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New Zealand

New Zealand Environment Stats

Definitions

  • Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$: Adjusted net national income (constant 2000 US$). Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.
  • CO2 Emissions per 1000: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production is the sum of three IEA categories of CO2 emissions: (1) Main Activity Producer Electricity and Heat which contains the sum of emissions from main activity producer electricity generation, combined heat and power generation and heat plants. Main activity producers (formerly known as public utilities) are defined as those undertakings whose primary activity is to supply the public. They may be publicly or privately owned. This corresponds to IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 1 a. For the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (summary) file, emissions from own on-site use of fuel in power plants (EPOWERPLT) are also included. (2) Unallocated Autoproducers which contains the emissions from the generation of electricity and/or heat by autoproducers. Autoproducers are defined as undertakings that generate electricity and/or heat, wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly owned. In the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, these emissions would normally be distributed between industry, transport and "other" sectors. (3) Other Energy Industries contains emissions from fuel combusted in petroleum refineries, for the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries. This corresponds to the IPCC Source/Sink Categories 1 A 1 b and 1 A 1 c. According to the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, emissions from coke inputs to blast furnaces can either be counted here or in the Industrial Processes source/sink category. Within detailed sectoral calculations, certain non-energy processes can be distinguished. In the reduction of iron in a blast furnace through the combustion of coke, the primary purpose of the coke oxidation is to produce pig iron and the emissions can be considered as an industrial process. Care must be taken not to double count these emissions in both Energy and Industrial Processes. In the IEA estimations, these emissions have been included in this category.
  • Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Pollution perceptions > Air pollution: Air Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Air quality: Air quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How satisfied are you with the quality of air in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Clean water: Water Quality. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution: Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Drinking water quality: Drinking Water Quality and Accessibility. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "How do you find quality and the accessibility of drinking water?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Pollution perceptions > Water pollution: Water Pollution. Based on 0-50 contributions for Albania, Algeria, Argentina and 86 more countries and over 100 contributions for Australia, Canada, China and 9 more countries and 50-100 contributions for Brazil, Bulgaria, Greece and 12 more countries. The surveys were conducted by numbeo.com from January, 2011 to February, 2014. See this sample survey for the United States, respondents were asked "Are you concerned with the water pollution in this city?". The higher the value, the more survey respondents believe it is high in their country.
  • Proportion of land area under protection: Terrestrial areas protected to total surface area, percentage.
  • Transport CO2 emission index: CO2 Emission Index is an estimation of CO2 consumption due to traffic time. Measurement unit is grams for the return trip. To calculate an average estimation of emission in grams for one way commute to work, divide this value with 2.
  • Waste generation: Kilograms of waste generated per person per year ( 2000).
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Adjusted net national income > Constant 2000 US$ $101.37 billion 2010 23th out of 97
CO2 Emissions per 1000 8.1 2003 28th out of 174
Climate change > CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production, total > Million metric tons 7.96 2011 81st out of 137
Current issues deforestation; soil erosion; native flora and fauna hard-hit by invasive species 2011
Ecological footprint 4.3 2012 7th out of 50
Marine fish catch 552,552 tons 1999 24th out of 139
Pollution perceptions > Air pollution 13.59 2014 26th out of 27
Pollution perceptions > Air quality 86.41 2014 2nd out of 27
Pollution perceptions > Clean water 76.35 2014 5th out of 27
Pollution perceptions > Drinking water pollution 14.86 2014 22nd out of 27
Pollution perceptions > Drinking water quality 85.14 2014 6th out of 27
Pollution perceptions > Water pollution 23.65 2014 23th out of 27
Proportion of land area under protection 27.26% 2012 37th out of 217
Transport CO2 emission index 2,332.71 2013 1st out of 2
Waste generation 380 kgs per person per year 2000 8th out of 16

SOURCES: The Changing Wealth of Nations: Measuring Sustainable Development in the New Millennium; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; International Energy Agency; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland: 2000, and Redefining Progress.; FAOSTAT on-line database; pollution; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; traffic; OECD Environmental Data Compendium: 2002

Citation

"New Zealand Environment Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/New-Zealand/Environment

  • New Zealand ranked third for biodiversity > bird species, threatened amongst Former British colonies in 2013.
  • New Zealand ranked 5th last for ecological footprint amongst High income OECD countries in 2012.
  • New Zealand ranked first for areas under protection per million globally in 2003.

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In response to Smitty:

Most of New Zealand's energy is currently derived from oil and hydro power. Other significant sources of energy include coal, gas, geothermal and thermally generated electricity. Renewable energy sources such as wind, biogas, industrial waste and wood provide lesser amounts of energy.

Most of New Zealands coastline is straddled with petroleum potential, although currently commercial extraction has only taken place in the Taranaki basin. Proven or probable economically viable petroleum reserves total 2964 million tonnes with an additional possible 500 million economically viable tonnes. Coal deposits exist throughout New Zealand. At present, coal is only mined on the west coast of the South Island and in Waikato in the north Island. Total extractable coal reserves are 112,534 tonnes (2001).

New Zealand's hydroelectric catchments include the Waikato River in the North Island, and the Waitaki River and Clutha River in the South Island. The total energy output from Hydroelectric power is 2088MW

There are currently five wind farms in New Zealand, four of these are located in the lower North Island and one is located in Canterbury. In total, these wind farms produce 170MW of electricity (enough to meet the needs of 75,000 average New Zealand households. Wind power is a reasonable new and expanding source of energy. New Zealands geography is ideally suited for electricity generation by wind power.

Currently 60MW of electricity is produced by geothermal power in the central North Island volcanic plateau. By April 2005 the geothermal energy output should reach 100MW with the estimated potential to reach 250MW.

Posted on 16 Apr 2005

Edria Murray, Staff Editor

Edria Murray, Staff Editor