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Education > Duration of compulsory education: Countries Compared

Author: Edria Murray,  Staff editor

Author: Edria Murray, Staff editor

Education is one of the criteria for determining the United Nations HDI (Human Development Index)



For most contries the current number of years of compulsory education is higher than the average years of schooling for adults. This is primarily due to increases in the duration of compulsory education.


This difference is most pronounced in developing nations where compulsory schooling has only recently been introduced, such as Mali, Sudan and Guinea-Bissau. Despite the move towards compulsory education, many developing nations still have a low proportion of primary school age children, especially girls, who are enrolled at any school.

DEFINITION: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school..

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 DominicaDominica 13 years 2000
2 NetherlandsNetherlands 13 years 2000
3 Saint LuciaSaint Lucia 13 years 2000
4 Saint Kitts and NevisSt Kitts+ 13 years 2000
5 BelgiumBelgium 13 years 2000
6 GermanyGermany 13 years 2000
7 BarbadosBarbados 12 years 2000
8 United KingdomUnited Kingdom 12 years 2000
9 The BahamasThe Bahamas 12 years 2000
10 New ZealandNew Zealand 12 years 2000
11 BermudaBermuda 12 years 2000
12 United StatesUnited States 12 years 2000
13 BruneiBrunei 12 years 2000
14 GrenadaGrenada 12 years 2000
15 Antigua and BarbudaAntigua+ 12 years 2000
Group of 7 countries (G7) averageGroup of 7 countries (G7) average 11.14 years 2000
16 CanadaCanada 11 years 2000
17 FranceFrance 11 years 2000
18 NorwayNorway 11 years 2000
19 AustraliaAustralia 11 years 2000
20 MoldovaMoldova 11 years 2000
21 IsraelIsrael 11 years 1997
22 GuatemalaGuatemala 11 years 2000
23 SpainSpain 11 years 2000
24 GabonGabon 11 years 2000
25 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan 11 years 2000
26 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSt Vincent+ 11 years 2000
27 PeruPeru 11 years 2000
28 ArmeniaArmenia 11 years 2000
29 BhutanBhutan 11 years 2000
30 MaltaMalta 11 years 2000
31 IcelandIceland 11 years 2000
32 KazakhstanKazakhstan 11 years 2000
33 TunisiaTunisia 11 years 2000
High income OECD countries averageHigh income OECD countries average 10.34 years 2000
Heavily indebted countries averageHeavily indebted countries average 10.13 years 2000
Eurozone averageEurozone average 10.11 years 2000
34 Burkina FasoBurkina Faso 10 years 2000
35 LiberiaLiberia 10 years 2000
36 MonacoMonaco 10 years 2000
37 SlovakiaSlovakia 10 years 2000
38 Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. 10 years 1997
39 FinlandFinland 10 years 2000
40 Costa RicaCosta Rica 10 years 2000
41 LuxembourgLuxembourg 10 years 2000
42 IrelandIreland 10 years 2000
43 EcuadorEcuador 10 years 2000
44 Netherlands AntillesN. Antilles 10 years 2000
45 DenmarkDenmark 10 years 2000
46 LebanonLebanon 10 years 2000
47 FijiFiji 10 years 2000
48 JordanJordan 10 years 2000
49 HungaryHungary 10 years 2000
50 MexicoMexico 10 years 2000
51 BotswanaBotswana 10 years 2000
52 SamoaSamoa 10 years 2000
53 MacauMacau 10 years 2000
54 Czech RepublicCzech Republic 10 years 2000
55 Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire 10 years 2000
56 TogoTogo 10 years 2000
57 SwedenSweden 10 years 2000
58 RussiaRussia 10 years 2000
59 JapanJapan 10 years 2000
60 Puerto RicoPuerto Rico 10 years 1997
61 KiribatiKiribati 10 years 2000
62 French PolynesiaFr. Polynesia 10 years 1997
63 SeychellesSeychelles 10 years 2000
64 UruguayUruguay 10 years 2000
65 KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 10 years 2000
66 New CaledoniaNew Caledonia 10 years 1997
67 GuyanaGuyana 10 years 2000
68 NamibiaNamibia 10 years 2000
Non-religious countries averageNon-religious countries average 9.92 years 2000
NATO countries averageNATO average 9.89 years 2000
European Union averageEuropean Union average 9.86 years 2000
Europe averageEurope average 9.81 years 2000
Former Soviet republics averageFormer Soviet republics average 9.77 years 2000
Latin America and Caribbean averageLatin America and Caribbean average 9.53 years 2000
69 MadagascarMadagascar 9 years 2000
70 TajikistanTajikistan 9 years 2000
71 TurkeyTurkey 9 years 2000
72 BahrainBahrain 9 years 1997
73 IndonesiaIndonesia 9 years 2000
74 LibyaLibya 9 years 2000
75 PortugalPortugal 9 years 2000
76 MalaysiaMalaysia 9 years 1997
77 El SalvadorEl Salvador 9 years 2000
78 ThailandThailand 9 years 2000
79 BelizeBelize 9 years 2000
80 GeorgiaGeorgia 9 years 2000
81 MoroccoMorocco 9 years 2000
82 EstoniaEstonia 9 years 2000
83 ItalyItaly 9 years 2000
84 Papua New GuineaPapua NG 9 years 2000
85 MauritaniaMauritania 9 years 2000
86 GreeceGreece 9 years 2000
87 ParaguayParaguay 9 years 2000
88 LithuaniaLithuania 9 years 2000
89 ArgentinaArgentina 9 years 2000
90 CyprusCyprus 9 years 2000
91 CubaCuba 9 years 2000
92 ChinaChina 9 years 2000
93 UkraineUkraine 9 years 2000
94 TongaTonga 9 years 2000
95 MaliMali 9 years 2000
96 South AfricaSouth Africa 9 years 2000
97 AustriaAustria 9 years 2000
98 LatviaLatvia 9 years 2000
99 BelarusBelarus 9 years 2000
100 AlgeriaAlgeria 9 years 2000
101 Marshall IslandsMarshall Isl. 9 years 2000
102 ChileChile 9 years 2000
103 SwitzerlandSwitzerland 9 years 2000
104 PolandPoland 9 years 2000
105 Sri LankaSri Lanka 9 years 2000
Catholic countries averageCatholic countries average 8.82 years 2000
Emerging markets averageEmerging markets average 8.7 years 2000
Former Spanish colonies averageFormer Spanish colonies average 8.56 years 2000
106 MalawiMalawi 8 years 2000
107 ColombiaColombia 8 years 2000
108 SudanSudan 8 years 2000
109 Republic of MacedoniaMacedonia Rep. 8 years 2000
110 BoliviaBolivia 8 years 2000
111 GhanaGhana 8 years 2000
112 AlbaniaAlbania 8 years 2000
113 IndiaIndia 8 years 1997
114 KenyaKenya 8 years 2000
115 MongoliaMongolia 8 years 2000
116 SomaliaSomalia 8 years 2000
117 BulgariaBulgaria 8 years 2000
118 RomaniaRomania 8 years 2000
119 BrazilBrazil 8 years 2000
120 CroatiaCroatia 8 years 2000
121 KuwaitKuwait 8 years 2000
122 ComorosComoros 8 years 2000
Former French colonies averageFormer French colonies average 7.86 years 2000
Sub-Saharan Africa averageSub-Saharan Africa average 7.45 years 2000
123 SwazilandSwaziland 7 years 2000
124 TanzaniaTanzania 7 years 2000
125 VanuatuVanuatu 7 years 2000
126 PhilippinesPhilippines 7 years 2000
127 MaldivesMaldives 7 years 2000
128 VenezuelaVenezuela 7 years 2000
129 ZimbabweZimbabwe 7 years 2000
130 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ 7 years 2000
131 SloveniaSlovenia 7 years 2000
132 JamaicaJamaica 7 years 2000
133 United Arab EmiratesUAE 7 years 2000
134 LesothoLesotho 7 years 2000
135 EritreaEritrea 7 years 2000
136 MozambiqueMozambique 7 years 2000
137 ZambiaZambia 7 years 2000
OPEC countries averageOPEC countries average 6.8 years 2000
South Asia averageSouth Asia average 6.75 years 2000
138 EthiopiaEthiopia 6 years 2000
139 CameroonCameroon 6 years 2000
140 AfghanistanAfghanistan 6 years 2000
141 Central African RepublicCentral Africa 6 years 1997
142 MauritiusMauritius 6 years 2000
143 GuineaGuinea 6 years 2000
144 PanamaPanama 6 years 2000
145 NigeriaNigeria 6 years 2000
146 RwandaRwanda 6 years 2000
147 QatarQatar 6 years 2000
148 SurinameSuriname 6 years 2000
149 SenegalSenegal 6 years 2000
150 SyriaSyria 6 years 2000
151 Sao Tome and PrincipeSoa Tome+ 6 years 2000
152 CambodiaCambodia 6 years 1997
153 Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 6 years 2000
154 Cape VerdeCape Verde 6 years 2000
155 BeninBenin 6 years 2000
156 ChadChad 6 years 2000
157 NigerNiger 6 years 2000
158 HaitiHaiti 6 years 2000
159 IraqIraq 6 years 2000
160 Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau 6 years 2000
161 DjiboutiDjibouti 6 years 2000
162 BurundiBurundi 6 years 2000
163 NicaraguaNicaragua 6 years 2000
164 HondurasHonduras 6 years 1997
165 BangladeshBangladesh 5 years 2000
166 NepalNepal 5 years 1997
167 PakistanPakistan 5 years 2000
168 Equatorial GuineaEqu. Guinea 5 years 2000
169 VietnamVietnam 5 years 2000
170 BurmaBurma 5 years 2000
171 AngolaAngola 4 years 2000

Citation

"All countries compared for Education > Duration of compulsory education", UNESCO. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Education/Duration-of-compulsory-education

Education > Duration of compulsory education: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

0

Education is one of the criteria for determining the United Nations HDI (Human Development Index)



For most contries the current number of years of compulsory education is higher than the average years of schooling for adults. This is primarily due to increases in the duration of compulsory education.


This difference is most pronounced in developing nations where compulsory schooling has only recently been introduced, such as Mali, Sudan and Guinea-Bissau. Despite the move towards compulsory education, many developing nations still have a low proportion of primary school age children, especially girls, who are enrolled at any school.

Posted on 26 Mar 2005

Edria Murray,  Staff editor

Edria Murray, Staff editor

0

In Norway there are just 10 years of mandatory school, not 11.

Posted on 25 Nov 2013

Daniel

Daniel

0

Education must be made compulsory atleast till the age of 16. In this way the Millenium Development Goals can be achieved! Aristotle: "Education is an ornament in prosperity n a refuge in adversity". Owing to education, the economy of a country can be propelled on a modern development path. Our modern society requires educated people not illeterate ones!!

Posted on 08 Oct 2012

(^-^)

(^-^)

0

In the State of New Jersey, compulsory education law requires student to begin formal education at the age of 6 years (First grade) and, with parental consent, to end at the age of 16.

A major educational policy highly correlated to students withdrawing from school prior to graduation is the experience of having been "left back" due to academic failure.

Retention is simply punitive. It plants the seed of student disaffection with school. There is no educational advantage or benefit for repeating a grade, other than getting better report card grades for the second time around the same curricular instruction.

Research in the professional journals of school social work, education, and school psychology will attest to the most significant risk-factor associated with retention, i.e., leaving school before graduation.

Early identification followed by early intervention to address the student's learning difficulties is the proven alternative to retention.

When your child's teacher proposes retention, ask for the research that endorses retention as an legitimate educational intervention.

Whenever a certificated school professional asserts any opinion, observation, comment or judgment, ask for the research that supports those claims. The board of education hires professionals for these professional expertise, not their personal opinion, beliefs, etc. Accept only research-based claims by educators. You have a right to know what the educator knows which is based not on individual experience but what research has established as currently "the best practice".

Whenever an educator says, "...because it's the law!", again just ask for the legal citation.

The only person who has federally protected privileged communication is the school social worker when holding the State's highest clinical social work license, e.g., LCSW. Licensed clinical social workers in the capacity of a school social worker is authorized to provide mental health services to your child in school. Some States may refer to such services as psychotherapy or psychotherapeutic counseling.

For students under the age of 16, parental consent is required to provide mental health services. In such a case, you, the parent have the federally protected privileged communication which you may invoke as it relates to disclosures made by the LCSW to staff members who do not need to know nor have the right to access the clinical social worker's notes.

Nor must the social worker withhold information which would interfere with a colleague's need for clinical information to perform his/her job responsibilities. It is the ethical responsibility of the clinical social worker to make the determination as to what needs to be disclosed; it is considered ethical standard of practice to seek parental consent to share confidentially acquired information.

Unless there is "a duty to warn" involved, there may be no breach of privileged communication by the licensed clinical social worker.

Posted on 04 Mar 2011

Harry Kuhn, MA, MSW, LCSW, School Social

Harry Kuhn, MA, MSW, LCSW, School Social

0

It is strange that such big countries as:Egypt,CongoDR,Iran,South and North Koreas,Taivan,Uganda,Uzbekistan,Yemen are not in this data list.

Posted on 18 Apr 2010

Audrius

Audrius

0

The United States allows you to drop out of school at age 16.

Posted on 14 Apr 2010

elleasaurrawr

elleasaurrawr

0

Anthony - we go through 12th grade here and Kindergarten is not legally required for all children in all states. This means that 12 is the correct number for the United States. Remember these are years of required schooling per country - not average years of actual schooling.

Posted on 17 Mar 2010

Sara

Sara

0

You are wrong about the United States, my friend.

Posted on 04 May 2009

Anthony

Anthony

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