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Jamaica

Jamaica Health Stats

chris.lockyer781

Author: chris.lockyer781

Jamaica has a wide array of public health institutions across the country. These include health centres and hospitals and boasts the largest hospital in the English speaking Caribbean; the Kingston Public Hospital.

The development of the National Health Fund to assist mainly the elderly has been a welcomed phenomena. A no user fee policy which was implemented by the government in 2007, is currently under review and is slated to be discontinued. This is largely due to a change of government as the present administration says budgetary constraints will lead to it being curtailed.

Jamaica has developed a reputable health system over the last forty years and has managed to wipe out some noted communicable diseases. Effective immunization for children, a ban on smoking in public and a reduction of the new cases of HIV/AIDS are also noted achievements of Jamaica’s health system.

Definitions

  • Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration.
  • Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Births and maternity > Future births: Mid-range estimate for country's population increase due to births from five years prior to the given year. For example, from 2095 to 2100, India's population is expected to rise by 16,181 people due to births. Estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS. Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • Human height > Average female height: Average female height.
  • Human height > Average male height: Average male height.
  • Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth, female > Years: Life expectancy at birth, female (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people 15.76 per 1,000 people 2005 118th out of 181
Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 27.3 2006 24th out of 28
Births and maternity > Future births 20.18 2100 146th out of 196
Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.86% 2100 99th out of 196
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS > Per capita 8.36 per 1,000 people 2003 41st out of 94
Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 1.4 per 1,000 people 2003 50th out of 60
Human height > Average female height 1.608 m (5 ft 3 ⁄ 2 in) 1994
Human height > Average male height 1.718 m (5 ft 7 ⁄ 2 in) 1994
Life expectancy > Men 71 years 2013 27th out of 88
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 73.45 years 2011 112th out of 216
Life expectancy at birth, female > Years 75.71 2011 102nd out of 196
Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 70.57 2011 92nd out of 196
Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 73.08 2011 101st out of 196
Physicians > Per 1,000 people 0.85 per 1,000 people 2003 45th out of 53
Probability of reaching 65 > Male 77.5% 2050 31st out of 159

SOURCES: World Development Indicators database; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; Wikipedia: Human height (Average height around the world); British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York

Citation

"Jamaica Health Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Jamaica/Health

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Jamaica has a wide array of public health institutions across the country. These include health centres and hospitals and boasts the largest hospital in the English speaking Caribbean; the Kingston Public Hospital.

The development of the National Health Fund to assist mainly the elderly has been a welcomed phenomena. A no user fee policy which was implemented by the government in 2007, is currently under review and is slated to be discontinued. This is largely due to a change of government as the present administration says budgetary constraints will lead to it being curtailed.

Jamaica has developed a reputable health system over the last forty years and has managed to wipe out some noted communicable diseases. Effective immunization for children, a ban on smoking in public and a reduction of the new cases of HIV/AIDS are also noted achievements of Jamaica’s health system.

Posted on 28 Mar 2014

chris.lockyer781

chris.lockyer781

396 Stat enthusiast