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Mauritania

Mauritania Geography Stats

Climate summary:

Mauritania is located mostly in the Sahara desert save for a small piece of tropical savanna and Sahel around the River Senegal in approximately the southern most quarter of its territory. Because of extended, severe drought, the desert has been expanding since the mid-1960s. To the west, between the ocean and the eastern plateaus , are alternating areas of clayey plains and sand dunes, some of which are shifted from place to place by high winds.

Definitions

  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Elevation extremes > Highest point: Highest point above sea level
  • Elevation extremes > Lowest point: This entry is derived from Geography > Elevation extremes, which includes both the highest point and the lowest point.
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Land boundaries > Border countries: Length of land boundaries by border country
  • Land use > Arable land: The percentage of used land that is arable. Arable land is land cultivated for crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Area > Comparative slightly larger than three times the size of New Mexico 2013
Area > Land 1.03 million sq km 2008 29th out of 235
Area > Land > Per capita 306.22 sq km per 1,000 people 2008 11th out of 224
Area > Total 1.03 million sq km 2013 30th out of 251
Climate desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty 2013
Coastline 754 km 2014 93th out of 242
Elevation extremes > Highest point Kediet Ijill 915 m 2013
Elevation extremes > Lowest point Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha -5 m 2013
Geographic coordinates 20 00 N, 12 00 W 2013
Land area > Square miles 398,000 square miles 2013 19th out of 86
Land boundaries > Border countries Algeria 463 km, Mali 2,237 km, Senegal 813 km, Western Sahara 1,561 km 2013
Land use > Arable land 0.44% 2013 208th out of 246
Location Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara 2013
Natural resources iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish 2013
Terrain mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014

Citation

"Mauritania Geography Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Mauritania/Geography

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Mauritania Geography Profiles (Subcategories)

Area 11 Land boundaries 4
Environment 3 Land use 3
Freshwater withdrawal 6 Maritime claims 6
Land area 3 Surface area 3

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