Netherlands is extraordinary in several aspects of its health care: firstly, its health care system is rated as both high-quality and efficient, lumped together with top-tiers, such as Belgium and France, but managing it at noticeably smaller costs, dedicating just 8.8% of its GDP towards health expenses, compared to Belgians’ 9.1% and French 9.7%. Secondly, strict regulations of antibiotic use make the Netherlands the country with by far the smallest prevalence of infections with microorganisms, resistant to antibiotic. Thirdly, the Dutch are famous for legalizing prostitution and cannabis use, which not only helps prevent most tragedies associated with these activities - human trafficking, drug abuse, and violence associated with both - but also contributes to national treasury in the form of taxes. And lastly, the Netherlands were the first in the developed world promoting childbirth at home, attended by a specialized nurse in place of an obstetrician. This favoring of natural birth might also be the reason, why the Netherlands have such a low rate of birth by caesarian section: 129 per 1.000 live births in 2000 (compared to 211 in United States and 170 in United Kingdom). It is strange then, considering all the qualities mentioned above, that the Dutch are surprisingly unsatisfied with their health care system or at least its cost-efficiency, rating it at the 18th place in European Union in 2014.
- Access to sanitation: The percentage of the total population with access to sanitation facilities
- Births by caesarean section: Number of births by caesarean section per 1000 live births (year 2000).
- Daily smokers: Data on tobacco consumption - this is a percentage of the total population who smoke at least one cigarette a day.(Data for Portugal and Austria is from 2002. All other data is from 2003).
- Death from cancer: Cancer death incidence (per 100 000 population) for year 2000.
- Drug access: Population with access to essential drugs 2000. The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b.
- HIV AIDS > Deaths: An estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year.
- Heart disease deaths: Heart disease deaths per 100000 population (1995-1998)
- Infant mortality rate: The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country
- Infant mortality rate > Total: This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
- Maternal mortality: Maternal mortality reported per 100,000 births 1985-1999. The maternal mortality data are those reported by national authorities. UNICEF and the World Health Organization periodically evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of under-reporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data (for details on the most recent estimates see Hill, AbouZahr and Wardlaw 2001). Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
- Motor vehicle deaths: Fatalities per 100000 population due to motor vehicle accidents (1999).
- Obesity: Percentage of total population who have a BMI (body mass index) greater than 30 Kg/sq.meters (Data for Australia, Austria and Portugal is from 2002. All other data is from 2003). Obesity rates are defined as the percentage of the population with a Body Mass Index (BMI) over 30. The BMI is a single number that evaluates an individual's weight status in relation to height (weight/height2, with weight in kilograms and height in metres). For Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States, figures are based on health examinations, rather than self-reported information. Obesity estimates derived from health examinations are generally higher and more reliable than those coming from self-reports, because they preclude any misreporting of people's height and weight. However, health examinations are only conducted regularly in a few countries (OECD).
- Spending > Per person: Spending per capita (PPP) in $US 1998.
- Teenage pregnancy: Number of births to women aged below twenty. Data for 1998.
- Tobacco > Total adult smokers: Total adults smoking
SOURCES: CIA World Factbook, December 2003; OECD Health Data 2003 and OECD Health Data 2002; OECD Health Data 2005; OECD Health Data 2004; WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Health Organization; CIA World Factbook, 28 July 2005; UNICEF (United Nations Children?s Fund). 2002. Official Summary: The State of the World's Children 2002. New York: Oxford University Press.; GECD Health Data 2002; World Bank. 2002. World Development Indicators 2002. CD-ROM. Washington, DC; UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre; World Health Organization2005
"Netherlands Health Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Netherlands/Health
"Netherlands Health Stats, NationMaster." 1960-2011. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Netherlands/Health>.
'Netherlands Health Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Netherlands/Health> [assessed 1960-2011]
"Netherlands Health Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1960-2011. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Netherlands/Health>.
"Netherlands Health Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1960-2011.
"Netherlands Health Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Netherlands/Health (assessed 1960-2011)
"Netherlands Health Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Netherlands/Health (last visited 1960-2011)
"Netherlands Health Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Netherlands/Health (as of 1960-2011)