Jorge Carlos Fonseca won presidential elections with a decisive second-round victory in August 2011, beating the ruling party candidate.
Mr Fonseca, the candidate for the main opposition Movement for Democracy (MFD) needs to govern with a prime minister from the PAICV ruling party after they won a parliamentary election earlier in the year.
Mr Fonseca, a former foreign minister, beat his socialist rival Manuel Inocencio Sousa in a battle between the candidates of the two parties that have dominated the political scene for the past two decades.
The campaign hinged on the need to modernise the economy of the former Portuguese colony and keep the tourism boom alive while dealing with unemployment rates of up to 18%.
Mr Fonseca replaced Pedro Pires, who served a maximum two terms.
Cape Verde is a republic with a president, who is the head of state, and a prime minister who heads the government. The prime minister is appointed by parliament.
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"Cape Verde Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Cape-Verde/Government
"Cape Verde Government Stats, NationMaster." 1975-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Cape-Verde/Government>.
'Cape Verde Government Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Cape-Verde/Government> [assessed 1975-2014]
"Cape Verde Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1975-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Cape-Verde/Government>.
"Cape Verde Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1975-2014.
"Cape Verde Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Cape-Verde/Government (assessed 1975-2014)
"Cape Verde Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Cape-Verde/Government (last visited 1975-2014)
"Cape Verde Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Cape-Verde/Government (as of 1975-2014)