Troubled with financial crisis of the past few years, Spain is becoming increasingly troubled not only by increasing unemployment rates, but also reduced social security with government cuts in spending both in health care and social welfare. The country, with health care spending as percentage of GDP already bellow European average (8.1%, compared to 15.4% in USA, 10.5% in France and 9.8% in Canada in 2004) has stepped on a precipice to public health crisis: even though the Spanish population and legal immigrants have the right to universal health care guaranteed in the constitution, drawn during Franco’s dictatorship, non-registered immigrants (of which there are almost a million currently living in Spain) don’t enjoy the same benefits. Further restrictions on non-emergency care for non-registered immigrants in 2012 prevented patients with tuberculosis, HIV and hepatitis C from getting treated, by requiring them to pay for the lengthy and expensive treatments. Since these diseases are contagious, tuberculosis dangerously so, it could very well lead to an epidemic in the future years, unless preventive measures are taken. On the flip side, Spain seems to be the next favourite destination for medical tourism: the quality of health care - regulated by the standards of European Union - is high, while the cost is among the lowest in Europe. Since 2013, every citizen of European Union can choose to be treated anywhere within the Union (previously this was reimbursed only for emergency care), and a significant number of Europeans are opting for Spain.
- Contraception: % contraceptive prevalence 1995 - 2000. Data refer to married women aged 15-49, but the actual age range covered may vary across countries.
- Daily smokers: Data on tobacco consumption - this is a percentage of the total population who smoke at least one cigarette a day.(Data for Portugal and Austria is from 2002. All other data is from 2003).
- Dependency ratio per 100: Dependency ratio (per 100), 2003
- Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
- HIV AIDS > Deaths: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
- Heart disease deaths: Heart disease deaths per 100000 population (1995-1998)
- Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
- Maternal mortality: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
- Obesity: Percentage of total population who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for Australia, Austria and Portugal is from 2002. All other data is from 2003). Obesity rates are defined as the percentage of the population with a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 30. The BMI is a single number that evaluates an individual's weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in metres). For Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, figures are based on health examinations, rather than self-reported information. Obesity estimates derived from health examinations are generally higher and more reliable than those coming from self-reports, because they preclude any misreporting of people's height and weight. However, health examinations are only conducted regularly in a few countries (OECD).
- Red Cross donations: Amounts of the contributions to the International Committee of the Red Cross by the Council of Europe member states and states with an observer status in the PACE in the period from 1996 to 2000 (in Swiss Francs)
- Spending > Per person: Spending per capita (PPP) in $US 1998.
- Teen birth rate: Average number of births for every 1,000 girls aged 15 to 19
- Teenage pregnancy: Number of births to women aged below twenty. Data for 1998.
- Tobacco > Total adult smokers: Total adults smoking
- Transplants > Kidney: The number of kidney transplants in the nation in 2002. (If the surveyed year is different, it is given in brackets).
SOURCES: UN (United Nations). 2002. United Nations Population Division Database on Contraceptive Use. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. January. New York; OECD Health Data 2005; World Health Organization; WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Health Organization; UNICEF (United Nations Children?s Fund). 2002. Official Summary: The State of the World's Children 2002. New York: Oxford University Press.; International Committee of the Red Cross; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 1994 Revision, 1994; UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre; World Health Organization2005; Abstracted from center-specific counts (Worldwide Transplant Center Directory, 2002)
"Spain Health Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Spain/Health
"Spain Health Stats, NationMaster." 1960-2050. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Spain/Health>.
'Spain Health Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Spain/Health> [assessed 1960-2050]
"Spain Health Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1960-2050. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Spain/Health>.
"Spain Health Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1960-2050.
"Spain Health Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Spain/Health (assessed 1960-2050)
"Spain Health Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Spain/Health (last visited 1960-2050)
"Spain Health Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Spain/Health (as of 1960-2050)