Niger Geography Stats

Climate summary:

Niger's subtropical climate is mainly very hot and dry. Niger is located mostly in the Sahara desert save for a small peace of tropical savanna around the River Niger basin. Some flat to rolling savanna and Sahel land is in the southern most fifth of its territory and in the northern hills.


  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Surface area > Sq. km: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
Area > Comparative slightly less than twice the size of Texas 2013
Area > Comparative to US places slightly less than twice the size of Texas 2008
Area > Land 1.27 million sq km 2008 21st out of 235
Area > Land > Per capita 95.44 sq km per 1,000 people 2008 24th out of 224
Area > Total 1.27 million sq km 2013 23th out of 251
Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 151 2008 159th out of 169
Climate desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south 2013
Coastline 0.0 2014 206th out of 242
Geographic coordinates 16 00 N, 8 00 E 2013
Land area > Sq. km 1.27 million sq km 2008 20th out of 199
Land area > Square miles 489,000 square miles 2013 12th out of 86
Location Western Africa, southeast of Algeria 2013
Natural resources uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum 2013
Surface area > Sq. km 1.27 million km² 2005 21st out of 204
Terrain predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; World Development Indicators database


"Niger Geography Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Niger/Geography


Niger Geography Profiles (Subcategories)

Area 11 Land boundaries 4
Environment 3 Land use 3
Freshwater withdrawal 6 Surface area 3
Land area 3