The land of chocolate, beer, waffles and French fries (which we all know were originally Belgian), and other culinary delicacies, Belgium surprises the casual observer by having a population that is both slim and among the healthiest in Europe: Belgium is in the bottom five when ranked both by cardiovascular mortality and diabetes prevalence. Belgian excellent health care system is definitely to thank for - not only are Belgian physicians among the best in the world when assessed for their competency and accuracy; healthcare spending, quality of organization and 3.9 physicians per 1.000 people (a number surpassed only by Italy and Lithuania in European Union) also ensure short waiting times for everyone, including those without insurance and/or ability to pay. A phenomenon becoming more and more apparent is also medical tourism: since all citizens of European Union can seek health care in any member country, Belgian quality health care is often the deciding factor for patients from abroad. It would seem that Belgium isn’t only a conglomerate of different cultures and languages - Dutch-speaking Flemish, French-speaking Wallonese and a German minority, which are all in addition heavily influenced by United Kingdom just across the Channel - it is also a blend of healthcare systems, cherry-picking the best qualities from her neighboring countries. Maybe Belgian excellent organizational and diplomatic skills are to thank for - the seat of European Union is not located in Brussels for nothing - or maybe we’ve all been fooled and longevity can be achieved by eating chocolate.
- Births by caesarean section: Number of births by caesarean section per 1000 live births (year 2000).
- Daily smokers: Data on tobacco consumption - this is a percentage of the total population who smoke at least one cigarette a day.(Data for Portugal and Austria is from 2002. All other data is from 2003).
- Dependency ratio per 100: Dependency ratio (per 100), 2003
- Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
- Heart disease deaths: Heart disease deaths per 100000 population (1995-1998)
- Infant mortality rate: The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country
- Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
- Motor vehicle deaths: Fatalities per 100000 population due to motor vehicle accidents (1999).
- Obesity: Percentage of total population who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for Australia, Austria and Portugal is from 2002. All other data is from 2003). Obesity rates are defined as the percentage of the population with a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 30. The BMI is a single number that evaluates an individual's weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in metres). For Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, figures are based on health examinations, rather than self-reported information. Obesity estimates derived from health examinations are generally higher and more reliable than those coming from self-reports, because they preclude any misreporting of people's height and weight. However, health examinations are only conducted regularly in a few countries (OECD).
- Red Cross donations: Amounts of the contributions to the International Committee of the Red Cross by the Council of Europe member states and states with an observer status in the PACE in the period from 1996 to 2000 (in Swiss Francs)
- Spending > Per person: Spending per capita (PPP) in $US 1998.
- Teen birth rate: Average number of births for every 1,000 girls aged 15 to 19
- Teenage pregnancy: Number of births to women aged below twenty. Data for 1998.
- Tobacco > Total adult smokers: Total adults smoking
- Transplants > Kidney: The number of kidney transplants in the nation in 2002. (If the surveyed year is different, it is given in brackets).
SOURCES: OECD Health Data 2003 and OECD Health Data 2002; OECD Health Data 2005; World Health Organization; WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva; World Health Organization; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; GECD Health Data 2002; International Committee of the Red Cross; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 1994 Revision, 1994; UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre; World Health Organization2005; Abstracted from center-specific counts (Worldwide Transplant Center Directory, 2002)
"Belgium Health Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Belgium/Health
"Belgium Health Stats, NationMaster." 1960-2011. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Belgium/Health>.
'Belgium Health Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Belgium/Health> [assessed 1960-2011]
"Belgium Health Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1960-2011. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Belgium/Health>.
"Belgium Health Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1960-2011.
"Belgium Health Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Belgium/Health (assessed 1960-2011)
"Belgium Health Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Belgium/Health (last visited 1960-2011)
"Belgium Health Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Belgium/Health (as of 1960-2011)