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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka People Stats

Definitions

  • Age distribution > Population aged 0-14: Percentage of total population aged 0-14.
  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Gender > Female population: Total female population.
  • Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people: Total number of divorces in given year by country. Figures expressed per thousand people for the same year.
  • Mother's mean age at first birth: This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. It is a useful indicator for gauging the success of family planning programs aiming to reduce maternal mortality, increase contraceptive use – particularly among married and unmarried adolescents, delay age at first marriage, and improve the health of newborns.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population > Population growth, past and future: Population growth rate (percentage).
  • Population growth: Percentage by which country's population either has increased or is estimated to increase. Countries with a decrease in population are signified by a negative percentage. Future estimates are from the UN Population Division.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper: City population by sex, city and city type.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Age distribution > Population aged 0-14 15.49% 2100 101st out of 196
Age structure > 65 years and over 8.4% 2013 86th out of 228
Birth rate 16.64 births/1,000 population 2013 120th out of 223
Death rate 6.01 deaths/1,000 population 2013 161st out of 223
Ethnic groups Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data) 2013
Gender > Female population 10.97 million 2100 74th out of 196
Marriage, divorce and children > Total divorces per thousand people 0.153 1979 79th out of 79
Mother's mean age at first birth 22.6 2013 13th out of 40
Population 21.68 million 2013 57th out of 251
Population > Population growth, past and future -0.224 2100 136th out of 227
Population growth -0.224% 2100 136th out of 227
Population growth rate 0.89% 2013 125th out of 231
Population in 2015 22,293 thousand 2015 53th out of 223
Urban and rural > Population living in cities proper 1.38 million 2001 18th out of 42
Urbanization in 2015 29.9% 2015 146th out of 164

SOURCES: United Nations Population Division. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; United Nations Population Division; United Nations Population Division. Source tables; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables; UN (United Nations). 2002. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2001 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York

Citation

"Sri Lanka People Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Sri-Lanka/People

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Did you know

  • Sri Lanka ranked #16 for age structure > 65 years and over amongst Hot countries in 2013.
  • Sri Lanka ranked #7 for population amongst Densely populated countries in 2013.
  • Sri Lanka ranked first for rural population > per capita amongst Heavily indebted countries in 2005.
  • Sri Lanka ranked 7th last for sex ratio > total population amongst Former British colonies in 2013.
  • Sri Lanka ranked second last for birth rate amongst South and Central Asia in 2013.

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In response to Michelle:

According to the Sri Lanka Census of Population and Housing, which was conducted on the 17th July 2001, Residential Statistics were as follows:

Total residential dwellings: 5,380,703
Total population: 18,732,255

These statistics give an average of 3.4 people per household. As there is an average of 2.2 people per room, a significant proportion of households consist of only one room.


Posted on 07 Apr 2005

Edria Murray, Staff Editor

Edria Murray, Staff Editor