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Cameroon

Cameroon Weather Stats

Climate summary:

The climate varies with the terrain. The climate is exceedingly hot and humid, the coastal belt includes some of the wettest places on earth. For example, Debundscha , at the base of Mt. Cameroon, has an average annual rainfall of 405 inches (10,287 mm). The coastal plain extends 15 to 150 kilometres (9 to 93 mi) inland from the Gulf of Guinea and has an average elevation of 90 metres (295 ft). Exceedingly hot and humid with a short dry season , this belt is densely forested and includes some of the wettest places on earth, part of the Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests . The South Cameroon Plateau rises from the coastal plain to an average elevation of 650 metres (2,133 ft). Equatorial rainforest dominates this region, although its alternation between wet and dry seasons makes it is less humid than the coast. This area is part of the Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests ecoregion . An irregular chain of mountains, hills, and plateaus known as the Cameroon range extends from Mount Cameroon on the coast—Cameroon's highest point at 4,095 metres (13,435 ft) —almost to Lake Chad at Cameroon's northern tip. This region has a mild climate, particularly on the Western High Plateau , although rainfall is high. Its soils are among Cameroon's most fertile, especially around volcanic Mount Cameroon. Volcanism here has created the crater lakes , like Lake Nyos of the Cameroonian Highlands forests ecoregion . The southern plateau rises northward to the grassy, rugged Adamawa Plateau . This feature stretches from the western mountain area and forms a barrier between the country's north and south. Its average elevation is 1,100 metres (3,609 ft), and its temperature ranges from 22 °C (71.6 °F) to 25 °C (77 °F) with high rainfall. The northern lowland region extends from the edge of the Adamawa to Lake Chad with an average elevation of 300 to 350 metres (984 to 1,148 ft). Its characteristic vegetation is savanna scrub and grass. This is an arid region with sparse rainfall and high median temperatures.

Definitions

STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK
Precipitation 785.94 billion cubic metres 2009 3rd out of 40
Precipitation per capita 39,094.02 cubic metres 2009 4th out of 38
Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded 47.7 \u00b0C (117.9 \u00b0F) 2014
Temperature > Highest temperature ever recorded > Location Kousseri 2014

SOURCES: http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=ENV&f=variableID%3a6, Precipitation; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=ENV&f=variableID%3a6, Precipitation. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Wikipedia: List of weather records (Highest temperatures ever recorded)

Citation

"Cameroon Weather Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Cameroon/Weather