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Economy > Inequality > GINI index: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.".

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 NamibiaNamibia 74.33 1993
2 ComorosComoros 64.34 2004
3 BotswanaBotswana 60.96 1994
4 BelizeBelize 59.56 1995
5 HaitiHaiti 59.5 2001
6 AngolaAngola 58.64 2000
7 ColombiaColombia 58.49 2006
8 South AfricaSouth Africa 57.77 2000
9 BoliviaBolivia 57.19 2007
10 HondurasHonduras 55.31 2006
11 BrazilBrazil 55.02 2007
12 PanamaPanama 54.93 2006
13 EcuadorEcuador 54.37 2007
14 GuatemalaGuatemala 53.69 2006
15 ParaguayParaguay 53.24 2007
16 SurinameSuriname 52.81 1999
17 LiberiaLiberia 52.56 2007
18 LesothoLesotho 52.5 2003
19 NicaraguaNicaragua 52.33 2005
20 ChileChile 52 2006
21 MexicoMexico 51.61 2008
22 Papua New GuineaPapua NG 50.88 1996
23 ZambiaZambia 50.74 2004
24 SwazilandSwaziland 50.68 2001
25 Sao Tome and PrincipeSoa Tome+ 50.6 2001
26 PeruPeru 50.52 2007
27 Cape VerdeCape Verde 50.4 2001
28 ZimbabweZimbabwe 50.1 1995
29 Costa RicaCosta Rica 48.91 2007
30 ArgentinaArgentina 48.81 2006
31 Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire 48.39 2002
32 Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. 48.35 2007
33 KenyaKenya 47.68 2005
34 Congo, Republic of theCongo, Republic of the 47.32 2005
35 NepalNepal 47.3 2004
36 The GambiaThe Gambia 47.28 2003
37 MadagascarMadagascar 47.24 2005
38 MozambiqueMozambique 47.11 2003
39 UruguayUruguay 47.06 2007
40 El SalvadorEl Salvador 46.85 2007
41 BhutanBhutan 46.74 2003
42 RwandaRwanda 46.68 2000
43 JamaicaJamaica 45.51 2004
44 CameroonCameroon 44.56 2001
45 Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. 44.43 2006
46 CambodiaCambodia 44.2 2007
47 PhilippinesPhilippines 44.04 2006
48 NigerNiger 43.89 2005
49 RussiaRussia 43.67 2007
50 Central African RepublicCentral Africa 43.57 2003
51 VenezuelaVenezuela 43.44 2006
52 GuineaGuinea 43.34 2003
53 GuyanaGuyana 43.2 1998
54 NigeriaNigeria 42.93 2004
55 GhanaGhana 42.76 2006
56 UgandaUganda 42.62 2005
57 Saint LuciaSaint Lucia 42.6 1995
58 Sierra LeoneSierra Leone 42.52 2003
59 SingaporeSingapore 42.48 1998
60 ThailandThailand 42.45 2004
61 ChinaChina 41.53 2005
62 GabonGabon 41.45 2005
63 TurkeyTurkey 41.15 2006
64 QatarQatar 41.1 2007
65 Sri LankaSri Lanka 41.06 2002
66 MoroccoMorocco 40.88 2007
67 United StatesUnited States 40.81 2000
68 TunisiaTunisia 40.81 2000
69 GeorgiaGeorgia 40.8 2005
70 TurkmenistanTurkmenistan 40.77 1998
71 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ 40.27 1992
72 DjiboutiDjibouti 39.85 2002
73 ChadChad 39.78 2003
74 Burkina FasoBurkina Faso 39.6 2003
75 IsraelIsrael 39.2 2001
76 SenegalSenegal 39.19 2005
77 MauritaniaMauritania 39.04 2000
78 MalawiMalawi 39.02 2004
79 MaliMali 38.99 2006
80 BeninBenin 38.62 2003
81 PortugalPortugal 38.45 1997
82 MalaysiaMalaysia 37.91 2004
83 VietnamVietnam 37.77 2006
84 JordanJordan 37.72 2006
85 IndonesiaIndonesia 37.58 2007
86 MaldivesMaldives 37.41 2004
87 MoldovaMoldova 37.35 2007
88 IndiaIndia 36.8 2005
89 UzbekistanUzbekistan 36.72 2003
90 MongoliaMongolia 36.57 2008
91 LatviaLatvia 36.29 2007
92 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia+ 36.26 2007
93 New ZealandNew Zealand 36.17 1997
94 ItalyItaly 36.03 2000
95 EstoniaEstonia 36 2004
96 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 35.97 1999
97 LithuaniaLithuania 35.81 2004
98 Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau 35.52 2002
99 AlgeriaAlgeria 35.33 1995
100 AustraliaAustralia 35.19 1994
101 PolandPoland 34.92 2005
102 SpainSpain 34.66 2000
103 TanzaniaTanzania 34.62 2000
104 TogoTogo 34.41 2006
Former Soviet republics averageFormer Soviet republics average 34.4 2002
105 IrelandIreland 34.28 2000
106 GreeceGreece 34.27 2000
107 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 33.68 2000
108 TajikistanTajikistan 33.6 2004
109 KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 33.47 2007
110 BurundiBurundi 33.27 2006
111 BelgiumBelgium 32.97 2000
112 FranceFrance 32.74 1995
113 LaosLaos 32.63 2002
114 CanadaCanada 32.56 2000
115 RomaniaRomania 32.13 2007
116 East TimorEast Timor 31.92 2007
117 PakistanPakistan 31.18 2005
118 SloveniaSlovenia 31.15 2004
119 BangladeshBangladesh 31.02 2005
120 KazakhstanKazakhstan 30.92 2007
121 NetherlandsNetherlands 30.9 1999
122 LuxembourgLuxembourg 30.76 2000
123 ArmeniaArmenia 30.25 2007
124 HungaryHungary 30.04 2004
125 EthiopiaEthiopia 29.76 2005
126 BulgariaBulgaria 29.24 2003
127 AustriaAustria 29.15 2000
128 CroatiaCroatia 29.03 2005
129 BelarusBelarus 28.8 2007
130 GermanyGermany 28.31 2000
131 Serbia and MontenegroSerbia+ 28.18 2008
132 UkraineUkraine 27.56 2008
133 FinlandFinland 26.88 2000
134 Czech RepublicCzech Republic 25.82 1996
135 SlovakiaSlovakia 25.81 1996
136 NorwayNorway 25.79 2000
137 SwedenSweden 25 2000
138 JapanJapan 24.85 1993
139 DenmarkDenmark 24.7 1997
140 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 16.83 2005
141 SeychellesSeychelles 0.0 2007

Citation

"All countries compared for Economy > Inequality > GINI index", World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp). Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Economy/Inequality/GINI-index

Economy > Inequality > GINI index: Countries Compared Map

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