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France

France Environment Stats

Definitions

  • Areas under protection: Protected Areas under IUCN management categories I - VI (1992-2003)
  • CO2 Emissions: CO2: Total Emissions (excluding land-use) Units: thousand metric tonnes of carbon dioxide
  • CO2 emissions > Kt: Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.
  • Carbon efficiency: Carbon economic efficiency (CO2 emissions per dollar GDP)
    Units: Metric Tons/US Dollar GDP
  • Current issues: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
  • Ecological footprint: Ecological footprint per capita
    Units: Hectares per Person
  • Endangered species protection: Percent of CITES reporting requirements met
    Units: Percent of Requirements Met
    Units: Countries that have not ratified the CITES convention are recorded as having zero percent of their requirements met.
  • Known mammal species: Known mammal species (1992-2002).
  • Marine fish catch: Total marine fish catch
    Units: Metric Tons
  • Municipal waste generation: Kilograms of municipal waste generated per year (2000).
  • Pollution > Nuclear waste: Wastes from spent fuel arising in nuclear power plants, measured in terms of heavy metal. Data for 1998 or latest available year.
  • Protected area: Environmentally protected area (1997)
  • Waste generation: Kilograms of waste generated per person per year ( 2000).
  • Water > Availability: Water availability per capita (1961-1990 (avg.))
    Units: Thousands Cubic Meters/Person
    Units: This variable measures internal renewable water (average annual surface runoff and groundwater recharge generated from endogenous precipitation)
  • Water > Freshwater pollution: Industrial organic pollutants per available freshwater
    Units: Metric Tons of BOD Emissions per Cubic Km of Water
    Units: Emissions of organic water pollutants are measured by biochemical oxygen demand, which refers to the amount of oxygen that bacteria in water will consume in breaking down waste. This is a standard water-treatment test for the presence of organic pollutants. The data from the World Bank, which represented BOD emissions (kilograms per day) were normalized by the combination of water availability per capita and water inflow availability per capita from the WaterGap2.1 model. In calculating the ESI, the base-10 logarithm of this variable was used.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Areas under protection 1,325 2003 10th out of 146
CO2 Emissions 363,484 2003 11th out of 178
CO2 emissions > Kt 373,864.1 kt 2003 13th out of 194
Carbon efficiency 0.78 CO2 emissions/$ GDP 1998 94th out of 141
Current issues some forest damage from acid rain; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from urban wastes, agricultural runoff 2011
Ecological footprint 7.27 2000 11th out of 141
Endangered species protection 100% 2000 20th out of 141
Known mammal species 93 2002 89th out of 145
Marine fish catch 498,887 tons 1999 26th out of 139
Municipal waste generation 510 kgs per person per year 2000 13th out of 17
Pollution > Nuclear waste 1,130 1998 3rd out of 16
Protected area 11.7% 1997 32nd out of 147
Waste generation 360 kgs per person per year 2000 10th out of 16
Water > Availability 3.26 thousand cubic metres 1990 65th out of 141
Water > Freshwater pollution 2.49 tons/cubic km 2001 20th out of 69

SOURCES: World Resources Institute; World Resources Institute. 2003. Carbon Emissions from energy use and cement manufacturing, 1850 to 2000. Available on-line through the Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) at Washington, DC: World Resources Institute; World Development Indicators database; Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Living Planet Report 2000, Gland, Switzerland: 2000, and Redefining Progress.; Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Report on National Reports Required Under Article VIII, Paragraph 7(a), of the Convention, Eleventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, Gigiri, Kenya, April 2000; FAOSTAT on-line database; OECD Environmental Data Compendium: 2002; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France, OECD Environmental Data Compendium; Jacaranda Atlas; Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGAP 2.1B, 2001 via ciesin.org; World Bank, World Development Indicators 2001, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2001 (for BOD emissions)and Center for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, WaterGap 2.1, 2000 (for data on waterquantity). via ciesin.org

Citation

"France Environment Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/France/Environment

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