Mauritania Geography Stats

Climate summary:

Mauritania is located mostly in the Sahara desert save for a small piece of tropical savanna and Sahel around the River Senegal in approximately the southern most quarter of its territory. Because of extended, severe drought, the desert has been expanding since the mid-1960s. To the west, between the ocean and the eastern plateaus , are alternating areas of clayey plains and sand dunes, some of which are shifted from place to place by high winds.


  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
Area > Comparative slightly larger than three times the size of New Mexico 2013
Area > Comparative to US places slightly larger than three times the size of New Mexico 2008
Area > Land 1.03 million sq km 2008 29th out of 235
Area > Land > Per capita 306.22 sq km per 1,000 people 2008 11th out of 224
Area > Total 1.03 million sq km 2013 30th out of 251
Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 92 2008 163th out of 169
Climate desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty 2013
Coastline 754 km 2014 93th out of 242
Geographic coordinates 20 00 N, 12 00 W 2013
Land area > Sq. km 1.03 million sq km 2008 27th out of 199
Land area > Square miles 398,000 square miles 2013 19th out of 86
Location Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara 2013
Natural resources iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish 2013
Surface area > Sq. km 1.03 million km² 2005 28th out of 204
Terrain mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; World Development Indicators database


"Mauritania Geography Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Mauritania/Geography


Mauritania Geography Profiles (Subcategories)

Area 11 Land boundaries 4
Environment 3 Land use 3
Freshwater withdrawal 6 Maritime claims 6
Land area 3 Surface area 3
  • Mauritania ranked first for area > land > per capita amongst Muslim countries in 2008.
  • Mauritania ranked #4 for area > land per 1000 amongst Hot countries in 2008.
  • Mauritania ranked second last for land use > arable land amongst Sub-Saharan Africa in 2013.
  • Mauritania ranked first for land area > sq. km > per capita amongst Former French colonies in 2008.