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Argentina

Argentine or Argentinian Labor Stats

jaacosta47

Author: jaacosta47

The International Labor Organization disclosed that 60 percent of the world’s child laborers between the ages of five and 17 work in agriculture, 25.6 percent in services, seven percent in industry, and the remaining 7.4 percent have not been defined. Argentina is a country which is very high on human development based on the United Nations on Human Development Index.

Child labor in Argentina can be found in the agricultural sector and involves the working of land for crops. This work often fits criteria making it one of the worst forms of child labor. It places the children at risk from hazards such as pesticides and dangerous equipment. Many of those working in urban areas are in domestic service, leaving them vulnerable to abuse and in informal street work leaving them exposed to crime and traffic accidents, as well as abuse. Sexual trafficking and the forced work therewith also exist, predominantly in Buenos Aires and in the tri-border area between Paraguay, Brazil, and Argentina.

The US Department of Labor’s most recent annual ‘Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor’ was published in 2012 and details the state of the situation in Argentina. According to this report, the trafficking of children for sexual exploitation and forced labor remains a problem. According to studies carried out by the ILO, the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INDEC), and the Labor Ministry, more than 450,000 children and adolescents under the age of 17 are working in Argentina. Of those 450,000, some 366,245 are between the ages of 5 and 14. Data from the Survey on Argentina’s Social Debt indicates that urban Argentina sees around 17 percent of those between five and 17 years of age involved in intensive domestic activity to contribute to their family’s economic ability.

Definitions

  • Agricultural workers > Male: Proportion of employed males engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified.
  • Employment rate > Adults: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
  • Expense > Current LCU: Expense (current LCU). Expense is cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses such as rent and dividends.
  • Hours worked > Standard workweek: Standard workweek (hours).
  • Labor force: The total labor force figure
  • Labor force > By occupation: Component parts of the labor force by occupation.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Industry: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force > By occupation > Services: This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by occupation. The distribution will total less than 100 percent if the data are incomplete.
  • Labor force per 1000: The total labor force figure. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Labor force, total: Labor force, total. Total labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes both the employed and the unemployed. While national practices vary in the treatment of such groups as the armed forces and seasonal or part-time workers, in general the labor force includes the armed forces, the unemployed, and first-time job-seekers, but excludes homemakers and other unpaid caregivers and workers in the informal sector.
  • Rigidity of employment index: The rigidity of employment index measures the regulation of employment, specifically the hiring and firing of workers and the rigidity of working hours. This index is the average of three subindexes: a difficulty of hiring index, a rigidity of hours index, and a difficulty of firing index. The index ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating more rigid regulations.
  • Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage: Hourly minimum wage at international USD (this means that discrepancies in purchasing power have been compensated for).
  • Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage: Minimum wage.

    No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.

  • Unemployment rate: The percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Agricultural workers > Male 1% 2010 78th out of 78
Employment rate > Adults 56.5 2008 91st out of 165
Expense > Current LCU 81.87 billion 2004 65th out of 117
Hours worked > Standard workweek 48 hours 2014 26th out of 183
Labor force 16.62 million 2010 33th out of 116
Labor force > By occupation agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA% 2006
Labor force > By occupation > Agriculture 5% 2009 11th out of 17
Labor force > By occupation > Industry 23% 2009 9th out of 18
Labor force > By occupation > Services 72% 2009 4th out of 17
Labor force per 1000 411.65 2010 79th out of 114
Labor force, total 18.85 million 2012 32nd out of 182
Rigidity of employment index 41 2006 73th out of 165
Salaries and benefits > Hourly minimum wage $8.76 2012 7th out of 148
Salaries and benefits > Minimum wage 3,600 Argentine pesos ($455) per month for up to 200 hours; paid thirteen times a year. 2014
Unemployment rate 7.9% 2010 46th out of 91

SOURCES: ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; International Labour Organisation, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files. World Bank World Development Indicators.; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries) ("Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013" . State.gov . Retrieved 2014-03-04 .); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Labour Organization, Key Indicators of the Labour Market database.; World Development Indicators database; Wikipedia: List of minimum wages by country (Countries)

Citation

"Argentina Labor Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Argentina/Labor

NationMaster
  • Argentina ranked first for firing cost > weeks of wages amongst Emerging markets in 2006.

5

The International Labor Organization disclosed that 60 percent of the world’s child laborers between the ages of five and 17 work in agriculture, 25.6 percent in services, seven percent in industry, and the remaining 7.4 percent have not been defined. Argentina is a country which is very high on human development based on the United Nations on Human Development Index.

Child labor in Argentina can be found in the agricultural sector and involves the working of land for crops. This work often fits criteria making it one of the worst forms of child labor. It places the children at risk from hazards such as pesticides and dangerous equipment. Many of those working in urban areas are in domestic service, leaving them vulnerable to abuse and in informal street work leaving them exposed to crime and traffic accidents, as well as abuse. Sexual trafficking and the forced work therewith also exist, predominantly in Buenos Aires and in the tri-border area between Paraguay, Brazil, and Argentina.

The US Department of Labor’s most recent annual ‘Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor’ was published in 2012 and details the state of the situation in Argentina. According to this report, the trafficking of children for sexual exploitation and forced labor remains a problem. According to studies carried out by the ILO, the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INDEC), and the Labor Ministry, more than 450,000 children and adolescents under the age of 17 are working in Argentina. Of those 450,000, some 366,245 are between the ages of 5 and 14. Data from the Survey on Argentina’s Social Debt indicates that urban Argentina sees around 17 percent of those between five and 17 years of age involved in intensive domestic activity to contribute to their family’s economic ability.

Posted on 20 May 2014

jaacosta47

jaacosta47

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