Sauli Niinisto won the presidential election of February 2012 to become the country's first conservative head of state in five decades.
He is the first president from the conservative National Coalition Party since 1956, and the first in 30 years from a party other than the Social Democrats.
The victory of the pro-Europe politician suggested to observers that voters wanted to keep the country in the eurozone despite misgivings over European Union bailouts.
Mr Niinisto is credited with leading Finland's economy towards growth following the collapse of the Soviet Union, during his tenure as finance minister from 1996 to 2001.
Finland's president has a largely ceremonial role with fewer powers now than in previous decades, and is not directly involved in daily politics. However, the head of state is seen as an important shaper of public opinion, takes the lead on non-EU matters of foreign policy and plays a role as a "brand ambassador" of Finland overseas.
Mr Niinisto succeeded President Tarja Halonen, who was elected as the country's first female president in 2000 and re-elected in 2006.
- Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
- Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
- Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
Civil law system:
No date was available from the Wikipedia article, so we used the date of retrieval.
- Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
- Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
- Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
- Executive branch > Head of government: Head of government includes the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government. For example, in the UK, the monarch is the chief of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. In the US, the president is both the chief of state and the head of government.
- Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
- International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
- Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
- Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
- Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
- Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
- Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
SOURCES: CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; Wikipedia: List of national legal systems (Civil law)
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government
"Finland Government Stats, NationMaster." 1917-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government>.
'Finland Government Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government> [assessed 1917-2014]
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1917-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government>.
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1917-2014.
"Finland Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government (assessed 1917-2014)
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government (last visited 1917-2014)
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government (as of 1917-2014)
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Finland Government Profiles (Subcategories)
- Finland ranked first for democracy > civil and political liberties amongst Europe in 2001.
- Finland ranked first for red tape > burden of customs procedure, WEF > 1=extremely inefficient to 7=extremely efficient amongst Christian countries in 2012.
- Finland ranked second for proportion of seats held by women in national parliament amongst European Union in 2006.