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France

France Health Stats

Author: chris.lockyer781

Author: chris.lockyer781

The French are a proud people, frequently claiming they have the best language, the best poetry, the best music, and the best food. While we might disagree with these claims, we can’t argue with them having the best health system - even World Health Organization said so in 2000. When indexed by indicators of quality health care systems, France is dominating in all areas except in expediency, and currently battling Belgium for No. 1 spot in Europe. Life expectancy at birth in 2013 was 78 years for men and 85 for women - fourth highest in the world - but at a high cost: almost 10% of their GDP is dedicated to health care, which is among the highest percentages in Europe, pointing to a system that lacks in efficiency. The country as a whole has by far the lowest mortality from cardiovascular disease in Europe with 39.8 deaths per 100,000 people, which in addition to good health care experts ascribe to the French habit of drinking a glass of wine with their meal. However, there are quite big differences within the country: in 2009, 8.28% of population were immigrants (foreign-born); mainly North and Subsaharan Africans seeking employment, with only basic education, and unreliable socioeconomic status, which traditionally means poorer health outcomes. Despite the principle of “national solidarity” when it comes to basic life needs, slow integration combined with current lack of good public health measures spells health inequality in the coming decades.

Background:

Despite a reputation for consuming fine wine and even finer food, French people are quite healthy when compared to the rest of the world. Obesity is condition that affects only 9.4% of its population, far lower than leaders US (30.6%), Mexico (24.2%) and the UK (23%). Its rate of heart disease deaths per capita is amongst the lowest in developed nations, with 39.8 deaths per 100,000 of the population. Even if they do feel unwell, there is no shortage of physicians to see about it, with the 3rd highest rate of physicians per capita in the world, 3.37 per 1,000 people.

Definitions

  • Abortions: Legal abortions
  • Births by caesarean section: Number of births by caesarean section per 1000 live births (year 2000).
  • Daily smokers: Data on tobacco consumption - this is a percentage of the total population who smoke at least one cigarette a day.(Data for Portugal and Austria is from 2002. All other data is from 2003).
  • Death from cancer: Cancer death incidence (per 100 000 population) for year 2000.
  • Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
  • HIV AIDS > Deaths: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
  • Heart disease deaths: Heart disease deaths per 100000 population (1995-1998)
  • Infant mortality rate: The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country
  • Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
  • Maternal mortality: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
  • Motor vehicle deaths: Fatalities per 100000 population due to motor vehicle accidents (1999).
  • Obesity: Percentage of total population who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for Australia, Austria and Portugal is from 2002. All other data is from 2003). Obesity rates are defined as the percentage of the population with a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 30. The BMI is a single number that evaluates an individual's weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in metres). For Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, figures are based on health examinations, rather than self-reported information. Obesity estimates derived from health examinations are generally higher and more reliable than those coming from self-reports, because they preclude any misreporting of people's height and weight. However, health examinations are only conducted regularly in a few countries (OECD).
  • Spending > Per person: Spending per capita (PPP) in $US 1998.
  • Teenage pregnancy: Number of births to women aged below twenty. Data for 1998.
  • Tobacco > Total adult smokers: Total adults smoking
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Abortions 161,129 2003 5th out of 19
Births by caesarean section 171 live births per 1,000 pe 2000 9th out of 16
Daily smokers 27% 2003 12th out of 30
Death from cancer 286.1 deaths per 100,000 peopl 2000 12th out of 16
Drug access 95% 2000 48th out of 163
HIV AIDS > Deaths 1,700 2009 56th out of 66
Heart disease deaths 39.8 per 100,000 people 1998 25th out of 26
Infant mortality rate 4.31 2005 169th out of 178
Infant mortality rate > Total 3.29 deaths/1,000 live births 2011 208th out of 216
Maternal mortality 10 per 100,000 2001 113th out of 136
Motor vehicle deaths 13.7 deaths per 100,000 peopl 1999 4th out of 17
Obesity 9.4% 2003 23th out of 29
Spending > Per person 2,288 1998 8th out of 133
Teenage pregnancy 17,985 births 1998 5th out of 26
Tobacco > Total adult smokers 34.5% 2005 38th out of 121

SOURCES: UNHDR; OECD Health Data 2003 and OECD Health Data 2002; OECD Health Data 2005; OECD Health Data 2004; WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Health Organization; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; UNICEF (United Nations Children?s Fund). 2002. Official Summary: The State of the World's Children 2002. New York: Oxford University Press.; GECD Health Data 2002; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre; World Health Organization2005

Citation

"France Health Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/France/Health

NationMaster

4

The French are a proud people, frequently claiming they have the best language, the best poetry, the best music, and the best food. While we might disagree with these claims, we can’t argue with them having the best health system - even World Health Organization said so in 2000. When indexed by indicators of quality health care systems, France is dominating in all areas except in expediency, and currently battling Belgium for No. 1 spot in Europe. Life expectancy at birth in 2013 was 78 years for men and 85 for women - fourth highest in the world - but at a high cost: almost 10% of their GDP is dedicated to health care, which is among the highest percentages in Europe, pointing to a system that lacks in efficiency. The country as a whole has by far the lowest mortality from cardiovascular disease in Europe with 39.8 deaths per 100,000 people, which in addition to good health care experts ascribe to the French habit of drinking a glass of wine with their meal. However, there are quite big differences within the country: in 2009, 8.28% of population were immigrants (foreign-born); mainly North and Subsaharan Africans seeking employment, with only basic education, and unreliable socioeconomic status, which traditionally means poorer health outcomes. Despite the principle of “national solidarity” when it comes to basic life needs, slow integration combined with current lack of good public health measures spells health inequality in the coming decades.

Posted on 14 Apr 2014

chris.lockyer781

chris.lockyer781

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