Canada Geography Stats


  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
Area > Comparative slightly larger than the US 2013
Area > Comparative to US places somewhat larger than the US 2008
Area > Land 9.09 million sq km 2008 5th out of 235
Area > Land > Per capita 273.8 sq km per 1,000 people 2008 13th out of 224
Area > Total 9.98 million sq km 2013 3rd out of 251
Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 537 2008 129th out of 169
Climate varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north 2013
Coastline 202,080 km 2014 1st out of 242
Geographic coordinates 60 00 N, 95 00 W 2013
Land area > Sq. km 9.09 million sq km 2008 4th out of 199
Land area > Square miles 3.8 million square miles 2013 3rd out of 98
Location Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US 2013
Natural resources iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower 2013
Surface area > Sq. km 9.98 million km² 2005 2nd out of 204
Terrain mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; World Development Indicators database


"Canada Geography Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Canada/Geography


Did you know

Canada Geography Profiles (Subcategories)

Area 11 Land boundaries 4
Environment 3 Land use 3
Freshwater withdrawal 6 Maritime claims 6
Land area 3 Surface area 3
  • Canada ranked first for area > total amongst Christian countries in 2013.
  • Canada ranked first for area > water globally in 2013.
  • Canada ranked first for coastline amongst Former British colonies in 2014.
  • Canada ranked first for surface area > sq. km amongst Heavily indebted countries in 2005.
  • Canada ranked first for land area > sq. km amongst NATO countries in 2008.


Aastha, in 2001, the census calculated the population of Quebec to be 7,237,480, with 3,704,635 women and 3,532,845 men. People aged 19 and under accounted for 24% of Quebec's population; those aged 20 to 64 made up 63%; and seniors aged 65 and over made up 13%.

Posted on 26 Apr 2005

Ian Graham, Staff Editor

Ian Graham, Staff Editor