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Government > Executive branch > Cabinet: Countries Compared

DEFINITION: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
COUNTRY DESCRIPTION
Afghanistan 25 m
Albania Council of Ministers proposed by the prime minister, nominated by the president, and approved by parliament
Algeria Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
American Samoa Cabinet made up of 12 department directors
Andorra Executive Council of nine ministers designated by the Head of Government
Angola Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Anguilla Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
Antigua and Barbuda Council of Ministers appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Argentina Cabinet appointed by the president
Armenia Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
Aruba Council of Ministers elected by the Staten
Australia prime minister nominates, from among members of Parliament, candidates who are subsequently sworn in by the governor general to serve as government ministers
Austria Council of Ministers chosen by the president on the advice of the chancellor
Azerbaijan Council of Ministers appointed by the president and confirmed by the National Assembly
Bahrain Cabinet appointed by the monarch
Bangladesh Cabinet selected by the prime minister and appointed by the president
Barbados Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Belarus Council of Ministers
Belgium Council of Ministers are formally appointed by the monarch
Belize Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from the General Assembly
Benin Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Bermuda Cabinet nominated by the premier, appointed by the governor
Bhutan Council of Ministers (Lhengye Zhungtshog) nominated by the monarch in consultation with the prime minister and approved by the National Assembly; members serve fixed, five-year terms; the leader of the majority party is nominated as the prime minister
Bolivia Cabinet appointed by the president
Bosnia and Herzegovina Council of Ministers nominated by the council chairman; approved by the state-level House of Representatives
Botswana Cabinet appointed by the president
Brazil Cabinet appointed by the president
British Indian Ocean Territory NA
British Virgin Islands Executive Council appointed by the governor from members of the House of Assembly
Brunei Council of Cabinet Ministers appointed and presided over by the monarch; deals with executive matters(members appointed by the monarch) that advises on religious matters, a Privy Council (members appointed by the monarch) that deals with constitutional matters, and the Council of Succession (members appointed by the monarch) that determines the succession to the throne if the need arises
Bulgaria Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and elected by the National Assembly
Burkina Faso Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Burma cabinet is appointed by the president and confirmed by the parliament
Burundi Council of Ministers appointed by president
Cambodia Council of Ministers named by the prime minister and appointed by the monarch
Cameroon Cabinet appointed by the president from proposals submitted by the prime minister
Canada Federal Ministry chosen by the prime minister usually from among the members of his own party sitting in Parliament
Cape Verde Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Cayman Islands The Cabinet (six members are appointed by the governor on the advice of the premier, selected from among the elected members of the Legislative Assembly)
Central African Republic Council of Ministers
Chad Council of State; members are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Chile Cabinet appointed by the president
China State Council appointed by National People's Congress
Cocos (Keeling) Islands NA
Colombia Cabinet appointed by the president
Comoros Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Congo, Republic of the Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Cook Islands Cabinet chosen by the prime minister; collectively responsible to Parliament
Costa Rica Cabinet selected by the president
Cote d'Ivoire Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Croatia Council of Ministers named by the prime minister and approved by the parliamentary assembly
Cuba Council of Ministers proposed by the president of the Council of State and appointed by the National Assembly or the 28-member Council of State, elected by the assembly to act on its behalf when it is not in session
Cyprus Council of Ministers appointed jointly by the president and vice president
Czech Republic Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Democratic Republic of the Congo Ministers of State appointed by the president
Denmark Council of State appointed by the monarch
Djibouti Council of Ministers responsible to the president
Dominica Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Dominican Republic Cabinet nominated by the president
East Timor Council of Ministers
Ecuador Cabinet appointed by the president
Egypt in an early January 2013 cabinet reshuffle, 10 new ministers were sworn in
El Salvador Council of Ministers selected by the president
Equatorial Guinea Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Eritrea State Council the collective exercises executive authority; members appointed by the president
Estonia Ministers appointed by the prime minister, approved by Parliament
Ethiopia Council of Ministers ministers selected by the prime minister and approved by the House of People's Representatives
European Union European Commission (composed of 27 members, one from each member country; each commissioner responsible for one or more policy areas)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Executive Council; three members elected by the Legislative Council, two ex officio members (chief executive and the financial secretary), and the governor; the governor must obey the rulings of the Executive Council on domestic affairs
Faroe Islands Landsstyri appointed by the prime minister
Federated States of Micronesia Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of the eight executive departments
Fiji Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament and responsible to Parliament
Finland Council of State or Valtioneuvosto appointed by the president, responsible to parliament
France Council of Ministers appointed by the president at the suggestion of the prime minister
French Polynesia Council of Ministers; president submits a list of members of the Assembly for approval by them to serve as ministers
Gabon Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president
Georgia Cabinet of Ministers
Germany Cabinet or Bundesminister (Federal Ministers) appointed by the president on the recommendation of the chancellor
Ghana Council of Ministers; president nominates members subject to approval by Parliament
Gibraltar Council of Ministers appointed from among the 17 elected members of the Parliament by the governor in consultation with the chief minister
Greece Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Greenland Home Rule Government elected by the Parliament (Landsting) on the basis of the strength of parties
Grenada Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Guam heads of executive departments; appointed by the governor with the consent of the Guam legislature
Guatemala Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Guernsey Policy Council elected by the States of Deliberation
Guinea Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Guinea-Bissau NA
Guyana Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president, responsible to the legislature
Haiti Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president
Holy See (Vatican City) Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City appointed by the pope
Honduras Cabinet appointed by president
Hong Kong Executive Council or ExCo consists of 15 official members and 16 non-official members
Hungary Cabinet of Ministers prime minister elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president; other ministers proposed by the prime minister and appointed and relieved of their duties by the president
Iceland Cabinet appointed by the prime minister
India Union Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Indonesia Cabinet appointed by the president
Iran Council of Ministers selected by the president with legislative approval; the Supreme Leader has some control over appointments to the more sensitive ministries
Iraq The Council of Ministers consists of the prime minister and cabinet ministers the prime minister proposes; approved by an absolute majority vote by the Council of Representatives
Ireland Cabinet appointed by the president with previous nomination by the prime minister and approval of the lower house of Parliament
Isle of Man Council of Ministers
Israel Cabinet selected by prime minister and approved by the Knesset
Italy Council of Ministers proposed by the prime minister and nominated by the President of the Republic
Jamaica Cabinet is appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Japan Cabinet is appointed by the prime minister
Jersey Cabinet (since December 2005)
Jordan Cabinet appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the monarch
Kazakhstan Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Kenya Cabinet appointed by the president
Kiribati 12 m
Kosovo ministers; elected by the Kosovo Assembly
Kuwait Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the amir; new cabinet formed in February 2012
Kyrgyzstan Cabinet of Ministers proposed by the prime minister, appointed by the president; ministers in charge of defense and security are appointed solely by the president
Laos Ministers appointed by president, approved by National Assembly
Latvia Cabinet of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and appointed by Parliament
Lebanon Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president and members of the National Assembly
Lesotho Cabinet
Liberia Cabinet appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate
Libya new cabinet approved by the National Congress on 31 October 2012
Liechtenstein Cabinet elected by the Parliament, confirmed by the monarch
Lithuania Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the prime minister and approval of the Parliament
Luxembourg Council of Ministers recommended by the prime minister and appointed by the monarch
Macau Executive Council consists of 1 government secretary, 3 legislators, 4 businessmen, 1 pro-Beijing unionist, and 1 pro-Beijing educator
Madagascar Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
Malawi 36 m
Malaysia Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among the members of Parliament with consent of the king
Maldives Cabinet of Ministers is appointed by the president
Mali Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
Malta Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Marshall Islands Cabinet selected by the president from among the members of the legislature
Mauritania Council of Ministers
Mauritius Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Mayotte NA
Mexico Cabinet appointed by the president
Moldova Cabinet selected by president, subject to approval of Parliament
Monaco Council of Government under the authority of the monarch
Mongolia Cabinet nominated by the prime minister in consultation with the president and confirmed by the State Great Hural (parliament)
Montenegro Ministers act as cabinet
Montserrat Executive Council consists of the governor, the premier, 3 other ministers, the attorney general, and the finance secretary
Morocco Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister as well as Minister Delegates to each ministry appoined by the Palace
Mozambique Cabinet
Namibia Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly
Nauru Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of parliament
Nepal cabinet was formed in August-September 2011 by a majority coalition made up of the United Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist, Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Democratic, Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Republic, Madhesi People's Rights Forum-Nepal, Terai-Madhes Democratic Party, and several smaller parties
Netherlands Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch
Netherlands Antilles Council of Ministers elected by the Staten (legislature)
New Caledonia Cabinet consisting of 11 members elected from and by the Territorial Congress
New Zealand Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister
Nicaragua Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Niger 26 m
Nigeria Federal Executive Council
Niue Cabinet consists of the premier and 3 ministers
Norfolk Island Executive Council made up of 4 of the 9 members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the administrator
North Korea Naegak (cabinet) members, except for Minister of People's Armed Forces, are appointed by SPA
Northern Mariana Islands the cabinet consists of the heads of the 10 principal departments under the executive branch who are appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the Senate; other members include special assistants to the governor and office heads appointed by and reporting directly to the governor
Norway State Council appointed by the monarch with the approval of parliament
Oman Cabinet appointed by the monarch
Pakistan Cabinet appointed by the president upon the advice of the prime minister
Palau NA
Panama Cabinet appointed by the president
Papua New Guinea National Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister
Paraguay Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Peru Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Philippines Cabinet appointed by the president with consent of Commission of Appointments
Pitcairn Islands NA
Poland Council of Ministers responsible to the prime minister and the Sejm; the prime minister proposes, the president appoints, and the Sejm approves the Council of Ministers
Portugal Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Puerto Rico Cabinet appointed by the governor with the consent of the legislature
Qatar Council of Ministers appointed by the amir
Republic of Macedonia Council of Ministers elected by the majority vote of all the deputies in the Assembly
Romania Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
Russia the "Government" is composed of the premier, his deputies, and ministers; all are appointed by the president, and the premier is also confirmed by the Duma
Rwanda Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Saint Barthelemy Executive Council
Saint Helena Executive Council consists of the governor, 3 ex-officio officers, and 5 elected members of the Legislative Council
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha Executive Council consists of the governor, 3 ex-officio officers, and 5 elected members of the Legislative Council
Saint Kitts and Nevis Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister
Saint Lucia Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Saint Martin Executive Council
Saint Pierre and Miquelon NA
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Samoa Cabinet consists of 12 members appointed by the chief of state on the prime minister's advice
San Marino Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term
Sao Tome and Principe Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the proposal of the prime minister
Saudi Arabia Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch every four years and includes many royal family members
Senegal Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president
Serbia Republican Ministries act as cabinet
Serbia and Montenegro Republican Ministries act as cabinet
Seychelles Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Sierra Leone Ministers of State appointed by the president with the approval of the House of Representatives; the cabinet is responsible to the president
Singapore appointed by president, responsible to parliament
Slovakia Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Slovenia Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and elected by the National Assembly
Solomon Islands Cabinet consists of 20 members appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister from among the members of parliament
Somalia Cabinet appointed by the president approved by the National Parliament
South Africa Cabinet appointed by the president
South Korea State Council appointed by the president on the prime minister's recommendation
South Sudan National Council of Ministers; appointed by the president and approved by a resolution from the Legislative Assembly
Spain Council of Ministers designated by the president
Sri Lanka Cabinet appointed by the president in consultation with the prime minister
Sudan Council of Ministers appointed by the president(formerly the National Islamic Front or NIF) dominates al-BASHIR's cabinet
Suriname Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
Swaziland Cabinet recommended by the prime minister and confirmed by the monarch
Sweden Cabinet appointed by the prime minister
Switzerland Federal Council or Bundesrat (in German), Conseil Federal (in French), Consiglio Federale (in Italian) is elected by the Federal Assembly usually from among its members for a four-year term
Syria Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Taiwan Executive Yuan - ministers appointed by president on recommendation of premier
Tajikistan Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Supreme Assembly
Tanzania Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly
Thailand Council of Ministers
The Bahamas Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the prime minister's recommendation
The Gambia Cabinet appointed by the president
Togo Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Tokelau the Council for the Ongoing Government of Tokelau, consisting of 3 Faipule (village leaders) and 3 Pulenuku (village mayors), functions as a cabinet
Tonga Cabinet is nominated by the prime minister and appointed by the monarch
Trinidad and Tobago Cabinet appointed from among the members of Parliament
Tunisia selected by the prime minister and approved by the Constituent Assembly
Turkey Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the prime minister
Turkmenistan Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president
Turks and Caicos Islands consists of the governor, the premier, six ministers appointed by the governor from among the members of the House of Assembly, and the attorney general
Tuvalu Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister
Uganda Cabinet appointed by the president from among elected legislators
Ukraine Cabinet of Ministers nominated by the president
United Arab Emirates Council of Ministers appointed by the president
United Kingdom Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
United States Cabinet appointed by the president with Senate approval
Uruguay Council of Ministers appointed by the president with parliamentary approval
Uzbekistan Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president with approval of both chambers of the Supreme Assembly (Oliy Majlis)
Vanuatu Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, responsible to parliament
Venezuela Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Vietnam Cabinet appointed by president based on proposal of prime minister and confirmed by National Assembly
Virgin Islands NA
Wallis and Futuna Council of the Territory consists of 3 kings and 3 members appointed by the high administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly
Yemen on 27 November 2011, Vice President HADI requested Interim Prime Minister Muhammad Salim BA SINDWAH to form a new government following the resignation of President SALIH on 24 November 2011
Zambia Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly
Zimbabwe Cabinet appointed by the president; responsible to the House of Assembly

Citation

"Countries Compared by Government > Executive branch > Cabinet. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Government/Executive-branch/Cabinet

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