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Labor > Agricultural workers > Male: Countries Compared

Author: Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Author: Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Countries with a high percentage of people employed in the agricultural sector are, generally speaking, poorer and less developed than those with a small percentage of agricultural workers.

In more industrialized societies, the agricultural industry tends to be more automated, with heavier reliance on machines and equipment than on human labor.

Also, in a poorer country, subsistence farming is a more legitimate alternative to low-wage labor than in a wealthier nation. Very few people in developed countries opt to pursue subsistence farming for economic reasons, though some do for cultural or social reasons.

Another factor in higher agricultural sector employment is the availability of cheap labor. Farm work is usually seasonal, with short periods of intense labor and long periods of waiting. It is easier and more economically sensible to find and use cheap, short-term labor in a poor country with low wages and high unemployment than in an industrialized nation with more plentiful employment alternatives.

DEFINITION: Proportion of employed males engaged in the agricultural sector. Employment by economic activity (%) (most recent year available between 1995 and 2001). Note: As a result of a number of limitations in the data, comparisons of labour statistics over time and across countries should be made with caution. For detailed notes on the data see ILO (2002. Estimates and Projections of the Economically Active Population, 1950-2010, 4th ed., rev. 2. Database. Geneva; 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002; and 2002. Laboursta Database. February 2002). The percentage shares of employment by economic activity may not sum to 100 because of rounding or the omission of activities not classified..

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 EthiopiaEthiopia 89% 2010
2 BangladeshBangladesh 54% 2010
3 KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 52% 2010
4 ThailandThailand 50% 2010
5 HondurasHonduras 50% 2010
6 PhilippinesPhilippines 47% 2010
7 PakistanPakistan 41% 2010
8 IndonesiaIndonesia 41% 2010
9 RomaniaRomania 39% 2010
10 Sri LankaSri Lanka 38% 2010
11 NamibiaNamibia 38% 2010
12 El SalvadorEl Salvador 37% 2010
13 BelizeBelize 37% 2010
14 GuatemalaGuatemala 36% 2010
15 TurkeyTurkey 34% 2010
16 DominicaDominica 31% 2010
17 JamaicaJamaica 30% 2010
18 EgyptEgypt 28% 2010
19 Saint LuciaSaint Lucia 27% 2010
20 BrazilBrazil 26% 2010
21 PanamaPanama 25% 2010
22 LithuaniaLithuania 24% 2010
23 Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. 24% 2010
Emerging markets averageEmerging markets average 23.15% 2010
24 MexicoMexico 23% 2010
25 Costa RicaCosta Rica 22% 2010
26 MalaysiaMalaysia 21% 2010
27 KenyaKenya 20% 2010
Former Spanish colonies averageFormer Spanish colonies average 19.71% 2010
28 ChileChile 19% 2010
29 PolandPoland 19% 2010
30 LatviaLatvia 17% 2010
31 VenezuelaVenezuela 16% 2010
32 CroatiaCroatia 16% 2010
33 GrenadaGrenada 16% 2010
34 GreeceGreece 16% 2010
35 MauritiusMauritius 15% 2010
36 RussiaRussia 15% 2010
37 IrelandIreland 12% 2010
38 IcelandIceland 12% 2010
NATO countries averageNATO average 11.62% 2010
39 CyprusCyprus 11% 2010
40 EstoniaEstonia 11% 2010
41 PortugalPortugal 11% 2010
42 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ 11% 2010
43 SloveniaSlovenia 11% 2010
44 New ZealandNew Zealand 11% 2010
European Union averageEuropean Union average 10.52% 2010
45 EcuadorEcuador 10% 2010
46 South KoreaSouth Korea 10% 2010
47 SlovakiaSlovakia 10% 2010
48 HungaryHungary 9% 2010
Eurozone averageEurozone average 8.69% 2010
49 PeruPeru 8% 2010
50 FinlandFinland 8% 2010
51 SpainSpain 8% 2010
High income OECD countries averageHigh income OECD countries average 7.77% 2010
52 SurinameSuriname 7% 2010
53 ParaguayParaguay 7% 2010
54 Czech RepublicCzech Republic 6% 2010
55 AustraliaAustralia 6% 2010
56 ItalyItaly 6% 2010
57 MoroccoMorocco 6% 2010
58 The BahamasThe Bahamas 6% 2010
59 UruguayUruguay 6% 2010
60 NorwayNorway 6% 2010
61 AustriaAustria 6% 2010
62 BarbadosBarbados 5% 2010
63 JapanJapan 5% 2010
64 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 5% 2010
65 CanadaCanada 5% 2010
66 DenmarkDenmark 5% 2010
67 NigeriaNigeria 4% 2010
68 United StatesUnited States 4% 2010
69 SwedenSweden 4% 2010
70 NetherlandsNetherlands 4% 2010
Group of 7 countries (G7) averageGroup of 7 countries (G7) average 3.86% 2010
71 BelgiumBelgium 3% 2010
72 GermanyGermany 3% 2010
73 IsraelIsrael 3% 2010
74 ColombiaColombia 2% 2010
75 FranceFrance 2% 2010
76 BoliviaBolivia 2% 2010
77 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 2% 2010
78 ArgentinaArgentina 1% 2010

Citation

"All countries compared for Labor > Agricultural workers > Male", ILO (International Labour Organization). 2002. Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-2002. February 2002. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Labor/Agricultural-workers/Male

Labor > Agricultural workers > Male: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

0

Countries with a high percentage of people employed in the agricultural sector are, generally speaking, poorer and less developed than those with a small percentage of agricultural workers.

In more industrialized societies, the agricultural industry tends to be more automated, with heavier reliance on machines and equipment than on human labor.

Also, in a poorer country, subsistence farming is a more legitimate alternative to low-wage labor than in a wealthier nation. Very few people in developed countries opt to pursue subsistence farming for economic reasons, though some do for cultural or social reasons.

Another factor in higher agricultural sector employment is the availability of cheap labor. Farm work is usually seasonal, with short periods of intense labor and long periods of waiting. It is easier and more economically sensible to find and use cheap, short-term labor in a poor country with low wages and high unemployment than in an industrialized nation with more plentiful employment alternatives.

Posted on 09 Mar 2005

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

0

In response to Chris - About 50% of the labor force in China works in agriculture, but statistical break-up showing the proportion of employed males engaged in the agricultural sectors is not available.

Posted on 08 Apr 2005

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

0

In response to 'Idiota' - About 70% of the labor force in Burma (Myanmar) works in agriculture, but statistical break-up showing the proportion of employed males engaged in the agricultural sectors is not available.

Posted on 08 Apr 2005

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Editor

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