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People > Population growth rate: Countries Compared

Author: Suchita<br>Staff Editor

Author: Suchita<br>Staff Editor

The world took 454 years to go from a population of 345 million in 1310 AD to a billion by 1655 but only 344 years to reach 6 billion by 1999. While China remains the most populous country, its population growth rate has actually fallen to 0.9% far below the global average of 1.2% and the Asian average of 1.3%. Yet, five Asian countries — Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia and Pakistan — are projected to account for nearly 45% of the world’s projected population growth between 2002 and 2050. India is expected to have a population count of 1.9 billion by 2015.

The world’s population is expected to cross 9 billion by 2050 and 10 billion by the turn of the century, the developing countries accounting for the bulk of the growth.

DEFINITION: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries..

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 LibyaLibya 4.85% 2013
2 ZimbabweZimbabwe 4.38% 2013
3 South SudanSouth Sudan 4.23% 2013
4 QatarQatar 4.19% 2013
5 UgandaUganda 3.32% 2013
6 NigerNiger 3.32% 2013
7 BurundiBurundi 3.08% 2013
8 Burkina FasoBurkina Faso 3.06% 2013
9 Gaza StripGaza Strip 3.01% 2013
10 MaliMali 3.01% 2013
11 Western SaharaWestern Sahara 2.96% 2013
12 EthiopiaEthiopia 2.9% 2013
13 ZambiaZambia 2.89% 2013
14 Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks+ 2.87% 2013
15 United Arab EmiratesUAE 2.87% 2013
16 Congo, Republic of theCongo, Republic of the 2.86% 2013
17 BeninBenin 2.84% 2013
18 TanzaniaTanzania 2.82% 2013
19 AngolaAngola 2.78% 2013
20 MalawiMalawi 2.74% 2013
21 TogoTogo 2.73% 2013
22 RwandaRwanda 2.7% 2013
23 MadagascarMadagascar 2.65% 2013
24 GuineaGuinea 2.64% 2013
25 Equatorial GuineaEqu. Guinea 2.58% 2013
26 BahrainBahrain 2.57% 2013
27 LiberiaLiberia 2.56% 2013
28 NigeriaNigeria 2.54% 2013
29 Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. 2.54% 2013
30 SenegalSenegal 2.51% 2013
31 YemenYemen 2.5% 2013
OPEC countries averageOPEC countries average 2.49% 2013
32 East TimorEast Timor 2.47% 2013
33 MozambiqueMozambique 2.44% 2013
34 British Virgin IslandsBrit. Virgin Isl. 2.4% 2013
35 EritreaEritrea 2.36% 2013
Failed states averageFailed states average 2.34% 2013
36 Sierra LeoneSierra Leone 2.3% 2013
37 MauritaniaMauritania 2.29% 2013
38 The GambiaThe Gambia 2.29% 2013
39 IraqIraq 2.29% 2013
40 KenyaKenya 2.27% 2013
Sub-Saharan Africa averageSub-Saharan Africa average 2.27% 2013
41 DjiboutiDjibouti 2.26% 2013
42 AfghanistanAfghanistan 2.25% 2013
43 GhanaGhana 2.19% 2013
44 Cayman IslandsCayman Islands 2.19% 2013
45 Central African RepublicCentral Africa 2.14% 2013
46 Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands 2.12% 2013
47 AnguillaAnguilla 2.11% 2013
48 VanuatuVanuatu 2.06% 2013
49 OmanOman 2.06% 2013
50 CameroonCameroon 2.04% 2013
51 West BankWest Bank 2.03% 2013
52 Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire 2% 2013
53 BelizeBelize 1.97% 2013
54 ComorosComoros 1.97% 2013
Former French colonies averageFormer French colonies average 1.97% 2013
55 French GuianaFrench Guiana 1.96% 2006
56 GabonGabon 1.96% 2013
57 SingaporeSingapore 1.96% 2013
58 ChadChad 1.95% 2013
59 Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau 1.95% 2013
60 Sao Tome and PrincipeSoa Tome+ 1.94% 2013
61 GuatemalaGuatemala 1.91% 2013
62 AlgeriaAlgeria 1.9% 2013
63 Papua New GuineaPapua NG 1.89% 2013
64 EgyptEgypt 1.88% 2013
Middle Eastern and North Africa averageMiddle Eastern and North Africa average 1.85% 2013
65 PhilippinesPhilippines 1.84% 2013
66 SudanSudan 1.83% 2013
Muslim countries averageMuslim countries average 1.81% 2013
67 NepalNepal 1.81% 2013
68 TajikistanTajikistan 1.79% 2013
69 Marshall IslandsMarshall Isl. 1.79% 2013
70 KuwaitKuwait 1.79% 2013
71 HondurasHonduras 1.79% 2013
72 CambodiaCambodia 1.67% 2013
73 SomaliaSomalia 1.67% 2013
74 BruneiBrunei 1.67% 2013
75 BoliviaBolivia 1.63% 2013
76 LaosLaos 1.63% 2013
77 BangladeshBangladesh 1.59% 2013
Hot countries averageHot countries average 1.59% 2013
South Asia averageSouth Asia average 1.56% 2013
78 MayotteMayotte 1.53% 2011
Sparsely populated countries averageSparsely populated countries average 1.53% 2013
79 PakistanPakistan 1.52% 2013
80 CyprusCyprus 1.52% 2013
81 MalaysiaMalaysia 1.51% 2013
82 Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 1.51% 2013
Former British colonies averageFormer British colonies average 1.5% 2013
83 IsraelIsrael 1.5% 2013
Landlocked countries averageLandlocked countries average 1.46% 2013
84 New CaledoniaNew Caledonia 1.45% 2013
85 VenezuelaVenezuela 1.44% 2013
86 MongoliaMongolia 1.44% 2013
87 Cape VerdeCape Verde 1.41% 2013
88 EcuadorEcuador 1.4% 2013
89 ArubaAruba 1.39% 2013
90 PanamaPanama 1.38% 2013
91 BotswanaBotswana 1.35% 2013
92 ReunionReunion 1.34% 2006
Former Spanish colonies averageFormer Spanish colonies average 1.29% 2013
93 Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. 1.28% 2013
94 IndiaIndia 1.28% 2013
95 Costa RicaCosta Rica 1.27% 2013
South and Central Asia averageSouth and Central Asia average 1.26% 2013
96 Antigua and BarbudaAntigua+ 1.26% 2013
97 IranIran 1.24% 2013
98 ParaguayParaguay 1.23% 2013
99 KiribatiKiribati 1.21% 2013
100 KazakhstanKazakhstan 1.2% 2013
101 SwazilandSwaziland 1.17% 2013
102 TurkeyTurkey 1.16% 2013
103 IrelandIreland 1.16% 2013
104 TurkmenistanTurkmenistan 1.15% 2013
105 SurinameSuriname 1.15% 2013
106 BhutanBhutan 1.15% 2013
Religious countries averageReligious countries average 1.14% 2013
107 LuxembourgLuxembourg 1.13% 2013
108 Christmas IslandXmas Island 1.12% 2013
109 AustraliaAustralia 1.11% 2013
110 ColombiaColombia 1.1% 2013
111 MexicoMexico 1.07% 2013
East Asia and Pacific averageEast Asia and Pacific average 1.06% 2013
112 NicaraguaNicaragua 1.05% 2013
113 BurmaBurma 1.05% 2013
114 MoroccoMorocco 1.04% 2013
Catholic countries averageCatholic countries average 1.04% 2013
115 VietnamVietnam 1.03% 2013
116 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 1.01% 2013
117 PeruPeru 1% 2013
118 French PolynesiaFr. Polynesia 1% 2013
119 IndonesiaIndonesia 0.99% 2013
120 HaitiHaiti 0.99% 2013
121 ArgentinaArgentina 0.98% 2013
122 KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 0.97% 2013
Christian countries averageChristian countries average 0.953% 2013
123 TunisiaTunisia 0.95% 2013
124 UzbekistanUzbekistan 0.94% 2013
125 San MarinoSan Marino 0.93% 2013
Latin America and Caribbean averageLatin America and Caribbean average 0.927% 2013
126 United StatesUnited States 0.9% 2013
127 SeychellesSeychelles 0.9% 2013
128 The BahamasThe Bahamas 0.89% 2013
129 Sri LankaSri Lanka 0.89% 2013
130 GuadeloupeGuadeloupe 0.88% 2006
131 ChileChile 0.86% 2013
132 New ZealandNew Zealand 0.85% 2013
133 MacauMacau 0.85% 2013
134 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 0.85% 2013
135 Isle of ManIsle of Man 0.84% 2013
136 BrazilBrazil 0.83% 2013
Tourist destinations averageTourist destinations average 0.827% 2013
Heavily indebted countries averageHeavily indebted countries average 0.826% 2013
137 JerseyJersey 0.82% 2013
Densely populated countries averageDensely populated countries average 0.814% 2013
138 LiechtensteinLiechtenstein 0.81% 2013
139 Saint Kitts and NevisSt Kitts+ 0.8% 2013
140 CanadaCanada 0.77% 2013
141 TuvaluTuvalu 0.77% 2013
142 Netherlands AntillesN. Antilles 0.754% 2008
143 NamibiaNamibia 0.75% 2013
144 FijiFiji 0.73% 2013
145 SpainSpain 0.73% 2013
146 MartiniqueMartinique 0.72% 2006
147 JamaicaJamaica 0.7% 2013
148 MauritiusMauritius 0.68% 2013
149 IcelandIceland 0.66% 2013
150 SamoaSamoa 0.59% 2013
151 NauruNauru 0.58% 2013
152 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 0.55% 2013
153 BermudaBermuda 0.55% 2013
154 North KoreaNorth Korea 0.53% 2013
Non-religious countries averageNon-religious countries average 0.522% 2013
155 ThailandThailand 0.52% 2013
156 GrenadaGrenada 0.52% 2013
Western Europe averageWestern Europe average 0.503% 2013
Emerging markets averageEmerging markets average 0.502% 2013
157 MontserratMontserrat 0.48% 2013
Southern Europe averageSouthern Europe average 0.479% 2013
158 FranceFrance 0.47% 2013
159 Faroe IslandsFaroe Islands 0.47% 2013
160 ChinaChina 0.46% 2013
161 NetherlandsNetherlands 0.44% 2013
High income OECD countries averageHigh income OECD countries average 0.395% 2013
Group of 7 countries (G7) averageGroup of 7 countries (G7) average 0.391% 2013
162 Hong KongHong Kong 0.39% 2013
163 GuernseyGuernsey 0.38% 2013
164 Saint HelenaSaint Helena 0.377% 2011
165 PalauPalau 0.37% 2013
166 Saint LuciaSaint Lucia 0.36% 2013
167 Wallis and FutunaWallis+ 0.35% 2013
Cold countries averageCold countries average 0.341% 2013
168 BarbadosBarbados 0.34% 2013
169 ItalyItaly 0.34% 2013
170 GuamGuam 0.34% 2013
171 LesothoLesotho 0.34% 2013
172 MaltaMalta 0.34% 2013
173 NorwayNorway 0.33% 2013
174 Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da CunhaSaint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 0.3% 2013
175 El SalvadorEl Salvador 0.29% 2013
176 AlbaniaAlbania 0.29% 2013
Eurozone averageEurozone average 0.271% 2013
177 TaiwanTaiwan 0.27% 2013
178 GibraltarGibraltar 0.26% 2013
179 UruguayUruguay 0.25% 2013
Former Soviet republics averageFormer Soviet republics average 0.231% 2013
180 DenmarkDenmark 0.23% 2013
181 DominicaDominica 0.22% 2013
182 AndorraAndorra 0.22% 2013
183 Republic of MacedoniaMacedonia Rep. 0.22% 2013
184 South KoreaSouth Korea 0.18% 2013
185 SwedenSweden 0.18% 2013
Potential Future EU Members averagePotential Future EU Members average 0.173% 2013
186 PortugalPortugal 0.15% 2013
187 SyriaSyria 0.15% 2013
Europe averageEurope average 0.148% 2013
NATO countries averageNATO average 0.143% 2013
188 JordanJordan 0.14% 2013
189 ArmeniaArmenia 0.14% 2013
190 TongaTonga 0.14% 2013
European Union averageEuropean Union average 0.14% 2013
191 European UnionEuropean Union 0.098% 2010
192 SlovakiaSlovakia 0.09% 2013
193 Northern Mariana IslandsN. Mariana 0.09% 2013
194 FinlandFinland 0.06% 2013
195 BelgiumBelgium 0.05% 2013
196 GreeceGreece 0.04% 2013
197 GreenlandGreenland 0.03% 2013
198 AustriaAustria 0.02% 2013
199 Norfolk IslandNorfolk Island 0.01% 2013
200 Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)Falklands 0.01% 2009
201 Cocos (Keeling) IslandsCocos Islands 0.0 2013
202 Holy See (Vatican City)Vatican City 0.0 2013
203 MonacoMonaco 0.0 2013
204 Pitcairn IslandsPitcarn 0.0 2013
205 TokelauTokelau -0.01% 2013
206 RussiaRussia -0.02% 2013
207 SvalbardSvalbard -0.03% 2013
208 NiueNiue -0.03% 2013
209 LebanonLebanon -0.04% 2013
210 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ -0.09% 2013
211 PolandPoland -0.09% 2013
212 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia+ -0.1% 2013
213 JapanJapan -0.1% 2013
214 MaldivesMaldives -0.11% 2013
215 CroatiaCroatia -0.11% 2013
216 CubaCuba -0.13% 2013
217 Czech RepublicCzech Republic -0.15% 2013
218 BelarusBelarus -0.18% 2013
219 GermanyGermany -0.19% 2013
Eastern Europe averageEastern Europe average -0.19% 2013
220 HungaryHungary -0.2% 2013
221 SloveniaSlovenia -0.21% 2013
222 GuyanaGuyana -0.21% 2013
223 RomaniaRomania -0.27% 2013
224 LithuaniaLithuania -0.28% 2013
225 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSt Vincent+ -0.3% 2013
226 GeorgiaGeorgia -0.33% 2013
227 Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesia -0.38% 2013
228 American SamoaAmerican Samoa -0.4% 2013
229 South AfricaSouth Africa -0.45% 2013
230 SerbiaSerbia -0.46% 2013
231 Serbia and MontenegroSerbia+ -0.467% 2011
232 Puerto RicoPuerto Rico -0.47% 2013
233 Virgin IslandsVirgin Islands -0.53% 2013
234 MontenegroMontenegro -0.56% 2013
235 LatviaLatvia -0.61% 2013
236 UkraineUkraine -0.63% 2013
237 EstoniaEstonia -0.66% 2013
238 BulgariaBulgaria -0.81% 2013
239 Saint Pierre and MiquelonSt Pierre+ -1.01% 2013
240 MoldovaMoldova -1.02% 2013
241 Cook IslandsCook Islands -3.07% 2013

Citation

"All countries compared for People > Population growth rate", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/People/Population-growth-rate

People > Population growth rate: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

0

The world took 454 years to go from a population of 345 million in 1310 AD to a billion by 1655 but only 344 years to reach 6 billion by 1999. While China remains the most populous country, its population growth rate has actually fallen to 0.9% far below the global average of 1.2% and the Asian average of 1.3%. Yet, five Asian countries — Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia and Pakistan — are projected to account for nearly 45% of the world’s projected population growth between 2002 and 2050. India is expected to have a population count of 1.9 billion by 2015.

The world’s population is expected to cross 9 billion by 2050 and 10 billion by the turn of the century, the developing countries accounting for the bulk of the growth.

Posted on 24 Jan 2005

Suchita<br>Staff Editor

Suchita<br>Staff Editor

0

Taylor, one of the reasons for population booms is if the birth rate is not decreasing as fast as the death rate, which can be lowered considerably by new medical procedures, new medicines, and, probably most importantly, the seemingly simple factors of better nutrition, sanitation and access to clean water.

Lowering the birth rate requires education about family planning, birth spacing and, of course, access to birth control. Encouraging the use of birth control is sometimes difficult due to religious prohibitions or superstitious or paranoid beliefs (some people may believe that a medication, such as a birth control pill, is actually being used by a foreign government to sterilize people). Other times, it’s because of a lack of money or political will.

Age structure is also a factor. Most childbearing is done by women between the ages of 15 and 49. So if a population has a large number of young people just entering their reproductive years, the rate of growth of that population is sure to rise.

Posted on 31 May 2005

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

Ian Graham <br>Staff Editor

0

In response to Taylor:

The population in these areas is growing quickly as the birth rate is high and life expectency is increasing. Most of the countries in Sub Sahara Africa and the middle east still have a total fertility rate greater than 4 children per woman. A total fertility rate of 2.1 children per women would cause zero population growth.



Fertility rates are declining and this trend is expected to continue over the next fifty years causing the world population to eventually stabilise (probably between 8 and 12 billion), however the rate of decline is unknown. According to United Nations estimates, if the total fertility rate of almost every country reached 2.1 children per woman, the world population would be 9.4 billion by 2050. If worldwide fertility only declined to 2.6 children per woman, the world population in 2050 would be 11.2 billion (almost double today's value).

Posted on 31 May 2005

Edria Murray<br>Staff Editor

Edria Murray<br>Staff Editor

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