Peru Geography Stats


  • Area > Comparative: The area of various small countries expressed in comparison to various areas within the United States of America.
  • Area > Comparative to US places: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements (1990 revised) provided by the US Bureau of the Census. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres).
  • Area > Land: Total land area in square kilometres
  • Area > Land > Per capita: Total land area in square kilometres Per capita figures expressed per 1,000 population.
  • Area > Total: Total area in square kilometers
  • Area > Water: Total water area in square kilometers
  • Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year: Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
  • Climate: A brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year.
  • Coastline: The total length of the boundary between the land area (including islands) and the sea.
  • Geographic coordinates: This entry includes rounded latitude and longitude figures for the purpose of finding the approximate geographic center of an entity and is based on the Gazetteer of Conventional Names, Third Edition, August 1988, US Board on Geographic Names and on other sources.
  • Land area > Sq. km: Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes."
  • Land area > Square miles: Country land area.
  • Location: The country's regional location, neighboring countries, and adjacent bodies of water.
  • Natural resources: A country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance.
  • Terrain: A brief description of the topography
Area > Comparative slightly smaller than Alaska 2013
Area > Comparative to US places slightly smaller than Alaska 2008
Area > Land 1.28 million sq km 2008 20th out of 235
Area > Land > Per capita 43.86 sq km per 1,000 people 2008 49th out of 224
Area > Total 1.29 million sq km 2013 21st out of 251
Area > Water 5,220 sq km 2013 66th out of 246
Average rainfall in depth > Mm per year 1,738 2008 41st out of 169
Climate varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes 2013
Coastline 2,414 km 2014 53th out of 242
Geographic coordinates 10 00 S, 76 00 W 2013
Land area > Sq. km 1.28 million sq km 2008 19th out of 199
Land area > Square miles 496,225 square miles 2013 10th out of 86
Location Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador 2013
Natural resources copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas 2013
Terrain western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva) 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; All CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 18 December 2008; Food and Agriculture Organisation, electronic files and web site.; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014


"Peru Geography Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Peru/Geography


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Peru Geography Profiles (Subcategories)

Area 11 Land boundaries 4
Environment 3 Land use 3
Freshwater withdrawal 6 Maritime claims 3
Land area 3 Surface area 3
  • Peru ranked first for maritime claims > territorial sea amongst Emerging markets in 2013.
  • Peru ranked #9 for area > total amongst Christian countries in 2013.
  • Peru ranked 6th last for land use > arable land amongst Catholic countries in 2013.
  • Peru ranked second for area > land > per capita amongst Religious countries in 2008.
  • Peru ranked #4 for land area > sq. km amongst Latin America and Caribbean in 2008.