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People > Birth rate: Countries Compared

Author: Suchita Vemuri<br> Staff Writer

Author: Suchita Vemuri<br> Staff Writer

Birth rates are an important indicator of and factor in development, and tracking trends in birth rates and fertility is critical to government planning.

Birth and fertility rates, together with crude death rates, determine population growth.

Historically, birth rates have fallen with economic development. It is no coincidence that countries with the highest birth, fertility and population growth rates are also among the poorest. Not one appears among the top 50 countries in terms of purchasing power parity.

DEFINITION: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population..

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 NigerNiger 46.84 births/1,000 population 2013
2 MaliMali 46.06 births/1,000 population 2013
3 UgandaUganda 44.5 births/1,000 population 2013
4 Burkina FasoBurkina Faso 42.81 births/1,000 population 2013
5 ZambiaZambia 42.79 births/1,000 population 2013
6 SomaliaSomalia 41.45 births/1,000 population 2013
7 BurundiBurundi 40.04 births/1,000 population 2013
8 MalawiMalawi 39.98 births/1,000 population 2013
9 Congo, Republic of theCongo, Republic of the 39.63 births/1,000 population 2013
10 AngolaAngola 39.16 births/1,000 population 2013
11 MozambiqueMozambique 39.08 births/1,000 population 2013
12 AfghanistanAfghanistan 39.05 births/1,000 population 2013
13 NigeriaNigeria 38.78 births/1,000 population 2013
14 South SudanSouth Sudan 38.5 births/1,000 population 2013
15 EthiopiaEthiopia 38.07 births/1,000 population 2013
16 ChadChad 37.99 births/1,000 population 2013
17 Sierra LeoneSierra Leone 37.77 births/1,000 population 2013
18 TanzaniaTanzania 37.25 births/1,000 population 2013
19 BeninBenin 37.02 births/1,000 population 2013
20 Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. 36.34 births/1,000 population 2013
21 GuineaGuinea 36.3 births/1,000 population 2013
22 Sao Tome and PrincipeSoa Tome+ 36.05 births/1,000 population 2013
23 Central African RepublicCentral Africa 35.8 births/1,000 population 2013
24 LiberiaLiberia 35.75 births/1,000 population 2013
25 SenegalSenegal 35.64 births/1,000 population 2013
26 RwandaRwanda 35.49 births/1,000 population 2013
27 TogoTogo 34.9 births/1,000 population 2013
28 East TimorEast Timor 34.85 births/1,000 population 2013
29 GabonGabon 34.82 births/1,000 population 2013
30 Equatorial GuineaEqu. Guinea 34.35 births/1,000 population 2013
31 Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau 34.28 births/1,000 population 2013
Failed states averageFailed states average 33.61 births/1,000 population 2013
Sub-Saharan Africa averageSub-Saharan Africa average 33.59 births/1,000 population 2013
32 MadagascarMadagascar 33.58 births/1,000 population 2013
33 Gaza StripGaza Strip 33.27 births/1,000 population 2013
34 The GambiaThe Gambia 32.59 births/1,000 population 2013
35 ZimbabweZimbabwe 32.41 births/1,000 population 2013
36 MauritaniaMauritania 32.31 births/1,000 population 2013
37 CameroonCameroon 31.93 births/1,000 population 2013
38 GhanaGhana 31.7 births/1,000 population 2013
39 MayotteMayotte 31.67 births/1,000 population 2011
40 YemenYemen 31.63 births/1,000 population 2013
41 EritreaEritrea 31.39 births/1,000 population 2013
42 Western SaharaWestern Sahara 31.18 births/1,000 population 2013
43 SudanSudan 30.84 births/1,000 population 2013
Former French colonies averageFormer French colonies average 30.69 births/1,000 population 2013
44 ComorosComoros 30.26 births/1,000 population 2013
45 KenyaKenya 30.08 births/1,000 population 2013
46 Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire 29.83 births/1,000 population 2013
47 IraqIraq 27.51 births/1,000 population 2013
48 Marshall IslandsMarshall Isl. 27.21 births/1,000 population 2013
49 Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands 26.9 births/1,000 population 2013
50 NauruNauru 26.39 births/1,000 population 2013
51 VanuatuVanuatu 26.35 births/1,000 population 2013
52 LesothoLesotho 26.31 births/1,000 population 2013
53 JordanJordan 26.23 births/1,000 population 2013
54 GuatemalaGuatemala 25.99 births/1,000 population 2013
55 SwazilandSwaziland 25.68 births/1,000 population 2013
56 BelizeBelize 25.58 births/1,000 population 2013
57 TajikistanTajikistan 25.49 births/1,000 population 2013
Muslim countries averageMuslim countries average 25.45 births/1,000 population 2013
58 Papua New GuineaPapua NG 25.4 births/1,000 population 2013
59 LaosLaos 25.23 births/1,000 population 2013
60 CambodiaCambodia 24.88 births/1,000 population 2013
South Asia averageSouth Asia average 24.71 births/1,000 population 2013
61 PhilippinesPhilippines 24.62 births/1,000 population 2013
62 DjiboutiDjibouti 24.5 births/1,000 population 2013
63 OmanOman 24.43 births/1,000 population 2013
64 AlgeriaAlgeria 24.25 births/1,000 population 2013
Landlocked countries averageLandlocked countries average 24.19 births/1,000 population 2013
65 HondurasHonduras 24.16 births/1,000 population 2013
Hot countries averageHot countries average 24.15 births/1,000 population 2013
66 TongaTonga 24.12 births/1,000 population 2013
Sparsely populated countries averageSparsely populated countries average 24 births/1,000 population 2013
67 West BankWest Bank 23.81 births/1,000 population 2013
68 EgyptEgypt 23.79 births/1,000 population 2013
69 BoliviaBolivia 23.77 births/1,000 population 2013
70 PakistanPakistan 23.76 births/1,000 population 2013
71 KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 23.67 births/1,000 population 2013
72 TuvaluTuvalu 23.56 births/1,000 population 2013
73 HaitiHaiti 23.35 births/1,000 population 2013
74 SyriaSyria 23.01 births/1,000 population 2013
OPEC countries averageOPEC countries average 22.9 births/1,000 population 2013
75 American SamoaAmerican Samoa 22.84 births/1,000 population 2013
Former British colonies averageFormer British colonies average 22.53 births/1,000 population 2013
76 KiribatiKiribati 22.18 births/1,000 population 2013
77 BangladeshBangladesh 22.07 births/1,000 population 2013
South and Central Asia averageSouth and Central Asia average 21.77 births/1,000 population 2013
78 SamoaSamoa 21.7 births/1,000 population 2013
79 BotswanaBotswana 21.69 births/1,000 population 2013
80 NepalNepal 21.48 births/1,000 population 2013
81 Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesia 21.44 births/1,000 population 2013
82 Cape VerdeCape Verde 20.96 births/1,000 population 2013
Religious countries averageReligious countries average 20.94 births/1,000 population 2013
83 NamibiaNamibia 20.72 births/1,000 population 2013
84 KuwaitKuwait 20.61 births/1,000 population 2013
85 French GuianaFrench Guiana 20.46 births/1,000 population 2006
86 MalaysiaMalaysia 20.41 births/1,000 population 2013
Middle Eastern and North Africa averageMiddle Eastern and North Africa average 20.38 births/1,000 population 2013
87 MongoliaMongolia 20.34 births/1,000 population 2013
88 FijiFiji 20.28 births/1,000 population 2013
89 IndiaIndia 20.24 births/1,000 population 2013
90 KazakhstanKazakhstan 20.03 births/1,000 population 2013
Former Spanish colonies averageFormer Spanish colonies average 19.95 births/1,000 population 2013
91 VenezuelaVenezuela 19.66 births/1,000 population 2013
92 Northern Mariana IslandsN. Mariana 19.6 births/1,000 population 2013
93 TurkmenistanTurkmenistan 19.53 births/1,000 population 2013
94 EcuadorEcuador 19.23 births/1,000 population 2013
95 Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. 19.21 births/1,000 population 2013
East Asia and Pacific averageEast Asia and Pacific average 19.21 births/1,000 population 2013
96 South AfricaSouth Africa 19.14 births/1,000 population 2013
97 Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 19.01 births/1,000 population 2013
98 PanamaPanama 18.91 births/1,000 population 2013
99 ReunionReunion 18.9 births/1,000 population 2006
100 BurmaBurma 18.89 births/1,000 population 2013
101 PeruPeru 18.85 births/1,000 population 2013
102 NicaraguaNicaragua 18.77 births/1,000 population 2013
103 LibyaLibya 18.74 births/1,000 population 2013
104 MoroccoMorocco 18.73 births/1,000 population 2013
105 IsraelIsrael 18.71 births/1,000 population 2013
106 JamaicaJamaica 18.65 births/1,000 population 2013
107 MexicoMexico 18.61 births/1,000 population 2013
Christian countries averageChristian countries average 18.61 births/1,000 population 2013
108 BhutanBhutan 18.43 births/1,000 population 2013
109 IranIran 18.4 births/1,000 population 2013
110 BruneiBrunei 17.63 births/1,000 population 2013
111 IndonesiaIndonesia 17.38 births/1,000 population 2013
112 GuamGuam 17.23 births/1,000 population 2013
113 TurkeyTurkey 17.22 births/1,000 population 2013
114 UzbekistanUzbekistan 17.2 births/1,000 population 2013
115 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 17.17 births/1,000 population 2013
116 El SalvadorEl Salvador 17.12 births/1,000 population 2013
117 ArgentinaArgentina 17.12 births/1,000 population 2013
118 TunisiaTunisia 17.12 births/1,000 population 2013
119 SurinameSuriname 17.1 births/1,000 population 2013
Catholic countries averageCatholic countries average 17.08 births/1,000 population 2013
120 Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks+ 17.05 births/1,000 population 2013
Latin America and Caribbean averageLatin America and Caribbean average 17.04 births/1,000 population 2013
121 ColombiaColombia 16.98 births/1,000 population 2013
122 ParaguayParaguay 16.95 births/1,000 population 2013
123 Sri LankaSri Lanka 16.64 births/1,000 population 2013
124 GrenadaGrenada 16.57 births/1,000 population 2013
125 VietnamVietnam 16.56 births/1,000 population 2013
126 GuyanaGuyana 16.31 births/1,000 population 2013
127 Costa RicaCosta Rica 16.25 births/1,000 population 2013
Heavily indebted countries averageHeavily indebted countries average 16.11 births/1,000 population 2013
128 Antigua and BarbudaAntigua+ 16.07 births/1,000 population 2013
Densely populated countries averageDensely populated countries average 15.95 births/1,000 population 2013
129 The BahamasThe Bahamas 15.81 births/1,000 population 2013
130 New CaledoniaNew Caledonia 15.81 births/1,000 population 2013
131 French PolynesiaFr. Polynesia 15.7 births/1,000 population 2013
132 United Arab EmiratesUAE 15.65 births/1,000 population 2013
133 DominicaDominica 15.61 births/1,000 population 2013
134 IrelandIreland 15.5 births/1,000 population 2013
135 MaldivesMaldives 15.38 births/1,000 population 2013
Emerging markets averageEmerging markets average 15.08 births/1,000 population 2013
136 GuadeloupeGuadeloupe 15.05 births/1,000 population 2006
137 BrazilBrazil 14.97 births/1,000 population 2013
138 Cook IslandsCook Islands 14.93 births/1,000 population 2013
139 SeychellesSeychelles 14.85 births/1,000 population 2013
140 LebanonLebanon 14.79 births/1,000 population 2013
Former Soviet republics averageFormer Soviet republics average 14.75 births/1,000 population 2013
141 GreenlandGreenland 14.57 births/1,000 population 2013
142 North KoreaNorth Korea 14.49 births/1,000 population 2013
143 Netherlands AntillesN. Antilles 14.37 births/1,000 population 2008
144 GibraltarGibraltar 14.19 births/1,000 population 2013
145 Saint LuciaSaint Lucia 14.19 births/1,000 population 2013
146 BahrainBahrain 14.16 births/1,000 population 2013
147 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSt Vincent+ 14.12 births/1,000 population 2013
148 ChileChile 14.12 births/1,000 population 2013
149 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ 14.07 births/1,000 population 2013
150 Saint Kitts and NevisSt Kitts+ 13.79 births/1,000 population 2013
151 Wallis and FutunaWallis+ 13.74 births/1,000 population 2013
152 MartiniqueMartinique 13.74 births/1,000 population 2006
153 United StatesUnited States 13.66 births/1,000 population 2013
154 MauritiusMauritius 13.62 births/1,000 population 2013
155 New ZealandNew Zealand 13.48 births/1,000 population 2013
156 Faroe IslandsFaroe Islands 13.36 births/1,000 population 2013
157 UruguayUruguay 13.28 births/1,000 population 2013
158 IcelandIceland 13.15 births/1,000 population 2013
159 ArmeniaArmenia 12.86 births/1,000 population 2013
160 AnguillaAnguilla 12.82 births/1,000 population 2013
161 ArubaAruba 12.72 births/1,000 population 2013
162 ThailandThailand 12.66 births/1,000 population 2013
163 FranceFrance 12.6 births/1,000 population 2013
164 AlbaniaAlbania 12.57 births/1,000 population 2013
Cold countries averageCold countries average 12.45 births/1,000 population 2013
165 MoldovaMoldova 12.38 births/1,000 population 2013
Tourist destinations averageTourist destinations average 12.38 births/1,000 population 2013
166 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 12.26 births/1,000 population 2013
167 ChinaChina 12.25 births/1,000 population 2013
168 AustraliaAustralia 12.23 births/1,000 population 2013
169 Cayman IslandsCayman Islands 12.17 births/1,000 population 2013
170 RussiaRussia 12.11 births/1,000 population 2013
171 BarbadosBarbados 12.1 births/1,000 population 2013
Potential Future EU Members averagePotential Future EU Members average 11.93 births/1,000 population 2013
Non-religious countries averageNon-religious countries average 11.74 births/1,000 population 2013
172 LuxembourgLuxembourg 11.72 births/1,000 population 2013
173 Republic of MacedoniaMacedonia Rep. 11.72 births/1,000 population 2013
174 CyprusCyprus 11.45 births/1,000 population 2013
175 BermudaBermuda 11.39 births/1,000 population 2013
176 JerseyJersey 11.38 births/1,000 population 2013
177 MontserratMontserrat 11.37 births/1,000 population 2013
178 Puerto RicoPuerto Rico 11.28 births/1,000 population 2013
179 Isle of ManIsle of Man 11.27 births/1,000 population 2013
180 BelarusBelarus 10.99 births/1,000 population 2013
High income OECD countries averageHigh income OECD countries average 10.96 births/1,000 population 2013
181 PalauPalau 10.9 births/1,000 population 2013
182 NetherlandsNetherlands 10.85 births/1,000 population 2013
183 NorwayNorway 10.8 births/1,000 population 2013
184 British Virgin IslandsBrit. Virgin Isl. 10.78 births/1,000 population 2013
185 MontenegroMontenegro 10.75 births/1,000 population 2013
186 GeorgiaGeorgia 10.72 births/1,000 population 2013
187 Virgin IslandsVirgin Islands 10.69 births/1,000 population 2013
188 LiechtensteinLiechtenstein 10.67 births/1,000 population 2013
189 Saint HelenaSaint Helena 10.65 births/1,000 population 2011
Europe averageEurope average 10.63 births/1,000 population 2013
Western Europe averageWestern Europe average 10.63 births/1,000 population 2013
Eastern Europe averageEastern Europe average 10.62 births/1,000 population 2013
Group of 7 countries (G7) averageGroup of 7 countries (G7) average 10.62 births/1,000 population 2013
190 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 10.45 births/1,000 population 2013
NATO countries averageNATO average 10.44 births/1,000 population 2013
191 EstoniaEstonia 10.38 births/1,000 population 2013
Eurozone averageEurozone average 10.37 births/1,000 population 2013
192 FinlandFinland 10.36 births/1,000 population 2013
193 SwedenSweden 10.33 births/1,000 population 2013
Southern Europe averageSouthern Europe average 10.29 births/1,000 population 2013
194 CanadaCanada 10.28 births/1,000 population 2013
195 SlovakiaSlovakia 10.27 births/1,000 population 2013
196 MaltaMalta 10.27 births/1,000 population 2013
197 DenmarkDenmark 10.2 births/1,000 population 2013
198 Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da CunhaSaint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 10.19 births/1,000 population 2013
European Union averageEuropean Union average 10.17 births/1,000 population 2013
199 SpainSpain 10.14 births/1,000 population 2013
200 QatarQatar 10.08 births/1,000 population 2013
201 BelgiumBelgium 10 births/1,000 population 2013
202 GuernseyGuernsey 9.95 births/1,000 population 2013
203 CubaCuba 9.92 births/1,000 population 2013
204 LatviaLatvia 9.91 births/1,000 population 2013
205 PolandPoland 9.88 births/1,000 population 2013
206 European UnionEuropean Union 9.83 births/1,000 population 2010
207 PortugalPortugal 9.59 births/1,000 population 2013
208 CroatiaCroatia 9.53 births/1,000 population 2013
209 UkraineUkraine 9.52 births/1,000 population 2013
210 RomaniaRomania 9.4 births/1,000 population 2013
211 HungaryHungary 9.37 births/1,000 population 2013
212 LithuaniaLithuania 9.36 births/1,000 population 2013
213 Serbia and MontenegroSerbia+ 9.19 births/1,000 population 2011
214 SerbiaSerbia 9.15 births/1,000 population 2013
215 BulgariaBulgaria 9.07 births/1,000 population 2013
216 MacauMacau 9.03 births/1,000 population 2013
217 ItalyItaly 8.94 births/1,000 population 2013
218 GreeceGreece 8.94 births/1,000 population 2013
219 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia+ 8.92 births/1,000 population 2013
220 AndorraAndorra 8.88 births/1,000 population 2013
221 San MarinoSan Marino 8.78 births/1,000 population 2013
222 AustriaAustria 8.73 births/1,000 population 2013
223 SloveniaSlovenia 8.66 births/1,000 population 2013
224 TaiwanTaiwan 8.61 births/1,000 population 2013
225 Czech RepublicCzech Republic 8.55 births/1,000 population 2013
226 GermanyGermany 8.37 births/1,000 population 2013
227 South KoreaSouth Korea 8.33 births/1,000 population 2013
228 JapanJapan 8.23 births/1,000 population 2013
229 SingaporeSingapore 7.91 births/1,000 population 2013
230 Saint Pierre and MiquelonSt Pierre+ 7.79 births/1,000 population 2013
231 Hong KongHong Kong 7.58 births/1,000 population 2013
232 MonacoMonaco 6.79 births/1,000 population 2013
233 Cocos (Keeling) IslandsCocos Islands -9 births/1,000 population 2012
234 Christmas IslandXmas Island -9 births/1,000 population 2012
235 SvalbardSvalbard -9 births/1,000 population 2012
236 Pitcairn IslandsPitcarn -9 births/1,000 population 2012
237 Norfolk IslandNorfolk Island -9 births/1,000 population 2012
238 NiueNiue -9 births/1,000 population 2012
239 TokelauTokelau -9 births/1,000 population 2012

Citation

"All countries compared for People > Birth rate", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/People/Birth-rate

People > Birth rate: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

0

Australians are giving their all for their country. In the six months ending in September, there were 133,400 births in Australia, the most for a half-year period in 14 years, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The increase in births follows the Australian government's May 2004 announcement that it would give mothers $2,319 for each baby born after July 1 last year.

The government announcement was a response to a falling birth-rate that was contributing to the prospect of a future labor shortage and a shrinking pool of taxpayers. When making the announcement in May, the government suggested that two children per couple were not enough to offset the aging population and that couples should have a third child for the sake of their country.

Posted on 30 Mar 2005

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

0

Birth rates are an important indicator of and factor in development, and tracking trends in birth rates and fertility is critical to government planning.

Birth and fertility rates, together with crude death rates, determine population growth.

Historically, birth rates have fallen with economic development. It is no coincidence that countries with the highest birth, fertility and population growth rates are also among the poorest. Not one appears among the top 50 countries in terms of purchasing power parity.

Posted on 20 Jan 2005

Suchita Vemuri<br> Staff Writer

Suchita Vemuri<br> Staff Writer

0

Utah, fortunately is not at a higher live birth rate than Uganda, Niger, Mali, etc. Why would you imagine Utah to be exceeding some Oceanless Desert African Nation. You scared me. Utah's only excuse could be that it is mostly mormon.

Your gross number calculate a LBR of 18.8/1000 (for 2010)
Utah continued to report the highest birth rate in the U.S. with 18.2 live births per 1,000 total population in 2011.

Posted on 13 Mar 2013

Overpopulation bad

Overpopulation bad

0

The birth rate in Utah, USA is the highest in the world at 52.98. In 2010, population is 2,763,885 live births of 52,164.

Posted on 18 Jan 2012

Alan

Alan

0

What is the difference between crude birth rates and fertility rates?
Crude birth rates measure births in the total population, while total fertility rates are defined as the average number of children a woman would have during her childbearing years (usually between ages 15-44).

What does economic development have to do with delayed marriages and smaller families?

Most underdeveloped economies are characterized by informal, family-dependent occupations and poor healthcare and civic facilities, leading to high infant and child mortality. With the dependence on family members to work fragmented parcels of land and at other family occupations, the uncertainty about childrens survival, as well as the poor access to contraception leads to larger families. At the same time, this encourages early marriage.

It’s interesting that a majority of the countries with high birth rates also have high infant mortality rates.

Posted on 20 Jan 2005

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Writer

Suchita Vemuri<br>Staff Writer

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