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Government > Executive branch > Cabinet: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members..

COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
AfghanistanAfghanistan 25 m
AlbaniaAlbania Council of Ministers proposed by the prime minister, nominated by the president, and approved by parliament
AlgeriaAlgeria Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
American SamoaAmerican Samoa Cabinet made up of 12 department directors
AndorraAndorra Executive Council of nine ministers designated by the Head of Government
AngolaAngola Council of Ministers appointed by the president
AnguillaAnguilla Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
Antigua and BarbudaAntigua+ Council of Ministers appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
ArgentinaArgentina Cabinet appointed by the president
ArmeniaArmenia Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
ArubaAruba Council of Ministers elected by the Staten
AustraliaAustralia prime minister nominates, from among members of Parliament, candidates who are subsequently sworn in by the governor general to serve as government ministers
AustriaAustria Council of Ministers chosen by the president on the advice of the chancellor
AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Council of Ministers appointed by the president and confirmed by the National Assembly
BahrainBahrain Cabinet appointed by the monarch
BangladeshBangladesh Cabinet selected by the prime minister and appointed by the president
BarbadosBarbados Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
BelarusBelarus Council of Ministers
BelgiumBelgium Council of Ministers are formally appointed by the monarch
BelizeBelize Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from the General Assembly
BeninBenin Council of Ministers appointed by the president
BermudaBermuda Cabinet nominated by the premier, appointed by the governor
BhutanBhutan Council of Ministers (Lhengye Zhungtshog) nominated by the monarch in consultation with the prime minister and approved by the National Assembly; members serve fixed, five-year terms; the leader of the majority party is nominated as the prime minister
BoliviaBolivia Cabinet appointed by the president
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia+ Council of Ministers nominated by the council chairman; approved by the state-level House of Representatives
BotswanaBotswana Cabinet appointed by the president
BrazilBrazil Cabinet appointed by the president
British Indian Ocean TerritoryIndian Ocean NA
British Virgin IslandsBrit. Virgin Isl. Executive Council appointed by the governor from members of the House of Assembly
BruneiBrunei Council of Cabinet Ministers appointed and presided over by the monarch; deals with executive matters(members appointed by the monarch) that advises on religious matters, a Privy Council (members appointed by the monarch) that deals with constitutional matters, and the Council of Succession (members appointed by the monarch) that determines the succession to the throne if the need arises
BulgariaBulgaria Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and elected by the National Assembly
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
BurmaBurma cabinet is appointed by the president and confirmed by the parliament
BurundiBurundi Council of Ministers appointed by president
CambodiaCambodia Council of Ministers named by the prime minister and appointed by the monarch
CameroonCameroon Cabinet appointed by the president from proposals submitted by the prime minister
CanadaCanada Federal Ministry chosen by the prime minister usually from among the members of his own party sitting in Parliament
Cape VerdeCape Verde Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Cayman IslandsCayman Islands The Cabinet (six members are appointed by the governor on the advice of the premier, selected from among the elected members of the Legislative Assembly)
Central African RepublicCentral Africa Council of Ministers
ChadChad Council of State; members are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
ChileChile Cabinet appointed by the president
ChinaChina State Council appointed by National People's Congress
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsCocos Islands NA
ColombiaColombia Cabinet appointed by the president
ComorosComoros Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Congo, Republic of theCongo, Republic of the Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Cook IslandsCook Islands Cabinet chosen by the prime minister; collectively responsible to Parliament
Costa RicaCosta Rica Cabinet selected by the president
Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire Council of Ministers appointed by the president
CroatiaCroatia Council of Ministers named by the prime minister and approved by the parliamentary assembly
CubaCuba Council of Ministers proposed by the president of the Council of State and appointed by the National Assembly or the 28-member Council of State, elected by the assembly to act on its behalf when it is not in session
CyprusCyprus Council of Ministers appointed jointly by the president and vice president
Czech RepublicCzech Republic Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Democratic Republic of the CongoCongo, DR. Ministers of State appointed by the president
DenmarkDenmark Council of State appointed by the monarch
DjiboutiDjibouti Council of Ministers responsible to the president
DominicaDominica Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Dominican RepublicDominican Rep. Cabinet nominated by the president
East TimorEast Timor Council of Ministers
EcuadorEcuador Cabinet appointed by the president
EgyptEgypt in an early January 2013 cabinet reshuffle, 10 new ministers were sworn in
El SalvadorEl Salvador Council of Ministers selected by the president
Equatorial GuineaEqu. Guinea Council of Ministers appointed by the president
EritreaEritrea State Council the collective exercises executive authority; members appointed by the president
EstoniaEstonia Ministers appointed by the prime minister, approved by Parliament
EthiopiaEthiopia Council of Ministers ministers selected by the prime minister and approved by the House of People's Representatives
European UnionEuropean Union European Commission (composed of 27 members, one from each member country; each commissioner responsible for one or more policy areas)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)Falklands Executive Council; three members elected by the Legislative Council, two ex officio members (chief executive and the financial secretary), and the governor; the governor must obey the rulings of the Executive Council on domestic affairs
Faroe IslandsFaroe Islands Landsstyri appointed by the prime minister
Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesia Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of the eight executive departments
FijiFiji Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament and responsible to Parliament
FinlandFinland Council of State or Valtioneuvosto appointed by the president, responsible to parliament
FranceFrance Council of Ministers appointed by the president at the suggestion of the prime minister
French PolynesiaFr. Polynesia Council of Ministers; president submits a list of members of the Assembly for approval by them to serve as ministers
GabonGabon Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president
GeorgiaGeorgia Cabinet of Ministers
GermanyGermany Cabinet or Bundesminister (Federal Ministers) appointed by the president on the recommendation of the chancellor
GhanaGhana Council of Ministers; president nominates members subject to approval by Parliament
GibraltarGibraltar Council of Ministers appointed from among the 17 elected members of the Parliament by the governor in consultation with the chief minister
GreeceGreece Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
GreenlandGreenland Home Rule Government elected by the Parliament (Landsting) on the basis of the strength of parties
GrenadaGrenada Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
GuamGuam heads of executive departments; appointed by the governor with the consent of the Guam legislature
GuatemalaGuatemala Council of Ministers appointed by the president
GuernseyGuernsey Policy Council elected by the States of Deliberation
GuineaGuinea Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau NA
GuyanaGuyana Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president, responsible to the legislature
HaitiHaiti Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president
Holy See (Vatican City)Vatican City Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City appointed by the pope
HondurasHonduras Cabinet appointed by president
Hong KongHong Kong Executive Council or ExCo consists of 15 official members and 16 non-official members
HungaryHungary Cabinet of Ministers prime minister elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president; other ministers proposed by the prime minister and appointed and relieved of their duties by the president
IcelandIceland Cabinet appointed by the prime minister
IndiaIndia Union Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
IndonesiaIndonesia Cabinet appointed by the president
IranIran Council of Ministers selected by the president with legislative approval; the Supreme Leader has some control over appointments to the more sensitive ministries
IraqIraq The Council of Ministers consists of the prime minister and cabinet ministers the prime minister proposes; approved by an absolute majority vote by the Council of Representatives
IrelandIreland Cabinet appointed by the president with previous nomination by the prime minister and approval of the lower house of Parliament
Isle of ManIsle of Man Council of Ministers
IsraelIsrael Cabinet selected by prime minister and approved by the Knesset
ItalyItaly Council of Ministers proposed by the prime minister and nominated by the President of the Republic
JamaicaJamaica Cabinet is appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
JapanJapan Cabinet is appointed by the prime minister
JerseyJersey Cabinet (since December 2005)
JordanJordan Cabinet appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the monarch
KazakhstanKazakhstan Council of Ministers appointed by the president
KenyaKenya Cabinet appointed by the president
KiribatiKiribati 12 m
KosovoKosovo ministers; elected by the Kosovo Assembly
KuwaitKuwait Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the amir; new cabinet formed in February 2012
KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan Cabinet of Ministers proposed by the prime minister, appointed by the president; ministers in charge of defense and security are appointed solely by the president
LaosLaos Ministers appointed by president, approved by National Assembly
LatviaLatvia Cabinet of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and appointed by Parliament
LebanonLebanon Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president and members of the National Assembly
LesothoLesotho Cabinet
LiberiaLiberia Cabinet appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate
LibyaLibya new cabinet approved by the National Congress on 31 October 2012
LiechtensteinLiechtenstein Cabinet elected by the Parliament, confirmed by the monarch
LithuaniaLithuania Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the prime minister and approval of the Parliament
LuxembourgLuxembourg Council of Ministers recommended by the prime minister and appointed by the monarch
MacauMacau Executive Council consists of 1 government secretary, 3 legislators, 4 businessmen, 1 pro-Beijing unionist, and 1 pro-Beijing educator
MadagascarMadagascar Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
MalawiMalawi 36 m
MalaysiaMalaysia Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament with consent of the king
MaldivesMaldives Cabinet of Ministers is appointed by the president
MaliMali Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
MaltaMalta Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Marshall IslandsMarshall Isl. Cabinet selected by the president from among the members of the legislature
MauritaniaMauritania Council of Ministers
MauritiusMauritius Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
MayotteMayotte NA
MexicoMexico Cabinet appointed by the president
MoldovaMoldova Cabinet selected by president, subject to approval of Parliament
MonacoMonaco Council of Government under the authority of the monarch
MongoliaMongolia Cabinet nominated by the prime minister in consultation with the president and confirmed by the State Great Hural (parliament)
MontenegroMontenegro Ministers act as cabinet
MontserratMontserrat Executive Council consists of the governor, the premier, 3 other ministers, the attorney general, and the finance secretary
MoroccoMorocco Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister as well as Minister Delegates to each ministry appoined by the Palace
MozambiqueMozambique Cabinet
NamibiaNamibia Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly
NauruNauru Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of parliament
NepalNepal cabinet was formed in August-September 2011 by a majority coalition made up of the United Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist, Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Democratic, Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Republic, Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Nepal, Terai-Madhes Democratic Party, and several smaller parties
NetherlandsNetherlands Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch
Netherlands AntillesN. Antilles Council of Ministers elected by the Staten (legislature)
New CaledoniaNew Caledonia Cabinet consisting of 11 members elected from and by the Territorial Congress
New ZealandNew Zealand Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister
NicaraguaNicaragua Council of Ministers appointed by the president
NigerNiger 26 m
NigeriaNigeria Federal Executive Council
NiueNiue Cabinet consists of the premier and 3 ministers
Norfolk IslandNorfolk Island Executive Council made up of 4 of the 9 members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the administrator
North KoreaNorth Korea Naegak (cabinet) members, except for Minister of People's Armed Forces, are appointed by SPA
Northern Mariana IslandsN. Mariana the cabinet consists of the heads of the 10 principal departments under the executive branch who are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the Senate; other members include special assistants to the governor and office heads appointed by and reporting directly to the governor
NorwayNorway State Council appointed by the monarch with the approval of parliament
OmanOman Cabinet appointed by the monarch
PakistanPakistan Cabinet appointed by the president upon the advice of the prime minister
PalauPalau NA
PanamaPanama Cabinet appointed by the president
Papua New GuineaPapua NG National Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister
ParaguayParaguay Council of Ministers appointed by the president
PeruPeru Council of Ministers appointed by the president
PhilippinesPhilippines Cabinet appointed by the president with consent of Commission of Appointments
Pitcairn IslandsPitcarn NA
PolandPoland Council of Ministers responsible to the prime minister and the Sejm; the prime minister proposes, the president appoints, and the Sejm approves the Council of Ministers
PortugalPortugal Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Puerto RicoPuerto Rico Cabinet appointed by the governor with the consent of the legislature
QatarQatar Council of Ministers appointed by the amir
Republic of MacedoniaMacedonia Rep. Council of Ministers elected by the majority vote of all the deputies in the Assembly
RomaniaRomania Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
RussiaRussia the "Government" is composed of the premier, his deputies, and ministers; all are appointed by the president, and the premier is also confirmed by the Duma
RwandaRwanda Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Saint BarthelemySt Barthelemy Executive Council
Saint HelenaSaint Helena Executive Council consists of the governor, 3 ex-officio officers, and 5 elected members of the Legislative Council
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da CunhaSaint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha Executive Council consists of the governor, 3 ex-officio officers, and 5 elected members of the Legislative Council
Saint Kitts and NevisSt Kitts+ Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister
Saint LuciaSaint Lucia Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Saint MartinSaint Martin Executive Council
Saint Pierre and MiquelonSt Pierre+ NA
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSt Vincent+ Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
SamoaSamoa Cabinet consists of 12 members appointed by the chief of state on the prime minister's advice
San MarinoSan Marino Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term
Sao Tome and PrincipeSoa Tome+ Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the proposal of the prime minister
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch every four years and includes many royal family members
SenegalSenegal Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president
SerbiaSerbia Republican Ministries act as cabinet
Serbia and MontenegroSerbia+ Republican Ministries act as cabinet
SeychellesSeychelles Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone Ministers of State appointed by the president with the approval of the House of Representatives; the cabinet is responsible to the president
SingaporeSingapore appointed by president, responsible to parliament
SlovakiaSlovakia Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
SloveniaSlovenia Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and elected by the National Assembly
Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands Cabinet consists of 20 members appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from among the members of parliament
SomaliaSomalia Cabinet appointed by the president approved by the National Parliament
South AfricaSouth Africa Cabinet appointed by the president
South KoreaSouth Korea State Council appointed by the president on the prime minister's recommendation
South SudanSouth Sudan National Council of Ministers; appointed by the president and approved by a resolution from the Legislative Assembly
SpainSpain Council of Ministers designated by the president
Sri LankaSri Lanka Cabinet appointed by the president in consultation with the prime minister
SudanSudan Council of Ministers appointed by the president(formerly the National Islamic Front or NIF) dominates al-BASHIR's cabinet
SurinameSuriname Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
SwazilandSwaziland Cabinet recommended by the prime minister and confirmed by the monarch
SwedenSweden Cabinet appointed by the prime minister
SwitzerlandSwitzerland Federal Council or Bundesrat (in German), Conseil Federal (in French), Consiglio Federale (in Italian) is elected by the Federal Assembly usually from among its members for a four-year term
SyriaSyria Council of Ministers appointed by the president
TaiwanTaiwan Executive Yuan - ministers appointed by president on recommendation of premier
TajikistanTajikistan Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Supreme Assembly
TanzaniaTanzania Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly
ThailandThailand Council of Ministers
The BahamasThe Bahamas Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the prime minister's recommendation
The GambiaThe Gambia Cabinet appointed by the president
TogoTogo Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
TokelauTokelau the Council for the Ongoing Government of Tokelau, consisting of 3 Faipule (village leaders) and 3 Pulenuku (village mayors), functions as a cabinet
TongaTonga Cabinet is nominated by the prime minister and appointed by the monarch
Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad+ Cabinet appointed from among the members of Parliament
TunisiaTunisia selected by the prime minister and approved by the Constituent Assembly
TurkeyTurkey Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the prime minister
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks+ consists of the governor, the premier, six ministers appointed by the governor from among the members of the House of Assembly, and the attorney general
TuvaluTuvalu Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister
UgandaUganda Cabinet appointed by the president from among elected legislators
UkraineUkraine Cabinet of Ministers nominated by the president
United Arab EmiratesUAE Council of Ministers appointed by the president
United KingdomUnited Kingdom Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
United StatesUnited States Cabinet appointed by the president with Senate approval
UruguayUruguay Council of Ministers appointed by the president with parliamentary approval
UzbekistanUzbekistan Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president with approval of both chambers of the Supreme Assembly (Oliy Majlis)
VanuatuVanuatu Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, responsible to parliament
VenezuelaVenezuela Council of Ministers appointed by the president
VietnamVietnam Cabinet appointed by president based on proposal of prime minister and confirmed by National Assembly
Virgin IslandsVirgin Islands NA
Wallis and FutunaWallis+ Council of the Territory consists of 3 kings and 3 members appointed by the high administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly
YemenYemen on 27 November 2011, Vice President HADI requested Interim Prime Minister Muhammad Salim BA SINDWAH to form a new government following the resignation of President SALIH on 24 November 2011
ZambiaZambia Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly
ZimbabweZimbabwe Cabinet appointed by the president; responsible to the House of Assembly

Citation

"All countries compared for Government > Executive branch > Cabinet", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Government/Executive-branch/Cabinet

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