purposely inflicted as a result of domestic disputes, interpersonal violence, violent conflicts over land resources, intergang violence over turf or control, and predatory violence and killing by armed groups. Intentional homicide does not include all intentional killing; the difference is usually in the organization of the killing. Individuals or small groups usually commit homicide, whereas killing in armed conflict is usually committed by fairly cohesive groups of up to several hundred members and is thus usually excluded.
STAT South Africa United States HISTORY
Assaults 1,188
Ranked 1st. 51% more than United States
786.7
Ranked 1st.
Burglaries 852.8
Ranked 1st. 19% more than United States
714.4
Ranked 9th.

Car thefts 93,133
Ranked 9th.
1.25 million
Ranked 1st. 13 times more than South Africa
Drug offences 53,810 per 100,000 people
Ranked 4th. 96 times more than United States
560.1 per 100,000 people
Ranked 41st.
Illicit drugs transshipment center for heroin, hashish, and cocaine, as well as a major cultivator of marijuana in its own right; cocaine and heroin consumption on the rise; world's largest market for illicit methaqualone, usually imported illegally from India through various east African countries, but increasingly producing its own synthetic drugs for domestic consumption; attractive venue for money launderers given the increasing level of organized criminal and narcotics activity in the region and the size of the South African economy world's largest consumer of cocaine (shipped from Colombia through Mexico and the Caribbean), Colombian heroin, and Mexican heroin and marijuana; major consumer of ecstasy and Mexican methamphetamine; minor consumer of high-quality Southeast Asian heroin; illicit producer of cannabis, marijuana, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, and methamphetamine; money-laundering center
Murder rate 34 5
Murders with firearms 31,918
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
9,369
Ranked 4th.
Police officers 343.5%
Ranked 18th. 41% more than United States
243.6%
Ranked 27th.
Prisoners 181,944 prisoners
Ranked 8th.
2.02 million prisoners
Ranked 1st. 11 times more than South Africa
Prisoners > Per capita 402 per 100,000 people
Ranked 10th.
715 per 100,000 people
Ranked 1st. 78% more than South Africa
Rapes 113.5
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than United States
30.2
Ranked 5th.

Robberies 494.5
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than United States
146.4
Ranked 10th.
Sentence Length 48.08
Ranked 23th. 66% more than United States
29
Ranked 30th.
Software piracy rate 34%
Ranked 88th. 70% more than United States
20%
Ranked 106th.
Total crimes 2.68 million
Ranked 7th.
11.88 million
Ranked 1st. 4 times more than South Africa
Prisoners > Female 2.2%
Ranked 106th.
8.5%
Ranked 9th. 4 times more than South Africa
Auto theft 201.6
Ranked 1st.
390.2
Ranked 6th. 94% more than South Africa

Frauds 56,232
Ranked 10th.
371,800
Ranked 2nd. 7 times more than South Africa
Jails 228
Ranked 12th.
1,558
Ranked 6th. 7 times more than South Africa
Murders > WHO 39.5
Ranked 5th. 7 times more than United States
5.6
Ranked 88th.
Judges and Magistrates 1,982
Ranked 18th.
29,023
Ranked 3rd. 15 times more than South Africa
Serious assaults 576.5
Ranked 1st. 2 times more than United States
281.6
Ranked 1st.
Judges 4.3%
Ranked 6th.
10.8%
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than South Africa

Prosecutors 5.5%
Ranked 4th.
8.8%
Ranked 1st. 60% more than South Africa

Prison staff 47.7%
Ranked 8th.
138.3%
Ranked 1st. 3 times more than South Africa

Murders > Per 100,000 people 69
Ranked 1st. 12 times more than United States
5.9
Ranked 63th.
Car thefts per 1000 2.05
Ranked 19th.
4.33
Ranked 11th. 2 times more than South Africa
Judges and Magistrates per million 43.53
Ranked 47th.
100.91
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than South Africa
Perceived problems > Problem violent crimes including assault and armed robbery 86.94
Ranked 5th. 15% more than United States
75.54
Ranked 10th.
Fear of crime > Worries about being insulted 63.48
Ranked 9th. 42% more than United States
44.84
Ranked 33th.
Prisoners > Foreign prisoners 2.1%
Ranked 55th. 4 times more than United States
0.5%
Ranked 77th.
Fear of crime > Violent hate crime 66.85
Ranked 5th. 2 times more than United States
32.55
Ranked 31st.
Fear of crime > Worries about being attacked 75.68
Ranked 7th. 80% more than United States
42.08
Ranked 43th.
Fear of crime > Worries about things from car being stolen 81.48
Ranked 4th. 38% more than United States
59.02
Ranked 33th.
Fear of crime > Worries about car being stolen 77.59
Ranked 4th. 85% more than United States
42.04
Ranked 45th.
Fear of crime > Worries about being mugged or robbed 82.21
Ranked 5th. 83% more than United States
45.01
Ranked 47th.
Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years 78.12
Ranked 14th. 20% more than United States
65.22
Ranked 44th.
Crime levels 86.27
Ranked 6th. 54% more than United States
55.84
Ranked 30th.
Perceived problems > Property crimes including vandalism and theft 81.61
Ranked 7th. 41% more than United States
57.93
Ranked 28th.
Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > At night 10.71
Ranked 87th.
41.84
Ranked 60th. 4 times more than South Africa
Perceived problems > Problem corruption and bribery 92.56
Ranked 10th. 2 times more than United States
42.45
Ranked 69th.
Fear of crime > Feels safe walking alone > During the day 39.49
Ranked 88th.
75.24
Ranked 57th. 91% more than South Africa

Perceived problems > Illegal drugs 71.43
Ranked 10th. 16% more than United States
61.82
Ranked 19th.
Fear of crime > Worries about home break and enter 82.06
Ranked 3rd. 69% more than United States
48.52
Ranked 39th.
Prisoners > Pre-trial detainees 28.3%
Ranked 80th. 42% more than United States
20%
Ranked 106th.
Prisoners > Share of prison capacity filled 159.4%
Ranked 26th.
0.0
Ranked 126th.
Gun ownership > Guns per 100 residents > 2007 12.7
Ranked 21st.
88.8
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than South Africa
Total crimes per 1000 58.94
Ranked 15th. 43% more than United States
41.29
Ranked 22nd.
Murders with firearms per million 700.98
Ranked 1st. 22 times more than United States
32.57
Ranked 10th.
Prisoners per 1000 4 prisoners
Ranked 11th.
7.02 prisoners
Ranked 2nd. 76% more than South Africa
Jails per million 5.01
Ranked 28th.
5.42
Ranked 24th. 8% more than South Africa
Frauds per 1000 1.23
Ranked 25th.
1.29
Ranked 24th. 5% more than South Africa
Violent crime > Intentional homicides > Per 100,000 people 31.8
Ranked 11th. 7 times more than United States
4.75
Ranked 43th.

SOURCES: European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; International Centre for Prison Studies - World Prison Brief; European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); Fifth Annual BSA and IDC Global Software Piracy Study; World Health Organisation.; UN Office on Drugs and Crime, UN Survey of Crime Trends, at http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/IHS-rates-05012009.pdf.; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; crime; Geneva Graduate Institute of International Studies: Small Arms Survey 2007 Part 2; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention). Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UN Office on Drugs and Crime's International Homicide Statistics database.

Citation

"Crime: South Africa and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/South-Africa/United-States/Crime

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