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People > Population growth rate: Countries Compared

Suchita, Staff Editor

Author: Suchita, Staff Editor

The world took 454 years to go from a population of 345 million in 1310 AD to a billion by 1655 but only 344 years to reach 6 billion by 1999. While China remains the most populous country, its population growth rate has actually fallen to 0.9% far below the global average of 1.2% and the Asian average of 1.3%. Yet, five Asian countries — Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia and Pakistan — are projected to account for nearly 45% of the world’s projected population growth between 2002 and 2050. India is expected to have a population count of 1.9 billion by 2015.

The world’s population is expected to cross 9 billion by 2050 and 10 billion by the turn of the century, the developing countries accounting for the bulk of the growth.
DEFINITION: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 Libya 4.85% 2013
2 Zimbabwe 4.38% 2013
3 South Sudan 4.23% 2013
4 Qatar 4.19% 2013
=5 Uganda 3.32% 2013
=5 Niger 3.32% 2013
7 Burundi 3.08% 2013
8 Burkina Faso 3.06% 2013
=9 Gaza Strip 3.01% 2013
=9 Mali 3.01% 2013
11 Western Sahara 2.96% 2013
12 Ethiopia 2.9% 2013
13 Zambia 2.89% 2013
=14 Turks and Caicos Islands 2.87% 2013
=14 United Arab Emirates 2.87% 2013
16 Congo, Republic of the 2.86% 2013
17 Benin 2.84% 2013
18 Tanzania 2.82% 2013
19 Angola 2.78% 2013
20 Malawi 2.74% 2013
21 Togo 2.73% 2013
=22 Rwanda 2.7% 2013
=22 Gambia 2.7% 2007
24 Madagascar 2.65% 2013
25 Guinea 2.64% 2013
26 Equatorial Guinea 2.58% 2013
27 Bahrain 2.57% 2013
28 Liberia 2.56% 2013
=29 Nigeria 2.54% 2013
=29 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2.54% 2013
31 Senegal 2.51% 2013
32 Yemen 2.5% 2013
OPEC countries average (profile) 2.49% 2013
33 East Timor 2.47% 2013
34 Mozambique 2.44% 2013
35 British Virgin Islands 2.4% 2013
36 Eritrea 2.36% 2013
failed states average (profile) 2.34% 2013
37 Sierra Leone 2.3% 2013
=38 Mauritania 2.29% 2013
=38 The Gambia 2.29% 2013
=38 Iraq 2.29% 2013
41 Kenya 2.27% 2013
Sub-Saharan Africa average (profile) 2.27% 2013
42 Djibouti 2.26% 2013
43 Afghanistan 2.25% 2013
=44 Ghana 2.19% 2013
=44 Cayman Islands 2.19% 2013
46 Central African Republic 2.14% 2013
47 Solomon Islands 2.12% 2013
48 Anguilla 2.11% 2013
=49 Vanuatu 2.06% 2013
=49 Oman 2.06% 2013
51 Cameroon 2.04% 2013
52 West Bank 2.03% 2013
53 Cote d'Ivoire 2% 2013
=54 Belize 1.97% 2013
=54 Comoros 1.97% 2013
Former French colonies average (profile) 1.97% 2013
=56 French Guiana 1.96% 2006
=56 Gabon 1.96% 2013
=56 Singapore 1.96% 2013
=59 Chad 1.95% 2013
=59 Guinea-Bissau 1.95% 2013
61 Sao Tome and Principe 1.94% 2013
62 Guatemala 1.91% 2013
63 Algeria 1.9% 2013
64 Papua New Guinea 1.89% 2013
65 Egypt 1.88% 2013
Middle Eastern and North Africa average (profile) 1.85% 2013
66 Philippines 1.84% 2013
67 Sudan 1.83% 2013
Muslim countries average (profile) 1.81% 2013
68 Nepal 1.81% 2013
=69 Tajikistan 1.79% 2013
=69 Marshall Islands 1.79% 2013
=69 Kuwait 1.79% 2013
=69 Honduras 1.79% 2013
=73 Cambodia 1.67% 2013
=73 Somalia 1.67% 2013
=73 Brunei 1.67% 2013
=76 Bolivia 1.63% 2013
=76 Laos 1.63% 2013
78 Bangladesh 1.59% 2013
Hot countries average (profile) 1.59% 2013
South Asia average (profile) 1.56% 2013
79 Mayotte 1.53% 2011
Sparsely populated countries average (profile) 1.53% 2013
=80 Pakistan 1.52% 2013
=80 Cyprus 1.52% 2013
=82 Malaysia 1.51% 2013
=82 Saudi Arabia 1.51% 2013
Former British colonies average (profile) 1.5% 2013
84 Israel 1.5% 2013
Landlocked countries average (profile) 1.46% 2013
85 New Caledonia 1.45% 2013
=86 Venezuela 1.44% 2013
=86 Mongolia 1.44% 2013
88 Cape Verde 1.41% 2013
89 Ecuador 1.4% 2013
90 Aruba 1.39% 2013
91 Panama 1.38% 2013
92 Botswana 1.35% 2013
93 Reunion 1.34% 2006
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) 1.29% 2013
=94 Dominican Republic 1.28% 2013
=94 India 1.28% 2013
96 Costa Rica 1.27% 2013
South and Central Asia average (profile) 1.26% 2013
97 Antigua and Barbuda 1.26% 2013
98 Iran 1.24% 2013
99 Paraguay 1.23% 2013
100 Kiribati 1.21% 2013
101 Kazakhstan 1.2% 2013
102 Swaziland 1.17% 2013
=103 Turkey 1.16% 2013
=103 Ireland 1.16% 2013
=105 Turkmenistan 1.15% 2013
=105 Suriname 1.15% 2013
=105 Bhutan 1.15% 2013
Religious countries average (profile) 1.14% 2013
108 Luxembourg 1.13% 2013
109 Christmas Island 1.12% 2013
110 Australia 1.11% 2013
111 Colombia 1.1% 2013
112 Mexico 1.07% 2013
East Asia and Pacific average (profile) 1.06% 2013
=113 Nicaragua 1.05% 2013
=113 Burma 1.05% 2013
115 Morocco 1.04% 2013
Catholic countries average (profile) 1.04% 2013
116 Vietnam 1.03% 2013
117 Azerbaijan 1.01% 2013
=118 Peru 1% 2013
=118 French Polynesia 1% 2013
=120 Indonesia 0.99% 2013
=120 Haiti 0.99% 2013
122 Argentina 0.98% 2013
123 Kyrgyzstan 0.97% 2013
Christian countries average (profile) 0.953% 2013
124 Tunisia 0.95% 2013
125 Uzbekistan 0.94% 2013
126 San Marino 0.93% 2013
Latin America and Caribbean average (profile) 0.927% 2013
=127 United States 0.9% 2013
=127 Seychelles 0.9% 2013
=129 The Bahamas 0.89% 2013
=129 Sri Lanka 0.89% 2013
131 Guadeloupe 0.88% 2006
132 Chile 0.86% 2013
=133 New Zealand 0.85% 2013
=133 Macau 0.85% 2013
=133 Switzerland 0.85% 2013
136 Isle of Man 0.84% 2013
137 Brazil 0.83% 2013
Tourist destinations average (profile) 0.827% 2013
Heavily indebted countries average (profile) 0.826% 2013
138 Jersey 0.82% 2013
Densely populated countries average (profile) 0.814% 2013
139 Liechtenstein 0.81% 2013
140 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.8% 2013
=141 Canada 0.77% 2013
=141 Tuvalu 0.77% 2013
143 Netherlands Antilles 0.754% 2008
144 Namibia 0.75% 2013
=145 Fiji 0.73% 2013
=145 Spain 0.73% 2013
147 Martinique 0.72% 2006
148 Jamaica 0.7% 2013
149 Mauritius 0.68% 2013
150 Iceland 0.66% 2013
151 Samoa 0.59% 2013
152 Nauru 0.58% 2013
=153 United Kingdom 0.55% 2013
=153 Bermuda 0.55% 2013
155 North Korea 0.53% 2013
Non-religious countries average (profile) 0.522% 2013
=156 Thailand 0.52% 2013
=156 Grenada 0.52% 2013
Western Europe average (profile) 0.503% 2013
Emerging markets average (profile) 0.502% 2013
158 Montserrat 0.48% 2013
Southern Europe average (profile) 0.479% 2013
=159 France 0.47% 2013
=159 Faroe Islands 0.47% 2013
161 China 0.46% 2013
162 Netherlands 0.44% 2013
High income OECD countries average (profile) 0.395% 2013
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 0.391% 2013
163 Hong Kong 0.39% 2013
164 Guernsey 0.38% 2013
165 Saint Helena 0.377% 2011
166 Palau 0.37% 2013
167 Saint Lucia 0.36% 2013
168 Wallis and Futuna 0.35% 2013
Cold countries average (profile) 0.341% 2013
=169 Barbados 0.34% 2013
=169 Italy 0.34% 2013
=169 Guam 0.34% 2013
=169 Lesotho 0.34% 2013
=169 Malta 0.34% 2013
174 Norway 0.33% 2013
175 Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 0.3% 2013
=176 El Salvador 0.29% 2013
=176 Albania 0.29% 2013
Eurozone average (profile) 0.271% 2013
178 Taiwan 0.27% 2013
179 Gibraltar 0.26% 2013
180 Uruguay 0.25% 2013
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 0.231% 2013
181 Denmark 0.23% 2013
=182 Dominica 0.22% 2013
=182 Andorra 0.22% 2013
=182 Republic of Macedonia 0.22% 2013
=185 South Korea 0.18% 2013
=185 Sweden 0.18% 2013
Potential Future EU Members average (profile) 0.173% 2013
=187 Portugal 0.15% 2013
=187 Syria 0.15% 2013
Europe average (profile) 0.148% 2013
NATO countries average (profile) 0.143% 2013
=189 Jordan 0.14% 2013
=189 Armenia 0.14% 2013
=189 Tonga 0.14% 2013
European Union average (profile) 0.14% 2013
192 European Union 0.098% 2010
=193 Slovakia 0.09% 2013
=193 Northern Mariana Islands 0.09% 2013
195 Finland 0.06% 2013
196 Belgium 0.05% 2013
197 Greece 0.04% 2013
198 Greenland 0.03% 2013
199 Austria 0.02% 2013
200 Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 0.011% 2009
201 Norfolk Island 0.01% 2013
=202 Cocos (Keeling) Islands 0.0 2013
=202 Holy See (Vatican City) 0.0 2013
=202 Monaco 0.0 2013
=202 Pitcairn Islands 0.0 2013
206 Tokelau -0.01% 2013
207 Russia -0.02% 2013
=208 Svalbard -0.03% 2013
=208 Niue -0.03% 2013
210 Lebanon -0.04% 2013
=211 Trinidad and Tobago -0.09% 2013
=211 Poland -0.09% 2013
=213 Bosnia and Herzegovina -0.1% 2013
=213 Japan -0.1% 2013
=215 Maldives -0.11% 2013
=215 Croatia -0.11% 2013
217 Cuba -0.13% 2013
218 Czech Republic -0.15% 2013
219 Belarus -0.18% 2013
220 Germany -0.19% 2013
Eastern Europe average (profile) -0.19% 2013
221 Hungary -0.2% 2013
=222 Slovenia -0.21% 2013
=222 Guyana -0.21% 2013
224 Romania -0.27% 2013
225 Lithuania -0.28% 2013
226 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -0.3% 2013
227 Georgia -0.33% 2013
228 Federated States of Micronesia -0.38% 2013
229 American Samoa -0.4% 2013
230 South Africa -0.45% 2013
231 Serbia -0.46% 2013
232 Serbia and Montenegro -0.467% 2011
233 Puerto Rico -0.47% 2013
234 Virgin Islands -0.53% 2013
235 Montenegro -0.56% 2013
236 Latvia -0.61% 2013
237 Ukraine -0.63% 2013
238 Estonia -0.66% 2013
239 Bulgaria -0.81% 2013
240 Saint Pierre and Miquelon -1.01% 2013
241 Moldova -1.02% 2013
242 Cook Islands -3.07% 2013

Citation

"Countries Compared by People > Population growth rate. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/People/Population-growth-rate

People > Population growth rate: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

Interesting observations about People > Population growth rate

Zimbabwe ranked first for population growth rate amongst Christian countries in 2013.
Libya ranked first for population growth rate amongst Hot countries in 2013.
Cyprus ranked first for population growth rate amongst Europe in 2013.
Israel ranked first for population growth rate amongst High income OECD countries in 2013.
Nepal ranked first for population growth rate amongst Cold countries in 2013.
Burundi ranked first for population growth rate amongst Catholic countries in 2013.
Philippines ranked first for population growth rate amongst Emerging markets in 2013.
Qatar ranked second for population growth rate amongst Muslim countries in 2013.
Turkey ranked first for population growth rate amongst NATO countries in 2013.
South Sudan ranked third for population growth rate globally in 2013.

0

Taylor, one of the reasons for population booms is if the birth rate is not decreasing as fast as the death rate, which can be lowered considerably by new medical procedures, new medicines, and, probably most importantly, the seemingly simple factors of better nutrition, sanitation and access to clean water.

Lowering the birth rate requires education about family planning, birth spacing and, of course, access to birth control. Encouraging the use of birth control is sometimes difficult due to religious prohibitions or superstitious or paranoid beliefs (some people may believe that a medication, such as a birth control pill, is actually being used by a foreign government to sterilize people). Other times, it’s because of a lack of money or political will.

Age structure is also a factor. Most childbearing is done by women between the ages of 15 and 49. So if a population has a large number of young people just entering their reproductive years, the rate of growth of that population is sure to rise.

Posted on 31 May 2005

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

0

In response to Taylor:

The population in these areas is growing quickly as the birth rate is high and life expectency is increasing. Most of the countries in Sub Sahara Africa and the middle east still have a total fertility rate greater than 4 children per woman. A total fertility rate of 2.1 children per women would cause zero population growth.



Fertility rates are declining and this trend is expected to continue over the next fifty years causing the world population to eventually stabilise (probably between 8 and 12 billion), however the rate of decline is unknown. According to United Nations estimates, if the total fertility rate of almost every country reached 2.1 children per woman, the world population would be 9.4 billion by 2050. If worldwide fertility only declined to 2.6 children per woman, the world population in 2050 would be 11.2 billion (almost double today's value).

Posted on 31 May 2005

Edria Murray, Staff Editor

Edria Murray, Staff Editor

0

The world took 454 years to go from a population of 345 million in 1310 AD to a billion by 1655 but only 344 years to reach 6 billion by 1999. While China remains the most populous country, its population growth rate has actually fallen to 0.9% far below the global average of 1.2% and the Asian average of 1.3%. Yet, five Asian countries — Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia and Pakistan — are projected to account for nearly 45% of the world’s projected population growth between 2002 and 2050. India is expected to have a population count of 1.9 billion by 2015.

The world’s population is expected to cross 9 billion by 2050 and 10 billion by the turn of the century, the developing countries accounting for the bulk of the growth.

Posted on 24 Jan 2005

Suchita, Staff Editor

Suchita, Staff Editor

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