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South and Central Asia Compared by Economy > GDP > Official exchange rate

DEFINITION: This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at offical exchange rates (OER) is the home-currency-denominated annual GDP figure divided by the bilateral average US exchange rate with that country in that year. The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis-a-vis its neighbors, judging that an exchange rate captures the purchasing power a nation enjoys in the international marketplace. Official exchange rates, however, can be artifically fixed and/or subject to manipulation - resulting in claims of the country having an under- or over-valued currency - and are not necessarily the equivalent of a market-determined exchange rate. Moreover, even if the official exchange rate is market-determined, market exchange rates are frequently established by a relatively small set of goods and services (the ones the country trades) and may not capture the value of the larger set of goods the country produces. Furthermore, OER-converted GDP is not well suited to comparing domestic GDP over time, since appreciation/depreciation from one year to the next will make the OER GDP value rise/fall regardless of whether home-currency-denominated GDP changed.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 India $1.82 trillion 2012
2 Pakistan $222.50 billion 2012
3 Kazakhstan $199.90 billion 2012
4 Bangladesh $121.30 billion 2012
5 Sri Lanka $58.60 billion 2012
6 Uzbekistan $50.42 billion 2012
7 Turkmenistan $34.69 billion 2012
8 Afghanistan $20.02 billion 2012
9 Nepal $18.70 billion 2012
10 Tajikistan $7.49 billion 2012
11 Kyrgyzstan $6.38 billion 2012
12 Bhutan $2.14 billion 2012
13 Maldives $2.08 billion 2012

Citation

"Countries Compared by Economy > GDP > Official exchange rate. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/South-and-Central-Asia/Economy/GDP/Official-exchange-rate

South and Central Asia Compared by Economy > GDP > Official exchange rate

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Interesting observations about Economy > GDP > Official exchange rate

  • 5 of the top 7 countries by GDP > official exchange rate are Heavily indebted.
  • 2 of the top 3 countries by GDP > official exchange rate are Cold countries'.
  • 9 of the top 15 countries by GDP > official exchange rate are Christian.
  • 72 of the top 147 countries by GDP > official exchange rate are Hot countries.
  • United States has ranked in the top 2 for GDP > official exchange rate since 2005.
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