Sudan Geography Stats

Climate summary:

Sudan straddles the Sahara, with only the Nile Valley and the small costal region being available to agriculture amd part of the Sudd flood plain lies in the south Water levels fluctuate up to 1.5 meters, depending on the intensity of seasonal flooding. and is mostly Sudanian savanna and sahel.


  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Elevation extremes > Lowest point: This entry is derived from Geography > Elevation extremes, which includes both the highest point and the lowest point.
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Land use > Arable land: The percentage of used land that is arable. Arable land is land cultivated for crops that are replanted after each harvest like wheat, maize, and rice
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
Area > Comparative slightly less than one-fifth the size of the US 2013
Area > Comparative to US places slightly more than one-quarter the size of the US 2008
Area > Land 2.38 million sq km 2008 12th out of 235
Area > Land > Per capita 59.08 sq km per 1,000 people 2008 39th out of 224
Area > Total 1.86 million sq km 2013 17th out of 251
Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 416 2008 141st out of 169
Climate hot and dry; arid desert; rainy season varies by region (April to November) 2013
Coastline 853 km 2014 90th out of 242
Elevation extremes > Lowest point Red Sea 0 m 2013
Geographic coordinates 15 00 N, 30 00 E 2013
Land area > Square miles 728,215 square miles 2013 8th out of 86
Land use > Arable land 6.76% 2013 134th out of 246
Location north-eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea 2013
Natural resources petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold; hydropower 2013
Terrain generally flat, featureless plain; desert dominates the north 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014


"Sudan Geography Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Sudan/Geography


Sudan Geography Profiles (Subcategories)

Area 11 Land boundaries 4
Environment 3 Land use 3
Freshwater withdrawal 6 Maritime claims 5
Land area 3 Surface area 3