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Education > Duration of compulsory education: Countries Compared

Edria Murray, Staff editor

Author: Edria Murray, Staff editor

Education is one of the criteria for determining the United Nations HDI (Human Development Index)

For most contries the current number of years of compulsory education is higher than the average years of schooling for adults. This is primarily due to increases in the duration of compulsory education.


This difference is most pronounced in developing nations where compulsory schooling has only recently been introduced, such as Mali, Sudan and Guinea-Bissau. Despite the move towards compulsory education, many developing nations still have a low proportion of primary school age children, especially girls, who are enrolled at any school.

DEFINITION: Duration of compulsory education is the number of grades (or years) that a child must legally be enrolled in school.

CONTENTS

# COUNTRY AMOUNT DATE GRAPH
1 Dominica 13 years 2000
2 Netherlands 13 years 2000
3 Saint Lucia 13 years 2000
4 Saint Kitts and Nevis 13 years 2000
5 Belgium 13 years 2000
6 Germany 13 years 2000
7 Barbados 12 years 2000
8 United Kingdom 12 years 2000
9 The Bahamas 12 years 2000
10 New Zealand 12 years 2000
11 Bermuda 12 years 2000
12 United States 12 years 2000
13 Brunei 12 years 2000
14 Grenada 12 years 2000
15 Antigua and Barbuda 12 years 2000
Group of 7 countries (G7) average (profile) 11.14 years 2000
16 Canada 11 years 2000
17 France 11 years 2000
18 Norway 11 years 2000
19 Australia 11 years 2000
20 Moldova 11 years 2000
21 Israel 11 years 1997
22 Guatemala 11 years 2000
23 Spain 11 years 2000
24 Gabon 11 years 2000
25 Azerbaijan 11 years 2000
26 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 11 years 2000
27 Peru 11 years 2000
28 Armenia 11 years 2000
29 Bhutan 11 years 2000
30 Malta 11 years 2000
31 Iceland 11 years 2000
32 Kazakhstan 11 years 2000
33 Tunisia 11 years 2000
High income OECD countries average (profile) 10.34 years 2000
Heavily indebted countries average (profile) 10.13 years 2000
Eurozone average (profile) 10.11 years 2000
34 Burkina Faso 10 years 2000
35 Liberia 10 years 2000
36 Monaco 10 years 2000
37 Slovakia 10 years 2000
38 Dominican Republic 10 years 1997
39 Finland 10 years 2000
40 Costa Rica 10 years 2000
41 Luxembourg 10 years 2000
42 Ireland 10 years 2000
43 Ecuador 10 years 2000
44 Netherlands Antilles 10 years 2000
45 Denmark 10 years 2000
46 Lebanon 10 years 2000
47 Fiji 10 years 2000
48 Jordan 10 years 2000
49 Hungary 10 years 2000
50 Mexico 10 years 2000
51 Botswana 10 years 2000
52 Samoa 10 years 2000
53 Macau 10 years 2000
54 Czech Republic 10 years 2000
55 Cote d'Ivoire 10 years 2000
56 Togo 10 years 2000
57 Sweden 10 years 2000
58 Russia 10 years 2000
59 Japan 10 years 2000
60 Puerto Rico 10 years 1997
61 Kiribati 10 years 2000
62 French Polynesia 10 years 1997
63 Seychelles 10 years 2000
64 Uruguay 10 years 2000
65 Kyrgyzstan 10 years 2000
66 New Caledonia 10 years 1997
67 Guyana 10 years 2000
68 Namibia 10 years 2000
Non-religious countries average (profile) 9.92 years 2000
NATO countries average (profile) 9.89 years 2000
European Union average (profile) 9.86 years 2000
Europe average (profile) 9.81 years 2000
Former Soviet republics average (profile) 9.77 years 2000
Latin America and Caribbean average (profile) 9.53 years 2000
69 Madagascar 9 years 2000
70 Tajikistan 9 years 2000
71 Turkey 9 years 2000
72 Bahrain 9 years 1997
73 Indonesia 9 years 2000
74 Libya 9 years 2000
75 Portugal 9 years 2000
76 Malaysia 9 years 1997
77 El Salvador 9 years 2000
78 Thailand 9 years 2000
79 Belize 9 years 2000
80 Georgia 9 years 2000
81 Morocco 9 years 2000
82 Estonia 9 years 2000
83 Italy 9 years 2000
84 Papua New Guinea 9 years 2000
85 Mauritania 9 years 2000
86 Greece 9 years 2000
87 Paraguay 9 years 2000
88 Lithuania 9 years 2000
89 Argentina 9 years 2000
90 Cyprus 9 years 2000
91 Cuba 9 years 2000
92 China 9 years 2000
93 Ukraine 9 years 2000
94 Tonga 9 years 2000
95 Mali 9 years 2000
96 South Africa 9 years 2000
97 Austria 9 years 2000
98 Latvia 9 years 2000
99 Belarus 9 years 2000
100 Algeria 9 years 2000
101 Marshall Islands 9 years 2000
102 Chile 9 years 2000
103 Switzerland 9 years 2000
104 Poland 9 years 2000
105 Sri Lanka 9 years 2000
Catholic countries average (profile) 8.82 years 2000
Emerging markets average (profile) 8.7 years 2000
Former Spanish colonies average (profile) 8.56 years 2000
106 Malawi 8 years 2000
107 Colombia 8 years 2000
108 Sudan 8 years 2000
109 Republic of Macedonia 8 years 2000
110 Bolivia 8 years 2000
111 Ghana 8 years 2000
112 Albania 8 years 2000
113 India 8 years 1997
114 Kenya 8 years 2000
115 Mongolia 8 years 2000
116 Somalia 8 years 2000
117 Bulgaria 8 years 2000
118 Romania 8 years 2000
119 Brazil 8 years 2000
120 Croatia 8 years 2000
121 Kuwait 8 years 2000
122 Comoros 8 years 2000
Former French colonies average (profile) 7.86 years 2000
Sub-Saharan Africa average (profile) 7.45 years 2000
123 Swaziland 7 years 2000
124 Tanzania 7 years 2000
125 Vanuatu 7 years 2000
126 Philippines 7 years 2000
127 Maldives 7 years 2000
128 Venezuela 7 years 2000
129 Zimbabwe 7 years 2000
130 Trinidad and Tobago 7 years 2000
131 Slovenia 7 years 2000
132 Jamaica 7 years 2000
133 United Arab Emirates 7 years 2000
134 Lesotho 7 years 2000
135 Eritrea 7 years 2000
136 Mozambique 7 years 2000
137 Zambia 7 years 2000
OPEC countries average (profile) 6.8 years 2000
South Asia average (profile) 6.75 years 2000
138 Ethiopia 6 years 2000
139 Cameroon 6 years 2000
140 Afghanistan 6 years 2000
141 Central African Republic 6 years 1997
142 Mauritius 6 years 2000
143 Guinea 6 years 2000
144 Panama 6 years 2000
145 Nigeria 6 years 2000
146 Rwanda 6 years 2000
147 Qatar 6 years 2000
148 Suriname 6 years 2000
149 Senegal 6 years 2000
150 Syria 6 years 2000
151 Sao Tome and Principe 6 years 2000
152 Cambodia 6 years 1997
153 Saudi Arabia 6 years 2000
154 Cape Verde 6 years 2000
155 Benin 6 years 2000
156 Chad 6 years 2000
157 Niger 6 years 2000
158 Haiti 6 years 2000
159 Iraq 6 years 2000
160 Guinea-Bissau 6 years 2000
161 Djibouti 6 years 2000
162 Burundi 6 years 2000
163 Nicaragua 6 years 2000
164 Honduras 6 years 1997
165 Bangladesh 5 years 2000
166 Nepal 5 years 1997
167 Pakistan 5 years 2000
168 Equatorial Guinea 5 years 2000
169 Vietnam 5 years 2000
170 Burma 5 years 2000
171 Angola 4 years 2000

Citation

"Countries Compared by Education > Duration of compulsory education. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", UNESCO. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Education/Duration-of-compulsory-education

Education > Duration of compulsory education: Countries Compared Map

NationMaster

0

Education is one of the criteria for determining the United Nations HDI (Human Development Index)

For most contries the current number of years of compulsory education is higher than the average years of schooling for adults. This is primarily due to increases in the duration of compulsory education.


This difference is most pronounced in developing nations where compulsory schooling has only recently been introduced, such as Mali, Sudan and Guinea-Bissau. Despite the move towards compulsory education, many developing nations still have a low proportion of primary school age children, especially girls, who are enrolled at any school.

Posted on 26 Mar 2005

Edria Murray, Staff editor

Edria Murray, Staff editor

0

In Norway there are just 10 years of mandatory school, not 11.

Posted on 25 Nov 2013

Daniel

Daniel

0

Education must be made compulsory atleast till the age of 16. In this way the Millenium Development Goals can be achieved! Aristotle: "Education is an ornament in prosperity n a refuge in adversity". Owing to education, the economy of a country can be propelled on a modern development path. Our modern society requires educated people not illeterate ones!!

Posted on 08 Oct 2012

(^-^)

(^-^)

0

In the State of New Jersey, compulsory education law requires student to begin formal education at the age of 6 years (First grade) and, with parental consent, to end at the age of 16.

A major educational policy highly correlated to students withdrawing from school prior to graduation is the experience of having been "left back" due to academic failure.

Retention is simply punitive. It plants the seed of student disaffection with school. There is no educational advantage or benefit for repeating a grade, other than getting better report card grades for the second time around the same curricular instruction.

Research in the professional journals of school social work, education, and school psychology will attest to the most significant risk-factor associated with retention, i.e., leaving school before graduation.

Early identification followed by early intervention to address the student's learning difficulties is the proven alternative to retention.

When your child's teacher proposes retention, ask for the research that endorses retention as an legitimate educational intervention.

Whenever a certificated school professional asserts any opinion, observation, comment or judgment, ask for the research that supports those claims. The board of education hires professionals for these professional expertise, not their personal opinion, beliefs, etc. Accept only research-based claims by educators. You have a right to know what the educator knows which is based not on individual experience but what research has established as currently "the best practice".

Whenever an educator says, "...because it's the law!", again just ask for the legal citation.

The only person who has federally protected privileged communication is the school social worker when holding the State's highest clinical social work license, e.g., LCSW. Licensed clinical social workers in the capacity of a school social worker is authorized to provide mental health services to your child in school. Some States may refer to such services as psychotherapy or psychotherapeutic counseling.

For students under the age of 16, parental consent is required to provide mental health services. In such a case, you, the parent have the federally protected privileged communication which you may invoke as it relates to disclosures made by the LCSW to staff members who do not need to know nor have the right to access the clinical social worker's notes.

Nor must the social worker withhold information which would interfere with a colleague's need for clinical information to perform his/her job responsibilities. It is the ethical responsibility of the clinical social worker to make the determination as to what needs to be disclosed; it is considered ethical standard of practice to seek parental consent to share confidentially acquired information.

Unless there is "a duty to warn" involved, there may be no breach of privileged communication by the licensed clinical social worker.

Posted on 04 Mar 2011

Harry Kuhn, MA, MSW, LCSW, School Social

Harry Kuhn, MA, MSW, LCSW, School Social

0

It is strange that such big countries as:Egypt,CongoDR,Iran,South and North Koreas,Taivan,Uganda,Uzbekistan,Yemen are not in this data list.

Posted on 18 Apr 2010

Audrius

Audrius

0

The United States allows you to drop out of school at age 16.

Posted on 14 Apr 2010

elleasaurrawr

elleasaurrawr

0

Anthony - we go through 12th grade here and Kindergarten is not legally required for all children in all states. This means that 12 is the correct number for the United States. Remember these are years of required schooling per country - not average years of actual schooling.

Posted on 17 Mar 2010

Sara

Sara

0

You are wrong about the United States, my friend.

Posted on 04 May 2009

Anthony

Anthony

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