- Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
- Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
- Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
- Elevation extremes > Highest point: Highest point above sea level
- Elevation extremes > Lowest point: This entry is derived from Geography > Elevation extremes, which includes both the highest point and the lowest point.
Environment > Current issues:
This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry:
Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions (see acid rain).
Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxide; acid rain is damaging and potentially deadly to the earth's fragile ecosystems; acidity is measured using the pH scale where 7 is neutral, values greater than 7 are considered alkaline, and values below 5.6 are considered acid precipitation; note - a pH of 2.4 (the acidity of vinegar) has been measured in rainfall in New England.
Aerosol - a collection of airborne particles dispersed in a gas, smoke, or fog.
Afforestation - converting a bare or agricultural space by planting trees and plants; reforestation involves replanting trees on areas that have been cut or destroyed by fire.
Asbestos - a naturally occurring soft fibrous mineral commonly used in fireproofing materials and considered to be highly carcinogenic in particulate form.
Biodiversity - also biological diversity; the relative number of species, diverse in form and function, at the genetic, organism, community, and ecosystem level; loss of biodiversity reduces an ecosystem's ability to recover from natural or man-induced disruption.
Bio-indicators - a plant or animal species whose presence, abundance, and health reveal the general condition of its habitat.
Biomass - the total weight or volume of living matter in a given area or volume.
Carbon cycle - the term used to describe the exchange of carbon (in various forms, e.g., as carbon dioxide) between the atmosphere, ocean, terrestrial biosphere, and geological deposits.
Catchments - assemblages used to capture and retain rainwater and runoff; an important water management technique in areas with limited freshwater resources, such as Gibraltar.
DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane) - a colorless, odorless insecticide that has toxic effects on most animals; the use of DDT was banned in the US in 1972.
Defoliants - chemicals which cause plants to lose their leaves artificially; often used in agricultural practices for weed control, and may have detrimental impacts on human and ecosystem health.
Deforestation - ...
- Note: This entry includes miscellaneous geographic information of significance not included elsewhere.
- Irrigated land: The number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water.
- Land use > Other: The percentage share of used land that is not arable or under permanent crops. This includes permanent meadows and pastures, forests and woodlands, built-on areas, roads, barren land, etc.
- Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
- Map references: The name of the CIA World Factbook reference map on which a country may be found. The entry on Geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some smaller countries.
- Maritime claims > Exclusive economic zone: Exclusive economic zone (EEZ) - the LOS Convention (Part V) defines the EEZ as a zone beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea in which a coastal State has: sovereign rights for the purpose of exploring and exploiting, conserving and managing the natura
- Maritime claims > Territorial sea: territorial sea - the sovereignty of a coastal State extends beyond its land territory and internal waters to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea in the LOS Convention (Part II); this sovereignty extends to the air space over the territorial sea as well as its underlying seabed and subsoil; every State has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles. A full and definitive definition can be found in the Law of the Sea (LOS) Convention.
- Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
- Terrain: A brief description of the topography
"French Southern and Antarctic Lands Geography Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Southern-and-Antarctic-Lands/Geography
"French Southern and Antarctic Lands Geography Stats, NationMaster." 1998-2013. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Southern-and-Antarctic-Lands/Geography>.
'French Southern and Antarctic Lands Geography Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Southern-and-Antarctic-Lands/Geography> [assessed 1998-2013]
"French Southern and Antarctic Lands Geography Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1998-2013. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Southern-and-Antarctic-Lands/Geography>.
"French Southern and Antarctic Lands Geography Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1998-2013.
"French Southern and Antarctic Lands Geography Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Southern-and-Antarctic-Lands/Geography (assessed 1998-2013)
"French Southern and Antarctic Lands Geography Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Southern-and-Antarctic-Lands/Geography (last visited 1998-2013)
"French Southern and Antarctic Lands Geography Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/French-Southern-and-Antarctic-Lands/Geography (as of 1998-2013)