×

Economy > Inequality > GINI index: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.".

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH HISTORY
1 Namibia 74.33 1993
2 Comoros 64.34 2004
3 Botswana 60.96 1994
4 Belize 59.56 1995
5 Haiti 59.5 2001
6 Angola 58.64 2000
7 Colombia 58.49 2006
8 South Africa 57.77 2000
9 Bolivia 57.19 2007
10 Honduras 55.31 2006
11 Brazil 55.02 2007
12 Panama 54.93 2006
13 Ecuador 54.37 2007
14 Guatemala 53.69 2006
15 Paraguay 53.24 2007
16 Suriname 52.81 1999
17 Liberia 52.56 2007
18 Lesotho 52.5 2003
19 Nicaragua 52.33 2005
20 Chile 52 2006
21 Mexico 51.61 2008
22 Papua New Guinea 50.88 1996
23 Zambia 50.74 2004
24 Swaziland 50.68 2001
25 Sao Tome and Principe 50.6 2001
26 Peru 50.52 2007
27 Cape Verde 50.4 2001
28 Zimbabwe 50.1 1995
29 Costa Rica 48.91 2007
30 Argentina 48.81 2006
31 Cote d'Ivoire 48.39 2002
32 Dominican Republic 48.35 2007
33 Kenya 47.68 2005
34 Congo, Republic of the 47.32 2005
35 Nepal 47.3 2004
36 The Gambia 47.28 2003
37 Madagascar 47.24 2005
38 Mozambique 47.11 2003
39 Uruguay 47.06 2007
40 El Salvador 46.85 2007
41 Bhutan 46.74 2003
42 Rwanda 46.68 2000
43 Jamaica 45.51 2004
44 Cameroon 44.56 2001
45 Democratic Republic of the Congo 44.43 2006
46 Cambodia 44.2 2007
47 Philippines 44.04 2006
48 Niger 43.89 2005
49 Russia 43.67 2007
50 Central African Republic 43.57 2003
51 Venezuela 43.44 2006
52 Guinea 43.34 2003
53 Guyana 43.2 1998
54 Nigeria 42.93 2004
55 Ghana 42.76 2006
56 Uganda 42.62 2005
57 Saint Lucia 42.6 1995
58 Sierra Leone 42.52 2003
59 Singapore 42.48 1998
60 Thailand 42.45 2004
61 China 41.53 2005
62 Gabon 41.45 2005
63 Turkey 41.15 2006
64 Qatar 41.1 2007
65 Sri Lanka 41.06 2002
66 Morocco 40.88 2007
67 United States 40.81 2000
68 Tunisia 40.81 2000
69 Georgia 40.8 2005
70 Turkmenistan 40.77 1998
71 Trinidad and Tobago 40.27 1992
72 Djibouti 39.85 2002
73 Chad 39.78 2003
74 Burkina Faso 39.6 2003
75 Israel 39.2 2001
76 Senegal 39.19 2005
77 Mauritania 39.04 2000
78 Malawi 39.02 2004
79 Mali 38.99 2006
80 Benin 38.62 2003
81 Portugal 38.45 1997
82 Malaysia 37.91 2004
83 Vietnam 37.77 2006
84 Jordan 37.72 2006
85 Indonesia 37.58 2007
86 Maldives 37.41 2004
87 Moldova 37.35 2007
88 India 36.8 2005
89 Uzbekistan 36.72 2003
90 Mongolia 36.57 2008
91 Latvia 36.29 2007
92 Bosnia and Herzegovina 36.26 2007
93 New Zealand 36.17 1997
94 Italy 36.03 2000
95 Estonia 36 2004
96 United Kingdom 35.97 1999
97 Lithuania 35.81 2004
98 Guinea-Bissau 35.52 2002
99 Algeria 35.33 1995
100 Australia 35.19 1994
101 Poland 34.92 2005
102 Spain 34.66 2000
103 Tanzania 34.62 2000
104 Togo 34.41 2006
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 34.4 2002
105 Ireland 34.28 2000
106 Greece 34.27 2000
107 Switzerland 33.68 2000
108 Tajikistan 33.6 2004
109 Kyrgyzstan 33.47 2007
110 Burundi 33.27 2006
111 Belgium 32.97 2000
112 France 32.74 1995
113 Laos 32.63 2002
114 Canada 32.56 2000
115 Romania 32.13 2007
116 East Timor 31.92 2007
117 Pakistan 31.18 2005
118 Slovenia 31.15 2004
119 Bangladesh 31.02 2005
120 Kazakhstan 30.92 2007
121 Netherlands 30.9 1999
122 Luxembourg 30.76 2000
123 Armenia 30.25 2007
124 Hungary 30.04 2004
125 Ethiopia 29.76 2005
126 Bulgaria 29.24 2003
127 Austria 29.15 2000
128 Croatia 29.03 2005
129 Belarus 28.8 2007
130 Germany 28.31 2000
131 Serbia and Montenegro 28.18 2008
132 Ukraine 27.56 2008
133 Finland 26.88 2000
134 Czech Republic 25.82 1996
135 Slovakia 25.81 1996
136 Norway 25.79 2000
137 Sweden 25 2000
138 Japan 24.85 1993
139 Denmark 24.7 1997
140 Azerbaijan 16.83 2005
141 Seychelles 0.0 2007

Citation

"Countries Compared by Economy > Inequality > GINI index. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. Data for high-income economies are from the Luxembourg Income Study database. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldbank.org/PovcalNet/jsp/index.jsp). Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Economy/Inequality/GINI-index

Economy > Inequality > GINI index: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

Ask A Question

captcha
Follow us on Facebook to get interesting stats:

Was this page useful for you?