Sauli Niinisto won the presidential election of February 2012 to become the country's first conservative head of state in five decades.
He is the first president from the conservative National Coalition Party since 1956, and the first in 30 years from a party other than the Social Democrats.
The victory of the pro-Europe politician suggested to observers that voters wanted to keep the country in the eurozone despite misgivings over European Union bailouts.
Mr Niinisto is credited with leading Finland's economy towards growth following the collapse of the Soviet Union, during his tenure as finance minister from 1996 to 2001.
Finland's president has a largely ceremonial role with fewer powers now than in previous decades, and is not directly involved in daily politics. However, the head of state is seen as an important shaper of public opinion, takes the lead on non-EU matters of foreign policy and plays a role as a "brand ambassador" of Finland overseas.
Mr Niinisto succeeded President Tarja Halonen, who was elected as the country's first female president in 2000 and re-elected in 2006.
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"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government
"Finland Government Stats, NationMaster." 1917-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government>.
'Finland Government Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government> [assessed 1917-2014]
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1917-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government>.
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1917-2014.
"Finland Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government (assessed 1917-2014)
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government (last visited 1917-2014)
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government (as of 1917-2014)
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Finland Government Profiles (Subcategories)
- Finland ranked first for democracy > civil and political liberties amongst Europe in 2001.
- Finland ranked first for red tape > burden of customs procedure, WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient amongst Christian countries in 2012.
- Finland ranked second for proportion of seats held by women in national parliament amongst European Union in 2006.