Mr Katainen's conservative National Coalition Party emerged as the largest single group in parliament in the April 2011 elections.
He formed a grand coalition in June with six other parties from the left and centre, including the Social Democrats.
The new opposition is the populist True Finns party, which refused to join the government in protest at its support for a bailout for Portugal during the debt crisis.
Born in 1971, Mr Katainen worked as a teacher before being elected a councillor in 1993. He entered parliament in 1999 and became party leader in 2004.
He served as deputy prime minister and finance minister in the previous two Centre-Party-led coalition governments between 2007 and 2011.
- Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN). Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted.
- Capital city > Geographic coordinates: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
- Capital city > Name: This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time (DST). Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones.
- Constitution: The dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments to a nation's constitution
- Country name > Conventional long form: This entry is derived from Government > Country name, which includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Also see the Terminology note.
- Diplomatic representation from the US > Mailing address: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
- Executive branch > Cabinet: Cabinet includes the official name for any body of high-ranking advisers roughly comparable to a U.S. Cabinet. Also notes the method for selection of members.
- Flag description: A written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
- Government type: A description of the basic form of government (e.g., republic, constitutional monarchy, federal republic, parliamentary democracy, military dictatorship).
- International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
- Judicial branch: The name(s) of the highest court(s) and a brief description of the selection process for members.
- Legal system: A brief description of the legal system's historical roots, role in government, and acceptance of International Court of Justice (ICJ) jurisdiction.
- Legislative branch: This entry contains information on the structure (unicameral, bicameral, tricameral), formal name, number of seats, and term of office. Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election. Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
- Political parties and leaders: Significant political organizations and their leaders.
- Suffrage: The age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government
"Finland Government Stats, NationMaster." 1917-2014. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government>.
'Finland Government Stats, NationMaster', <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government> [assessed 1917-2014]
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster [Internet]. 1917-2014. Avaliable from: <http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government>.
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1917-2014.
"Finland Government Stats, NationMaster," http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government (assessed 1917-2014)
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government (last visited 1917-2014)
"Finland Government Stats", NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Finland/Government (as of 1917-2014)