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Burkina Faso

Facts and stats about Burkina Faso

Author: jaacosta47

Author: jaacosta47

Burkina Faso used to be known as Upper Volta. The small West African country owns substantial mineral deposits but still remains as one of the poorest countries in the world. Burkina Faso is well known for its parched land and vulnerability to famine. The country’s major source of revenue is agriculture but lack of jobs result in migration to nearby countries such as the Ivory Coast where some 3 million citizens from Burkina are currently employed.

The climate is tropical with wet and dry seasons although the rainfall is often insufficient. Temperatures regularly go beyond 40 degrees centigrade. In 2005 a combination of deficiency and locust invasion caused the destruction of almost 90 percent of the country's yield. In fact, huge quantities of livestock were sold to purchase grain at puffed up prices.

Since Burkina Faso gained its independence from France in 1960, this sub-Saharan nation has been plagued by numerous coup attempts and political turbulence. However, the country has been generally stable politically since 1987. International observers reported that the presidential elections held in November of 2005 were free and fair as well as relatively peaceful.

The World Bank and International Monetary Fund along with other foreign donors have been helping the government of Burkina Faso to implement socio-economic reforms. Nevertheless, the national economy calls for diversity. Besides, it is always adversely affected by climate changes and developments in commerce. Burkina Faso has inadequate natural resources and while there are deposits of gold, copper, iron and manganese, the country's largest gold mine was shut down more than a decade ago.

17.81 million

Population. Ranked 60th in 2013.

$634.32

GDP per capita. Ranked 160th in 2012.

Borders

Benin 306 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Ghana 549 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km
Largest city Ouagadougou - 500,000
Capital city Ouagadougou - 500,000
Major language French, indigenous languages
Major religion Indigenous beliefs, Islam, Christianity
Monetary unit Communaute Financiere Africaine franc ; note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Alternative names Burkina Faso, Upper Volta
Groups Former French colonies, Hot countries, Landlocked countries, Landlocked countries, Muslim countries, Sub-Saharan Africa, World

Burkina Faso Map

273,600 sq km

Sq. km. Ranked 72nd in 2008.

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Burkina Faso used to be known as Upper Volta. The small West African country owns substantial mineral deposits but still remains as one of the poorest countries in the world. Burkina Faso is well known for its parched land and vulnerability to famine. The country’s major source of revenue is agriculture but lack of jobs result in migration to nearby countries such as the Ivory Coast where some 3 million citizens from Burkina are currently employed.

The climate is tropical with wet and dry seasons although the rainfall is often insufficient. Temperatures regularly go beyond 40 degrees centigrade. In 2005 a combination of deficiency and locust invasion caused the destruction of almost 90 percent of the country's yield. In fact, huge quantities of livestock were sold to purchase grain at puffed up prices.

Since Burkina Faso gained its independence from France in 1960, this sub-Saharan nation has been plagued by numerous coup attempts and political turbulence. However, the country has been generally stable politically since 1987. International observers reported that the presidential elections held in November of 2005 were free and fair as well as relatively peaceful.

The World Bank and International Monetary Fund along with other foreign donors have been helping the government of Burkina Faso to implement socio-economic reforms. Nevertheless, the national economy calls for diversity. Besides, it is always adversely affected by climate changes and developments in commerce. Burkina Faso has inadequate natural resources and while there are deposits of gold, copper, iron and manganese, the country's largest gold mine was shut down more than a decade ago.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

jaacosta47

jaacosta47

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