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Government > Constitution: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution.

COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
AfghanistanAfghanistan several previous; latest drafted 14 December 2003 - 4 January 2004, signed 16 January 2004, ratified 26 January 2004
AkrotiriAkrotiri presented 3 August 1960, effective 16 August 1960; amended 1966 (The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order in Council 1960, serves as a basic legal document)
AlbaniaAlbania several previous; latest approved by parliament 21 October 1998, adopted by popular referendum 22 November 1998, promulgated 28 November 1998; amended 2008, 2012
AlgeriaAlgeria adopted 8 September 1963; amended several times, last in 2008
American SamoaAmerican Samoa ratified 2 June 1966, effective 1 July 1967
AndorraAndorra drafted 1991, approved by referendum 14 March 1993, effective 28 April 1993
AngolaAngola previous 1975, 1992; latest adopted 5 February 2010
AnguillaAnguilla several previous; latest 1 April 1982; amended 1990
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua+ 1 November 1981
ArgentinaArgentina several previous; latest effective 11 May 1853; amended many times, last in 1994
ArmeniaArmenia previous 1915, 1978; latest adopted 5 July 1995; amended 2005
ArubaAruba previous 1947, 1955; latest drafted and approved August 1985, enacted 1 January 1986 (regulates governance of Aruba, but is subordinate to the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
AustraliaAustralia 9 July 1900; effective 1 January 1901; amended several times, last in 1977
AustriaAustria several previous; latest adopted 1 October 1920, revised 1929, replaced May 1934 (authoritarian-corporate constitution), replaced by German Weimar constitution in 1938 following German annexation; latest reinstated 1 May 1945 (1920 constitution with 1929
AzerbaijanAzerbaijan adopted 12 November 1995; modified by referendum 24 August 2002
BahrainBahrain adopted 14 February 2002; amended 2012
BangladeshBangladesh enacted 4 November 1972; effective 16 December 1972; suspended following coup of 24 March 1982; restored 10 November 1986; amended many times
BarbadosBarbados 30 November 1966
BelarusBelarus several previous; latest drafted between late 1991 and early 1994, signed 15 March 1994; amended 1996, 2004
BelgiumBelgium drafted 25 November 1830, approved 7 February 1831, entered into force 26 July 1831, revised 14 July 1993 (creating a federal state); amended many times, last in 2012
BelizeBelize previous 1954, 1963 (preindependence); latest signed and entered into force 21 September 1981; amended several times, last in 2012
BeninBenin previous 1946, 1958 (preindependence); latest adopted by referendum 2 December 1990, promulgated 11 December 1990
BermudaBermuda several previous (dating to 1684); latest entered into force 8 June 1968; amended several times, last in 2003
BhutanBhutan ratified 18 July 2008
BoliviaBolivia many previous; latest drafted 6 August 2006-9 December 2008, approved by referendum 25 January 2009, effective 7 February 2009; amended 2013
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia+ the Dayton Peace Accords, signed 14 December 1995 in Paris, included a constitution
BotswanaBotswana March 1965; effective 30 September 1966
BrazilBrazil several previous; latest ratified 5 October 1988; amended many times, last in 2012
British Virgin IslandsBrit. Virgin Isl. 13 June 2007
BruneiBrunei 29 September 1959 (some provisions suspended under a State of Emergency since December 1962, others since independence on 1 January 1984)
BulgariaBulgaria adopted 12 July 1991
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso several previous; latest approved by referendum 2 June 1991, adopted 11 June 1991; amended several times, last in 2012
BurmaBurma approved by referendum 29 May 2008; reformed by a series of acts in 2011
BurundiBurundi several previous; latest ratified by popular referendum 28 February 2005
CambodiaCambodia promulgated 21 September 1993
CameroonCameroon approved by referendum 20 May 1972; adopted 2 June 1972; revised January 1996; amended April 2008
CanadaCanada made up of unwritten and written acts, customs, judicial decisions, and traditions; the written part of the constitution consists of the Constitution Act of 29 March 1867, which created a federation of four provinces, and the Constitution Act of 17 April 1982, which transferred formal control over the constitution from Britain to Canada, and added a Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms as well as procedures for constitutional amendments
Cape VerdeCape Verde 25 September 1992; a major revision on 23 November 1995 substantially increased the powers of the president; a 1999 revision created the position of national ombudsman (Provedor de Justica)
Cayman IslandsCayman Islands several previous; latest approved 10 June 2009, entered into force 6 November 2009 (The Cayman Islands Constitution Order 2009)
Central African RepublicCentral Africa ratified by popular referendum 5 December 2004; effective 27 December 2004
ChadChad passed by referendum 31 March 1996; a June 2005 referendum removed constitutional term limits
ChileChile 11 September 1980, effective 11 March 1981; amended several times
ChinaChina most recent promulgation 4 December 1982; amended several times
Christmas IslandXmas Island Christmas Island Act of 1958-59 (1 October 1958) as amended by the Territories Law Reform Act of 1992
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsCocos Islands Cocos (Keeling) Islands Act of 1955 (23 November 1955) as amended by the Territories Law Reform Act of 1992
ColombiaColombia several previous; latest promulgated 5 July 1991; amended many times, last in 2011
ComorosComoros 23 December 2001
Congo, Republic of theCongo, Republic of the approved by referendum 20 January 2002
Cook IslandsCook Islands 4 August 1965
Costa RicaCosta Rica 7 November 1949
Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire previous 1960; latest approved by referendum 23 July 2000; amended 2012
CroatiaCroatia several previous; latest adopted 22 December 1990; amended several times, last in 2010
CubaCuba 24 February 1976; amended July 1992 and June 2002
CyprusCyprus ratified 16 August 1960(TRNC); in 1985, the TRNC approved its own constitution
Czech RepublicCzech Republic previous 1960; latest ratified 16 December 1992, effective 1 January 1993; amended several times, last in 2013
Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. 18 February 2006
DenmarkDenmark 5 June 1953
DhekeliaDhekelia presented 3 August 1960, effective 16 August 1960; amended 1966 (The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Order in Council 1960, serves as a basic legal document)
DjiboutiDjibouti approved by referendum 4 September 1992
DominicaDominica 3 November 1978
Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. many previous (38 total); latest proclaimed 26 January 2010
East TimorEast Timor drafted 2001, approved 22 March 2002, entered into force 20 May 2002
EcuadorEcuador 20 October 2008; this is Ecuador's 20th constitution
EgyptEgypt several previous; latest approved 30 November 2012, passed by referendum 15-22 December 2012, effective 26 December 2012
El SalvadorEl Salvador many previous; latest drafted 16 December 1983, enacted 23 December 1983; amended many times, last in 2009
Equatorial GuineaEqu. Guinea approved by referendum 17 November 1991; amended several times, last in 2012
EritreaEritrea adopted 23 May 1997, but has not yet been fully implemented
EstoniaEstonia several previous; latest adopted 28 June 1992; amended several times, last in 2012
EthiopiaEthiopia several previous; latest drafted June 1994, adopted 8 December 1994, entered into force 21 August 1995
European UnionEuropean Union none
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)Falklands 1 January 2009
Faroe IslandsFaroe Islands 5 June 1953 (Danish Constitution ), 23 March 1948 (Home Rule Act), and 24 June 2005 (Takeover Act) serve as the Faroe Islands’ constitutional position in the Unity of the Realm
Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesia drafted June 1975, ratified 1 October 1978, entered into force 10 May 1979; amended 1990
FijiFiji several previous; latest approved July 1997 (suspended in 2009)
FinlandFinland 1 March 2000
FranceFrance 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
French PolynesiaFr. Polynesia 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
GabonGabon adopted 14 March 1991
GeorgiaGeorgia previous 1921, 1978 (based on 1977 Soviet Union constitution); latest approved 24 August 1995, effective 17 October 1995; amended several times, last in 2013
GermanyGermany previous 1919 (Weimar Constitution); latest drafted 10 to 23 August 1948, approved 12 May 1949, promulgated 23 May 1949, entered into force 24 May 1949; amended many times, last in 2012
GhanaGhana several previous; latest drafted 31 March 1992, approved and promulgated 28 April 1992, entered into force 7 January 1993; amended 1996
GibraltarGibraltar 5 June 2006; came into force 2 January 2007
GreeceGreece many previous; latest entered into force 11 June 1975; amended 1986, 2001, 2008
GreenlandGreenland (June 2009) Act on Greenland Self Government
GrenadaGrenada 19 December 1973
GuamGuam effective 1 July 1950; amended many times, last in 2012
GuatemalaGuatemala several previous; latest adopted 31 May 1985, effective 14 January 1986; suspended, reinstated, and amended in 1993
GuernseyGuernsey unwritten; includes royal charters, statutes, and common law and practice
GuineaGuinea 7 May 2010 (Loi Fundamentale)
Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau promulgated 16 May 1984; amended several times, last in 1996
GuyanaGuyana several previous; latest promulgated 6 October 1980; amended many times, last in 2007
HaitiHaiti many previous (23 total); latest adopted 10 March 1987; amended 2012
Holy See (Vatican City)Vatican City previous 1929, 1963; latest adopted 26 November 2000, effective 22 February 2001 (Fundamental Law by Pope JOHN PAUL II)
HondurasHonduras several previous; latest approved 11 January 1982, effective 20 January 1982; amended many times, last in 2012
Hong KongHong Kong several previous (governance documents while under British authority); latest drafted April 1988 to February 1989, approved March 1990, promulgated 4 April 1990 (Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China se
HungaryHungary previous 1949 (heavily amended in 1989 following collapse of communism); latest approved 18 April 2011, signed 25 April 2011, effective 1 January 2012; amended several times, last in 2013
IcelandIceland several previous; latest ratified 16 June 1944, effective 17 June 1944 (at independence); amended many times, last in 2013
IndiaIndia previous 1935 (preindependence); latest draft completed 4 November 1949, adopted 26 November 1949, effective 26 January 1950; amended many times, last in 2013
IndonesiaIndonesia drafted July to August 1945, effective 17 August 1945, abrogated by 1949 and 1950 constitutions, 1945 constitution restored 5 July 1959; amended several times, last in 2002
IranIran previous 1906; latest adopted 24 October 1979, effective 3 December 1979; amended 1989
IraqIraq several previous; latest adopted by referendum 15 October 2005
IrelandIreland previous 1922; latest drafted 14 June 1937, adopted by plebiscite 1 July 1937, effective 29 December 1937; amended many times, last in 2012
Isle of ManIsle of Man unwritten
IsraelIsrael no formal constitution; some functions of a constitution are filled by the Declaration of Establishment (1948), the Basic Laws of the Parliament (Knesset), and the Israeli citizenship law(2013)
ItalyItaly previous 1848 (originally for Kingdom of Sardinia and adopted by Kingdom of Italy in 1861); latest enacted 22 December 1947, adopted 27 December 1947, entered into force 1 January 1948; amended many times, last in 2012
JamaicaJamaica 6 August 1962
JapanJapan previous 1890; latest approved 6 October 1946, adopted 3 November 1946, effective 3 May 1947
JerseyJersey unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
JordanJordan previous 1928 (preindependence); latest initially adopted 28 November 1947, revised and ratified 1 January 1952; amended several times, last in 2011
KazakhstanKazakhstan previous 1937, 1978 (preindependence); latest adopted 28 January 1993, approved by referendum 30 August 1995, effective 5 September 1995; amended 1998, 2007, 2011
KenyaKenya previous 1963, 1969; latest drafted 6 May 2010, passed by referendum 4 August 2010, promulgated 27 August 2010
KiribatiKiribati preindependence - The Gilbert and Ellice Islands Order in Council 1915, The Gilbert Islands Order in Council 1975; latest promulgated 12 July 1979 (at independence); amended 1995
KosovoKosovo previous 1974, 1990; latest (postindependence) draft finalized 2 April 2008, signed 7 April 2008, ratified 8 April 2008, entered into force 15 June 2008; amended 2013
KuwaitKuwait approved and promulgated 11 November 1962
KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan 27 June 2010
LaosLaos promulgated 14 August 1991; amended in 2003
LatviaLatvia 15 February 1922; restored to force by the Constitutional Law of the Republic of Latvia adopted by the Supreme Council 21 August 1991; multiple amendments since
LebanonLebanon drafted 15 May 1926, adopted 23 May 1926; amended several times, last in 2004
LesothoLesotho previous 1959, 1967; latest adopted 2 April 1993 (effectively restoring the 1967 version); amended 2001
LiberiaLiberia 6 January 1986
LibyaLibya previous 1951, 1977; latest 2011 (interim)
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein previous 1862; latest adopted 5 October 1921; amended many times, last in 2010
LithuaniaLithuania several previous; latest adopted by referendum 25 October 1992, entered into force 2 November 1992; amended 2003
LuxembourgLuxembourg 17 October 1868; occasional revisions
MacauMacau previous 1976 (Organic Statute of Macau, by Portugal); latest adopted 31 March 1993, effective 20 December 1999 (Basic Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region, by the People's Republic of China, serves as Macau's constitution)
MadagascarMadagascar previous 1992; latest passed by referendum 17 November 2010, promulgated 11 December 2010
MalawiMalawi 18 May 1994
MalaysiaMalaysia 31 August 1957; amended many times
MaldivesMaldives new constitution ratified 7 August 2008
MaliMali adopted 12 January 1992
MaltaMalta 1964; amended many times
Marshall IslandsMarshall Isl. 1 May 1979
MauritaniaMauritania previous 1964; latest adopted 12 July 1991; amended 2006, 2012
MauritiusMauritius several previous; latest adopted 12 March 1968; amended many times, last in 2012
MayotteMayotte 4
MexicoMexico several previous; latest approved 5 February 1917; amended many times, last in 2012
MoldovaMoldova adopted 29 July 1994; effective 27 August 1994
MonacoMonaco previous 1911 (suspended 1959); latest adopted 17 December 1962; amended 2002
MongoliaMongolia 13 January 1992
MontenegroMontenegro several previous; latest adopted 22 October 2007
MontserratMontserrat previous 1960; latest effective 1 September 2010; amended 2011
MoroccoMorocco 10 March 1972; revised 4 September 1992, amended September 1996; constitutional reforms expanding the government's powers approved in 1 July 2011 referendum
MozambiqueMozambique previous 1975, 1990; latest adopted 16 November 2004, effective 21 December 2004
NamibiaNamibia ratified 9 February 1990, effective 12 March 1990
NauruNauru 29 January 1968; amended 1968, 2009
NepalNepal several previous; latest entered into force 15 January 2007 (interim)
NetherlandsNetherlands previous 1597, 1798; latest adopted 24 August 1815 (substantially revised in 1848); amended many times, last in 2010
Netherlands AntillesN. Antilles 29 December 1954, Statute of the Realm of the Netherlands, as amended
New CaledoniaNew Caledonia 4 October 1958 (French Constitution with changes as reflected in Noumea Accord of 5 May 1998)
New ZealandNew Zealand Constitution Act 1986 (the principal formal charter) adopted and effective 1 January 1987; amended 1999, 2005
NicaraguaNicaragua 9 January 1987; revised in 1995, 2000, and 2005
NigerNiger adopted 31 October 2010
NigeriaNigeria adopted 5 May 1999; effective 29 May 1999
NiueNiue 19 October 1974 (Niue Constitution Act)
Norfolk IslandNorfolk Island Norfolk Island Act of 1979 as amended in 2005
North KoreaNorth Korea previous 1948, 1972 (revised several times); latest adopted 1998 (during KIM Jong Il era); revised 2009, 2012
Northern Mariana IslandsN. Mariana partially effective 1 January 1978 (Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands); fully effective 4 November 1986 (Covenant Agreement); amended several times, last in 2012
NorwayNorway drafted spring 1814, adopted 16 May 1814, signed by Constituent Assembly 17 May 1814; amended many times, last in 2012
OmanOman none
PakistanPakistan several previous; latest endorsed 12 April 1973, passed 19 April 1973, entered into force 14 August 1973 (suspended and restored several times); amended many times, last in 2012
PalauPalau 1 January 1981
PanamaPanama 11 October 1972; revised several times
Papua New GuineaPapua NG adopted 15 August 1975, effective at independence 16 September 1975; amended many times, last in 2003
ParaguayParaguay promulgated 20 June 1992
PeruPeru 29 December 1993
PhilippinesPhilippines several previous; latest ratified 2 February 1987, effective 11 February 1987
Pitcairn IslandsPitcarn The Pitcairn Constitution Order 2010, effective 4 March 2010
PolandPoland several previous; latest adopted 2 April 1997, approved by referendum 25 May 1997, effective 17 October 1997; amended 2006, 2009
PortugalPortugal several previous; latest adopted 2 April 1976, effective 25 April 1976; amended several times, last in 2005
Puerto RicoPuerto Rico previous 1900 (Organic Act, or Foraker Act); latest ratified 3 March 1952, approved 3 July 1952, effective 25 July 1952
QatarQatar previous 1972 (provisional); latest drafted 2 July 2002, approved by referendum 29 April 2003, endorsed 8 June 2004, effective 9 June 2005
Republic of MacedoniaMacedonia Rep. adopted 17 November 1991, effective 20 November 1991; amended November 2001, 2005, and in 2009
RomaniaRomania several previous; latest adopted 21 November 1991, approved by referendum and effective 8 December 1991
RussiaRussia several previous (during Russian Empire and Soviet eras); latest drafted 12 July 1993, adopted by referendum 12 December 1993, effective 25 December 1993; amended 2008
RwandaRwanda several previous; latest adopted by referendum 26 May 2003, effective 4 June 2003; amended several times, last in 2010
Saint BarthelemySt Barthelemy 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Saint HelenaSaint Helena The Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Constitution Order 2009, effective 1 September 2009
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da CunhaSaint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha several previous; latest effective 1 September 2009 (The St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Constitution Order 2009)
Saint Kitts and NevisSt Kitts+ 19 September 1983
Saint LuciaSaint Lucia previous 1958, 1960 (preindependence); latest presented 20 December 1978, effective 22 February 1979
Saint MartinSaint Martin 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Saint Pierre and MiquelonSt Pierre+ 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSt Vincent+ 27 October 1979
SamoaSamoa several previous (preindependence); latest 1 January 1962; amended several times, last in 2013
San MarinoSan Marino consists of several legislative instruments, chief among them the Statutes (Leges Statuti) of 1600 and the Declaration of Citizen Rights of 1974; latter document amended 2000, 2002
Sao Tome and PrincipeSoa Tome+ approved 5 November 1975; revised several times, last in 2003
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia 1 March 1992 - Basic Law of Government, issued by royal decree, serves as the constitutional framework and is based on the Qur'an and the life and tradition of the Prophet Muhammad
SenegalSenegal adopted 7 January 2001; amended many times
SerbiaSerbia adopted 8 November 2006; effective 10 November 2006
Serbia and MontenegroSerbia+ adopted 8 November 2006; effective 10 November 2006
SeychellesSeychelles 18 June 1993
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone several previous; latest in effect 1 October 1991; amended several times, last in 2010
SingaporeSingapore several previous; latest adopted 22 December 1965; amended several times, last in 2010
SlovakiaSlovakia ratified 1 September 1992, effective 1 January 1993; changed September 1998; amended February 2001
SloveniaSlovenia previous 1974 (preindependence); latest passed by legislature 23 December 1991; amended several times, last in 2013
Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands adopted 31 May 1978, effective 7 July 1978; amended several times, last in 2010
SomaliaSomalia previous 1961, 1979; latest drafted 12 June 2012, approved 1 August 2012 (provisional)
South AfricaSouth Africa several previous; latest drafted 8 May 1996, approved 4 December 1997, effective 4 February 1997; amended many times, last in 2013
South KoreaSouth Korea effective 17 July 1948; amended several times, last in 1987
South SudanSouth Sudan previous 2005 (preindependence); latest signed 7 July 2011 (Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011)
SpainSpain previous 1812; latest approved by legislature 31 October 1978, passed by referendum 6 December 1978, signed by the king 27 December 1978, effective 29 December 1978; amended 1992, 2011
Sri LankaSri Lanka adopted 16 August 1978, certified 31 August 1978; amended 20 December 2001
SudanSudan previous 1998; latest (interim) adopted 6 July 2005, effective 9 July 2005
SurinameSuriname previous 1975; latest ratified 30 September 1987, effective 30 October 1987; amended 1992
SwazilandSwaziland previous 1968, 1978; latest signed by the king 26 July 2005, effective 8 February 2006
SwedenSweden 1 January 1975
SwitzerlandSwitzerland previous 1848, 1874 (extensive revision of 1848 version); latest adopted by referendum 18 April 1999, effective 1 January 2000; amended several times, last in 2012
SyriaSyria several previous; latest issued 15 February 2012, passed by referendum 26 February 2012
TaiwanTaiwan previous 1912, 1931; latest adopted 25 December 1946, promulgated 1 January 1947, effective 25 December 1947; revised several times, last in 2005
TajikistanTajikistan 6 November 1994
TanzaniaTanzania several previous; latest adopted 25 April 1977; amended many times, last in 2012
ThailandThailand many previous; latest approved by referendum 19 August 2007, effective 24 August 2007
The BahamasThe Bahamas previous 1964 (preindependence); latest adopted 20 June 1973, effective 10 July 1973; amended many times, last in 2002
The GambiaThe Gambia approved by national referendum 8 August 1996; effective 16 January 1997
TogoTogo adopted by public referendum 27 September 1992
TokelauTokelau many previous; latest effective 1 January 1949 (Tokelau Islands Act 1948); amended many times, last in 2007
TongaTonga adopted 4 November 1875; amended many times, last in 2013
Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ previous 1962; latest 1976; amended many times, last in 2007
TunisiaTunisia several previous
TurkeyTurkey 7 November 1982; amended several times
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan adopted 18 May 1992; amended several times, last in 2008
Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks+ several previous; latest signed 7 August 2012, effective 15 October 2012 (Turks and Caicos Constitution Order 2011)
TuvaluTuvalu 1 October 1978
UgandaUganda 8 October 1995; amended 2005
UkraineUkraine adopted 28 June 1996
United Arab EmiratesUAE previous 1971 (provisional); latest drafted in 1979, became permanent May 1996; amended 2009
United KingdomUnited Kingdom unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
United StatesUnited States previous 1781 (Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union); latest drafted July - September 1787, submitted to the Congress of the Confederation 20 September 1787, submitted for states' ratification 28 September 1787, ratification completed by nine sta
UruguayUruguay several previous; latest approved by plebiscite 27 November 1966, effective 15 February 1967; amended several times, last in 2004
UzbekistanUzbekistan several previous; latest adopted 8 December 1992; amended several times, last in 2012
VanuatuVanuatu 30 July 1980
VenezuelaVenezuela 30
VietnamVietnam several previous; latest adopted 15 April 1992, effective 1 January 1995; amended 2001
Virgin IslandsVirgin Islands 22 July 1954 - the Revised Organic Act of the Virgin Islands functions as a constitution for this territory of the US
Wallis and FutunaWallis+ 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
YemenYemen adopted by referendum 16 May 1991 (following unification); amended several times, last in 2009
ZambiaZambia several previous; latest adopted 24 August 1991, promulgated 30 August 1991; amended 1996
ZimbabweZimbabwe previous 1979; latest approved by referendum 16 March 2013, approved by Parliament 9 May 2013

Citation

"All countries compared for Government > Constitution", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Government/Constitution

Statistics for Government > Constitution

Agriculture

Statistics and graphs related to agriculture are found here. How many agricultural workers are there per hectare? Tractors? Which country produces the maximum cotton? Who is the biggest exporter of bananas? Click in if these interest you.

TOP STATS: Agricultural machinery > Tractors, Arable land > Hectares, Agricultural growth and 306 more

Background

What is the background of the country? National bird? Get a quick summary of countries in this section.

TOP STATS: Overview, Full name

Cost of living

TOP STATS: Transport prices > Gas/petrol > 1 litre, Real estate prices > Interest rate, Real estate prices > Apartment purchase price per sqm > Outside city centre and 50 more

Crime

No explanation needed for this section. Murders. Guns. Jails. Crimes. Judges. We have all of that and more out here. Actually we go deeper than your routine crime beat sections. How many adults were prosecuted? What percentage were convicted? How many were women? What is the death penalty rate in different countries? How safe do the citizens perceive they are? Do they trust the police? Will they report a crime? You'll find surprising answers here.

TOP STATS: Rapes, Murders > Per capita, Total crimes and 155 more

Disasters

The tsunami rocked the civilized world with its widespread devastation. Learn the details of the losses incurred by the countries affected. How are the developed countries helping out? Who has pledged the most money? How do they compare? Check out...

TOP STATS: Tsunami > Death toll, Tsunami > Foreigners death toll, Tsunami > Funds pledged and 43 more

Economy

This category is all about money. GDP. Aid. Gross national income. Debt. Inflation. Trade balance. Foreign investment. Government spending. You get the idea.

TOP STATS: GDP per capita, GDP, Population below poverty line and 3530 more

Education

Any and every statistic which can be collected about schooling and the whole education sector can be found here. What is the duration of education in different countries? Is the percentage of enrollment different for sexes? How long do students spend learning their mother tongues? What is the mathematical aptitude of the average 8 year old? How many university degrees are awarded to females? What is the percentage of students who find school boring? We've tabulated them all for you.

TOP STATS: Literacy > Total population, Average IQ, Tertiary enrollment and 511 more

Energy

How does your country fare in Traditional Fuel Consumption? In Geothermal Energy Consumption? How many barrels of oil were imported into your country last year? Does your production of hydroelectricity match your consumption? Which countries in the world successfully produce nuclear energy for consumption? What is the average energy usage per person? All your questions regarding different forms of energy, their generation and consumption have been answered here.

TOP STATS: Oil > Consumption, Electricity > Consumption per capita, Oil > Production and 2359 more

Environment

How much area is declared as protected in the different countries of the world? How many endangered species of reptiles, mammals, birds etc are found in different countries? What are the national levels of pollution? Emissions? Nuclear waste generation? Salination of water resources and expenditure for waste treatment. International treaties, ratification and complaince. You'll find almost all statistics related to environmental pollution and conservational efforts here.

TOP STATS: Marine fish catch, Ecological footprint, CO2 Emissions and 249 more

Geography

All the stats pertaining to the physical features of the country in question can be found here. This implies that if you are looking for the co-ordinates or map references of countries, the land area, climate, boundaries, terrain, natural resources or coastlines, your search ends here.

TOP STATS: Natural resources, Area > Comparative, Area > Land and 79 more

Government

This category is all about the functioning of the government machinery. So, you'll find stats on the goverment administrative divisions, the executive, legistative and judiciary branches, constitution, parliamentary seats, secession attemps, suffrage, corruption - everything connected with our esteemed politicians.

TOP STATS: Legal system, Capital city > Geographic coordinates, Constitution and 323 more

Health

Statistics about the health of a country's citizens are present in this category. You can find stats related to birth weights, rates on smoking, HIV incidence, incidence of cancer, circulatory and other diseases, stats on infant and maternal mortality, life expectancy, suicide rates, teenage pergnancy and other health related topics. We also have some details on health expenditure and health care funding out here.

TOP STATS: Obesity, Abortions, Teenage pregnancy and 350 more

Industry

Lists all industry related stats like production of cars, buses trucks, LCVs, different industries like biotech firms and so on.

TOP STATS: Car > Production, Manufacturing output, Heavy truck > Production and 88 more

Labor

You can find detailed stats on the economic activity of the labor force broken over different age-groups and sexes. We also have stats on employment in different sectors, trade union memberships, the average work time, the average number of days the workers take off or even just don't show up! How many female decision makers does a country have? Doctors? What is the normal gender division of the housework? What are the unemployment details and benefits available? How long does an average person need to work to buy a loaf of bread? A car? A television set? Compare these values for different countries.

TOP STATS: Unemployment rate, Strikes, Agricultural workers > Male and 323 more

Language

What are the main languages spoken in the countries? How many English language speakers are there per country? How about French and Spanish? Check out the results here..

TOP STATS: Languages, Spanish speakers, French status and 13 more

Lifestyle

Here we rank countries based on amphetamine and cannabis use. But more interestingly, we go into their mindset. What do the citizens of different countries think of their armed forces? Will they report a crime? Do they trust their neighbours? What about their governments? Are they happy with life in general? How charitable are they? What is their political orientation? Are they proud of their countries? Will they fight for their countries? This is an utterly captivating category.

TOP STATS: Happiness net, Cannabis use, Happiness level > Very happy and 103 more

Media

Countries are ranked here depending on the penetration level of computers, phones, fax machines, radios, television sets, mobile phones etc. We also have other stats related to media like vastness of different networks, revenue and employment in different telecom sectors here.

TOP STATS: Personal computers > Per capita, Television viewing, Broadcast media and 319 more

Military

Want to know the size of the army in Iran? The number of tanks in Germany? Want to compare the weapon holdings in North and South Korea? Worried about the WMDs world over? Need to know the exact number of countries who have signed terrorism conventions? Or just curious about the coalition forces in the Gulf War? We've tried to collect all details available in the public domain for you here.

TOP STATS: WMD > Missile, Manpower fit for military service > Males age 16-49, Military expenditures and 175 more

People

Facts relating to the actual life of people are found here. So we have birth and death rates, marriage and divorce rates, single parents, one-person households and teenage pregnancies, size of households and elderly institutions, ethnicity and chinese population - just about every stat you always wanted to know! What is the average age of women when they first get married? How happy are they when compared to their mothers? What is the gender development index in different countries? What will the population be in 2020? Don't miss this category even if you didn't come searching for it specifically.

TOP STATS: Population, Ethnic groups, Divorce rate and 628 more

Religion

Where else could you find the number of Catholics, Catholic priests, Catholic parishes, Jehovahs Witnesses and the number of permanent deacons, and compare them all between major nations in a per-capita format? Check them all here.

TOP STATS: Religions, Islam > Percentage Muslim, Religions > All and 26 more

Sports

Who scored the maximum medals in the olympics? What about the summer and winter olympics? What are the latest FIFA rankings? Which country has the maximum number of Mt. Everest ascents? Get all the answers in this sports section.

TOP STATS: Chess > GrandMasters, FIFA World Ranking > Men, World Cup Totals > Wins and 508 more

Terrorism

This is a category which needs particular highlighting as the growing concern and need for awareness continues to press upon our front pages, in the minds of our leadership and politicians, and indeed, in our everyday conversations. We hope to expand this category into timely and essential data you can rely on to make sense of global and national security, political and societal violence, and our perceptions which are shaped by these notions.

TOP STATS: Background, 2002 Bali bombings > Deaths, Convention on hostages and 30 more

Transport

Here you can find the numbers on the different modes of transportation. How many cars does a country have? Airports? What is the lenght of its highways? What proportion is paved? What about runways, heliports and ports? Lets not leave out waterways or the merchant navy. We have them all here.

TOP STATS: Transportation > Note, Pipelines > Condensate, Ports and terminals and 376 more

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COUNTRIES COVERED
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