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Spain

Spain Health Stats

chris.lockyer781

Author: chris.lockyer781

Troubled with financial crisis of the past few years, Spain is becoming increasingly troubled not only by increasing unemployment rates, but also reduced social security with government cuts in spending both in health care and social welfare. The country, with health care spending as percentage of GDP already bellow European average (8.1%, compared to 15.4% in USA, 10.5% in France and 9.8% in Canada in 2004) has stepped on a precipice to public health crisis: even though the Spanish population and legal immigrants have the right to universal health care guaranteed in the constitution, drawn during Franco’s dictatorship, non-registered immigrants (of which there are almost a million currently living in Spain) don’t enjoy the same benefits. Further restrictions on non-emergency care for non-registered immigrants in 2012 prevented patients with tuberculosis, HIV and hepatitis C from getting treated, by requiring them to pay for the lengthy and expensive treatments. Since these diseases are contagious, tuberculosis dangerously so, it could very well lead to an epidemic in the future years, unless preventive measures are taken. On the flip side, Spain seems to be the next favourite destination for medical tourism: the quality of health care - regulated by the standards of European Union - is high, while the cost is among the lowest in Europe. Since 2013, every citizen of European Union can choose to be treated anywhere within the Union (previously this was reimbursed only for emergency care), and a significant number of Europeans are opting for Spain.

Definitions

  • Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth: Average age of mother at first childbirth.
  • Births and maternity > Total fertility rate: Total fertility rate.
  • Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman: Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
  • HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS: An estimate of all people (adults and children) alive at yearend with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS.
  • Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included.
  • Life expectancy > Men: Life expectancy for men.
  • Life expectancy > Women: Life expectancy for women.
  • Life expectancy at birth > Total population: The average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
  • Life expectancy at birth, male > Years: Life expectancy at birth, male (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Life expectancy at birth, total > Years: Life expectancy at birth, total (years). Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
  • Obesity: Percentage of total population who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for Australia, Austria and Portugal is from 2002. All other data is from 2003). Obesity rates are defined as the percentage of the population with a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 30. The BMI is a single number that evaluates an individual's weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in metres). For Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, figures are based on health examinations, rather than self-reported information. Obesity estimates derived from health examinations are generally higher and more reliable than those coming from self-reports, because they preclude any misreporting of people's height and weight. However, health examinations are only conducted regularly in a few countries (OECD).
  • Physicians > Per 1,000 people: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching, research).
  • Probability of not reaching 60: Probability at birth of not reaching the age of 40.
  • Probability of reaching 65 > Male: Probability at birth of reaching the age of 65.
  • Quality of health care system > Health care system index: Health Care Index is an estimation of the overall quality of the health care system, health care professionals, equipment, staff, doctors, cost, etc.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Births and maternity > Average age of mother at childbirth 31.2 2010 2nd out of 62
Births and maternity > Total fertility rate 1.88% 2100 77th out of 196
Fertility rate > Total > Births per woman 1.33 births per woman 2005 158th out of 179
HIV AIDS > People living with HIV AIDS 130,000 2009 35th out of 133
Hospital beds > Per 1,000 people 3.8 per 1,000 people 2003 36th out of 60
Life expectancy > Men 79 years 2013 11th out of 99
Life expectancy > Women 85 years 2013 6th out of 99
Life expectancy at birth > Total population 81.17 years 2011 14th out of 216
Life expectancy at birth, male > Years 79.4 2011 12th out of 196
Life expectancy at birth, total > Years 82.33 2011 6th out of 196
Obesity 13.1% 2003 12th out of 29
Physicians > Per 1,000 people 3.2 per 1,000 people 2003 19th out of 53
Probability of not reaching 60 10.3% 2050 35th out of 48
Probability of reaching 65 > Male 79.8% 2050 22nd out of 159
Quality of health care system > Health care system index 74.54 2014 6th out of 23

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; World Development Indicators database; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Derived from male and female life expectancy at birth from sources such as: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; OECD Health Data 2005; calculated on the basis of survival data from UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; UN (United Nations). 2001. World Population Prospects 1950-2050: The 2000 Revision. Database. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York; health care

Citation

"Spain Health Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Spain/Health

NationMaster

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Troubled with financial crisis of the past few years, Spain is becoming increasingly troubled not only by increasing unemployment rates, but also reduced social security with government cuts in spending both in health care and social welfare. The country, with health care spending as percentage of GDP already bellow European average (8.1%, compared to 15.4% in USA, 10.5% in France and 9.8% in Canada in 2004) has stepped on a precipice to public health crisis: even though the Spanish population and legal immigrants have the right to universal health care guaranteed in the constitution, drawn during Franco’s dictatorship, non-registered immigrants (of which there are almost a million currently living in Spain) don’t enjoy the same benefits. Further restrictions on non-emergency care for non-registered immigrants in 2012 prevented patients with tuberculosis, HIV and hepatitis C from getting treated, by requiring them to pay for the lengthy and expensive treatments. Since these diseases are contagious, tuberculosis dangerously so, it could very well lead to an epidemic in the future years, unless preventive measures are taken. On the flip side, Spain seems to be the next favourite destination for medical tourism: the quality of health care - regulated by the standards of European Union - is high, while the cost is among the lowest in Europe. Since 2013, every citizen of European Union can choose to be treated anywhere within the Union (previously this was reimbursed only for emergency care), and a significant number of Europeans are opting for Spain.

Posted on 14 Apr 2014

chris.lockyer781

chris.lockyer781

393 Stat enthusiast

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