Mark Rutte won a second term in October 2012 when his liberal People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) formed a coalition with the centre-left Labour Party after narrowly beating it in parliamentary elections.
The VVD won 41 seats in the 150-member lower house - a lead of just two seats over Labour - in the September vote.
Mr Rutte's previous cabinet - a minority coalition with the centre-right Christian Democratic Appeal - had collapsed after only two years in office.
It resigned in April 2012 when populist politician Geert Wilders' eurosceptic, anti-immigration Freedom Party, which had been propping up the government without joining it, refused to back a tough austerity package.
The cuts were intended to comply with EU deficit targets.
Mark Rutte's new cabinet was seen as more pro-austerity and pro-EU than his last one.
The new coalition warned that tough measures would be needed to weather the financial crisis and secure the Netherlands' economic future.
The Freedom Party, which had held the balance of power in the previous parliament, suffered heavy losses in the September 2012 poll and came a distant third, tying with the left-wing Socialist Party.
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Netherlands Government Profiles (Subcategories)
- Netherlands ranked first for proportion of seats held by women in national parliament amongst Heavily indebted countries in 2006.