Central African Republic

Central African Republic Geography Stats

Climate summary:

The climate of the C.A.R. is generally tropical. The northern areas are subject to harmattan winds, which are hot, dry, and carry dust. The northern regions have been subject to desertification , and the northeast is a desert. The remainder of the country is prone to flooding from nearby rivers as much of the southern border is formed by tributaries of the Congo River , with the Mbomou River in the east merging with the Uele River to form the Ubangi River . In the west, the Sangha River flows through part of the country. The eastern border lies along the edge of the Nile river watershed . The estimated amount of the country covered by forest ranges up to 8%, with the densest parts in the south. It is highly diverse, and includes commercially important species of Ayous , Sapelli and Sipo . The deforestation rate is 0.4% per annum, and lumber poaching is commonplace.


  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
Area > Comparative slightly smaller than Texas 2013
Area > Comparative to US places slightly smaller than Texas 2008
Area > Land 622,984 sq km 2008 43th out of 235
Area > Land > Per capita 140.18 sq km per 1,000 people 2008 18th out of 224
Area > Total 622,984 sq km 2013 46th out of 251
Area > Water 0.0 2013 226th out of 246
Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 1,343 2008 65th out of 169
Climate tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers 2013
Coastline 0.0 2014 233th out of 242
Geographic coordinates 7 00 N, 21 00 E 2013
Land area > Sq. km 623,000 sq km 2008 41st out of 199
Location Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo 2013
Natural resources diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower 2013
Surface area > Sq. km 622,980 km² 2005 42nd out of 204
Terrain vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; World Development Indicators database


"Central African Republic Geography Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Central-African-Republic/Geography


Central African Republic Geography Profiles (Subcategories)

Area 11 Land boundaries 4
Environment 3 Land use 3
Freshwater withdrawal 6 Surface area 3
  • Central African Republic ranked first for area > land > per capita amongst Failed states in 2008.
  • Central African Republic ranked 23 places from the bottom for land use > arable land amongst Christian countries in 2013.


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Posted on 13 Jan 2010