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China

China Education Stats

Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

The Chinese government maintains and controls education in the country through the Ministry of Education. China has 9 years of compulsory education which is funded by the government, including 6 years of primary education, and 3 years in middle school. This can vary from one state to another as there are some states with 5 years and 4 years in the primary and middle school, respectively. Official data reveals that primary education has 99% attendance and 85% attendance in middle school.

The government used to fund education of its citizens from primary to college, but in 1985, the policy was changed in favor of a scholarship system – students wishing to go through senior high school and college must compete for scholarship grants in order to prove their skills and intelligence. This way, the government is assured that they money that they give has little chance of going to waste.

Today, the educational system of China is the largest in the world. It has also attracted the attention of international students, making the country the most popular destination for international studies in Asia, and the third all over the world.

This popularity is attributed to the huge government support to the educational system (at 4% of the country’s GDP), and the fact that the school employs highly qualified and motivated teachers. Teacher aspirants are required to undergo rigid training and long hours of real-classroom observation. Even as professional teachers, they still undergo significant training and re-training with other senior teachers in their respective schools.

Definitions

  • Adult literacy rate > Total: Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life."
  • Average years of schooling of adults: Average years of schooling of adults is the years of formal schooling received, on average, by adults over age 15. (Data Source: Barro-Lee Data Set www.worldbank.org/html/prdmg/grthweb/ddbarle2.htm)
  • Children out of school, primary: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Children out of school, primary per 1000: Children out of school, primary. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Total is the total number of primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Children out of school, primary, female: Children out of school, primary, female. Out-of-school children of primary school age. Female is the total number of female primary-school-age children who are not enrolled in either primary or secondary schools.
  • Compulsary education duration: Number of years students are required to be enrolled in school for all levels of education. For instance, compulsary education lasts for 12 years in the United States.
  • High school enrolment rate: Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Literacy > Total population: This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of our source. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons.
  • Primary education, duration > Years: Primary education, duration (years). Duration of primary is the number of grades (years) in primary education.
  • Primary education, teachers per 1000: Primary education, teachers. Teaching staff in primary. Public and private. Full and part-time. All programmes. Total is the total number of teachers in public and private primary education institutions. Teachers are persons employed full time or part time in an official capacity to guide and direct the learning experience of pupils and students, irrespective of their qualifications or the delivery mechanism, i.e. face-to-face and/or at a distance. This definition excludes educational personnel who have no active teaching duties (e.g. headmasters, headmistresses or principals who do not teach) and persons who work occasionally or in a voluntary capacity in educational institutions. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, primary: Pupil-teacher ratio, primary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Primary is the number of pupils enrolled in primary school divided by the number of primary school teachers.
  • Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary: Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary. Pupil-teacher ratio. Secondary is the number of pupils enrolled in secondary school divided by the number of secondary school teachers.
  • Secondary education, duration > Years: Secondary education, duration (years). Duration of secondary education is the number of grades (years) in secondary education (ISCED 2 & 3).
  • Tertiary enrollment: Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary level is the sum of all tertiary level students enrolled at the start of the school year, expressed as a percentage of the mid-year population in the 5 year age group after the official secondary school leaving age.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Adult literacy rate > Total 93.7 2008 42nd out of 110
Average years of schooling of adults 6.4 2000 45th out of 100
Children out of school, primary 17.45 million 1997 1st out of 60
Children out of school, primary per 1000 14.19 1997 21st out of 60
Children out of school, primary, female 8.48 million 1997 1st out of 49
Compulsary education duration 9 2012 60th out of 109
High school enrolment rate 95.14 2007 49th out of 96
Literacy > Female 87.6% 2007 2nd out of 3
Literacy > Total population 91.6% 2007 2nd out of 3
Primary education, duration > Years 5 2012 154th out of 200
Primary education, teachers per 1000 4.42 2011 71st out of 134
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary 16.79 2011 80th out of 131
Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary 15.15 2011 48th out of 99
Secondary education, duration > Years 6 2012 104th out of 197
Tertiary enrollment 7.5% 2002 22nd out of 41

SOURCES: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.; UNESCO; UNESCO Institute for Statistics; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Source tables; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

Citation

"China Education Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/China/Education

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5

The Chinese government maintains and controls education in the country through the Ministry of Education. China has 9 years of compulsory education which is funded by the government, including 6 years of primary education, and 3 years in middle school. This can vary from one state to another as there are some states with 5 years and 4 years in the primary and middle school, respectively. Official data reveals that primary education has 99% attendance and 85% attendance in middle school.

The government used to fund education of its citizens from primary to college, but in 1985, the policy was changed in favor of a scholarship system – students wishing to go through senior high school and college must compete for scholarship grants in order to prove their skills and intelligence. This way, the government is assured that they money that they give has little chance of going to waste.

Today, the educational system of China is the largest in the world. It has also attracted the attention of international students, making the country the most popular destination for international studies in Asia, and the third all over the world.

This popularity is attributed to the huge government support to the educational system (at 4% of the country’s GDP), and the fact that the school employs highly qualified and motivated teachers. Teacher aspirants are required to undergo rigid training and long hours of real-classroom observation. Even as professional teachers, they still undergo significant training and re-training with other senior teachers in their respective schools.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

247 Stat enthusiast

3

China has repositioned itself in the cross-border provision of higher education. Observers perceive this development as an impending threat to Australia's $15 billion worldwide education sector. The progress of China can be an opportunity for Australia to make the most of its current education-supplier reputation. China is acknowledged as having the biggest education system in the whole world. In fact, there were more than 9 million Chinese students who took the country’s National Higher Education Entrance Examination in 2013. The government’s education ministry estimates that 99.7 percent of China’s populace has availed of the collective basic education of nine years. This is compulsory education for all of Chinese kids nationwide. Higher education is also important for the Chinese in accordance with the theory of socialist modernization.

Posted on 07 Apr 2014

jaacosta47

jaacosta47

422 Stat enthusiast

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