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China

China Education Stats

Author: Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

The Chinese government maintains and controls education in the country through the Ministry of Education. China has 9 years of compulsory education which is funded by the government, including 6 years of primary education, and 3 years in middle school. This can vary from one state to another as there are some states with 5 years and 4 years in the primary and middle school, respectively. Official data reveals that primary education has 99% attendance and 85% attendance in middle school.

The government used to fund education of its citizens from primary to college, but in 1985, the policy was changed in favor of a scholarship system – students wishing to go through senior high school and college must compete for scholarship grants in order to prove their skills and intelligence. This way, the government is assured that they money that they give has little chance of going to waste.

Today, the educational system of China is the largest in the world. It has also attracted the attention of international students, making the country the most popular destination for international studies in Asia, and the third all over the world.

This popularity is attributed to the huge government support to the educational system (at 4% of the country’s GDP), and the fact that the school employs highly qualified and motivated teachers. Teacher aspirants are required to undergo rigid training and long hours of real-classroom observation. Even as professional teachers, they still undergo significant training and re-training with other senior teachers in their respective schools.

Definitions

  • Adult literacy rate > Female: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life."
  • Adult literacy rate > Total: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life."
  • Average IQ: Average IQ of different countries according to the controversial book "IQ and the Wealth of Nations".
  • Elementary school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male primary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.
  • High school > Gender ratio: Ratio of female to male secondary enrollment is the percentage of girls to boys enrolled at secondary level in public and private schools.
  • High school enrolment rate: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Literacy > Definition: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Preschool enrollment rate: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Primary education provides children with basic reading, writing, and mathematics skills along with an elementary understanding of such subjects as history, geography, natural science, social science, art, and music."
  • Progression to secondary level: Progression to secondary level is the number of new entrants to the first grade of general secondary education, expressed as a percentage of the number of pupils in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Spending > USD: Education expenditure refers to the current operating expenditures in education, including wages and salaries and excluding capital investments in buildings and equipment."
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
  • Universities > Top 100: Number of universities in the top 100
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Adult literacy rate > Female 90.5 2008 49th out of 110
Adult literacy rate > Total 93.7 2008 42nd out of 110
Average IQ 100 2002 10th out of 51
Elementary school > Gender ratio 103.84 2008 5th out of 135
High school > Gender ratio 105.08 2008 28th out of 116
High school enrolment rate 95.14 2007 49th out of 96
Literacy > Definition age 15 and over can read and write 2007
Literacy > Female 87.6% 2007 2nd out of 3
Literacy > Male 95.7% 2007 2nd out of 3
Literacy > Total population 91.6% 2007 2nd out of 3
Preschool enrollment rate 113.2 2008 30th out of 135
Progression to secondary level 88 1995 20th out of 36
Spending > USD 78.48 billion 2008 7th out of 154
Tertiary enrollment 7.5% 2002 22nd out of 41
Universities > Top 100 4 2005 7th out of 22

SOURCES: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; Lynn, R. and Vanhanen, T. (2002). IQ and the Wealth of Nations. Westport, CT: Praeger. ISBN 0-275-97510-X; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO; World Bank staff estimates using data from the United Nations Statistics Division's Statistical Yearbook, and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics online database.; The Times, 2005

Citation

"China Education Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/China/Education

5

The Chinese government maintains and controls education in the country through the Ministry of Education. China has 9 years of compulsory education which is funded by the government, including 6 years of primary education, and 3 years in middle school. This can vary from one state to another as there are some states with 5 years and 4 years in the primary and middle school, respectively. Official data reveals that primary education has 99% attendance and 85% attendance in middle school.

The government used to fund education of its citizens from primary to college, but in 1985, the policy was changed in favor of a scholarship system – students wishing to go through senior high school and college must compete for scholarship grants in order to prove their skills and intelligence. This way, the government is assured that they money that they give has little chance of going to waste.

Today, the educational system of China is the largest in the world. It has also attracted the attention of international students, making the country the most popular destination for international studies in Asia, and the third all over the world.

This popularity is attributed to the huge government support to the educational system (at 4% of the country’s GDP), and the fact that the school employs highly qualified and motivated teachers. Teacher aspirants are required to undergo rigid training and long hours of real-classroom observation. Even as professional teachers, they still undergo significant training and re-training with other senior teachers in their respective schools.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

245

3

China has repositioned itself in the cross-border provision of higher education. Observers perceive this development as an impending threat to Australia's $15 billion worldwide education sector. The progress of China can be an opportunity for Australia to make the most of its current education-supplier reputation. China is acknowledged as having the biggest education system in the whole world. In fact, there were more than 9 million Chinese students who took the country’s National Higher Education Entrance Examination in 2013. The government’s education ministry estimates that 99.7 percent of China’s populace has availed of the collective basic education of nine years. This is compulsory education for all of Chinese kids nationwide. Higher education is also important for the Chinese in accordance with the theory of socialist modernization.

Posted on 07 Apr 2014

jaacosta47

jaacosta47

285

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