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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnian and Herzegovinian Government Stats

Definitions

  • Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
  • Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
  • Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
  • Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
  • Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
  • Government corruption rating: Transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector assess the extent to which the executive can be held accountable for its use of funds and for the results of its actions by the electorate and by the legislature and judiciary, and the extent to which public employees within the executive are required to account for administrative decisions, use of resources, and results obtained. The three main dimensions assessed here are the accountability of the executive to oversight institutions and of public employees for their performance, access of civil society to information on public affairs, and state capture by narrow vested interests."
  • Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
  • International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
  • Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
  • Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
  • Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
  • Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
  • Political pressure groups and leaders: Organizations with leaders involved in politics, but not standing for legislative election.
  • Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Administrative divisions 2 first-order administrative divisions and 1 internationally supervised district* - Brcko District (Brcko Distrikt)*, the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine) and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska 2013
Capital city > Geographic coordinates 43 52 N, 18 25 E 2008
Capital city > Name Sarajevo 2011
Constitution the Dayton Peace Accords, signed 14 December 1995 in Paris, included a constitution 2012
Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address use embassy street address 2013
Executive branch > Cabinet Council of Ministers nominated by the council chairman; approved by the state-level House of Representatives 2013
Government corruption rating 3 2009 37th out of 74
Government type emerging federal democratic republic 2013
International organization participation BIS, CD, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OIC (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SELEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer) 2013
Judicial branch BiH Constitutional Court (consists of nine members: four members are selected by the Bosniak/Croat Federation's House of Representatives, two members by the Republika Srpska's National Assembly, and three non-Bosnian members by the president of the European Court of Human Rights); BiH State Court (consists of 44 national judges and seven international judges and has three divisions - Administrative, Appellate and Criminal - having jurisdiction over cases related to state-level law and cases initiated in the entities that question BiH's sovereignty, political independence, or national security or with economic crimes that have serious repercussions to BiH's economy, beyond that of an entity or Brcko District); a War Crimes Chamber opened in March 2005 2012
Legal system civil law system; Constitutional Court review of legislative acts 2013
Legislative branch bicameral Parliamentary Assembly or Skupstina consists of the House of Peoples or Dom Naroda (15 seats, 5 Bosniak, 5 Croat, 5 Serb; members elected by the Bosniak/Croat Federation's House of Peoples and the Republika Srpska's National Assembly to serve four-year terms); and the state-level House of Representatives or Predstavnicki Dom (42 seats, 28 seats allocated for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and 14 seats for the Republika Srpska; members elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms); note - Bosnia's election law specifies four-year terms for the state and first-order administrative division entity legislatures 2011
Political parties and leaders Alliance for a Better Future of BiH or SBB BiH [Fahrudin RADONCIC]
Alliance of Independent Social Democrats or SNSD [Milorad DODIK]
Bosnian Party or BOSS [Mirnes AJANOVIC]
Bosnian Patriotic Party or BPS [Sefer HALILOVIC]
Civic Democratic Party or GDS [Ibrahim SPAHIC]
Croat Peasants' Party-New Croat Initiative or HSS-NHI [Ante COLAK]
Croatian Christian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina or HKDU [Ivan MUSA]
Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina or HDZ-BiH [Dragan COVIC]
Croatian Democratic Union 1990 or HDZ-1990 [Bozo LJUBIC]
Croatian Party of Rights of Bosnia and Herzegovina or HSP BiH [Zvonko JURISIC]
Democratic National Union or DNZ [Rifat DOLIC]
Democratic Party or DP [Dragan CAVIC]
Democratic Peoples' Alliance or DNS [Marko PAVIC]
Liberal Democratic Party or LDS [Amir HUSARIC]
Nasa Stranka or NS [Denis GRATZ]
New Socialist Party or NSP [Zdravko KRSMANOVIC]
Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina or SBiH [Amer JERLAGIC]
Party of Democratic Action or SDA [Sulejman TIHIC]
Party of Democratic Progress or PDP [Mladen IVANIC]
'People's' Party of Work for Progress or NSRzB [Mladen IVANKOVIC-LIJANOVIC]
Serb Democratic Party or SDS [Mladen BOSIC]
Serb Radical Party of the Republika Srpska or SRS-RS [Milanko MIHAJLICA]
Serb Radical Party-Dr. Vojislav Seselj or SRS-VS [Nemanja SAROVIC]
Social Democratic Party of BiH or SDP BiH [Zlatko LAGUMDZIJA]
Social Democratic Union or SDU [Nermin PECANAC]
Socialist Party of Republika Srpska or SPRS [Petar DJOKIC]
2013
Political pressure groups and leaders other: war veterans; displaced persons associations; family associations of missing persons; private media 2013
Suffrage 18 years of age, 16 if employed; universal 2013

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; World Bank Group, CPIA database (http://www.worldbank.org/ida).

Citation

"Bosnia and Herzegovina Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Bosnia-and-Herzegovina/Government