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Canada

Canada Crime Stats

Author: chris.lockyer781

Author: chris.lockyer781

The federal government of Canada has the authority to create laws on criminality, regulations in investigation and crime prosecution. Provinces take care of law enforcement although police jurisdiction is left to federal agencies and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

The crime rate in Canada continues to go down with the homicide rate declining to the lowest level in the last 46 years. The crime severity rate also went down by three percent. Observers claim that one of the reasons for this decline is the tightening of crime laws by conservative legislators.

Besides, citizens do not possess legal rights to possess firearms in Canada. Purchasing a gun takes two months. There is no compulsory licensing for owners of guns. A private citizen in Canada can only apply for a firearms license by having third party references, go through a safety training program and pass the required background checks. These verifications cover criminal, drug addiction and mental health histories. Civilians are not permitted to own automatic firearms, modified handguns, shotguns, automatic rifles, and several types of semi-automatic assault rifles.

Background:

Canada has the 6th highest number of total crimes in the world, with more than 2.5 million crimes reported in 2002, while the 7th highest share of the population - 23.8% - claiming to have been victims of crime. However, despite these faces, Canadian has a positive overall perception of safety in the country, with 82% saying it was safe to walk at night, while 87% expressed satisfaction with police efficiency, the 2nd highest rate globally.

Definitions

  • Burglaries: Number of burglaries recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Car thefts: Total recorded automobile thefts. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Drug offences: Drug offence cases per 100,000 population (2000).
  • Illicit drugs: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Kidnappings: Number of kidnappings recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Murder rate: Homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants in various countries.
  • Murders with firearms: Total recorded intentional homicides committed with a firearm. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Prisoners: Total persons incarcerated
  • Prisoners > Per capita: Data for 2003. Number of prisoners held per 100,000 population.
  • Rape rate: Number of rape incidents per 100,000 citizens in different countries. Figures do not take into account rape incidents that go unreported to the police.
  • Rape victims: People victimized by sexual assault (as a % of the total population). Data refer to female population only. Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
  • Rapes: Number of sexual assaults recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Robberies: Number of robberies recorded by police in that country per 100,000 population.
  • Software piracy rate: The piracy rate is the total number of units of pirated software deployed in 2007 divided by the total units of software installed.
  • Total crimes: Note: Crime statistics are often better indicators of prevalence of law enforcement and willingness to report crime, than actual prevalence.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Burglaries 680.9 2006 10th out of 55
Car thefts 161,506 2002 5th out of 73
Drug offences 92,590 per 100,000 people 2000 3rd out of 60
Illicit drugs illicit producer of cannabis for the domestic drug market and export to US; use of hydroponics technology permits growers to plant large quantities of high-quality marijuana indoors; increasing ecstasy production, some of which is destined for the US; vulnerable to narcotics money laundering because of its mature financial services sector 2011
Kidnappings 13.82 2006 2nd out of 57
Murder rate 2.05 2009
Murders with firearms 144 2002 14th out of 48
Prisoners 35,519 prisoners 2002 39th out of 168
Prisoners > Per capita 116 per 100,000 people 2003 75th out of 164
Rape rate 1.5 2009 46th out of 51
Rape victims 0.8% 2002 7th out of 20
Rapes 491 2009 22nd out of 51
Robberies 94.2 2006 16th out of 71
Software piracy rate 33% 2007 90th out of 106
Total crimes 2.52 million 2002 8th out of 82

SOURCES: European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime Prevention); International Centre for Prison Studies - World Prison Brief; UN Crime Stats; UNICRI (United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute). 2002. Correspondence on data on crime victims. March. Turin; European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; Fifth Annual BSA and IDC Global Software Piracy Study

Citation

"Canada Crime Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Canada/Crime

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The federal government of Canada has the authority to create laws on criminality, regulations in investigation and crime prosecution. Provinces take care of law enforcement although police jurisdiction is left to federal agencies and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

The crime rate in Canada continues to go down with the homicide rate declining to the lowest level in the last 46 years. The crime severity rate also went down by three percent. Observers claim that one of the reasons for this decline is the tightening of crime laws by conservative legislators.

Besides, citizens do not possess legal rights to possess firearms in Canada. Purchasing a gun takes two months. There is no compulsory licensing for owners of guns. A private citizen in Canada can only apply for a firearms license by having third party references, go through a safety training program and pass the required background checks. These verifications cover criminal, drug addiction and mental health histories. Civilians are not permitted to own automatic firearms, modified handguns, shotguns, automatic rifles, and several types of semi-automatic assault rifles.

Posted on 28 Mar 2014

chris.lockyer781

chris.lockyer781

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