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China

China People Stats

Author: Edsel.G

Author: Edsel.G

China is the most populous country in the world with over 1.3 billion as of 2010 census. This huge population is a double-edged sword which has empowered the country’s economic machinery and, at the same time, is threatening to suck the country’s natural resources dry. With China’s natural riches on a rapid state of decline, the Chinese communist government has implemented strict population-control measures, the most infamous of which was the one-child policy.

For several decades, the vast population of the country suffered from poverty and famine. However, China’s huge economic growth has lifted hundreds of millions from poverty and is now on the way to providing each and every citizen with Western-style standards of living.

China has 56 legally recognized ethnic groups, the largest of which are the Han Chinese, which make up 91% of the entire population. Foreigners have also begun to take refuge in the many affluent cities of the country; the largest groups come from South Korea, US, and even Japan.

There are several important Chinese languages; the most important of these is Mandarin (spoken by 70% of the population) which is thought to originate in Beijing. Other important languages include Wu, Yue, Xiang, and Min. There are other languages, but the legally accepted lingua franca is the Mandarin. By sheer number of speakers, Mandarin surpasses English as the most spoken language. However, English is spoken by more nationalities and more countries, thus making it the universal language of the world.

Definitions

  • Age structure > 65 years and over: The distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest."
  • Birth rate: The average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
  • Death rate: The average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population.
  • Divorce rate: Divorce rate per 1,000 people
  • Ethnic groups: This entry provides a rank ordering of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population.
  • Literacy > Female: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Literacy > Male: This entry is derived from People > Literacy, which includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.
  • Population: Population, total refers to the total population.
  • Population growth rate: The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. The rate may be positive or negative. The growth rate is a factor in determining how great a burden would be imposed on a country by the changing needs of its people for infrastructure (e.g., schools, hospitals, housing, roads), resources (e.g., food, water, electricity), and jobs. Rapid population growth can be seen as threatening by neighboring countries.
  • Population in 2015: (Thousands) Medium-variant projections.
  • School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female: School life expectancy (SLE) is the total number of years of schooling (primary to tertiary) that a child can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or quality as a year or grade completed in another country. SLE represents the expected number of years of schooling that will be completed, including years spent repeating one or more grades.
  • Sex ratio > 65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > At birth: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Sex ratio > Total population: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners.
  • Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children.
STAT AMOUNT DATE RANK HISTORY
Age structure > 65 years and over 9.4% 2013 80th out of 228
Birth rate 12.25 births/1,000 population 2013 161st out of 223
Death rate 7.31 deaths/1,000 population 2013 120th out of 223
Divorce rate 0.79 per 1,000 people 2004 17th out of 34
Ethnic groups Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uyghur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% 2000
Literacy > Female 92.7% 2010 37th out of 83
Literacy > Male 97.5% 2013 82nd out of 208
Population 1.35 billion 2013 1st out of 251
Population growth rate 0.46% 2013 154th out of 231
Population in 2015 1.39 million 2015 1st out of 223
School life expectancy > Primary to tertiary education > Female 12 years 2011 49th out of 69
Sex ratio > 65 years and over 0.92 male(s)/female 2013 36th out of 225
Sex ratio > At birth 1.12 male(s)/female 2013 4th out of 225
Sex ratio > Total population 1.06 male(s)/female 2013 17th out of 225
Total fertility rate 1.55 children born/woman 2013 179th out of 221

SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; divorcereform.org2004; CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbooks 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.; Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: http://esa.un.org/unpp; CIA World Factbook 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Citation

"China People Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/China/People

NationMaster

Did you know

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China is the most populous country in the world with over 1.3 billion as of 2010 census. This huge population is a double-edged sword which has empowered the country’s economic machinery and, at the same time, is threatening to suck the country’s natural resources dry. With China’s natural riches on a rapid state of decline, the Chinese communist government has implemented strict population-control measures, the most infamous of which was the one-child policy.

For several decades, the vast population of the country suffered from poverty and famine. However, China’s huge economic growth has lifted hundreds of millions from poverty and is now on the way to providing each and every citizen with Western-style standards of living.

China has 56 legally recognized ethnic groups, the largest of which are the Han Chinese, which make up 91% of the entire population. Foreigners have also begun to take refuge in the many affluent cities of the country; the largest groups come from South Korea, US, and even Japan.

There are several important Chinese languages; the most important of these is Mandarin (spoken by 70% of the population) which is thought to originate in Beijing. Other important languages include Wu, Yue, Xiang, and Min. There are other languages, but the legally accepted lingua franca is the Mandarin. By sheer number of speakers, Mandarin surpasses English as the most spoken language. However, English is spoken by more nationalities and more countries, thus making it the universal language of the world.

Posted on 06 Apr 2014

Edsel.G

Edsel.G

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No Jackie Chan is from Hong Kong.

Posted on 02 Jun 2010

Wesley+Rome

Wesley+Rome

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