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Country vs country: South Africa and United States compared: Education stats

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Definitions

  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary, female per 1000: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Duration of compulsory education: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • College and university > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to post-secondary education.
  • Primary school starting age > Years: Primary school starting age (years). Entrance age of primary is the age at which students would enter primary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • College and university > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Spending > Proportion: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment. Expressed as a proportion of GNI."
  • Secondary education, pupils: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • School life expectancy > Total: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Child care (preschool) > Duration: Number of years students study at the pre-primary (preschool) level. It should be noted that not all countries require pre-primary education.
  • High school teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Secondary education, general pupils: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Secondary school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age (years). Entrance age of 2A lower secondary is the age at which students would enter lower secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade.
  • Primary education, pupils: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions.
  • Elementary school teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women: Number of female teaching staff in post-secondary non-tertiary education. Post-secondary non-tertiary education serves to broaden the knowledge of participants, who have already gained an upper secondary qualification.
  • College and university > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for college and university enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.
  • Public spending per student > Primary level: Public expenditure per student, primary level is the total reported current spending by the government on primary education, divided by the total number of pupils in primary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Primary education, teachers: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Enrolment ratio > Secondary level: Net enrolment ratio, secondary level, is the ratio of the number of children of official secondary school age enrolled in school to the number of children of official secondary school age in the population.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions.
  • Child care (preschool) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP.
  • Elementary school > Enrolled students: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's elementary, or primary, teachers that are female.
  • Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for pre-primary (preschool) education.
  • Secondary education, pupils per 1000: Secondary education, pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000: Secondary education, vocational pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. Technical/vocational programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in technical/vocational programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • High school > Upper secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the upper secondary (high school) level.
  • High school > Lower secondary school duration: Number of years students study at the lower secondary (middle school) level.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year.
  • Spending per student > High school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • High school > Private school share: Percentage of secondary students who attend a private school.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Starting age: Average age at which students begin primary education.
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
  • Spending per student > Elementary school: Public expenditure per student is the public current spending on education divided by the total number of students by level, as a percentage of GDP per capita. Public expenditure (current and capital) includes government spending on educational institutions (both public and private), education administration as well as subsidies for private entities (students/households and other privates entities)."
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • High school > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to secondary education.
  • Teacher student ratio > Elementary school: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • High school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for all levels of secondary education.
  • High school > Lower secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin lower secondary (middle school) education.
  • Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Public spending per student > Tertiary level: Public expenditure per student, tertiary level is the total reported current spending by the government on tertiary education, divided by the total number of pupils in tertiary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • High school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index for secondary level enrollment. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Share of total education spending: Percentage of government education funding that goes to primary education.
  • Children out of school > Primary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Secondary education, general pupils per 1000: Secondary education, general pupils. Enrolment in total secondary. Public and private. General programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in general programmes at public and private secondary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • High school > Proportion spent on all staff salaries: Percentage of public funding for secondary education that goes to school staff salaries.
  • Duration of education > Primary level: Duration of primary education is the number of grades (or years) in primary education.
  • Inequality adjusted index: Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Men: Gender Inequality Index.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in primary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • High School > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female: Percentage of country's high school, or secondary, teachers that are female.
  • School enrolment rate > 1st grade: Gross intake rate in grade 1 is the number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the official primary entrance age."
  • Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (current US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Teacher student ratio > High school: Secondary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • High school> Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public funding for secondary education that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • Elementary (primary school) > Duration: Number of years students study at the primary level.
  • Elementary school graduate rate: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • High school > Population with at least high school education > Women: Population with at least high school education > Women.
  • School life expectancy > Male: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Scouting > Members: Members of boy or girl scout groups which are members of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM).
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public funding for primary education that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • Duration of education > Secondary level: Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (or years) in general secondary education.
  • Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years) is the number of grades (years) in secondary school."
  • Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary: Primary school pupil-teacher ratio is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers (regardless of their teaching assignment).
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency.
  • Secondary education, teachers: Secondary education, teachers. Teaching staff in total secondary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private secondary education institutions (ISCED 2 and 3). Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions.
  • Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training.
  • Scouting > Genders admitted: Admits boys/girls.
  • Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share: Percentage of primary students who attend a private school.
  • High school starting age > Years: Secondary school starting age is the age at which students would enter secondary education, assuming they had started at the official entrance age for the lowest level of education, had studied full-time throughout and had progressed through the system without repeating or skipping a grade."
  • Elementary school repeaters > All: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index: Country's gender parity index in primary, or elementary, school. For countries with a rating of over 1, more females are enrolled while countries with a rating under 1 have more males enrolled. 
  • School enrolment rate > 5th grade: Persistence to grade 5 (percentage of cohort reaching grade 5) is the share of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people: Total number of post-secondary students who were studying abroad during given year. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Public spending per student > Secondary level: Public expenditure per student, secondary level is the total reported current spending by the government on secondary education, divided by the total number of pupils in secondary education, expressed as a percentage of per capita GDP.
  • Scientific and technical journal articles per million: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. Figures expressed per million population for the same year.
  • Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Schools connected to the Internet: Schools connected to the Internet are the share of primary and secondary schools in the country that have access to the Internet.
  • Secondary education > Teachers: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Researchers in R&D > Per million people: Researchers in R&D; (per million people). Researchers in R&D; are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D; are included.
  • Participation > Secondary education > General pupils: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training."
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita: Services, etc., value added (constant LCU). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant local currency. Figures expressed per capita for the same year.
  • Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$: Services, etc., value added (constant 2000 US$). Services correspond to ISIC divisions 50-99. They include value added in wholesale and retail trade (including hotels and restaurants), transport, and government, financial, professional, and personal services such as education, health care, and real estate services. Also included are imputed bank service charges, import duties, and any statistical discrepancies noted by national compilers as well as discrepancies arising from rescaling. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The industrial origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in constant 2005 U.S. dollars.
  • Primary education, pupils per 1000: Primary education, pupils. Enrolment in primary. Public and private. All programmes. Total is the total number of students enrolled in public and private primary education institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, male: Children out of school, primary, male. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Male is the total number of male primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • School life expectancy > Female: School life expectancy and transition from primary to secondary for school years 1998/99 and 1999/00, published in http://www.uis.unesco.org accessed on Sept. 2002 and Women's Indicators and Statistics Database (Wistat), Version 4, CD-ROM (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.00.XVII.4) based on data provided by UNESCO in 1999.
  • Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher: Number of students per teacher for primary education.
  • Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries: Percentage of public education funding for all levels that goes to teachers' salaries.
  • High school > Upper secondary starting age: Average age at which students begin upper secondary (high school) education.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000: . Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary per 1000: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years: Primary duration refers to the number of years of full-time equivalent duration in primary education in the school system according to ISCED.
  • Private school enrolment > Secondary level: Private sector enrolment share, secondary level is the share of students in general secondary education who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Female enrolment share > Secondary level: Girls' enrolment share, secondary level is the number of girls enrolled in secondary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in secondary school.
  • Private school enrolment > Primary level: Private sector enrolment share, primary level is the share of primary school pupils who attend a privately managed school, regardless of whether or not the school receives subsidies from the government.
  • Compulsary education starting age: Age at which children must be enrolled in school.
  • Primary education > Teachers: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers.
  • Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary level is the average number of pupils per teacher in secondary education. Cross-country comparisons may be affected by such factors as the composition of teachers by part- and full-time employment.
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita: Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils > Per capita: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Per capita figures expressed per 1 population.
  • Primary education > Teachers > Per capita: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Primary education > Pupils per 1000: Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Elementary school repeaters > Female: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school."
  • Participation > Children out of school > Elementary: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education: Ratio of female to male tertiary enrollment is the percentage of men to women enrolled at tertiary level in public and private schools.
  • Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Elementary school graduate rate > Male: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Elementary school graduate rate > Female: Persistence to last grade of primary is the percentage of children enrolled in the first grade of primary school who eventually reach the last grade of primary education. The estimate is based on the reconstructed cohort method.
  • Participation > Secondary education > Pupils: Secondary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > General pupils per 1000: Secondary general pupils are the number of secondary students enrolled in general education programs, including teacher training. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Primary education > Teachers per 1000: Primary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education: Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary and secondary levels in public and private schools.
  • Secondary education > Teachers per 1000: Secondary education teachers includes full-time and part-time teachers. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school > Primary > Male: Children out of school are the number of primary-school-age children not enrolled in primary or secondary school.
  • Female enrolment share > Primary level: Girls' enrolment share, primary level is the number of girls enrolled in primary school, expressed as a percentage of the total number of pupils in primary school.
  • Education spending > % of GDP: Government Education Expenditure (% of GDP, 2000-2002)
  • Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds: Percentage of population older than 24 years that has completed tertiary education.
STAT South Africa United States HISTORY
Average years of schooling of adults 6.1
Ranked 50th.
12
Ranked 1st. 97% more than South Africa
Children out of school, primary 656,487
Ranked 6th.
1.76 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than South Africa

Children out of school, primary, female 320,723
Ranked 9th.
780,465
Ranked 3rd. 2 times more than South Africa

Children out of school, primary, female per 1000 6.27
Ranked 22nd. 3 times more than United States
2.5
Ranked 48th.

Compulsary education duration 9
Ranked 56th.
12
Ranked 14th. 33% more than South Africa

High school > Gender ratio 104.66
Ranked 34th. 5% more than United States
99.5
Ranked 59th.

Literacy > Female 85.7%
Ranked 82nd.
99%
Ranked 17th. 16% more than South Africa

Literacy > Total population 86.4%
Ranked 92nd.
99%
Ranked 20th. 15% more than South Africa

Preschool enrollment rate 104.54
Ranked 77th. 6% more than United States
98.77
Ranked 94th.

Primary education, duration > Years 7
Ranked 11th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 53th.

Primary education, teachers per 1000 4.64
Ranked 34th.
5.49
Ranked 49th. 18% more than South Africa

Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 29.5
Ranked 31st. 2 times more than United States
14.29
Ranked 98th.

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 25.05
Ranked 18th. 73% more than United States
14.49
Ranked 56th.

Secondary education, duration > Years 5
Ranked 175th.
6
Ranked 102nd. 20% more than South Africa

Tertiary enrollment 15.2%
Ranked 60th.
72.6%
Ranked 1st. 5 times more than South Africa
Elementary school > Gender ratio 96.37
Ranked 110th.
100.68
Ranked 17th. 4% more than South Africa

Children out of school, primary per 1000 12.82
Ranked 23th. 2 times more than United States
5.64
Ranked 47th.

Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write age 15 and over can read and write
Duration of compulsory education 9 years
Ranked 73th.
12 years
Ranked 10th. 33% more than South Africa
Literacy > Male 87%
Ranked 94th.
99%
Ranked 28th. 14% more than South Africa

College and university > Share of total education spending 11.88%
Ranked 91st.
25.65%
Ranked 26th. 2 times more than South Africa

Primary school starting age > Years 7
Ranked 13th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 77th.

College and university > Gender ratio 91.28
Ranked 50th.
140.06
Ranked 29th. 53% more than South Africa

Girls to boys ratio > Primary level enrolment 0.96
Ranked 119th.
0.99
Ranked 49th. 3% more than South Africa

Secondary education > Teachers > Per capita 3.22 per 1,000 people
Ranked 94th.
5.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 65th. 71% more than South Africa

Spending > Proportion 5.14
Ranked 45th. 7% more than United States
4.79
Ranked 54th.

Secondary education, pupils 4.84 million
Ranked 5th.
24.21 million
Ranked 4th. 5 times more than South Africa

School life expectancy > Total 14.1 years
Ranked 27th.
15.2 years
Ranked 14th. 8% more than South Africa
Child care (preschool) > Duration 1
Ranked 195th.
3
Ranked 47th. 3 times more than South Africa

High school teachers 164,697
Ranked 25th.
1.72 million
Ranked 2nd. 10 times more than South Africa

Secondary education, general pupils 4.6 million
Ranked 4th.
24.21 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than South Africa

Secondary school starting age > Years 14
Ranked 3rd. 17% more than United States
12
Ranked 59th.

Primary education, pupils 7 million
Ranked 6th.
24.43 million
Ranked 5th. 3 times more than South Africa

Elementary school teachers 236,032
Ranked 19th.
1.8 million
Ranked 2nd. 8 times more than South Africa

Spending > USD 13.74 billion
Ranked 27th.
684.04 billion
Ranked 1st. 50 times more than South Africa

Post-Secondary Non-Tertiary > Teachers > Women 3,645
Ranked 6th.
25,000
Ranked 1st. 7 times more than South Africa

College and university > Gender parity index 0.913
Ranked 48th.
1.41
Ranked 33th. 54% more than South Africa

Scientific and technical journal articles 2,364
Ranked 34th.
211,233
Ranked 1st. 89 times more than South Africa

Public spending per student > Primary level 14
Ranked 35th.
17.9
Ranked 21st. 28% more than South Africa
Primary education, teachers 237,429
Ranked 6th.
1.71 million
Ranked 5th. 7 times more than South Africa

Enrolment ratio > Secondary level 57.2%
Ranked 61st.
88.1%
Ranked 17th. 54% more than South Africa
Secondary education, vocational pupils 246,515
Ranked 11th.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

Child care (preschool) > Starting age 6
Ranked 1st. Twice as much as United States
3
Ranked 103th.

Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP 5.96%
Ranked 28th. 6% more than United States
5.62%
Ranked 39th.

Elementary school > Enrolled students 7.31 million
Ranked 15th.
24.68 million
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than South Africa

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level 675,160
Ranked 31st.
16.61 million
Ranked 1st. 25 times more than South Africa

Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary per million 0.508
Ranked 85th. 11 times more than United States
0.0465
Ranked 96th.

Elementary (primary school) > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 77%
Ranked 6th.
87%
Ranked 8th. 13% more than South Africa
Child care (preschool) > Students per teacher 23.51
Ranked 26th. 57% more than United States
14.96
Ranked 64th.

Secondary education, pupils per 1000 94.63
Ranked 20th. 22% more than United States
77.71
Ranked 76th.

Secondary education, vocational pupils per 1000 4.82
Ranked 32nd.
0.0
Ranked 96th.

High school > Upper secondary school duration 3
Ranked 68th. The same as United States
3
Ranked 73th.

High school > Lower secondary school duration 2
Ranked 192nd.
3
Ranked 105th. 50% more than South Africa

Tertiary > Students studying abroad 6,268.93
Ranked 99th.
56,943.33
Ranked 6th. 9 times more than South Africa

Spending per student > High school 16
Ranked 18th.
24.56
Ranked 18th. 54% more than South Africa

High school > Private school share 4.11%
Ranked 47th.
8.27%
Ranked 86th. 2 times more than South Africa

Elementary (primary school) > Starting age 7
Ranked 14th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 77th.

Services, etc., value added > Current US$ $238.35 billion
Ranked 12th.
$11.51 trillion
Ranked 1st. 48 times more than South Africa

Spending per student > Elementary school 13.69
Ranked 20th.
22.35
Ranked 18th. 63% more than South Africa

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level 92%
Ranked 82nd.
94%
Ranked 71st. 2% more than South Africa

Elementary (primary) school) > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 82.89%
Ranked 42nd. 2% more than United States
81.55%
Ranked 48th.

High school > Share of total education spending 31.45%
Ranked 63th.
35.42%
Ranked 52nd. 13% more than South Africa

Teacher student ratio > Elementary school 30.98
Ranked 41st. 2 times more than United States
13.69
Ranked 102nd.

High school > Students per teacher 25.05
Ranked 18th. 73% more than United States
14.49
Ranked 57th.

High school > Lower secondary starting age 14
Ranked 3rd. 17% more than United States
12
Ranked 61st.

Spending on education > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 72.38%
Ranked 39th.
77.19%
Ranked 38th. 7% more than South Africa

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of total government 17.9%
Ranked 18th. 17% more than United States
15.3%
Ranked 38th.

Public spending per student > Tertiary level 61.3
Ranked 25th. 3 times more than United States
23.9
Ranked 8th.
High school > Gender parity index 1.05
Ranked 33th. 4% more than United States
1.01
Ranked 68th.

Elementary (primary) school) > Share of total education spending 42.46%
Ranked 21st. 31% more than United States
32.42%
Ranked 47th.

Education expenditure of government > As percentage of GNI 5.5%
Ranked 17th.
5.9%
Ranked 23th. 7% more than South Africa

Children out of school > Primary 568,936
Ranked 17th.
1.62 million
Ranked 2nd. 3 times more than South Africa

Girls to boys ratio > Tertiary level enrolment 1.22
Ranked 41st.
1.4
Ranked 22nd. 15% more than South Africa

Secondary education, general pupils per 1000 89.81
Ranked 18th. 16% more than United States
77.71
Ranked 47th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level 7.47 million
Ranked 15th.
24.85 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than South Africa

High school > Proportion spent on all staff salaries 100%
Ranked 1st. 23% more than United States
81.55%
Ranked 40th.

Duration of education > Primary level 7
Ranked 8th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 51st.
Inequality adjusted index 0.558
Ranked 67th.
0.941
Ranked 3rd. 69% more than South Africa
High school > Population with at least high school education > Men 72.2%
Ranked 59th.
94.3%
Ranked 22nd. 31% more than South Africa

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level per 1000 14.83
Ranked 83th.
57.75
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than South Africa

Pupils-teacher ratio > Primary level 33.5
Ranked 44th. 2 times more than United States
15.4
Ranked 115th.
High School > Teachers > Proportion of teachers female 55%
Ranked 7th.
61%
Ranked 19th. 11% more than South Africa
School enrolment rate > 1st grade 107.68
Ranked 49th. 2% more than United States
105.99
Ranked 46th.

Services, etc., value added > Current US$ per capita $4,656.27
Ranked 33th.
$36,945.60
Ranked 5th. 8 times more than South Africa

Teacher student ratio > High school 29.02
Ranked 12th. 2 times more than United States
14.38
Ranked 51st.

High school> Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 94.96%
Ranked 2nd. 73% more than United States
54.76%
Ranked 39th.

Elementary (primary school) > Duration 7
Ranked 12th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 59th.

Elementary school graduate rate 76.98
Ranked 66th.
95.34
Ranked 40th. 24% more than South Africa

High school > Population with at least high school education > Women 68.9%
Ranked 57th.
94.7%
Ranked 14th. 37% more than South Africa

School life expectancy > Male 14.1 years
Ranked 25th.
14.8 years
Ranked 17th. 5% more than South Africa
Scouting > Members 69,316
Ranked 22nd.
2.99 million
Ranked 3rd. 43 times more than South Africa
Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ per capita $3,430.12
Ranked 31st.
$33,005.49
Ranked 3rd. 10 times more than South Africa

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary 13 years
Ranked 4th.
16 years
Ranked 15th. 23% more than South Africa
Education enrolment by level > Secondary level 4.31 million
Ranked 23th.
23.85 million
Ranked 4th. 6 times more than South Africa

Education enrolment by level > Tertiary level > Per capita 14.9 per 1,000 people
Ranked 82nd.
57.61 per 1,000 people
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than South Africa

Primary education > Pupils 7.44 million
Ranked 13th.
24.56 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than South Africa

Elementary (primary) school > Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 78.64%
Ranked 21st. 44% more than United States
54.76%
Ranked 41st.

Duration of education > Secondary level 5
Ranked 149th.
6
Ranked 81st. 20% more than South Africa
Outcomes > Secondary education > Duration > Years 5
Ranked 155th.
6
Ranked 86th. 20% more than South Africa

Pupil-teacher ratio > Primary 35.64
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than United States
14.21
Ranked 120th.

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU 1.21 trillion
Ranked 29th.
11.23 trillion
Ranked 13th. 9 times more than South Africa

Girls to boys ratio > Secondary level enrolment 1.07
Ranked 28th. 5% more than United States
1.02
Ranked 54th.

Secondary education, teachers 187,162
Ranked 21st.
1.67 million
Ranked 4th. 9 times more than South Africa

Secondary education > General pupils 4.32 million
Ranked 17th.
24.19 million
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than South Africa

Scouting > Genders admitted both both for Venturing, boys only for non-Venturing
Elementary (primary) school) > Private school share 3.71%
Ranked 60th.
8.72%
Ranked 80th. 2 times more than South Africa

High school starting age > Years 14
Ranked 3rd. 17% more than United States
12
Ranked 55th.

Elementary school repeaters > All 7.96
Ranked 40th.
0.0
Ranked 116th.

Elementary (primary) school > Gender parity index 0.958
Ranked 123th.
0.991
Ranked 69th. 3% more than South Africa

School enrolment rate > 5th grade 82.45
Ranked 46th.
94.45
Ranked 30th. 15% more than South Africa

Tertiary > Students studying abroad per thousand people 0.124
Ranked 195th.
0.183
Ranked 178th. 47% more than South Africa

Public spending per student > Secondary level 17.9
Ranked 42nd.
22.4
Ranked 28th. 25% more than South Africa
Scientific and technical journal articles per million 51.26
Ranked 48th.
728.12
Ranked 13th. 14 times more than South Africa

Participation > Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 99.56%
Ranked 70th.
100.09%
Ranked 51st. 1% more than South Africa

Children out of school > Primary > Per capita 12.27 per 1,000 people
Ranked 34th. 2 times more than United States
5.52 per 1,000 people
Ranked 57th.

Schools connected to the Internet 26.5%
Ranked 24th.
100%
Ranked 2nd. 4 times more than South Africa

Secondary education > Teachers 149,375
Ranked 28th.
1.62 million
Ranked 3rd. 11 times more than South Africa

Researchers in R&D > Per million people 393.04
Ranked 51st.
4,673.21
Ranked 8th. 12 times more than South Africa

Participation > Secondary education > General pupils 4.55 million
Ranked 17th.
24.69 million
Ranked 2nd. 5 times more than South Africa

Services, etc., value added > Constant LCU per capita 23,635.09
Ranked 47th.
36,028.94
Ranked 52nd. 52% more than South Africa

Services, etc., value added > Constant 2000 US$ $175.59 billion
Ranked 12th.
$10.28 trillion
Ranked 1st. 59 times more than South Africa

Primary education, pupils per 1000 136.83
Ranked 37th. 75% more than United States
78.41
Ranked 97th.

Children out of school, primary, male 335,764
Ranked 5th.
976,866
Ranked 3rd. 3 times more than South Africa

Primary education > Duration > Years 7 years
Ranked 10th. 17% more than United States
6 years
Ranked 54th.

School life expectancy > Female 14.1 years
Ranked 29th.
15.7 years
Ranked 11th. 11% more than South Africa
Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Women 93%
Ranked 77th.
94%
Ranked 66th. 1% more than South Africa

Elementary (primary) school > Students per teacher 29.5
Ranked 29th. 2 times more than United States
14.29
Ranked 100th.

Proportion of education spending on teachers' salaries 66.9%
Ranked 7th. 40% more than United States
47.8%
Ranked 32nd.

High school > Upper secondary starting age 16
Ranked 25th. 7% more than United States
15
Ranked 90th.

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level per 1000 94.7
Ranked 61st. 14% more than United States
82.94
Ranked 90th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level > Per capita 0.165 per capita
Ranked 29th. 92% more than United States
0.086 per capita
Ranked 119th.

Education enrolment by level > Primary level per 1000 163.96
Ranked 34th. 90% more than United States
86.39
Ranked 118th.

Children out of school > Primary per 1000 12.19
Ranked 33th. 2 times more than United States
5.54
Ranked 58th.

Outcomes > Primary education > Duration > Years 7
Ranked 10th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 49th.

Private school enrolment > Secondary level 2.4
Ranked 78th.
9.6
Ranked 12th. 4 times more than South Africa
Female enrolment share > Secondary level 52.4%
Ranked 14th. 7% more than United States
49%
Ranked 73th.
Private school enrolment > Primary level 1.7
Ranked 75th.
11.6
Ranked 33th. 7 times more than South Africa
Compulsary education starting age 7
Ranked 5th. 17% more than United States
6
Ranked 66th.

Primary education > Teachers 208,877
Ranked 20th.
1.73 million
Ranked 3rd. 8 times more than South Africa

Pupils-teacher ratio > Secondary level 29.5
Ranked 12th. 98% more than United States
14.9
Ranked 79th.
Participation > Children out of school > Elementary > Female 219,409
Ranked 18th.
769,923
Ranked 4th. 4 times more than South Africa

Education enrolment by level > Secondary level > Per capita 95.14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 59th. 15% more than United States
82.72 per 1,000 people
Ranked 88th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Primary level 48.92%
Ranked 32nd. About the same as United States
48.86%
Ranked 40th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Secondary level 51.87%
Ranked 19th. 6% more than United States
48.72%
Ranked 92nd.

Children out of school > Primary > Female > Per capita 5.35 per 1,000 people
Ranked 36th. 53% more than United States
3.5 per 1,000 people
Ranked 47th.

Education enrolment by level > Percentage girls > Tertiary level 53.68%
Ranked 56th.
56.64%
Ranked 34th. 6% more than South Africa

Primary education > Pupils > Per capita 0.161 per capita
Ranked 33th. 92% more than United States
0.084 per capita
Ranked 115th.

Primary education > Teachers > Per capita 4.51 per 1,000 people
Ranked 77th.
5.88 per 1,000 people
Ranked 44th. 31% more than South Africa

Primary education > Pupils per 1000 159.52
Ranked 39th. 90% more than United States
83.88
Ranked 115th.

Children out of school > Primary > Male > Per capita 6.92 per 1,000 people
Ranked 33th. 3 times more than United States
2.02 per 1,000 people
Ranked 67th.

Elementary school repeaters > Female 7.51
Ranked 39th.
0.0
Ranked 112th.

Education enrolment ratio > Net > Primary level > Men 91%
Ranked 88th.
93%
Ranked 66th. 2% more than South Africa

Participation > Children out of school > Elementary 503,390
Ranked 14th.
1.71 million
Ranked 4th. 3 times more than South Africa

Ratio of female to male enrollments in tertiary education 119.79
Ranked 55th.
139.19
Ranked 29th. 16% more than South Africa

Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment 107.48
Ranked 22nd. 6% more than United States
101.63
Ranked 58th.

Secondary education > General pupils > Per capita 93.14 per 1,000 people
Ranked 35th. 13% more than United States
82.36 per 1,000 people
Ranked 51st.

Elementary school graduate rate > Male 74.97
Ranked 59th.
100
Ranked 3rd. 33% more than South Africa

Elementary school graduate rate > Female 79.13
Ranked 56th.
87.47
Ranked 48th. 11% more than South Africa

School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary > Female 13 years
Ranked 4th.
16 years
Ranked 25th. 23% more than South Africa
Participation > Secondary education > Pupils 4.59 million
Ranked 18th.
24.43 million
Ranked 3rd. 5 times more than South Africa

Secondary education > General pupils per 1000 92.53
Ranked 37th. 12% more than United States
82.6
Ranked 48th.

Primary education > Teachers per 1000 4.48
Ranked 77th.
5.9
Ranked 45th. 32% more than South Africa

Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education 100.96%
Ranked 74th.
108.83%
Ranked 20th. 8% more than South Africa

Secondary education > Teachers per 1000 3.2
Ranked 96th.
5.52
Ranked 66th. 72% more than South Africa

Children out of school > Primary > Male 320,779
Ranked 16th.
593,372
Ranked 5th. 85% more than South Africa

Female enrolment share > Primary level 48.6%
Ranked 55th.
48.7%
Ranked 42nd. About the same as South Africa
Education spending > % of GDP 5.3%
Ranked 46th.
5.7%
Ranked 38th. 8% more than South Africa
Literacy and Attainment > Educational attainment: completed tertiary > Tertiary > Population 25+ years > % > Over 24 year olds 6.36%
Ranked 42nd.
40.66%
Ranked 3rd. 6 times more than South Africa

SOURCES: UNESCO; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics; World Development Indicators database; World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; World Bank national accounts data; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; United Nations Development Programme. Source tables; Source: UNESCO UIS Data | UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Bank national accounts data. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; "WOSM MEMBERSHIP as at 31st December 2012". World Organization of the Scout Movement. August 2013.; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of World Organization of the Scout Movement members (Table of World Organization of the Scout Movement members); UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; World Development Indicators database. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; United Nations Human Development Programme; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=UNESCO&f=series%3aEA_56_Ag25t99, Educational attainment: completed tertiary

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"Education: South Africa and United States compared", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/compare/South-Africa/United-States/Education

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