Isaias Afewerki was elected president of independent Eritrea by the national assembly in 1993. He had been the de facto leader before independence.
Presidential elections, planned for 1997, never materialised. Eritrea is a one-party state, with the ruling People's Front for Democracy and Justice the only party allowed to operate.
Mr Afewerki has been criticised for failing to implement democratic reforms. His government has clamped down on its critics and has closed the private press.
US diplomatic cables revealed by WikiLeaks in December 2010 offer an unflattering view of Mr Afewerki's rule: ''Young Eritreans are fleeing their country in droves, the economy appears to be in a death spiral, Eritrea's prisons are overflowing, and the country's unhinged dictator remains cruel and defiant." Is the country "on the brink of disaster?" asked the American ambassador Ronald McMullen.
Born in 1946 in Asmara, Isaias Afewerki joined the Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) in 1966. He received military training in China the same year, then went on to be deputy divisional commander.
In 1970 he co-founded the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) and in 1987 he was elected secretary-general of the organisation.
- Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
- Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
- Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
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"Eritrea Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Eritrea/Government
"Eritrea Government Stats, NationMaster." 1991-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Eritrea/Government>.
'Eritrea Government Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Eritrea/Government> [assessed 1991-2014]
"Eritrea Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1991-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Eritrea/Government>.
"Eritrea Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1991-2014.
"Eritrea Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Eritrea/Government (assessed 1991-2014)
"Eritrea Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Eritrea/Government (last visited 1991-2014)
"Eritrea Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Eritrea/Government (as of 1991-2014)