In response to Heba:
The net migration rate of Egypt is -0.23 migrants per 1000 population. This means there are more people leaving Egypt than arriving there.
The primary reason for leaving Egypt is economic (mostly men), followed by family reasons (mostly women). Those who leave Egypt tend to be highly educated professionals, often doctors, engineers, and teachers who generally go to other arab states (such as Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Kuwait, Jordan and Libya), North America or Europe. This trend reached a peak in the early 1980's and is currently slowing.
Egypt also has a significant number of immigrants, particularly asylum seekers from Sudan who continue to arrive at a rate of over 500 individuals per month. Sudanese refugees make up 75% of all refugees in Egypt.